A-level Computing/AQA/Paper 1/Skeleton program/2019

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This is for the AQA A-level Computer Science Specification.

This is where suggestions can be made about what some of the questions might be and how we can solve them.

Please be respectful and do not vandalise or tamper with the page, as this would affect students' preparation for their exams!

Contents

Possible Section Questions[edit]

Section C Predictions[edit]

Theory Questions on Skeleton Code

  • State the name of an identifier for:
    • A function that returns multiple variables
    • Four built-in functions used in the function TakeItemFromOtherCharacter
    • A class that has exactly 4 attributes
    • A constructor
    • Two user defined functions
    • A user defined function other than 'Main' that takes no arguments
  • State the name of a constant, and explain why constants might be used.
  • Explain the role of the variable Moved in the function Go
  • Describe the role of the variable 'TempCharacter' in the function 'LoadGame'
  • Explain the purpose of the following line in GetInstruction: 'Instruction = input("> ").lower()

Section D Predictions[edit]

Programming Questions on Skeleton Program

  • The 2018 paper 1 contained one 2 mark question, a 5 mark question, two 9 mark questions, and one 12 mark question - these marks include the screen capture(s). In contrast, the 2017 paper 1 contained a 5 mark question, three 6 mark questions, and one 12 mark question.
  • The 2019 paper 1 will contain 4 questions: a 5 mark, an 8 mark question, a 9 mark question and one 13 mark question - these marks include the screen capture(s), so the likely marks for the coding will be 1-2 marks lower.

This list was created based on analysis of the flag files, ZigZag Education suggestions, and suggestions contained on this Wikibooks page. Please add to this list if you can establish any other likely section D questions.

Most likely predictions:

Note that these mark suggestions include marks for screen capture(s).

  • Help command (2 marks)
  • Allow file name with/without extension (2 marks)
  • Examine room (2+ marks)
  • Look into next room for a room description if the door is open (5 marks)
  • Have to move rug before being able to open the trapdoor (5 marks)
  • Drop item (5 marks)
  • Fight the guard using the truncheon (use truncheon command) (5 marks)
  • Eat command (5 marks - including regenerating health could be 9 marks)
  • Save game using save command (5 marks)
  • Player has HP + eating regenerates health (9 marks)
  • Filling/drinking from containers - eg. the flask and barrel (9 marks)
  • Movement history (9+ marks)
  • Go command automatically unlocks and opens doors if you have the key (9+ marks)
  • Limit inventory space by item size - tiny, small, and medium items (9+ marks)

Other Ideas[edit]

Ideas waiting to be programmed

  • Open and close all doors in the current location
  • Create a new location/room
  • give an item to the guard i.e. red dice
  • add water to the barrel which can then be put in the flask
  • Give an option to pick the lock of a door based on percentage chance, if it fails the guard arrests you
  • Add benefits to sleeping i.e. higher chance of winning dice
  • Save game
  • when "use chair" is executed, it states it can't be done, however the file says the guard won't let you sit on his lap. need a fix?

Unlikely, the .gme file has the incorrect instruction attached to the use function of the chair.

The gme file should have "say,The guard won't let you sit on his lap" not "use,The guard won't let you sit on his lap"

its likely this is just a left over piece of data, no surprise as the code is of questionable quality.

r/iamverysmart

History Stack[edit]

Possibly from ZigZag? As it uses stacks this could be likely due to paper 1 and 2 crossover. Use a stack of 5 values to save the history of the user's location (I thought this would be a queue but exam paper said stack so...)


Java:

//This class is the stack class that deals with
//all of the pushing and popping.
class History{
    int pointer = -1;
    int pastPlaces[] = new int[5];
    
    void push(int newLocation)
    {
        if(pointer == 4)
        {
            for(int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
            {
                pastPlaces[i] = pastPlaces[i+1];
            }
            pastPlaces[4] = newLocation;
        }
        else
        {
            pastPlaces[pointer + 1] = newLocation;
            pointer++;
        }
    }
    
    int pop()
    {
        if(pointer == -1)
        {
            return-1;
        }
        else
        {
            int poppedValue = pastPlaces[pointer];
            pastPlaces[pointer] = 0;
            pointer--;
            return poppedValue;
        }
    }
}

//These changes to 'playGame' allow for the
//use of the history stack
void playGame(ArrayList<Character> characters, ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Place> places) {
    History history = new History();
    ...
    case "go":
    moved = go(characters.get(0), instruction, places.get(characters.get(0).currentLocation - 1), history);
    break;
    ...
}

//These changes to go add the past places to the history stack,
//and allow the user to travel 'back'
boolean go(Character you, String direction, Place currentPlace, History history) {
        boolean moved = true;
        switch (direction)
        {
            case "north":
            if (currentPlace.north == 0) {
                moved = false;
            } else {
                history.push(you.currentLocation);
                you.currentLocation = currentPlace.north;
            }
            break;
            case "east":
            if (currentPlace.east == 0) {
                moved = false;
            } else {
                history.push(you.currentLocation);
                you.currentLocation = currentPlace.east;
            }
            break;
            case "south":
            if (currentPlace.south == 0) {
                moved = false;
            } else {
                history.push(you.currentLocation);
                you.currentLocation = currentPlace.south;
            }
            break;
            case "west":
            if (currentPlace.west == 0) {
                moved = false;
            } else {
                history.push(you.currentLocation);
                you.currentLocation = currentPlace.west;
            }
            break;
            case "up":
            if (currentPlace.up == 0) {
                moved = false;
            } else {
                history.push(you.currentLocation);
                you.currentLocation = currentPlace.up;
            }
            break;
            case "down":
            if (currentPlace.down == 0) {
                moved = false;
            } else {
                history.push(you.currentLocation);
                you.currentLocation = currentPlace.down;
            }
            break;
            case "back":
            int newLocation = history.pop();
            if(newLocation == -1)
            {
                moved = false;
            }
            else
            {
                you.currentLocation = newLocation;
            }
            break;
            default:
            moved = false;
        }
        if (!moved) {
            Console.writeLine("You are not able to go in that direction.");
        }
        return moved;
    }

C#:

VB.NET:

Pascal/Delphi:

Python:

class History():
  def __init__(self):
    self.Pointer=-1
    self.Locations=[0,0,0,0,0]

  def Push(self, NewLocation):
    if self.Pointer==5:
      self.Locations.pop(0)
      self.Locations.append(NewLocation)
    else:
      self.Locations[self.Pointer]=NewLocation
      self.Pointer+=1
  def Pop(self):
    if self.Pointer==-1:
      return -1
    else:
      self.Pointer+=-1
      return self.Locations[self.Pointer]

# add line to play game 
  past=History() #This instance needs to be passed into Go if the commad is 'go'
 
 # indicates added or changed lines
def Go(You, Direction, CurrentPlace, past):#
  pointer =-2#
  Moved = True
  if Direction == "north":
    if CurrentPlace.North == 0:
      Moved = False
    else:
      past.Push(You.CurrentLocation)#
      You.CurrentLocation = CurrentPlace.North
  elif Direction == "east":
    if CurrentPlace.East == 0:
      Moved = False
    else:
      past.Push(You.CurrentLocation)#
      You.CurrentLocation = CurrentPlace.East
  elif Direction == "south":
    if CurrentPlace.South == 0:
      Moved = False
    else:
      past.Push(You.CurrentLocation)#
      You.CurrentLocation = CurrentPlace.South
  elif Direction == "west":
    if CurrentPlace.West == 0:
      Moved = False
    else:
      past.Push(You.CurrentLocation)#
      You.CurrentLocation = CurrentPlace.West
  elif Direction == "up":
    if CurrentPlace.Up == 0:
      Moved = False
    else:
      past.Push(You.CurrentLocation)#
      You.CurrentLocation = CurrentPlace.Up
  elif Direction == "down":
    if CurrentPlace.Down == 0:
      Moved = False
    else:
      past.Push(You.CurrentLocation)#
      You.CurrentLocation = CurrentPlace.Down
  elif Direction=="back":#
    pointer=past.Pop()#
    if pointer == -1:#
      print "You cannot go back"#
    elif pointer != -2:#
      You.CurrentLocation = pointer#
  else:
    Moved = False
    
  if not Moved:
    print "You are not able to go in that direction."
  return You, Moved

Automatically unlock and open doors[edit]

SM HGS, Difficulty: New Game +

C#:

 private static void ChangeStatusOfDoor(List<Item> items, int currentLocation, int indexOfItemToLockUnlock, int indexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock, List<Place> places)
        {
            if (currentLocation == items[indexOfItemToLockUnlock].Location || currentLocation == items[indexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock].Location)
            {
                if (items[indexOfItemToLockUnlock].Status == "locked")
                {
                    ChangeStatusOfItem(items, indexOfItemToLockUnlock, "close");
                    ChangeStatusOfItem(items, indexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock, "close");
                    Say(items[indexOfItemToLockUnlock].Name + " now unlocked.");
                    OpenClose(true, items, places, items[indexOfItemToLockUnlock].Name, currentLocation);
                }

VB.NET:

Pascal/Delphi:

Python:

##Oscar - WPS

Oscar from WPS why would this be in the exam?

def AutoUnlockOpenDoor(Items,Places,Characters,CurrentLocation):
  Usables = list()
  for Thing in Items:
    if "key" in Thing.Name and Thing.Location == INVENTORY:
      Usables.append(Thing)
  for Thing in Usables:
    ItemToUse = Thing.Name
    try:
      StopGame, Items = UseItem(Items, ItemToUse,CurrentLocation, Places)
    except Exception as e:
      print e

  for door in Items:
    if "door" in door.Name:
      ToOpen = door.Name
      try:
        ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, ToOpen,CurrentLocation)
      except Exception as e:
        print e
  return Items,Places,Characters
##In PlayGame
elif Command == "go":
      Items , Places, Characters = AutoUnlockOpenDoor(Items,Places,Characters,Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      Characters[0], Moved = Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])

#Less complicated way

def UnlockDoors(Items, CurrentLocation):
    HasGoldKey = False
    HasSilverKey = False
    for Item in Items:
        if "gold key" in Item.Name and Item.Location == INVENTORY:
            HasGoldKey = True
        elif "silver key" in Item.Name and Item.Location == INVENTORY:
            HasSilverKey = True
            
    if CurrentLocation == 5:
        if HasGoldKey:
            IndexOfGoldDoor = GetIndexOfItem("gold door", -1, Items)
            Items = ChangeStatusOfItem(Items, IndexOfGoldDoor, "unlocked")
        elif HasSilverKey:
            IndexOfSilverDoor = GetIndexOfItem("silver door", -1, Items)
            Items = ChangeStatusOfItem(Items, IndexOfSilverDoor, "unlocked")
    return Items
# In PlayGame
elif Command == "open":
                Items = UnlockDoors(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
                ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction,
                                                             Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
                DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
#By your local anime cop, Ben R - Greenhead col

Java:

//This function checks the list of items and finds and any doors blocking the direction specified by the user in the 'go' method. If it identifies a door, it checks if it is locked. If so, it checks the list of items to see if the user has a suitable key for the door (If a key is suitable for the door, the id of the door will be in the 'results' of the key). If the user has such a key, it will then unlock and subsequently open the door.
void checkDoor(int currentLocation, String direction, ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Place> places)
    {
        for(Item item : items)
        {
            if(item.location == currentLocation && item.results.contains(direction))
            {
                if(item.status.equals("locked"))
                {
                    for(Item otherItem : items)
                    {
                        if(otherItem.location == INVENTORY  && otherItem.results.contains(Integer.toString(item.id)))
                        {
                            int indexOfItemToLockUnlock, indexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock;
                            indexOfItemToLockUnlock = getIndexOfItem("", item.id, items);
                            indexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock = getIndexOfItem("", item.id + ID_DIFFERENCE_FOR_OBJECT_IN_TWO_LOCATIONS, items);
                            changeStatusOfDoor(items, currentLocation, indexOfItemToLockUnlock, indexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock);
                        }
                    }
                }
                if(item.status.equals("close"))
                {
                    openClose(true, items, places, item.name, currentLocation);
                }
            }
        }
    }

//Add to the start of 'go'
checkDoor(you.currentLocation, direction, items, places);

//Add the required parameters to the go case in 'playGame'
case "go":
moved = go(characters.get(0), instruction, places.get(characters.get(0).currentLocation - 1), items, places);
break;

Allow file name with/without extension[edit]

Modify the source code to allow for the file name to be entered with/without the file extension (".gme").

C#:

static void Main(string[] args)
{
	string filename;
	List<Place> places = new List<Place>();
	List<Item> items = new List<Item>();
	List<Character> characters = new List<Character>();
	Console.Write("Enter filename> ");
	filename = Console.ReadLine();
	if (!filename.EndsWith(".gme")) {
                // you could also use .contains but do note that would mean file.gmejk would not append .gme to the end.
                // learn both methods in case one is better suited for full marks?
		filename = filename + ".gme";
	}

	if (LoadGame(filename, characters, items, places))
	{
		PlayGame(characters, items, places);
	}
	else
	{
		Console.WriteLine("Unable to load game.");
		Console.ReadLine();
	}
}

VB.NET:

'Programmed by Samuel from Poole Grammar school.
       static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string filename;
            List<Place> places = new List<Place>();
            List<Item> items = new List<Item>();
            List<Character> characters = new List<Character>();
            Console.Write("Enter filename> ");
            filename = Console.ReadLine();
            if (!filename.EndsWith(".gme")) {
                filename = filename + ".gme";
            }

            if (LoadGame(filename, characters, items, places))
            {
                PlayGame(characters, items, places);
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to load game.");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }
        }
    }
}
Sub Main()
        Dim Filename As String
        Dim Items, Characters, Places As New ArrayList
        Console.Write("Enter filename> ") 'Validate file name 
        '---------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Filename = Console.ReadLine()
        If Not Filename.EndsWith(".gme") Then
            Filename = Filename & ".gme"
        End If
        '---------------------------------------------------------------------------
        Console.WriteLine()
        If LoadGame(Filename, Characters, Items, Places) Then
            PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places)
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Unable to load game.")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End If
    End Sub

Pascal/Delphi:

  ...
  procedure Main;
    ...
    write('Enter filename> ');
    readln(Filename);
    // Add this line
    if not Filename.EndsWith('.gme') then Filename := Filename + '.gme';
    writeln;
    ...

