A First Course to Network Coding/Communication Model and Network Concepts

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Communication Model and Network[edit]

Abstract[edit]

In this chapter, we lay the basics in communication model and network, so that readers have a big picture in mind when we go on to study the components of communication. First we introduce the Shannon-Weaver model of communication. Secondly, we introduce a network, including relevant concepts and definitions, performance measure, etc.

Abbreviations and Acronyms[edit]

SW model Shannon-Weaver model of communication
Codec Coding and decoding


Communication is a very broad subject. It involves the information to be shared, the means to do so (such as talking, composing a melody, texting), the mechanism of error correction, and so on so forth. In this book, we refer to communication in an engineering sense: communication is the process of transmitting information. To study communication, it is essential to simplify the process of communication to an easily understandable model, and quantify the components. In [2], Shannon and Weaver developed a very well-known model of communication that has since taken after their names. This model contains six major components:

  1. Information source, which produce a message;
  2. Transmitter, which converts the message into forms that are suitable for transmission: an e-mail, for instance, translate a message into a digital stream of ‘1’s and ‘0’s that can be sent via internet;
  3. Channel, through which the message is conveyed. It could be a physical connection, like a landline, or a logical one, like one you establish when you call someone and they pick up;
  4. Receiver, which reconstruct the original message from the transmitted data;
  5. Destination, where the message arrives;
  6. Noise source, a dysfunctional, yet important element of communication: it interferes with the data during transmission and makes it difficult to reconstruct the original message.