A History of the British Monarchy/Stuart Rulers
The Stuarts came to the throne in England in 1603, at the death of the last Tudor monarch, the childless Elizabeth I. The Stuarts united the crowns of Scotland and England, though the two nations were not formally united until 1707.
They also were twice removed from the throne, Charles I was beheaded in the English Civil War, and James II was deposed in the Glorious Revolution.
Stuart Rulers[edit | edit source]
- James I (VI of Scotland) (r. 1567 – 1625 in Scotland, 1603 - 1625 in England)
- Charles I (r. 1625 - 1649). Charles was beheaded during the English Civil War and de facto replaced by Oliver Cromwell, who took the title Lord Protector.
- Charles II (r. 1649 - 1651, restored 1660 - 1685)
- James II (VII of Scotland) (r. 1685 - 1688). He was deposed in the Glorious Revolution.
- William III (r. 1689 - 1702)
- Mary II (r. 1689 – 1694)
- Anne (r. 1702 - 1714)