Python:

##Rahmed HGS
##Inline conditional statements are the new (old) hip thing to do nowadays, and it's free!
def Main():
  Items = []
  Characters = []
  Places = []
  Filename =  input("Enter filename> ")
  Filename = Filename if Filename.endswith('.gme') else Filename + '.gme'
  print()
  ...

Java:

//Programmed by ya boy Arek from Kennet
//Add to Main()
filename = Console.readLine()
if (!filename.contains(".gme")){
  filename = filename + ".gme";
}

Are you sure you want to quit?[edit]

Modify the source code to ask the user whether they are sure they want to quit the game.

VB.NET:

'Programmed by Samuel from Poole Grammar school.

Edit the PlayGame subroutine under case "quit": 

Case "quit"
                    '---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Console.WriteLine("Are you sure?") 'Are you sure quit
                    Dim Answer As String = Console.ReadLine().ToLower
                    If Answer = "y" Or Answer = "yes" Then
                        Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
                        StopGame = True
                    Else
                        Say("Keep going then...")
                        StopGame = False
                    End If
                    '---------------------------------------------------------------------------
                Case Else
                    Console.WriteLine("Sorry, you don't know how to " & Command & ".")
            End Select
        End While
        Console.ReadLine()

Pascal/Delphi:

// Programmed by Liam Ray PSC
  procedure PlayGame(Characters: TCharacterArray; Items: TItemArray; Places: TPlaceArray);
        ...
        else if Command = 'quit' then
          begin
            writeln('Are you sure (y/n)?');
            valid = getInstruction;
            if (valid = 'y') or (valid = 'yes') then
               begin
                    Say('You decide to give up, try again another time');
                    StopGame := true;
               end;
        end;
           ...

Python:

##Rahmed HGS
##Modify PlayGame subroutine
def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places):
    ...
    elif Command == "quit":
      Say('Are you sure? (y/n)')
      response = GetInstruction()
      if response == 'y' or ask == 'yes':
        Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
        StopGame = True

Java:

//Programmed by ya boy Arek from Kennet
//Add to playGame()
case "quit":
  say("Are you sure you want to quit?");
  String input = Console.readLine().toLowerCase();
  if ((input.equals("y"))||(input.equals("yes"))){
    say("You decide to give up, try again another time.");
    stopGame = true;
  } else {
    say("You decide to carry on.");
  }
  break;

C#:

//Big J be on this
     case "quit":
                        Say("Are you sure you want to stop this game? (Y/N)");
                        string reply = Console.ReadLine();
                        if (reply=="Y"||reply=="y")
                        {
                            Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.");
                            stopGame = true;
                        }
                        else if (reply == "N" || reply == "n")
                        {
                            stopGame = false;
                        }                        
                 
                        break;

If just 'help' is typed, a list of existing commands appear[edit]

Create 'help <instruction>' which lists details about individual instruction,

If just 'help' is typed, a list of existing commands appear.

C#:

// Created By Dan
static void HeNeedSomeHelp(string itemToHelp)
        {

            IDictionary<string, string> helpDict = new Dictionary<string, string>();
            helpDict.Add("get", "Allows the user to pick up an object.\nExample use: get torch");
            helpDict.Add("use", "Allows the user to use an object.\nExample use: use torch");
            helpDict.Add("go", "User can move in a specified direction.\nValid movements are:\n  North\n  South\n  East\n  West\n  Up\n  Down\nExample use: go north");
            helpDict.Add("read", "Displays contents of readable objects. Valid if the item is either in the same location as the user or in their inventory.\nExample use: read book");
            helpDict.Add("examine", "Provides the user with a detailed description of the specified item. Valid if the item is either in the same location as the user or in their inventory.\nExample use: examine torch");
            helpDict.Add("open", "Allows the user to open an openable object.\nExample use: open window");
            helpDict.Add("close", "Allows the user to close a closeable object.\nExample use: close window");
            helpDict.Add("move", "User can move the specified object. Object must be in the same location as the user.\nExample use: move bed");
            helpDict.Add("say", "The user will speak the input.\nExample use: say hello : returns 'hello'");
            helpDict.Add("playdice", "Allows the user to play a dice game with another character\nShould the user win, they can select an item to obtain from the character.\nShould they lose, a random item is taken from your inventory.\nCommand needs to be followed by the name of the character to play with. They must be in the same location as the user and both must have a die to play with.\nExample use: playdice guard");

            bool found = false;

            if (itemToHelp == "help")
            {
                found = true;
                Console.Write("\nAvailable commands:\n");
                foreach (KeyValuePair<string, string> item in helpDict)
                {
                    Console.Write("{0}, ", item.Key);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                foreach (KeyValuePair<string, string> item in helpDict)
                {
                    if (itemToHelp == item.Key)
                    {
                        Console.Write("\nHelp for '{0}'\n{1}", itemToHelp, item.Value);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

Delphi/Pascal:

//insert this into the playgame procedure
else if Command = 'help' then
          begin
            Writeln('Instructions help:');
            Write('Get: Allows the player to pick up an object that is in the same location as they are. The get command needs to be followed by the name of the object that the player wants to get. If the object can be got then it is added to the player’s inventory and is');
            Writeln(' no longer in its original location.');
            Writeln;
            Write('Use: Allows the player to use an object that is in their location or their inventory. The use command needs to be followed by the name of the object that the player wants to use. The effect of using an object depends on which object is being used, e.g.');
            Writeln('using a key in a room with a locked door will unlock the door (if it is the right key for that door).');
            Writeln;
            Writeln('Go: Moves the player from one location to another. The go command needs to be followed by one of the six valid directions: north, south, east, west, up, down.');
            Writeln;
            Writeln('Read: Will display the text of objects that can be read e.g. books, notes, signs.');
            Writeln;
            Write('Examine: Provides the player with a more detailed description of an object or character in the same location as they are or an object in their inventory. The examine command needs to be followed by the name of the object or character that the player');
            Writeln(' wants to examine. Examine inventory will display a list of the items the player is currently carrying.');
            Writeln;
            Writeln('Open: Allows the player to open an openable item that is in the same location as they are. The open command needs to be followed by the name of the item to open. This command is often used to open a door that is in-between two locations.');
            Writeln;
            Writeln('Close: Allows the player to close a closable item that is in the same location as they are. The close command needs to be followed by the name of the item to close.');
            Writeln;
            Write('Move: Allows the player to move an object that is in the same location as they are. The move command needs to be followed by the name of the object that the player wants to move. If the object can be moved then the result of moving the object will be');
            Writeln(' displayed on the screen.');
            Writeln;
            Writeln('Say: The player will speak, saying the text that follows the say command.');
            Writeln;
            Write('Playdice: The player will play a dice game with another character. If the player wins then a list of the items that the losing character is carrying is displayed and the user chooses an item to take; if the player loses, the other character takes a');
            Writeln(' random item from the player’s inventory. The playdice command needs to be followed by the name of a character to play the dice game with. The character and the player need to be in the same location and both need to have a die.');
            Writeln;
            Writeln('Quit: Ends the game, quitting the program.');
          end

Java:

//By Harington Student
private String[] commandList =
	{ "COMMAND(S)					EFFECT(S)",   //Complete with custom commands. The odd spacings keep everything formatted in a readable way, may be different for different systems
			"go:  	  					direction, up or down", 
			"get; take:  	  				any gettable item", 
			"use:    					usable item",
			"examine:  	  				item, object, inventory or room", 
			"inventory:	    				displays inventory",
			"search:	    					displays room", 
			"say:    					string",
			"quit; exit:   	 				leaves the game",
			"read:    					any readable item or object", 
			"move:    					any movable object in the room",
			"open:    					door, trapdoor, chest etc.",
			"close:    					door, trapdoor, chest, etc.",
			"playdice; play dice; play dice with:		entity. You cannot choose which dice you use if you have more than one",
			"help:    					displays this list" }; 
//Within the playGame() function add in a new switch case:
			case "help":
				for (int i = 0; i < commandList.length; i++)
					Console.println(commandList[i]);
				break;

Python:

#add into playgame function

    elif Command == 'help':
      cmds = ['get','use','go','read','examine','open','close','move','say','playdice','help','quit']
      print('Commands:')
      for i in cmds:
        print(i)

# New answer:
# Previous answers didn't really do what the question asked in terms of only
# printing out all the instructions if the user only types help. Here's a couple
# of solutions I came up with, sorry I was too lazy to do all the commands:
# (I changed the indentation so that the code is actually readable)

        # In the PlayGame function
        elif Command == "help":
            PrintHelp(Instruction)

# For the PrintHelp routine, you can either use a dictionary or an array,
# in my opinion the dictionary is more pythonic.

def PrintHelp(Instruction):
    CommandDict = {
        "get": "gets an item in the current location",
        "use": "uses an item in the player's inventory",
        "go": "moves the player in a given direction"
    }
    if Instruction == "help":
        for Command in CommandDict:
            print(Command, ": ", CommandDict[Command])
    else:
        try:
            print(CommandDict[Instruction])
        except KeyError:
            print(Instruction, " is not in the list of commands")


def PrintHelp(Instruction):
    Commands = ["use", "get", "go"]
    Results = ["uses an item in the player's inventory",
               "gets an item in the current location",
               "moves the player in a given direction"]
    if Instruction == "help":
        for Command, Result in zip(Commands, Results):
            print(Command, ": ", Result)
    else:
        for Command, Result in zip(Commands, Results):
            if Command == Instruction:
                print(Result)
                break
        else:
            print(Instruction, " is not in the list of commands")

VB.NET:

Add into Playgame subroutine:

                Case "help"
                    Help(Instruction)

Add new subroutine:

   Sub Help(ByVal Instruction As String)
        'Created by student from Folkestone School for Girls
        Select Case Instruction
            Case "help"
                Console.WriteLine("The Commands are: Go, Get, Use, Examine, Say, Quit, Read, Move, Open, Close, PlayDice")
            Case "go"
                Console.WriteLine("Moves the player from one location to another. The go command needs to be followed by one of the six valid directions: north, south, east, west, up, down.")
            Case "get"
                Console.WriteLine("Allows the player to pick up an object that is in the same location as they are. The get command needs to be followed by the name of the object that the player wants to get. If the object can be got then it is added to the player’s inventory and is no longer in its original location.")
            Case "use"
                Console.WriteLine("Allows the player to use an object that is in their location or their inventory. The use command needs to be followed by the name of the object that the player wants to use. The effect of using an object depends on which object is being used, e.g. using a key in a room with a locked door will unlock the door (if it is the right key for that door).")
            Case "examine"
                Console.WriteLine("Provides the player with a more detailed description of an object or character in the same location as they are or an object in their inventory. The examine command needs to be followed by the name of the object or character that the player wants to examine. Examine inventory will display a list of the items the player is currently carrying.")
            Case "say"
                Console.WriteLine("The player will speak, saying the text that follows the say command.")
            Case "quit"
                Console.WriteLine("Ends the game, quitting the program.")
            Case "read"
                Console.WriteLine("Will display the text of objects that can be read e.g. books, notes, signs.")
            Case "move"
                Console.WriteLine("Allows the player to move an object that is in the same location as they are. The move command needs to be followed by the name of the object that the player wants to move. If the object can be moved then the result of moving the object will be displayed on the screen.")
            Case "open"
                Console.WriteLine("Allows the player to open an openable item that is in the same location as they are. The open command needs to be followed by the name of the item to open. This command is often used to open a door that is in-between two locations.")
            Case "close"
                Console.WriteLine("Allows the player to close a closable item that is in the same location as they are. The close command needs to be followed by the name of the item to close.")
            Case "playdice"
                Console.WriteLine("The player will play a dice game with another character. If the player wins then a list of the items that the losing character is carrying is displayed and the user chooses an item to take; if the player loses, the other character takes a random item from the player’s inventory. The playdice command needs to be followed by the name of a character to play the dice game with. The character and the player need to be in the same location and both need to have a die.")

            Case Else
                Console.WriteLine("Command Unknown.")
        End Select

    End Sub

Create 'teleport <location>' command[edit]

Create 'teleport <location>' command. Useful for testing game..

C#:

//Add to PlayGame()
case "teleport":
                        moved = Teleport(ref characters, int.Parse(instruction));
                        break;

//Add Function Teleport()
static bool Teleport(ref List<Character> You, int NewPlace)
        {
            bool Moved = true;
            if (NewPlace >= 0 && NewPlace <= 8)
            {
                You[0].CurrentLocation = NewPlace;
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Cannot Teleport Here");
                Moved = false;
            }
            return Moved;
        }

SOLUTION BY YUNGEN

Delphi/Pascal:

  function Teleport(var You: TCharacter; CurrentPlace: integer): boolean;
  var
    Teleported, Moved : boolean;
    TeleportToLocation : integer;
  begin
    writeln('Where do you want to go?' +
            ' 1 = Blue room,' +
            ' 2 = Store cupboard,' +
            ' 3 = Bare bed room,' +
            ' 4 = Empty corridor,' +
            ' 5 = Guardroom,' +
            ' 6 = Flag Jail cell,' +
            ' 7 = Skeleton Jail cell,' +
            ' 8 = Cellar');
    readln(TeleportToLocation);
    You.CurrentLocation := TeleportToLocation;
    Teleport := True;
  end;

//In the PlayGame procedure:
else if Command = 'teleport' then
          Moved := Teleport(Characters[0], Characters[0].CurrentLocation)

Java:

//Add to playGame()
                case "teleport":
                	teleport(instruction, characters);
                	break;

//New function

    private void teleport(String instruction, ArrayList<Character> characters) {
    	try{
    		characters.get(0).currentLocation = Integer.parseInt(instruction);
    	}catch(Exception e){
    		System.out.println("Location ID " + instruction + " does not exist.");
    	}
		
	}

Python:


def Teleport(You,Location):
  You.CurrentLocation = int(Location)
  return You, True


#Add into playgame function
elif Command == "teleport":
  Characters[0], Moved = Teleport(Characters[0],Instruction)

Python method 2:

#created by Abisade 

#in play game function

elif Command == "teleport":
      Teleport(Characters, Items, Places)

#in teleport function

def Teleport(Characters, Items, Places):
  cont=False
  while cont == False:
    userinput=input("where do you want to go?\n(type a number or C to cancel teleportation)\n1:blue walls room\n2:store cupboard\n3:bare bed room\n4:empty corridor\n5:guardroom\n6:flag jail cell\n7:skeleton jail cell\n8:cellar\n>")
    try:
      userval=int(userinput)
      if Characters[0].CurrentLocation == userval:
        print("you are already there")
      else:
        if userval<0 or userval>8:
          print("invalid interval")
        else:
          Characters[0].CurrentLocation = userval
          cont=True
    except:
      if userinput.upper()=="C":
        cont=True
      else:
        print("invalid character")
  print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
  DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
  print([Characters[0].CurrentLocation])

VB.NET:

Add the following to Playgame case statement:
         Case "teleport"
             Moved = Teleport(Characters(0), Instruction)




Add new function:

    Function Teleport(ByRef You As Character, ByVal NewPlace As Integer) As Boolean
        'Created by teacher from Folkestone School for Girls
        Dim Moved As Boolean = True

        If NewPlace >= 0 And NewPlace <= 8 Then
            You.CurrentLocation = NewPlace
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("You are unable to teleport to this location")
            Moved = False
        End If

        Return Moved
    End Function

Create 'save <filename>' command[edit]

Create 'save <filename>' command. Saves the current status of game.

