# Definition of a Group

Firstly, a Group is

a non-empty set, with a binary operation.[1]

Secondly, if G is a Group, and the binary operation of Group G is ${\displaystyle \ast }$, then

1. Closure
${\displaystyle \forall \;a,b\in G:a\ast b\in G}$
2. Associativity
${\displaystyle \forall \;a,b,c\in G:(a\ast b)\ast c=a\ast (b\ast c)}$
3. Identity
${\displaystyle \exists \;e_{G}\in G:\forall \;g\in G:e_{G}\ast g=g\ast e_{G}=g}$
4. Inverse
${\displaystyle \forall \;g\in G:\exists \;g^{-1}\in G:g\ast g^{-1}=g^{-1}\ast g=e_{G}}$

From now on, eG always means identity of group G.

# Order of a Group

Order of group G, o(G), is the number of distinct elements in G

# Diagram

 Closure: a*b is in G if a, b are in Group G Associativity: (a*b)*c = a*(b*c) if a, b, c are in Group G Identity: 1. Group G has an identity eG. 2. eG*c = c*eG = c if c is in Group G Inverse: 1. if c is in G, c-1 is in G. 2. c*c-1 = c-1*c = eG