A-level Physics (Advancing Physics)/Stress, Strain & Young's Modulus/Worked Solutions

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1. stress=force/cross-sectional area

    =100/(0.5x10^-6)m
    =200000000Pa

2. cross-sectional area=force / stress

     =100N / 70MPa
     =1.428x10^-6

3. strain=extension/original length

     = 2/10
     = 0.2

4. Decimal --> percentage

     = 0.2*100 
     = 20%

5. young modulus=stress/strain

     = (force/area)/(extension/length)                            
     = (force x length)/(area x extension)
     = (50 x 0.7)/(0.05 x (pi x 0.001^2)
     = 2.23x10^8

8. Tensile Strength = Force / Area

     = 0.95x10^6 = 25/A
     = 25 / 0.95x10^6 = A
     = A = 2.63x10^-5

9. force/area = (young modulus)(extension/length)

     = extension = ( length x force ) / ( area x young-modulus )
                 = ( length x force x 4 ) / ( pi x diameter^2 x modulus )
                 = ( 1E4 * 10 * 4) / ( 3.14159 x 4E-6 x 9E11 ) 
                 = 3.54E-2 meters = 3.54 cm

10. 10 Newton = mg = (kilograms)x(9.8 m/s/s)

But you have to be careful here because although they say a kilogram "equals" about 2.2 pounds, the pound is a unit of force (not mass). Google replaces "equals" with "means", to obtain:
    kilograms = (10 / 9.8) = 1.020498 
    1 kg "means" 2.2046226218 Pounds (from Google)
    m "means" 1.020498 kg (2.2046226218 Pounds/kilogram) 
    10 Newtons "means" 2.25 pounds
Or, just google how many pounds is 10 Newtons to get 2.248 Pounds.  I don't know where I lost the .002 Pounds.  I wouln't have written the question if I knew it was this hard!