C#:

// add to PlayGame
case "Save":
	Save(characters, items, places);
	break;
	
// add function Save()
Private static Void Save( list<Characters> characters, list<items> items, list<places> places)
{
	 string filename;
            Console.WriteLine("please enter the filename you want to save");

            //empty all the space in the file name
            filename = Console.ReadLine();
            filename = filename.Replace(" ", String.Empty);
	
	try
	{
		//this writes and saves a new binary file
		BinaryWriter writer = new BinaryWriter(File.Open(filename, FileMode.Create));
		
		//this saves the number of characters and saves all of their attributes
		writer.write(characters.Count);
		foreach(character in characters)
		{
			writer.write(character.ID);
			writer.write(character.Name);
			writer.write(character.);
			writer.write(character.ID);
		}
		
		//this saves the number of items and saves all of their attributes
		writer.write(items.Count);
        foreach (Item in items)
		{
			writer.write(Item.ID);
			writer.write(Item.Description);
			writer.write(Item.Status);
			writer.write(Item.Location);
			writer.write(Item.Name);
			writer.write(Item.Commands);
			writer.write(Item.Results);
		}
		
		//this saves the number of places and saves all of their attributes
		writer.write(places.Count);
		foreach (Place in Places)
		{
			writer.write(Place.ID);
			writer.write(Place.Description);
			writer.write(Place.North);
			writer.write(Place.East);
			writer.write(Place.South);
			writer.write(Place.West);
			writer.write(Place.Up);
			writer.write(Place.Down);
		}
		
		//this will tell the user that their file has been saved
		Console.WriteLine("saved " + filename);
	}
	catch
	{	
	//this will tell the user that the file couldn't be saved
		Console.WriteLine("unable to save " + filename);
	}
}

Delphi/Pascal:

//add this section to playgame
else if Command = 'save' then
          begin
            Save(Characters, Items, Places,Instruction);
          end

//add this section anywhere else in the program
  procedure WriteInteger32(Value: Integer; var Source: File);
  begin
    blockwrite(Source,Value,sizeof(Value));
  end;

  procedure WriteString(Value: string; var Source: File);
  var
    Counter: Integer;
    Character: Char;
  begin
    WriteInteger32(length(Value),Source);
    for Counter := 1 to length(Value) do
    begin
      blockwrite(Source, Value[Counter],1);
    end;
  end;

  procedure Save(Characters: TCharacterArray; Items: TItemArray; Places: TPlaceArray; Instruction: String);
  var
    Writer: File;
    Counter: Integer;
    TempCharacter: TCharacter;
    TempItem: TItem;
    TempPlace: TPlace;
  begin
    Assign(Writer,Instruction+'.gme');
    Rewrite(Writer, 1);

    WriteInteger32(length(Characters),Writer);
    for TempCharacter in Characters do
    begin
      WriteInteger32(TempCharacter.ID,Writer);
      WriteString(TempCharacter.Name,Writer);
      WriteString(TempCharacter.Description,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempCharacter.CurrentLocation,Writer);
    end;

    WriteInteger32(length(Places),Writer);
    for TempPlace in Places do
    begin
      WriteInteger32(TempPlace.ID,Writer);
      WriteString(TempPlace.Description,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempPlace.North,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempPlace.East,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempPlace.South,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempPlace.West,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempPlace.Up,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempPlace.Down,Writer);
    end;

    WriteInteger32(length(Items),Writer);
    for TempItem in Items do
    begin
      WriteInteger32(TempItem.ID,Writer);
      WriteString(TempItem.Description,Writer);
      WriteString(TempItem.Status,Writer);
      WriteInteger32(TempItem.Location,Writer);
      WriteString(TempItem.Name,Writer);
      WriteString(TempItem.Commands,Writer);
      WriteString(TempItem.Results,Writer);
    end;

    close(Writer);
    Writeln('File saved');
  end;

Java:

//add to playgame
case "save":
	String filename = instruction+".gme";
	say("saving to "+instruction+".gme");
	say("Saving game...");
	saveGame(filename, characters,items,places);
	break;

//create as new method
boolean saveGame(String filename, ArrayList<Character> characters, ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Place> places)
	{
		int noOfCharacters = characters.size(),
			noOfPlaces = places.size(),
			count,
			noOfItems = items.size();
		Character tempCharacter;
		Place tempPlace;
		Item tempItem;
		try
		{
			FileOutputStream binaryWriter = new FileOutputStream(filename);
			DataOutputStream writer = new DataOutputStream(binaryWriter);
			writer.writeInt(noOfCharacters);
			for (count = 0; count < noOfCharacters; count++)
			{
				writer.writeInt(characters.get(count).id);
				writer.writeUTF(characters.get(count).name);
				writer.writeUTF(characters.get(count).description);
				writer.writeInt(characters.get(count).currentLocation);
			}
			writer.writeInt(noOfPlaces);
			for (count = 0; count < noOfPlaces; count++)
			{
				writer.writeInt(places.get(count).id);
				writer.writeUTF(places.get(count).description);
				writer.writeInt(places.get(count).north);
				writer.writeInt(places.get(count).east);
				writer.writeInt(places.get(count).south);
				writer.writeInt(places.get(count).west);
				writer.writeInt(places.get(count).up);
				writer.writeInt(places.get(count).down);
			}
			writer.writeInt(noOfItems);
			for (count = 0; count < noOfItems; count++)
			{
				writer.writeInt(items.get(count).id);
				writer.writeUTF(items.get(count).description);
				writer.writeUTF(items.get(count).status);
				writer.writeInt(items.get(count).location);
				writer.writeUTF(items.beansget(count).name);
				writer.writeUTF(items.get(count).commands);
				writer.writeUTF(items.get(count).results);
			}
			Console.write("Saved!");
			return true;
		}
		catch (Exception e)
		{
			Console.write("Error Saving File");
			return false;
		}
	}

Python:

def Save(Characters,Items,Places):
  print("What would you like to save the file as?")
  filename = input("> ")
  f = open(filename+".gme","wb")
  pickle.dump(len(Characters),f)
  for Character in Characters:
    pickle.dump(Character.ID,f)
    pickle.dump(Character.Name,f)
    pickle.dump(Character.Description,f)
    pickle.dump(Character.CurrentLocation,f)
  pickle.dump(len(Places),f)
  for Place in Places:
    pickle.dump(Place.ID,f)
    pickle.dump(Place.Description,f)
    pickle.dump(Place.North,f)
    pickle.dump(Place.East,f)
    pickle.dump(Place.South,f)
    pickle.dump(Place.West,f)
    pickle.dump(Place.Up,f)
    pickle.dump(Place.Down,f)
  pickle.dump(len(Items),f)
  for Item in Items:
    pickle.dump(Item.ID,f)
    pickle.dump(Item.Description,f)
    pickle.dump(Item.Status,f)
    pickle.dump(Item.Location,f)
    pickle.dump(Item.Name,f)
    pickle.dump(Item.Commands,f)
    pickle.dump(Item.Results,f)
  f.close()


#Add into playgame function
    elif Command == "save":
      Save(Characters,Items,Places)

VB.NET:

Add the following to Playgame case statement:

     Case "save"
         Save(Instruction, Characters, Items, Places)


Add new subroutine (error trapping code omitted for simplicity):

    Sub Save(ByVal Filename As String, ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal Places As ArrayList)
        'Created by teacher from Folkestone School for Girls

        Try
            Using Writer As BinaryWriter = New BinaryWriter(File.Open(Filename, FileMode.Create))

                Writer.Write(Characters.Count)
                For Each Character In Characters
                    Writer.Write(Character.ID)
                    Writer.Write(Character.Name)
                    Writer.Write(Character.Description)
                    Writer.Write(Character.CurrentLocation)
                Next

                Writer.Write(Places.Count)
                For Each Place In Places
                    Writer.Write(Place.ID)
                    Writer.Write(Place.Description)
                    Writer.Write(Place.North)
                    Writer.Write(Place.East)
                    Writer.Write(Place.South)
                    Writer.Write(Place.West)
                    Writer.Write(Place.Up)
                    Writer.Write(Place.Down)
                Next

                Writer.Write(Items.Count)
                For Each Item In Items

                    Writer.Write(Item.ID)
                    Writer.Write(Item.Description)
                    Writer.Write(Item.Status)
                    Writer.Write(Item.Location)
                    Writer.Write(Item.Name)
                    Writer.Write(Item.Commands)
                    Writer.Write(Item.Results)

                Next
            End Using
            Console.WriteLine("Save Successful")

        Catch
            Console.WriteLine("Unable to Save")
        End Try

    End Sub

Add instruction to add a new character to game[edit]

Add instruction to add a new character to game. eg 'addcharacter <name>'

C#:

Add the following to Playgame case statement:

        case "addcharacter":
            AddCharacter(ref characters, ref places);
            break;

Then add the new procedure:

        static void AddCharacter(ref List <Character>characters, ref List <Place>places)
        {
            Character TempCharacter = new Character();

            Console.WriteLine("Please enter the details the character called " + characters);
            Console.Write("ID (eg 1003):");
            TempCharacter.ID = Convert.ToInt32(Console.ReadLine());
            Console.Write("Name:");
            TempCharacter.Name = Console.ReadLine();
            Console.Write("Description:");
            TempCharacter.Description = Console.ReadLine();
            Console.Write("Initial Location (eg 1-8):");
            TempCharacter.CurrentLocation = Convert.ToInt32(Console.ReadLine());
            Console.Write("Room Description (how it describes your character found in room):");
            string RoomDescription = Console.ReadLine();

            // Adds the characters details to arraylist
            characters.Add(TempCharacter);

            Place TempPlace = new Place();
            int counter = 0;
            // You need to add a description to the room that the character is in or you will not know about it.
            // You need to locate where the room details are stored in the array so that you update the room description.
            foreach (Place place in places)
            {
                if (place.id == TempCharacter.CurrentLocation)
                    break;
                counter++;
             }

            TempPlace.id = places[counter].id;
            TempPlace.Description = places[counter].Description + " " + RoomDescription;
            TempPlace.North = places[counter].North;
            TempPlace.East = places[counter].East;
            TempPlace.South = places[counter].South;
            TempPlace.West = places[counter].West;
            TempPlace.Up = places[counter].Up;
            TempPlace.Down = places[counter].Down;


            places[counter] = TempPlace;
        }

Delphi/Pascal:

//Add new function:

function NewCharacterFunc(var Characters: TCharacterArray): TCharacterArray;
  var
    NewCharacter : TCharacter;
    LengthOfCharacters:integer;
  begin
    writeln('Please write the new character''s name');
    readln(NewCharacter.Name);
    writeln('Please write the new character''s description');
    readln(NewCharacter.Description);
    LengthOfCharacters := length(Characters);
    NewCharacter.ID := (LengthOfCharacters+1001);
    writeln('Please input the new character''s location');
    readln(NewCharacter.CurrentLocation);
    setlength(Characters,(LengthOfCharacters+1));
    LengthOfCharacters := length(Characters);
    Characters[(LengthOfCharacters)] := NewCharacter;
    NewCharacterFunc := Characters
  end;

//Insert in PlayGame:

else if Command = 'newcharacter' then
          NewCharacterFunc(Characters)

Java:

Python:

def AddCharacter():
  TempCharacter = Character()
  TempCharacter.Name = input("Input the name of the character: ")
  TempCharacter.Description = input("Input the description of the character: ")
  TempCharacter.ID = int(input("Input the ID of the character: "))
  TempCharacter.CurrentLocation = int(input("Input the current location of the character: "))
  return TempCharacter

#Add to playgame function
    elif Command == "addcharacter":
      Characters.append(AddCharacter())

VB.NET:

Add the following to Playgame case statement:
     Case "addcharacter"
        AddCharacter(Instruction, Characters, Places)

Add new subroutine:

    Sub AddCharacter(ByVal Character As String, ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal Places As ArrayList)
        ' Created by teacher from Folkestone School for Girls
        ' Error trapping omitted to keep the code simple/short

        Dim TempCharacter As Character
        Dim TempPlace As Place
        Dim Counter As Integer = 0
        Dim RoomDescription As String

        ' Get details for new character including a description of character when room is described
        Console.WriteLine("Please enter the details the character called " & Character)
        Console.Write("ID (eg 1003):")
        TempCharacter.ID = Console.ReadLine()
        Console.Write("Name:")
        TempCharacter.Name = Console.ReadLine()
        Console.Write("Description:")
        TempCharacter.Description = Console.ReadLine()
        Console.Write("Initial Location (eg 1-8):")
        TempCharacter.CurrentLocation = Console.ReadLine()
        Console.Write("Room Description (how it describes your character found in room):")
        RoomDescription = Console.ReadLine()

        ' Adds the characters details to arraylist
        Characters.Add(TempCharacter)


        ' You need to add a description to the room that the character is in or you will not know about it.
        ' You need to locate where the room details are stored in the array so that you update the room description.
        For Each Place In Places
            If Place.ID = TempCharacter.CurrentLocation Then
                Exit For
            End If
            Counter += 1
        Next

        TempPlace.ID = Places(Counter).ID
        TempPlace.Description = Places(Counter).Description + " " + RoomDescription
        TempPlace.North = Places(Counter).North
        TempPlace.East = Places(Counter).East
        TempPlace.South = Places(Counter).South
        TempPlace.West = Places(Counter).West
        TempPlace.Up = Places(Counter).Up
        TempPlace.Down = Places(Counter).Down


        Places(Counter) = TempPlace

    End Sub

Add 'examine room' option to view details of room again[edit]

Add 'examine room' option to view details of room again. Fairly simple but a useful option when developing 'addcharacter' or 'additem'.

