A Quick Introduction to Unix/Copying Files
To make a new copy of some file, say file1 in the current working directory with the name file2, you can use the command cp like this
cp file1 file2
Sometimes you will wish to copy a file across directories. There are two ways you could do this. First you might use cd to get to your destination directory.
% cd ~/mydirectory
Then at the Unix prompt, type,
% cp ~/science.txt .
Don't forget to type the dot . at the end of this first command line. Remember, in Unix, the dot means the current directory.
Now you can if you wish make copies of this file in this directory in the usual way, for example
% cp science.txt science.bak
Another way to achieve the same result is to use the full, absolute pathname - that is start at the root (/) and specify all the directories in the path for the original and all the directories in the path for the destination. You might have a command looking like
cp /nfs/fs-i/UM0098/ccaajim/train.doc /nfs/fs-i/UM0098/ccaajim/myretiredfiles/train.doc.bak
Of course, it's easy to make mistakes typing long path names.
Copying a directory and files
You can use cp to copy a directory and the files it contains (including subdirectories and their files) to a new location. The command looks like
cp -r ~/training/linux/* ~/training/backup/linux
This makes a copy of the complete contents of the directory linux in backup/linux. The new, target, directory will be created for you.