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A Handbook of Kyrgyz Grammar

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Kyrgyz is a Turkic language of Central Asia. It is a national language of the Kyrgyz Republic, but is also spoken in some areas of China and Kazakhstan. This is a short exposition of certain essential points of Kyrgyz grammar. It was not originally intended as a primary teaching text, but rather to be used on the fly.

Kyrgyz people with a Yurt. Speakers of Kyrgyz cover a diverse group of peoples, from the city to the countryside.

Sounds and alphabet[edit | edit source]

1.1 Sounds and Alphabet
1.2 Voiced and Voiceless Consonants
1.3 Suffixes and Vowel Harmony

Word order[edit | edit source]

2.1 Word Order

Articles[edit | edit source]

3.1 Articles

Nouns[edit | edit source]

4.1 Introduction to the Case System
4.2 Meaning of Cases
4.2.1 Nominative
4.2.2 Genitive
4.2.3 Dative
4.2.4 Accusative
4.2.5 Locative
4.2.6 Ablative
4.3 Plural
4.4 Pronouns
4.4.1 Personal and Demonstrative Pronouns
4.4.2 The Reflexive Pronoun

Simple Sentences[edit | edit source]

Simple Sentences
5.1 Equational Sentences (e.g., "She is a doctor.")
5.1.1 Negation of Equational Sentences (e.g., "She is not a doctor.")
5.1.2 Past Tense of Equational Sentences (e.g., "She was a doctor.")
5.2 "There is;" "There are;" "There is not;" "There are not"
5.3 "Here is;" "Here are"
5.4 "To Have"

Interrogative words[edit | edit source]

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Conjunctions and other particles[edit | edit source]

Adjectives[edit | edit source]

Adverbs[edit | edit source]

Postpositions[edit | edit source]

Numbers[edit | edit source]

Works Consulted[edit | edit source]