C#:

private static void Examine(List<Item> items, List<Character> characters, string itemToExamine, int currentLocation, List<Place> places)
       {
           int Count = 0;
           if (itemToExamine == "inventory")
           {
               DisplayInventory(items);
           }
           if (itemToExamine == "room")
           {
               Console.Write(places[characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description);
               DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(items, characters[0].CurrentLocation);
           }

Delphi/Pascal:

//replace the start of examine with this, and add places as a parameter when calling examine
  procedure Examine(Items: TItemArray; Characters: TCharacterArray; ItemToExamine: string;
                    CurrentLocation: integer;Places: TPlaceArray);
  var
    Count: integer;
    IndexOfItem: integer;
  begin
    if ItemToExamine = 'inventory' then
      DisplayInventory(Items)

    else if ItemToExamine = 'room' then
    begin
      writeln(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description);
      DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
      //As DisplayGettableItemsInLocation is defined lower down in the file, to not cause errors it has to be moved above Examine 
    end

Java:

void examine(ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Character> characters, String itemToExamine, int currentLocation, ArrayList<Place> places) {
        int count = 0;
        if (itemToExamine.equals("inventory")) {
            displayInventory(items);
        } else if (itemToExamine.equals("room")){
            Console.writeLine(places.get(characters.get(0).currentLocation - 1).description);
            displayGettableItemsInLocation(items, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
        } else {
            int indexOfItem = getIndexOfItem(itemToExamine, -1, items);
            if (indexOfItem != -1) {
                if (items.get(indexOfItem).name.equals(itemToExamine) && (items.get(indexOfItem).location == INVENTORY || items.get(indexOfItem).location == currentLocation)) {
                    Console.writeLine(items.get(indexOfItem).description);
                    if (items.get(indexOfItem).name.contains("door")) {
                        displayDoorStatus(items.get(indexOfItem).status);
                    }
                    if(items.get(indexOfItem).status.contains("container")) {
                        displayContentsOfContainerItem(items, items.get(indexOfItem).id);
                    }
                    return;
                }
            }
            while (count < characters.size()) {
                if (characters.get(count).name.equals(itemToExamine) && characters.get(count).currentLocation == currentLocation) {
                    Console.writeLine(characters.get(count).description);
                    return;
                }
                count++;
            }
            Console.writeLine("You cannot find " + itemToExamine + " to look at.");
        }
    }

 

void playGame(ArrayList<Character> characters, ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Place> places) {
        boolean stopGame = false, moved = true;
        String instruction, command;
        int resultOfOpenClose;
        while (!stopGame) {
            if (moved) {
                Console.writeLine();
                Console.writeLine();
                Console.writeLine(places.get(characters.get(0).currentLocation - 1).description);
                displayGettableItemsInLocation(items, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
                moved = false;
            }
            instruction = getInstruction();
            String[] returnStrings = extractCommand(instruction);
            command = returnStrings[0];
            instruction = returnStrings[1];
            switch (command)
            {
                case "get":
                    stopGame = getItem(items, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
                    break;
                case "use":
                    useItem(items, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation, places);
                    break;
                case "go":
                    moved = go(characters.get(0), instruction, places.get(characters.get(0).currentLocation - 1));
                    break;
                case "read":
                    readItem(items, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
                    break;
                case "examine":
                    examine(items, characters, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation, places);
                    break;
                case "open":
                    resultOfOpenClose = openClose(true, items, places, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
                    displayOpenCloseMessage(resultOfOpenClose, true);
                    break;
                case "close":
                    resultOfOpenClose = openClose(false, items, places, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
                    displayOpenCloseMessage(resultOfOpenClose, false);
                    break;
                case "move":
                    moveItem(items, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
                    break;
                case "say":
                    say(instruction);
                    break;
                case "playdice":
                    playDiceGame(characters, items, instruction);
                    break;
                case "quit":
                    say("You decide to give up, try again another time.");
                    stopGame = true;
                    break;
                default:
                    Console.writeLine("Sorry, you don't know how to " + command + ".");
            }
        }
        Console.readLine();
    }

Python:

Answer 1 - Alter Examine function to take in Places as well.

def Examine(Items, Characters, ItemToExamine, CurrentLocation, Places):
  Count = 0
  if ItemToExamine == "inventory":
    DisplayInventory(Items)
  elif ItemToExamine == "room":
    print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
    DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
  else:
    IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem...

Answer 2 - alter the selection statement in PlayGame

elif Command == "examine":
      if Instruction == "room":
        Moved = True
      else: 
        Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)

VB.NET:

Adjust case statement within Playgame subroutine:

                Case "examine"
                    If Instruction = "room" Then
                        Moved = True
                    Else
                        Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                    End If

Create new items for the game via an 'additem <name>'[edit]

Create new items for the game via an 'additem <name>' command. Useful once you have created 'save <filename>' option.

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Python:

#MS Maqsud HGS

def addItem(Items):
      print(Items)
      TempItem = Item()
      TempItem.ID = input("ID: ")
      TempItem.Description = input("Description: ")
      TempItem.Status = input("Status: ")
      TempItem.Location = input("Location: ")
      TempItem.Name = input("Name: ")
      TempItem.Commands = input("Commands: ")
      TempItem.Results = input("Results: ")
      Items.append(TempItem)
      print(Items)

# in playgame()

    elif Command == "add":
      addItem(Items)

VB.NET:

the command is used as such
additem <Name> <Description> <ID> <location> <status> <commands> <result>
Sub AddItem(ByRef items As ArrayList, ByVal command As String)
        'NOTE I find it very unlikely such a complex question would be asked BUT while identifying statuses, there are a few unused ones which may come of use?
        'Syntax for ITEMS 
        'Commands – comma separates commands, results will correspond To positions 
        'Example “move,get”
        'Description – a String that will be said When the item Is examined
        'ID – a unique ID For the item
        'Status – currently questionable use, contains properties referring To the item itself, need To test whether this affects anything, most likely doors And useable items.
        'Location – the ID Of the location the item Is currently In
        'Name – the name Of the item
        'Results – correspond With reactions To given commands formatted With semicolons separating the commands And commas representing the response command And parameters.
        'e.g. say,This is too heavy;say,you cant pick this up

        'Statuses:
        'Gettable – the item can be picked up
        'Useable – the item can be used
        'Large – the item Is too large To pick up 
        'Edible,Weapon - ???
        'Open/ close – whether the item Is open Or closed
        'Locked/ Unlocked – whether the item Is locked Or unlocked
        'more exist that need to be researched


        'also a useful location is your inventory which is ID 1001, though I wouldn't put imoveable objects in there
        Dim newItem As New Item
        Dim count, cursor As Integer
        Dim parameter As String = ""
        Dim ParameterStart As Integer
        count = 0
        cursor = 7
        While count = 0 'name
            If command(cursor) = "_" Then
                parameter &= " "
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf command(cursor) <> " " Then
                parameter &= command(cursor)
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf cursor = 7 Then
                Console.WriteLine("Incorrect syntax at <name>")
                Exit Sub
            Else

                newItem.Name = parameter
                cursor += 1
                count += 1
            End If

        End While
        parameter = ""
        ParameterStart = cursor
        While count = 1 And command(cursor) <> "-" ' Description
            If command(cursor) = "_" Then
                parameter &= " "
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf command(cursor) <> " " Then
                parameter &= command(cursor)
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf cursor = ParameterStart Then
                Console.WriteLine("Incorrect syntax at <description>")
                Exit Sub
            Else
                newItem.Description = parameter
                cursor += 1
                count += 1
            End If
        End While
        parameter = ""
        ParameterStart = cursor
        While count = 2 And command(cursor) <> "-" 'ID

            If command(cursor) <> " " Then
                parameter &= command(cursor)
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf cursor = ParameterStart Then
                Console.WriteLine("Incorrect syntax at <ID>")
                Exit Sub
            Else
                newItem.ID = CInt(parameter)
                cursor += 1
                count += 1
            End If
        End While
        parameter = ""
        ParameterStart = cursor
        While count = 3 And command(cursor) <> "-" 'Location

            If command(cursor) <> " " Then
                parameter &= command(cursor)
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf cursor = ParameterStart Then
                Console.WriteLine("Incorrect syntax at <Location>")
                Exit Sub
            Else
                newItem.Location = CInt(parameter)
                cursor += 1
                count += 1
            End If
        End While
        parameter = ""
        ParameterStart = cursor
        While count = 4 And command(cursor) <> "-" 'Status
            If command(cursor) = "_" Then
                parameter &= " "
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf command(cursor) <> " " Then
                parameter &= command(cursor)
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf cursor = ParameterStart Then
                Console.WriteLine("Incorrect syntax at <Status>")
                Exit Sub
            Else
                newItem.Status = parameter
                cursor += 1
                count += 1
            End If
        End While
        parameter = ""
        ParameterStart = cursor
        While count = 5 And command(cursor) <> "-" 'Command
            If command(cursor) = "_" Then
                parameter &= " "
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf command(cursor) <> " " Then
                parameter &= command(cursor)
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf cursor = ParameterStart Then
                Console.WriteLine("Incorrect syntax at <Command>")
                Exit Sub
            Else
                newItem.Commands = parameter
                cursor += 1
                count += 1
            End If
        End While
        parameter = ""
        ParameterStart = cursor
        While count = 5 And command(cursor) <> "-" 'Result
            If command(cursor) = "_" Then
                parameter &= " "
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf command(cursor) <> " " Then
                parameter &= command(cursor)
                cursor += 1
            ElseIf cursor = ParameterStart Then
                Console.WriteLine("Incorrect syntax at <Result>")
                Exit Sub
            Else
                newItem.Results = parameter
                cursor += 1
                count += 1
            End If
        End While
        If GetIndexOfItem(newItem.Name, newItem.ID, items) = -1 And ((newItem.Commands = "" And newItem.Results = "") Or (newItem.Commands <> "" And newItem.Results <> "")) Then
            items.Add(newItem)
            Try
                Using Writer As BinaryWriter = New BinaryWriter(File.Open(Filename, FileMode.Create))
                    Writer.Write(items.Count)
                    For Each Item In items

                        Writer.Write(Item.ID)
                        Writer.Write(Item.Description)
                        Writer.Write(Item.Status)
                        Writer.Write(Item.Location)
                        Writer.Write(Item.Name)
                        Writer.Write(Item.Commands)
                        Writer.Write(Item.Results)

                    Next
                End Using
                Console.WriteLine("{0} was successfully created", newItem.Name)
            Catch ex As FileNotFoundException
                Console.WriteLine("Error save file not found")
            End Try
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("Syntax error")
        End If
        'created by student from Epsom College
    End Sub

Filename will need to be made global as such (in sub main())
 Dim Filename As String
    Sub Main()

        Dim Items, Characters, Places As New ArrayList
            Console.Write("Enter filename> ")
            Filename = Console.ReadLine & ".gme"
            Console.WriteLine()
            If LoadGame(Filename, Characters, Items, Places) Then
                PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places)
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("Unable to load game.")
                Console.ReadLine()
            End If
        End Sub
The following edit will need to be made to the select case in playgame
               Case "additem"
                    AddItem(Items, Instruction)

Create a new 'drop <item>' command.[edit]

Create 'drop <item>' command that drops the item selected from the user's Inventory

C#:

// Created by Ahmed Rahi
               private static void Drop(List<Item> items,string itemtodrop,int currentlocation)
        {
            int pos = currentlocation;
            int indexofitem = GetIndexOfItem(itemtodrop, -1, items);
            if(items[indexofitem].Location!=Inventory)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("cant drop");
            } else if (items[indexofitem].Location==Inventory)
            {
                pos = GetPositionOfCommand(items[indexofitem].Commands, "drop");
                ChangeLocationOfItem(items, indexofitem, currentlocation);
                Console.WriteLine("Dropped!");
            }
        }

//Add this into the playgame routine
                    case "drop":
                        Drop(items, instruction, characters[0].CurrentLocation);
                        break;

Delphi/Pascal:

//add this to PlayGame
...
else if Command = 'drop' then
  DropItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
...

// add this anywhere in the file above PlayGame and below ChangeLocationOfItem (under GetItem is recommended)
procedure DropItem(Items: TItemArray; ItemToDrop: string; CurrentLocation: integer);
  var
    IndexOfItem: integer;
  begin
    IndexOfItem := GetIndexOfItem(ItemToDrop, -1, Items);
    if IndexOfItem = -1 then                               // Doesn't exist
      writeln('You don''t have ', ItemToDrop, '.')
    else if Items[IndexOfItem].Location <> Inventory then     // Not in your inv.
      writeln('You have don''t have that!')
    else
      begin
        ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, CurrentLocation);
        writeln('You have dropped the', Items[IndexOfItem].Name, '.');
      end;
  end;

Java:

//Created by Harington School Student
//add to playGame method
case "drop":
	drop(instruction,items,characters.get(0).currentLocation);
	break;

//create as new method
void drop (String itemToDrop, ArrayList<Item> items, int currentLocation)
	{
		int indexOfItem = getIndexOfItem(itemToDrop, -1, items);
		if (indexOfItem == -1)
		{
			Console.writeLine("You can't find " + itemToDrop + ".");
		}
		else if (items.get(indexOfItem).location == INVENTORY)
		{
			Console.writeLine("You dropped " + itemToDrop);
			changeLocationOfItem(items, indexOfItem, currentLocation);
		}
		else if (items.get(indexOfItem).location != INVENTORY)
		{
			Console.writeLine("You cannot find that in your inventory.");
		}
	}

Python:

def dropItem(ItemToRemove, Items, PlayerLocation):
  for item in Items:
    if item.Location == INVENTORY and item.Name == ItemToRemove:
      item.Location = PlayerLocation
      print("Dropped " + item.Name)
      break
  print("Cannot find " + ItemToRemove + " in your inventory")
  return Items

#Add into PlayGame Function
    elif Command == "drop":
      Items = dropItem(Instruction, Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
def Drop(Items, Characters, ItemToDrop, CurrentLocation):
  Count = 0
  IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToDrop, -1, Items)
  if IndexOfItem != -1:
    if Items[IndexOfItem].Name == ItemToDrop and Items[IndexOfItem].Location == INVENTORY:
      print(Items[IndexOfItem].Name+" was dropped")
      Items[IndexOfItem].Location = CurrentLocation
      return Items
  print("You cannot find " + ItemToDrop + " to drop.")
  return Items

#Add into PlayGame Function
    elif Command == "drop":
      Items = Drop(Items,Characters,Instruction,Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
def Drop(Items, Characters, ItemToDrop, CurrentLocation):
  Count = 0
  IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToDrop, -1, Items)
  if IndexOfItem != -1:
    if Items[IndexOfItem].Name == ItemToDrop and Items[IndexOfItem].Location == INVENTORY:
      print(Items[IndexOfItem].Name+" was dropped")
      Items[IndexOfItem].Location = CurrentLocation
      return Items
    else:
      print("You cannot find " + Items[IndexOfItem].Name + " to drop.")
  else:
    Say('This item does not exist, sorry try again')
  return Items
       
#Add into PlayGame Function
elif Command == "drop":
      Items = DropItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
#add new function
def Drop(Items, Characters, Instruction):
  itemExist = False
  for item in Items:
    if item.Name == Instruction and item.Location == INVENTORY:
      itemExist = True
      item.Location = Characters[0].CurrentLocation
      print("You have droppped: " + item.Name)
  if itemExist == False:
    print("You can't find that item in your inventory")
#add to play game
    elif Command == "drop":
      Drop(Items, Characters, Instruction)

VB.NET:

Add into PlayGame case statement
    Case "drop"
        DropItem(Items, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)



Add new Procedure

    Sub DropItem(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal ItemToDrop As String, ByVal CurrentLocation As Integer)
        Dim CanDrop As Boolean = False
        Dim IndexOfItem As Integer

        IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToDrop, -1, Items)

        If Items(IndexOfItem).Location = Inventory Then
            CanDrop = True
        Else
            Console.WriteLine(ItemToDrop & " is not in your inventory")
        End If

        If CanDrop Then
            ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, CurrentLocation)
            Console.WriteLine("You have dropped " & ItemToDrop & ".")
        End If
    End Sub

Count the number of moves a player makes / Save a high score[edit]

Display the number of moves a player has made. Used to determine a high score once the flag has been found. High score can be compared to a stored high score, and updated if greater.

C#:

// by using a generic class the UI can accept any type of input string/int etc
class GenerateUI<T>
        {      
            T information;

            public GenerateUI(T input)
            {   
                information = input;
                DisplayInfo();
            }

            public void DisplayInfo()
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Moves: " + Convert.ToString(information) + "\n");
            }
        }
...
int numMoves = -1;       // -1 means the beginning of the game
while (!stopGame)
        {   
            if (moved)
               {   
                   Console.WriteLine();
                   Console.WriteLine();
                   // new code here
                   numMoves++;
                   GenerateUI<int> movesUI = new GenerateUI<int>(numMoves);
                   Console.WriteLine(places[characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description);
                   DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(items, characters[0].CurrentLocation);
                   moved = false;
               }
...

Delphi/Pascal:

//Make changes to GetItem
  procedure GetItem(Items: TItemArray; ItemToGet: string; CurrentLocation: integer; NumOfTurns: integer;
                    SavedScore : string; var StopGame : boolean);
  var
    ResultForCommand: string;
    SubCommand: string;
    SubCommandParameter: string;
    IndexOfItem: integer;
    Position: integer;
    CanGet: boolean;
    strNumOfTurns : string;
    Score : TextFile;
  begin
    SubCommand := '';
    SubCommandParameter := '';
    CanGet := false;
    IndexOfItem := GetIndexOfItem(ItemToGet, -1, Items);
    if IndexOfItem = -1 then
      writeln('You can''t find ', ItemToGet, '.')
    else if Items[IndexOfItem].Location = Inventory then
      writeln('You have already got that!')
    else if pos('get', Items[IndexOfItem].Commands) = 0 then
      writeln('You can''t get ', ItemToGet, '.')
    else if (Items[IndexOfItem].Location >= MinimumIDForItem) and (Items[GetIndexOfItem('', Items[
            IndexOfItem].Location, Items)].Location <> CurrentLocation) then
      writeln('You can''t find ', ItemToGet, '.')
    else if (Items[IndexOfItem].Location < MinimumIDForItem) and (Items[IndexOfItem].Location <>
            CurrentLocation) then
      writeln('You can''t find ', ItemToGet, '.')
    else
      CanGet := true;
    if CanGet then
      begin
        Position := GetPositionOfCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Commands, 'get');
        ResultForCommand := GetResultForCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Results, Position);
        ExtractResultForCommand(SubCommand, SubCommandParameter, ResultForCommand);
        if SubCommand = 'say' then
          Say(SubCommandParameter)
        else if SubCommand = 'win' then
          begin
            say('You have won the game');
            strNumOfTurns := inttostr(NumOfTurns);
            writeln('Your score was '+strNumOfTurns);
            StopGame := true;
            if NumOfTurns < integer(SavedScore) then
              begin
                assignfile(Score,'score.txt');
                rewrite(Score);
                writeln(Score,NumOfTurns);
                closefile(Score);
              end;
            exit;
          end;
        if pos('gettable', Items[IndexOfItem].Status) <> 0 then
          begin
            ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, Inventory);
            writeln('You have got that now.');
          end;
      end;
  end;

//Make changes to PlayGame
procedure PlayGame(Characters: TCharacterArray; Items: TItemArray; Places: TPlaceArray; NumOfTurns : integer);
  var
    StopGame: boolean;
    Instruction: string;
    Command: string;
    SavedScore : string;
    strNumOfTurns : string;
    Moved: boolean;
    ResultOfOpenClose : integer;
    Score : Textfile;
  begin
    AssignFile(Score,'score.txt');
    Reset(Score);
    if Not EoF(Score) then
      begin
        read(Score,SavedScore);
        writeln('The current High Score is '+SavedScore);
        CloseFile(Score);
      end;
    StopGame := false;
    Moved := true;
    NumOfTurns := 0;
    while not StopGame do
      begin
        if Moved then
          begin
            writeln;
            writeln;
            writeln(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description);
            DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            Moved := false;
          end;
        strNumOfTurns := inttostr(NumOfTurns);
        writeln('Turns = '+strNumOfTurns);
        Instruction := GetInstruction;
        Command := ExtractCommand(Instruction);
        if Command = 'get' then
          begin
            GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, NumOfTurns, SavedScore, StopGame);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'use' then
          begin
            UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, StopGame, Places);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'go' then
          begin
            Moved := Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1]);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'read' then
          begin
            ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'examine' then
          begin
            Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'open' then
          begin
            ResultOfOpenClose := OpenClose(true, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, true);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'close' then
          begin
            ResultOfOpenClose := OpenClose(false, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, false);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'move' then
          begin
            MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'say' then
          begin
            Say(Instruction);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'playdice' then
          begin
            PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'teleport' then
          begin
            Moved := Teleport(Characters[0], Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            NumOfTurns := NumOfTurns + 1;
          end
        else if Command = 'quit' then
          begin
            Say('You decide to give up, try again another time');
            StopGame := true;
          end
        else
          begin
            writeln('Sorry, you don''t know how to ', Command, '.');
          end;
      end;
    readln;
  end;

//Make changes to Main
procedure Main;
  var
    Filename: string;
    Items: TItemArray;
    Characters: TCharacterArray;
    Places: TPlaceArray;
    NumOfTurns : integer;
  begin
    write('Enter filename> ');
    readln(Filename);
    Filename := Filename + '.gme';
    writeln;
    if LoadGame(Filename, Characters, Items, Places) then
      PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places, NumOfTurns)
    else
      begin
        writeln('Unable to load game.');
        readln;
      end;
  end;

  begin
    randomize;
    Main;
  end.

Java:

Python:

#MS Maqsud HGS (edited by OGI)
#Please note that you will need to create a "score" text file beforehand
#with just the number 0 in it.

def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places):
  line = 12
  StopGame = False
  Moved = True
  NumOfTurns = 0
  print()
  Score = open("score.txt", "r+")
  for line in Score:
    HScore = line
  print("The current highscore is: ", HScore)
  while not StopGame:
    print(NumOfTurns)
    if Moved:
      print()
      print()
      print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
      DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      Moved = False
    Instruction = GetInstruction()
    Command, Instruction = ExtractCommand(Instruction)
    if Command == "get":
      StopGame, Items = GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "use":
      StopGame, Items = UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)
    elif Command == "go":
      Characters[0], Moved = Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])
    elif Command == "read":
      ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "examine":
      Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "open":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
    elif Command == "close":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(False, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, False)
    elif Command == "move":
      MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "say":
      Say(Instruction)
    elif Command == "playdice":
      Items = PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
    elif Command == "quit":
      Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
      StopGame = True
    else:
      print("Sorry, you don't know how to " + Command + ".")
      NumOfTurns -= 1
    NumOfTurns += 1
  if NumOfTurns > int(HScore):
    Score = open("score.txt", "w")
    Score.write(str(NumOfTurns))
    Score.close()
  input()




# No need to create a text file, checks to see if one is there, if not games is played and one is made
def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places):
    try:
        score = open("HighScore.txt")
        currentHighScore = score.read()
    except:
        movesTaken = 0
        StopGame = False
        Moved = True

        while not StopGame:
            if Moved:
                print()
                print()

                
                print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
                DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
                Moved = False
            Instruction = GetInstruction()
            Command, Instruction = ExtractCommand(Instruction)
            if Command == "get":
                StopGame, Items = GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
            elif Command == "use":
                if Instruction == "torch":
                StopGame, Items = UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)
            elif Command == "go":
                Characters[0], Moved = Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])
            elif Command == "read":
                ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
            elif Command == "examine":
                Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)
            elif Command == "open":
                ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction,
                                                             Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
                DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
            elif Command == "close":
                ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(False, Items, Places, Instruction,
                                                             Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
                DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, False)
            elif Command == "move":
                MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
            elif Command == "say":
                Say(Instruction)
            elif Command == "playdice":
                Items = PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
            elif Command == "quit":
                movesTaken -= 1
                Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
                StopGame = True
            elif Command == "eat":
                Items = eat(Instruction, Items)
            elif Command == "additem":
                Items = addItem(Items)
            else:
                movesTaken -= 1
                print("Sorry, you don't know how to " + Command + ".")
            movesTaken += 1
            print("moves taken", str(movesTaken))
            score = open("HighScore.txt", "w")
            score.write(str(movesTaken))
            score.close()
    input()

# Made by the Greenhead Gang - Ben R

VB.NET:

This version counts all the commands even if they were not completed, for example, go north when the you can't go in that direction will still add to your number of moves.


Modify the PlayGame Sub

           Dim NoOfMoves As Integer = -1
Modify the while loop in PlayGame Sub
           NoOfMoves += 1
Modify the case statement
                Case Else
                    Console.WriteLine("Sorry, you don't know how to " & Command & ".")
                    NoOfMoves -= 1
Modify GetItem Sub

Sub GetItem(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal ItemToGet As String, ByVal CurrentLocation As Integer, ByRef StopGame As Boolean, ByVal NoOfMoves As Integer)

ElseIf SubCommand = "win" Then
                Say("You have won the game in " & NoOfMoves & " moves.")
                StopGame = True
                Exit Sub
            End If
'created by a student from Epsom College

Prevent guard from taking the dice if you lose[edit]

Prevent guard from taking the dice if you lose. Alternatively restart game.


C#:

        private static void TakeRandomItemFromPlayer(List<Item> items, int otherCharacterID)
        {
            List<int> listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory = new List<int>();
            int count = 0;
            while (count < items.Count)
            {
                // Modify the take random item sub so that it doesnt add die to the items in inventory array.
                if (items[count].Location == Inventory && items[count].Name.Contains("die") == false)
                {
                    listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Add(count);
                }
                count++;
            }
            // Add exception handling so if they only have a dice the guard just wont take anything
            if (listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Count < 1)
                Console.WriteLine("The guard takes pity on you and doesnt take anything.");
            else
            {
                int rNo = GetRandomNumber(0, listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Count - 1);
                Console.WriteLine("They have taken your " + items[Convert.ToInt32(listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[rNo])].Name + ".");
                ChangeLocationOfItem(items, Convert.ToInt32(listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[rNo]), otherCharacterID);
            }
        }

Delphi/Pascal:

//this requires StrUtils being included, so change the uses section to
uses
    SysUtils,StrUtils;

//replace the current TakeRandomItemFromPlayer procedure with this
  procedure TakeRandomItemFromPlayer(Items: TItemArray; OtherCharacterID: integer);
  var
    ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory: array of integer;
    Count: integer;
    rno: integer;
    ArrayLength: integer;
  begin
    ArrayLength := 0;
    Count := 0;
    while Count < length(Items) do
      begin
        if Items[Count].Location = Inventory then
          begin
            if (not(ContainsText(Items[Count].Name,'die'))) then
            begin
              inc(ArrayLength);
              SetLength(ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory, ArrayLength);
              ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[ArrayLength - 1] := Count;
            end;
          end;
        inc(Count);
      end;
    if(length(ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory) > 0) then
    begin
      rno := GetRandomNumber(0, length(ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory) - 1);
      writeln('They have taken your ', Items[ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[rno]].Name, '.');
      ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[rno], OtherCharacterID);
    end
    else
      Writeln('You have no items for the guard to take');
  end;

Java:

    void takeRandomItemFromPlayer(ArrayList<Item> items, int otherCharacterID) {
        ArrayList<Integer> listofIndicesOfItemsInInventory = new ArrayList<>();
        int count = 0;
        while (count < items.size()) {
            if (items.get(count).location == INVENTORY && !items.get(count).name.contains("die")) {
                listofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.add(count);
            }
            count++;
        }
	    int rno = getRandomNumber(0, listofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.size() - 1);
	    Console.writeLine("They have taken your " + items.get(listofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.get(rno)).name + ".");
	    changeLocationOfItem(items, listofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.get(rno), otherCharacterID);
        
    }

Python:

#by OllyGoodyIndustries
def TakeRandomItemFromPlayer(Items, OtherCharacterID):
  ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory = []
  Count = 0
  while Count < len(Items):
    if Items[Count].Location == INVENTORY and Items[Count].Name.find("die") == -1:
      ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory.append(Count)
    Count += 1
  if (len(ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory) < 1):
    print("The guard takes pity on you and doesn't take anything.")
  else:
    rno = GetRandomNumber(0, len(ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory) - 1)
    print("They have taken your " + Items[ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[rno]].Name + ".")
    Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[rno], OtherCharacterID)
  return Items

VB.NET:

    'Created by student of Riddlesdown Collegiate Joshua
    'Edit the take random item sub so that it doesnt add die to the items in inventory array.
    Sub TakeRandomItemFromPlayer(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal OtherCharacterID As Integer)
        Dim ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory As New ArrayList
        Dim Count As Integer = 0
        While Count < Items.Count
            If Items(Count).Location = Inventory And Items(Count).Name.contains("die") = False Then
                ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Add(Count)
            End If
            Count += 1
        End While
        'Add exception handling so if they only have a dice the guard just wont take anything
        If ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Count < 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("The guard takes pity on you and doesnt take anything.")
        Else
            Dim rno As Integer = GetRandomNumber(0, ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("They have taken your " & Items(ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory(rno)).Name & ".")
            ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory(rno), OtherCharacterID)
        End If
    End Sub

Create 'time' command.[edit]

Create 'time' command. It should tell you how many minutes you have been playing. Alternative add the time (eg how many mins) you have been in the game each time you move from room to room - Note: I doubt that they would ask you to do this as it is trivial in some languages and more difficult in others. More realistically it may ask you to count the number of instructions the player has typed throughout the game.

C#:

//add to top of playgame
            System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch sw = new System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch();
            sw.Start();
//add the time and change the get cases switch
                    case "time":
                        Console.WriteLine("Time elapsed: {0:hh\\:mm\\:ss}", sw.Elapsed);
                        break;
                    case "get":
                        GetItem(items, instruction, characters[0].CurrentLocation, ref stopGame, sw);
                        break;
//could edit the get command
 private static void GetItem(List<Item> items, string itemToGet, int currentLocation, ref bool stopGame, System.Diagnostics.Stopwatch stopwatch) //editing this
        {
            string resultForCommand, subCommand = "", subCommandParameter = "";
            int indexOfItem, position;
            bool canGet = false;
            indexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(itemToGet, -1, items);
            if (indexOfItem == -1)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't find " + itemToGet + ".");
            }
            else if (items[indexOfItem].Location == Inventory)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You have already got that!");
            }
            else if (!items[indexOfItem].Commands.Contains("get"))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't get " + itemToGet + ".");
            }
            else if (items[indexOfItem].Location >= MinimumIDForItem && items[GetIndexOfItem("", items[indexOfItem].Location, items)].Location != currentLocation)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't find " + itemToGet + ".");
            }
            else if (items[indexOfItem].Location < MinimumIDForItem && items[indexOfItem].Location != currentLocation)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't find " + itemToGet + ".");
            }
            else
            {
                canGet = true;
            }
            if (canGet)
            {
                position = GetPositionOfCommand(items[indexOfItem].Commands, "get");
                resultForCommand = GetResultForCommand(items[indexOfItem].Results, position);
                ExtractResultForCommand(ref subCommand, ref subCommandParameter, resultForCommand);
                if (subCommand == "say")
                {
                    Say(subCommandParameter);
                }
                else if (subCommand == "win")
                {
                    stopwatch.Stop(); //adding this
                    Console.WriteLine("You have won the game in {0:hh\\:mm\\:ss}", stopwatch.Elapsed); //and changing this
                    stopGame = true;
                    return;
                }
                if (items[indexOfItem].Status.Contains("gettable"))
                {
                    ChangeLocationOfItem(items, indexOfItem, Inventory);

                    Console.WriteLine("You have got that now.");
                }
            }
        }

//code was made by RSFC gang

Delphi/Pascal:

       procedure DisplayTime(Start:TDateTime);
  var
    Total :TDateTime;
  begin
    Total := TDateTime(Now) - Start;
    writeln('Game Time: ' , TimeToStr(Total));
    readln;
  end;

  procedure PlayGame(Characters: TCharacterArray; Items: TItemArray; Places: TPlaceArray);
  var
    StopGame: boolean;
    Instruction: string;
    Command: string;
    Moved: boolean;
    ResultOfOpenClose: integer;
    Start:Tdatetime;
  begin
    Start:= tdatetime(now);
    StopGame := false;
    Moved := true;
    while not StopGame do
      begin
        if Moved then
          begin
            writeln;
            writeln;
            writeln(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description);
            DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            Moved := false;
          end;
        Instruction := GetInstruction;
        Command := ExtractCommand(Instruction);
        if Command = 'get' then
          GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, StopGame,Start)
        else if Command = 'use' then
          UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, StopGame, Places)
        else if Command = 'go' then
          Moved := Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1],start)
        else if Command = 'read' then
          ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
        else if Command = 'examine' then
          Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation,Places)
        else if Command = 'open' then
          begin
            ResultOfOpenClose := OpenClose(true, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, true);
          end
        else if Command = 'close' then
          begin
            ResultOfOpenClose := OpenClose(false, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, false);
          end
        else if Command = 'move' then
          MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
        else if Command = 'say' then
          Say(Instruction)
        else if Command = 'playdice' then
          PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
        else if Command = 'quit' then
          begin
            Say('You decide to give up, try again another time');
            StopGame := true;
            DisplayTime(Start);
          end
        else
          begin
            writeln('Sorry, you don''t know how to ', Command, '.')
          end;
      end;
    readln;
  end;
       // for it to work in Delphi 7 you need to put the DisplayTime procedure abit further up the page.
       //Made by Jobless Programmmer :)

Java:

Python:

import time 

def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places, StartTime):
  StopGame = False
  Moved = True
  while not StopGame:
    if Moved:
      print()
      print()
      print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
      DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      Moved = False
    Instruction = GetInstruction()
    Command, Instruction = ExtractCommand(Instruction)
    if Command == "get":
      StopGame, Items = GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "use":
      StopGame, Items = UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)
    elif Command == "go":
      Characters[0], Moved = Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])
    elif Command == "read":
      ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "examine":
      Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "open":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
    elif Command == "close":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(False, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, False)
    elif Command == "move":
      MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "say":
      Say(Instruction)
    elif Command == "playdice":
      Items = PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
    elif Command == "quit":
      Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
      StopGame = True
    else:
      print("Sorry, you don't know how to " + Command + ".")

  EndTime = time.time()
  print(time.strftime("You spent %M Minutes, %S Seconds playing.", time.localtime(EndTime - StartTime)))
  input()

def Main():
  Items = []
  Characters = []
  Places = []
  Filename = input("Enter filename> ") + ".gme"
  print()
  GameLoaded, Characters, Items, Places = LoadGame(Filename, Characters, Items, Places)
  if GameLoaded:
    StartTime = time.time()
    PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places, StartTime)
  else:
    print("Unable to load game.")
    input()

VB.NET:

' Edit the PlayGame sub by adding and starting a stopwatch instance before the game begins playing,
' then display the elapsed time after the user quits or when the user wins in the GetItem sub

    Sub PlayGame(ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal Places As ArrayList)

        '...

        ' create new stopwatch instance
        Dim totalTime As Stopwatch = Stopwatch.StartNew()
        totalTime.Start() ' starting stopwatch

        '...
            Select Case Command
                Case "get"
                    GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation, StopGame, totalTime)
                '...                
                Case "quit"
                    Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")

                    'tells user how many minutes they've been playing for
                    Console.WriteLine("That took you a total of {0} Minutes", Math.Round(totalTime.Elapsed.TotalMinutes))

                    StopGame = True
            End Select
        End While
        Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub

Sub GetItem(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal ItemToGet As String, ByVal CurrentLocation As Integer, ByRef StopGame As Boolean, ByRef totalTime As Stopwatch)
        '...
            ElseIf SubCommand = "win" Then
                Say("You have won the game")

                'tells user how many minutes they've been playing for
                Console.WriteLine("That took you a total of {0} Minutes", Math.Round(totalTime.Elapsed.TotalMinutes))

                StopGame = True
                Exit Sub
            End If
                  
    End Sub

Limit Inventory Size by Item Count[edit]

Limit the number of items that can be added to the inventory SM HGS, Difficulty: Veteran

C#:

//Create new subroutine
private static int LimitInvSpace(List<Item> items)
        {
            int InvSpace = 0;
            foreach (var thing in items)
            {
                if (thing.Location == Inventory)
                {
                    InvSpace++;
                }
            }
            return InvSpace;
        }
//In GetItem subroutine, add new variable:
int InvSpace = LimitInvSpace(items);

//In GetItem subroutine, add else if statement:
else if (InvSpace >= 3)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't carry " + itemToGet);
                Console.WriteLine("Drop an item to create space");
            }

Delphi/Pascal:

//replace the constants section at the start with this
  const
    Inventory: Integer = 1001;
    MaxInventorySize: Integer = 6;
    MinimumIDForItem: Integer = 2001;
    IDDifferenceForObjectInTwoLocations: Integer = 10000;

//replace the GetItem procedure with this
procedure GetItem(Items: TItemArray; ItemToGet: string; CurrentLocation: integer; var StopGame:
                    boolean);
  var
    ResultForCommand: string;
    SubCommand: string;
    SubCommandParameter: string;
    IndexOfItem: integer;
    Position: integer;
    CanGet: boolean;
    NoOfItems: Integer;
    TempItem: TItem;
  begin
    NoOfItems := 0;
    for TempItem in Items do
    begin
      If(TempItem.Location = Inventory) then
        NoOfItems := NoOfItems+1;
    end;

    if(NoOfItems < MaxInventorySize)then
    begin

      SubCommand := '';
      SubCommandParameter := '';
      CanGet := false;
      IndexOfItem := GetIndexOfItem(ItemToGet, -1, Items);
      if IndexOfItem = -1 then
        writeln('You can''t find ', ItemToGet, '.')
      else if Items[IndexOfItem].Location = Inventory then
        writeln('You have already got that!')
      else if pos('get', Items[IndexOfItem].Commands) = 0 then
        writeln('You can''t get ', ItemToGet, '.')
      else if (Items[IndexOfItem].Location >= MinimumIDForItem) and (Items[GetIndexOfItem('', Items[
              IndexOfItem].Location, Items)].Location <> CurrentLocation) then
        writeln('You can''t find ', ItemToGet, '.')
      else if (Items[IndexOfItem].Location < MinimumIDForItem) and (Items[IndexOfItem].Location <>
              CurrentLocation) then
        writeln('You can''t find ', ItemToGet, '.')
      else
        CanGet := true;
      if CanGet then
        begin
          Position := GetPositionOfCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Commands, 'get');
          ResultForCommand := GetResultForCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Results, Position);
          ExtractResultForCommand(SubCommand, SubCommandParameter, ResultForCommand);
          if SubCommand = 'say' then
            Say(SubCommandParameter)
          else if SubCommand = 'win' then
            begin
              say('You have won the game');
              StopGame := true;
              exit;
            end;
          if pos('gettable', Items[IndexOfItem].Status) <> 0 then
            begin
              ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, Inventory);
              writeln('You have got that now.');
            end;
        end;
    end
    else
      Writeln('You are carrying too many items');
  end;

Java:

Python:

#create const at top of script
INVENTORYLIMIT = 5

def LookForSpaceInInventory(Items):
  spaceInInventory = INVENTORYLIMIT
  for item in Items:
    if item.Location == INVENTORY:
      spaceInInventory -= 1
  return spaceInInventory

#call function in GetItemFunction
elif LookForSpaceInInventory(Items) == 0:
    print("Sorry your inventory is full!")
    CanGet = False

VB.NET:

 done by richie
man lyk richie
'Added Constant at top of script
    Const InventoryLimit As Integer = 7


'Edited DisplayInventory Sub
Dim Count As Integer
        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("You are currently carrying the following items:")
        For Each Thing In Items
            If Thing.Location = Inventory Then
                Console.WriteLine(Thing.Name)
                Count += 1
            End If
        Next
        Console.WriteLine("You have " & Count & " items in your inventory. You can have a maximum of " & InventoryLimit & ".")
        Console.WriteLine()


'Edited GetItem Sub
        ElseIf Items(IndexOfItem).Location < MinimumIDForItem And Items(IndexOfItem).Location <> CurrentLocation Then
            Console.WriteLine("You can't find " & ItemToGet & ".")
        ElseIf CanRetrieveItem(Items) = False Then
            Console.WriteLine("You cannot carry that item, your inventory is full.")
        Else
            CanGet = True
        End If



'Created CanRetrieveItems Function
Function CanRetrieveItem(ByVal Items As ArrayList)

        Dim Count As Integer
        For Each Thing In Items
            If Thing.Location = Inventory Then
                Count += 1
            End If
        Next

        If Count < InventoryLimit Then
            Return True
        Else
            Return False
        End If

End Function

Limit Inventory Size by Item Weight[edit]

All gettable items are either 'tiny, 'small' or 'medium'. Introduce a weighInventory sub-routine. Tiny = weight of 1, Small = weight of 2 and medium = weight of 3. Only allow an item to be collected if it won't take the inventory weight over 7.

C#:

//Create new WeighInventoryItems Subroutine.
private static int WeighInventoryItems(List<Item> items)
{
    int InventoryCount = 0;

    for (int i = 0; i < items.Count; i++)
    {
        if (items[i].Location == Inventory && items[i].Status.Contains("tiny"))
        {
            InventoryCount += 1; 
        }
        else if (items[i].Location == Inventory && items[i].Status.Contains("small"))
        {
            InventoryCount += 2;
        }
        else if (items[i].Location == Inventory && items[i].Status.Contains("medium"))
        {
            InventoryCount += 3;
        }
    }

    return InventoryCount;
}

//Call WeighInventoryItems in GetItems routine
//Add new 'else if' to GetItem routine
else if (inventoryCount > 7)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Inventory is too full to carry " + itemToGet + ".");
}

//Solution by Josh~Kb

Delphi/Pascal:

//---------------------- Inv. Size Mod Start ---------------------- 
function getItemWeight(Item: TItem): integer;
  begin
    if Item.Status.Contains('tiny') then getItemSize := 1
    else if Item.Status.Contains('small') then getItemSize := 2
    else if Item.Status.Contains('medium') then getItemSize := 3
    else if Item.Status.Contains('large') then getItemSize := 5
    else getItemSize := 0;
  end;

  function weighInventory(Items: TItemArray):boolean;
  var
    Item: TItem;
  begin
    result := 0;
    for Item in Items do
      if Item.Location = Inventory then
        inc(result, getItemSize(Item));
  end;
//---------------------- Inv. Size Mod End ----------------------

  procedure GetItem(Items: TItemArray; ItemToGet: string; CurrentLocation: integer; var StopGame:
                    boolean);
    ...
    else if (Items[IndexOfItem].Location < MinimumIDForItem) and (Items[IndexOfItem].Location <>
            CurrentLocation) then
      writeln('You can''t find ', ItemToGet, '.')
//---------------------- Inv. Size Mod Start ---------------------- 
    else if (weighInventory(Items) + getItemSize(Items[IndexOfItem]) > MaxInventoryCapacity) then
      writeln('Your inventory is too full')
//---------------------- Inv. Size Mod End ---------------------- 
    else
      CanGet := true;
    ...

Java:

//This method takes an item and returns its weight
int itemWeight(Item item)
{
    int weight = 0;
    if(item.status.contains("tiny"))
    {
        weight = 1;
    }
    else if(item.status.contains("small"))
    {
        weight = 2;
    }
    else if(item.status.contains("medium"))
    {
        weight = 3;
    }
    else
    {
        weight = 4;
    }
    return weight;
}

//Iterates through the list of items, incrementing a weight variable each time an item in the inventory is found
boolean checkInventoryWeight(ArrayList<Item> items, Item thisItem)
{
    int inventoryWeight = 0;

    for(Item item : items)
    {
        if(item.location == INVENTORY)
        {
            inventoryWeight += itemWeight(item);
        }
    }

    int itemWeight = itemWeight(thisItem);

    //Checks if adding the new item to the inventory would raise the weight over the limit. 10 has been used rather than the 7 stated in the question since the initial weight of the inventory in the flag2 game is 10
    if(itemWeight + inventoryWeight <= 10)
    {
        return true;
    }
    else
    {
        say("You can't take that item, your inventory is too heavy.");
        return false;
    }
}

//Alter the 'else' statement in 'getItem'
boolean getItem(ArrayList<Item> items, String itemToGet, int currentLocation) {
...
else
    {
        canGet = checkInventoryWeight(items, thisItem);
    }
....
}

//Alter 'takeItemFromOtherCharacter' so that, if the dice game is won, an item can only be taken if the inventory has space
void takeItemFromOtherCharacter(ArrayList<Item> items, int otherCharacterID) {
...
if (listOfNamesOfItemsInInventory.contains(chosenItem)) {
    int pos = listOfNamesOfItemsInInventory.indexOf(chosenItem);
    boolean canGet = checkInventoryWeight(items,items.get(listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory.get(pos)));
    if(canGet)
    {
        changeLocationOfItem(items, listOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory.get(pos), INVENTORY);
        Console.writeLine("You have that now.");
    }
} else {
    Console.writeLine("They don't have that item, so you don't take anything this time.");
}
}

Python:

def GetWeight(Item):
  Weights = {"tiny": 1, "small": 2, "medium": 3}

  Weight = 0

  for attribute in item.Status.split(","):
    Weight += Weights[attribute] if attribute in Weights else 0

  return Weight

def WeighInventory(Items):
  InventoryWeight = 0

  for item in Items:
      if item.Location == INVENTORY:
          InventoryWeight += GetWeight(item)

  return InventoryWeight

def GetItem(Items, ItemToGet, CurrentLocation):
  SubCommand = ""
  SubCommandParameter = ""
  CanGet = False
  IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToGet, -1, Items)
  if IndexOfItem == -1:
    print("You can't find " + ItemToGet + ".")
  elif Items[IndexOfItem].Location == INVENTORY:
    print("You have already got that!")
  elif not "get" in Items[IndexOfItem].Commands:
    print("You can't get " + ItemToGet + ".")
  elif Items[IndexOfItem].Location >= MINIMUM_ID_FOR_ITEM and Items[GetIndexOfItem("", Items[IndexOfItem].Location, Items)].Location != CurrentLocation:
    print("You can't find " + ItemToGet + ".")
  elif Items[IndexOfItem].Location < MINIMUM_ID_FOR_ITEM and Items[IndexOfItem].Location != CurrentLocation:
    print("You can't find " + ItemToGet + ".")
  elif WeightInventory(Items) + GetWeight(Items[IndexOfItem]) > 7:
    print("Inventory is too full to carry {}.".format(ItemToGet))
  else:
    CanGet = True
  if CanGet:
    Position = GetPositionOfCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Commands, "get")
    ResultForCommand = GetResultForCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Results, Position)
    SubCommand, SubCommandParameter = ExtractResultForCommand(SubCommand, SubCommandParameter, ResultForCommand)
    if SubCommand == "say":
      Say(SubCommandParameter)
    elif SubCommand == "win":
      Say("You have won the game")
      return True, Items
    if "gettable" in Items[IndexOfItem].Status:
      Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, INVENTORY)
      print("You have got that now.")
  return False, Items

VB.NET:

Hit the guard with a weapon[edit]

Hit the guard(or any character in the room) with an object with weapon status and then take an item from them.

C#:

#in the PlayGame function
                    case "hit":
                        UseWeapon(characters, items, instruction);
                        break;

#new UseWeapon function
        private static void UseWeapon(List<Character> characters, List<Item> items, string CharacterToAttack)
        {
            bool PlayerHasWeapon = false;
            bool PlayersInSameRoom = false;
            int IndexOfPlayerWeapon = -1;
            foreach (var Thing in items)
            {
                if ((Thing.Location == Inventory) && ( true == Thing.Status.Contains("weapon")))
                {
                    PlayerHasWeapon = true;
                    IndexOfPlayerWeapon = GetIndexOfItem("", Thing.ID, items);
                }
            }
            int count = 1;
            while ((count < characters.Count) && (!PlayersInSameRoom))
            {
                if ((characters[0].CurrentLocation == characters[count].CurrentLocation) && (characters[count].Name == CharacterToAttack))
                {
                    PlayersInSameRoom = true;
                    count++;
                }
            }
            int indexOfOtherCharacter = 0;
            count = 0;
            while (count < characters.Count)
            {
                if (characters[count].Name == CharacterToAttack)
                {
                    indexOfOtherCharacter = count;                                            
                }
                count++;
            }
            if ((PlayerHasWeapon == true) && (PlayersInSameRoom == true))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You hit " + CharacterToAttack);
                TakeItemFromOtherCharacter(items, characters[indexOfOtherCharacter].ID);
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't hit");
            }
        }

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

void hitPlayer(ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Character> characters, String victimName, int currentLocation)
    {
        boolean inSameRoom = false, hasWeapon = false;
        Character victim = new Character();
        Item weapon = new Item();
        
        //Checks if the character you want to hit is in the same room as you
        for(Character character: characters)
        {
            if(character.name.equals(victimName) && character.currentLocation == currentLocation)
            {
                inSameRoom = true;
                victim = character;
            }
        }

        if(inSameRoom)
        {
            for(Item item:items)
            {
                //Checks if you have a weapon in your inventory
                if(item.status.contains("weapon") && item.location == INVENTORY)
                {
                    hasWeapon = true;
                    weapon = item;
                }
            }

            //If you have a weapon, you hit the victim and take an item from them
            if(hasWeapon)
            {
                say("You have hit " + victimName + " with the " + weapon.name);
                takeItemFromOtherCharacter(items, victim.id);
            }
            else
            {
                say("You don't have anything to hit " + victimName + " with.");
            }
        }
    }

     //Adds hit to the list of commands
     void playGame(ArrayList<Character> characters, ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Place> places) {
     ...
     case "hit":
     hitPlayer(items, characters, instruction, characters.get(0).currentLocation);
     break;
     ...
     }

Python:

#in the PlayGame function
elif Command == "hit":
      Items = UseWeapon(Characters,Items,Instruction)

def UseWeapon(Characters, Items, CharacterToAttack):
 AttackPossible,IndexOfPlayerWeapon,IndexOfOtherCharacter = CheckIfAttackPossible(Items, Characters, CharacterToAttack)
  if not AttackPossible:
    print("You can't hit.")
  else:
    print("Spank Me Harder Daddy!")
    Items = TakeItemFromOtherCharacter(Items,Characters[IndexOfOtherCharacter].ID)
  return Items
  
def CheckIfAttackPossible(Items,Characters, CharacterToAttack):
  PlayerHasWeapon = False
  PlayersInSameRoom = False
  IndexOfOtherCharacter = -1
  IndexOfPlayerWeapon = -1
  for Thing in Items:
    if Thing.Location == INVENTORY and "weapon" in Thing.Status:
      PlayerHasWeapon = True
      IndexOfPlayerWeapon = GetIndexOfItem("",Thing.ID,Items)
  count = 1
  while count < len(Characters) and not PlayersInSameRoom:
    if Characters[0].CurrentLocation == Characters[count].CurrentLocation and Characters[count].Name == CharacterToAttack:
      PlayersInSameRoom = True
    count += 1
  return (PlayerHasWeapon and PlayersInSameRoom),IndexOfPlayerWeapon,IndexOfOtherCharacter

#the truncheon is the only existing weapon. if you added further weapons the command could be HIT CHARACTERNAME WEAPONNAME and you'd pass that into the ExtractCommand function to separate weapon and player then pass both of these into the CheckIfAttackPossible function to check the user has the named weapon in their inventory.

VB.NET:

    'New sub for using a weapon to take out another character
    'using playdice sub as a template
    Sub Attack(ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal items As ArrayList, ByVal OtherCharacterName As String)
        Dim IndexOfPlayerWeapon, IndexOfOtherCharacter, IndexOfOtherCharacterWeapon As Integer
        Dim AttackPossible As Boolean = CheckIfAttackPossible(items, Characters, IndexOfPlayerWeapon, IndexOfOtherCharacter, IndexOfOtherCharacterWeapon, OtherCharacterName)

        Dim Count As Integer = 1
        While Count < Characters.Count
            If Characters(0).CurrentLocation = Characters(Count).CurrentLocation And Characters(Count).Name = OtherCharacterName Then
                IndexOfOtherCharacter = Count
            End If
            Count += 1
        End While
        If AttackPossible = True Then
            Dim NewStatus As String = "unconscious"
            ChangeStatusOfCharacter(Characters, IndexOfOtherCharacter, NewStatus)
            Say("You knock the guard out!")
            For Thing = 0 To items.Count - 1
                If items(Thing).Location = Characters(IndexOfOtherCharacter).ID Then
                    ChangeLocationOfItem(items, Thing, Characters(IndexOfOtherCharacter).Currentlocation)
                End If
            Next
            DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(items, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
        End If
    End Sub

    'Create this copy of change status of item then change all the variables to apply for characters instead
    'This is because it doesnt like you changing single variables of objects once they are "made"
    Sub ChangeStatusOfCharacter(ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal IndexOfCharacter As Integer, ByVal NewStatus As String)
        Dim ThisCharacter As Character = Characters(IndexOfCharacter)
        ThisCharacter.Status = NewStatus
        Characters(IndexOfCharacter) = ThisCharacter
    End Sub

    Function CheckIfAttackPossible(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByRef IndexOfPlayerWeapon As Integer, ByRef IndexOfOtherCharacter As Integer, ByRef IndexOfOtherCharacterWeapon As Integer, ByVal OtherCharacterName As String) As Boolean
        Dim PlayerHasWeapon As Boolean = False
        Dim PlayersInSameRoom As Boolean = False
        Dim OtherCharacterIsDefenceless As Boolean = True
        For Each Thing In Items
            If Thing.Location = Inventory And Thing.status.contains("weapon") Then
                PlayerHasWeapon = True
                IndexOfPlayerWeapon = GetIndexOfItem("", Thing.ID, Items)
            End If
        Next
        Dim Count As Integer = 1
        While Count < Characters.Count And Not PlayersInSameRoom
            'Also need to add the check if the other character is unconscious to other subs so that it isnt possible to do all other things to an unconsious character
            If Characters(0).CurrentLocation = Characters(Count).CurrentLocation And Characters(Count).Name = OtherCharacterName And Characters(Count).Status.contains("unconsious") = False Then
                PlayersInSameRoom = True
                For Each Thing In Items
                    If Thing.Location = Characters(Count).ID And Thing.status.contains("weapon") Then
                        OtherCharacterIsDefenceless = False
                        IndexOfOtherCharacterWeapon = GetIndexOfItem("", Thing.ID, Items)
                        IndexOfOtherCharacter = Count
                    End If
                Next
            End If
            Count += 1
        End While
        'Adding specific messages or what is wrong if one of the conditions is false
        If PlayersInSameRoom = False Then
            Say("There is nobody to attack.")
        ElseIf PlayerHasWeapon = False Then
            Say("You dont have a weapon to attack them with.")
        ElseIf OtherCharacterIsDefenceless = False Then
            Say("They dont look like they'll go down without a fight...")
        End If

        Return PlayerHasWeapon And PlayersInSameRoom And OtherCharacterIsDefenceless
    End Function
'Obviously this section also needs to be added to the playgame sub so attack can be called
                'Attack command
                Case "attack"
                    Attack(Characters, Items, Instruction)

'Changes to other subs so unconscious characters cant play dice etc.
    Function CheckIfDiceGamePossible(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByRef IndexOfPlayerDie As Integer, ByRef IndexOfOtherCharacter As Integer, ByRef IndexOfOtherCharacterDie As Integer, ByVal OtherCharacterName As String) As Boolean
        Dim PlayerHasDie As Boolean = False
        Dim PlayersInSameRoom As Boolean = False
        Dim OtherCharacterHasDie As Boolean = False
        For Each Thing In Items
            If Thing.Location = Inventory And Thing.name.contains("die") Then
                PlayerHasDie = True
                IndexOfPlayerDie = GetIndexOfItem("", Thing.ID, Items)
            End If
        Next
        Dim Count As Integer = 1
        While Count < Characters.Count And Not PlayersInSameRoom
            'added to check if guard is unconsious so they cant play dice with an unconsious guard lol
            If Characters(0).CurrentLocation = Characters(Count).CurrentLocation And Characters(Count).Name = OtherCharacterName And Characters(Count).Status.contains("unconscious") = False Then
                PlayersInSameRoom = True
                For Each Thing In Items
                    If Thing.Location = Characters(Count).ID And Thing.name.contains("die") Then
                        OtherCharacterHasDie = True
                        IndexOfOtherCharacterDie = GetIndexOfItem("", Thing.ID, Items)
                        IndexOfOtherCharacter = Count
                    End If
                Next
            End If
            Count += 1
        End While
        Return PlayerHasDie And PlayersInSameRoom And OtherCharacterHasDie
    End Function

    Sub Examine(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal Places As ArrayList, ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal ItemToExamine As String, ByVal CurrentLocation As Integer)
        Dim Count As Integer = 0
        If ItemToExamine = "inventory" Then
            DisplayInventory(Items)
            'not cleanest solution but will print a description of the room.
            'didnt like using "moved" as they havent got moved and that would put code in playgame sub
        ElseIf ItemToExamine = "room" Then
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(Places(Characters(0).CurrentLocation - 1).Description)
            DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
        Else
            Dim IndexOfItem As Integer = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToExamine, -1, Items)
            If IndexOfItem <> -1 Then
                If Items(IndexOfItem).Name = ItemToExamine And (Items(IndexOfItem).Location = Inventory Or Items(IndexOfItem).Location = CurrentLocation) Then
                    Console.WriteLine(Items(IndexOfItem).Description)
                    If Items(IndexOfItem).Name.Contains("door") Then
                        DisplayDoorStatus(Items(IndexOfItem).Status)
                    End If
                    If Items(IndexOfItem).Status.Contains("container") Then                   
                        DisplayContentsOfContainerItem(Items, Items(IndexOfItem).ID)      
                    End If
                    Exit Sub
                End If
            End If
            While Count < Characters.Count
                If Characters(Count).Name = ItemToExamine And Characters(Count).CurrentLocation = CurrentLocation Then
                    Console.WriteLine(Characters(Count).Description)
                    'Adds flavour text / help text if the guard is unconsious
                    If Characters(Count).Status.contains("unconscious") = True Then
                        Console.WriteLine("The " & Characters(Count).name & " is unconscious")
                    End If
                    Exit Sub
                End If
                Count += 1
            End While
            Console.WriteLine("You cannot find " & ItemToExamine & " to look at.")
        End If
    End Sub

Create Attack System with Health[edit]

Add a 'health' attribute to characters that can be changed in the code (or a command could be added for the user to change it).

Create an attacking system that gives a percentage chance to the player and character that takes one from their health if hit.

If the player dies, the game ends. If the other character dies, their items are dropped in the room that the fight occurs in.

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Python:

# Made by maxmontygom

# New subroutines

def Attack(Characters, Items, CharacterToHit):
  StopGame = False
  CharacterCanAttack = True
  print()
  AttackPossible = CheckIfAttackPossible(Items, Characters, CharacterToHit)
  if not AttackPossible:
    print("Maybe you can try another time...")
    print()
  if AttackPossible:
    for Character in Characters:
      if Character.Name == CharacterToHit:
        CharacterToHit = Character
    RandomNumber = GetRandomNumber(0, 10)
    if RandomNumber <= 5:
      CharacterToHit.Health -= 1
      print("You hit the", CharacterToHit.Name, "and they lost 1 health!")
      print("They now have", CharacterToHit.Health, "health")
      if CharacterToHit.Health == 0:
        CharacterCanAttack = False
        print("You killed them!")
        print("All they're items scatter across the floor...")
        Items, Characters = DeadCharacter(Items, Characters, Character)
    else:
      print("You missed!")
    if CharacterCanAttack:
      RandomNumber = GetRandomNumber(0, 10)
      if RandomNumber <= 5:
        Characters[0].Health -= 1
        print("They hit you and you lost 1 health!")
        print("You now have", Characters[0].Health, "health")
        if Characters[0].Health == 0:
          print("They killed you! So much for an easy game...")
          print("Press enter to end the game")
          StopGame = True
      else:
        print("They missed!")
  return StopGame, Items, Characters
    
def CheckIfAttackPossible(Items, Characters, CharacterToHit):
  PlayerHasWeapon = False
  CharactersInSameRoom = False
  for Item in Items:
    if Item.Location == INVENTORY and "weapon" in Item.Status:
      PlayerHasWeapon = True
  Count = 1
  while Count < len(Characters) and not CharactersInSameRoom:
    if Characters[0].CurrentLocation == Characters[Count].CurrentLocation and Characters[Count].Name == CharacterToHit:
      CharactersInSameRoom = True
    Count += 1
  if not PlayerHasWeapon:
    print("You don't have a weapon to use!")
  if not CharactersInSameRoom:
    print("You're not even in the same room!")
  return (PlayerHasWeapon and CharactersInSameRoom)

def DeadCharacter(Items, Characters, DeadCharacter):
  for Item in Items:
    if Item.Location == DeadCharacter.ID:
      Item.Location = Characters[0].CurrentLocation
  DeadCharacter.CurrentLocation = 9
  return Items, Characters

# New addition to PlayGame()

    elif Command == "hit":
      StopGame, Items, Characters = Attack(Characters, Items, Instruction)

# New addition to LoadGame()

      TempCharacter.CurrentLocation = pickle.load(f)
      TempCharacter.Health = 3
      Characters.append(TempCharacter)

VB.NET:


== Create a Dynamic Map == way to fuckin hard surely Create a map which displays the users location and where they have been in relation to their position.


C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Can anyone say why loading the .gme file in Java calls an error?  Can't find the file?
-->You need to use the absolute path of the .gme file, without ".gme" at the end.

Python:

#need these two global variables
PLACESVISITED = []
MAP = {}

def Go(You, Direction, CurrentPlace):
  ParentRoom = CurrentPlace.ID
  ...
  if Moved and You.CurrentLocation not in PLACESVISITED:
     PLACESVISITED.append(You.CurrentLocation)
     buildMap(You.CurrentLocation, Direction, ParentRoom)

def createRoom(printOrder):
  #how each room is printed.
  placeHolder = "%-2s"
  line1 = ""
  line2 = ""
  line3 = ""
  line4 = ""
  line5 = ""
  for room in printOrder:
    if room == 0:
      line1 = line1+"       "
      line2 = line2+"       "
      line3 = line3+"       "
      line4 = line4+"       "
      line5 = line5+"       "
    else:
      line1 = line1+" _____ "
      line2 = line2+" |   | "
      line3 = line3+" | "+ placeHolder % (str(room)) +"| "
      line4 = line4+" |   | "
      line5 = line5+" ̅̅̅̅̅ "  #this is a bar across - something wrong with wikibooks?
      
  print(line1)
  print(line2)
  print(line3)
  print(line4)
  print(line5)

def showMap():
  #how the map is printed.
  #Finds out how far east/west and north/south the user has gone.
  smallesty = 0 
  smallestx = 0
  largesty = 0
  largestx = 0
  for key in MAP:
    if MAP[key][4] < smallesty:
      smallesty = MAP[key][4] 
    if MAP[key][3] < smallestx:
      smallestx = MAP[key][3]
    if MAP[key][4] > largesty:
      largesty = MAP[key][4] 
    if MAP[key][3] > largestx:
      largestx = MAP[key][3]
  #adds each room in order from the top left most corner to the bottom right most corner.
  for i in range(smallesty,largesty+1):
    printOrder = []
    for j in range(smallestx,largestx+1):
      foundRoom = 0 #starts as 0 which will print nothing, but will also print a space.
      for key in MAP:
        if MAP[key][3] == j and MAP[key][4] == i:
          foundRoom = key
          break
      printOrder.append(foundRoom)
    createRoom(printOrder)
      
          
    print("\n")
    
    
def buildMap(currentPlace, directionFromParentRoom, ParentRoom):
  #function finds out what way the person travelled, then gives the new room as a coordinate from the room you started in.
  xoffset = 0 
  yoffset = 0
  if ParentRoom != "null":
    parentRoomx = MAP[ParentRoom][3]
    parentRoomy = MAP[ParentRoom][4]
    if directionFromParentRoom == "west":
      yoffset = parentRoomy
      xoffset = parentRoomx - 1
    if directionFromParentRoom == "east":
      yoffset = parentRoomy
      xoffset = parentRoomx + 1
    if directionFromParentRoom == "north":
      xoffset = parentRoomx
      yoffset = parentRoomy - 1
    if directionFromParentRoom == "south":
      xoffset = parentRoomx
      yoffset = parentRoomy + 1
  MAP[currentPlace] = [currentPlace, directionFromParentRoom, ParentRoom, xoffset, yoffset] #adds each new room to MAP dictionary, with all directions

  #add to play game function
  def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places):
  buildMap(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation-1].ID, "null", "null")
  ...
  while not StopGame:
    if Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation-1].ID not in PLACESVISITED:
      PLACESVISITED.append(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation-1].ID)
  ...
  elif Command == "showmap":
      showMap()

VB.NET:

Add Eat Command[edit]

At start of game the character is carrying an apple. Allow them to eat it. Perhaps introduce an energy property so they must eat it to continue (this seems less probable as it wouldn't make sense to alter the record structures as the files may not work).

C#:

//Add to play game
// Add Snap, jake-ormerod13
case "eat":
                        EatItem(items, instruction, characters[0].CurrentLocation);
                        break;

 private static void EatItem(List<Item> items, string itemToEat, int currentLocation)
        {
            int indexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(itemToEat, -1, items);

            if (indexOfItem == -1)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't find " + itemToEat + " to eat.");
            }
            else if (items[indexOfItem].Location == Inventory && items[indexOfItem].Status.Contains("edible"))
            {
                currentLocation = GetPositionOfCommand(items[indexOfItem].Commands, "eat");
                items.RemoveAt(indexOfItem);
                Console.WriteLine("The item has been eaten");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You cannot eat " + itemToEat);
            }
        }

Java:

//Add a health attribute to the character class, so eating has a purpose
class Character {
    String name, description;
    int id, currentLocation, '''health = 10''';
}


    void eatItem(ArrayList<Item> items,ArrayList<Character> characters, String itemToEat) {
    int indexOfItem;
    indexOfItem = getIndexOfItem(itemToEat, -1, items);
    if (indexOfItem != -1) {
        //If the user has an edible item, i.e. the apple, in their inventory, they eat it.
        //If the player had less than full health, they regained full health.
        if (items.get(indexOfItem).location == INVENTORY && items.get(indexOfItem).status.contains("edible"))
        {
            say("You have eaten the " + itemToEat + " and regained your health.");
            characters.get(0).health = 10;
            items.remove(indexOfItem);
        }
        else
        {
            say("You don't have that item to eat");
        }
    }
    else
    {
        say("You don't have that item to eat");
    }
}

void playGame(ArrayList<Character> characters, ArrayList<Item> items, ArrayList<Place> places) {
...
     case "eat":
     eatItem(items, characters, instruction);
     break;
...
}

Delphi/Pascal:

procedure EatItem(Items: TItemArray; ItemToEat: string);
  var
    IndexOfItem: integer;
    Item: TItem;
  begin
    IndexOfItem := getIndexOfItem(ItemToEat, -1, Items);
    if IndexOfItem = -1 then
      writeln('You don''t have ', ItemToEat, '.')
    else if Items[IndexOfItem].Location <> Inventory then     // Not in inv.
      writeln('You have don''t have that!')
    else if not Items[IndexOfItem].Status.Contains('edible') then
      writeln('You can''t eat that!')
    else
    begin
      Items[IndexOfItem].Location := 0;
      writeln('Eaten '+ItemToEat);
    end;
  end;
...
// Add to main
        else if Command = 'eat' then
          EatItem(Items, Instruction)

Python:

def EatItem(Items,ItemToUse, CurrentLocation,Places):
   IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToUse, -1, Items)
   if IndexOfItem != -1:
     if Items[IndexOfItem].Location == INVENTORY and "edible" in Items[IndexOfItem].Status:
       Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items,IndexOfItem, 0)
# the item needs to be completely discarded so moving it to location ID 0 is a guess as no other rooms are currently using this ID number
       print("You ate the " + Items[IndexOfItem].Name)
      #rather than printing this generic message, it could be specific to each item using
      #the say command in the results for property the item but this would require eat to be a command
      #that can be used by the item in it's commands property so you'd have to change the data already stored in the pickle file
      #or add it directly to the property
       return Items
     print("You can't eat that")
     return Items
  
#in PlayGame Function
elif Command == "eat":
      Items = EatItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation,Places)

VB.NET:

'Add to play game under "Select Case Command"

Case "eat"
Console.WriteLine(Eat(Items, Instruction))

'New Function:

    Function Eat(ByVal Items, ByVal ItemToEat)
        Dim Edible As Boolean
        Dim IndexOfItem As Integer

        IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToEat, -1, Items)
        If IndexOfItem = -1 Then
            Return ("You cant find the " + ItemToEat + " to eat!")
            Edible = False
        End If
        If Items(IndexOfItem).Status.Contains("edible") Then
            Edible = True
        Else
            Edible = False
        End If


        If Items(IndexOfItem).Location = Inventory And Edible = True Then
            ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, 0)
            Return ("You have eaten your " + ItemToEat)
        ElseIf Items(IndexOfItem).Location = Inventory And Edible = False Then
            Return ("You cant eat the " + ItemToEat)
        Else
            Return ("You can't eat what you don't have!")
        End If
    End Function

Add Drink Command[edit]

At start of game the character is carrying a flask. There is a barrel of water. Allow them to drink from the barrel.

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

// add this to PlayGame
else if Command = 'drink' then
            Drink(Instruction, Items, Characters[0])

//add this above the PlayGame procedure
procedure Drink(Instruction: string; Items: TItemArray; You: TCharacter);
var
  Counter : Integer;
  Drunk: Boolean;
  Found : Boolean;
begin
  Drunk := False;
  Found := False;

  for Counter := 0 to length(Items)-1 do
  begin
    if (lowercase(Items[Counter].Name) = Instruction) then
    begin
      if ((Items[Counter].Location = Inventory) or (Items[Counter].Location = You.CurrentLocation)) then
      begin
        Found := True;
        if((Instruction = 'flask') or (Instruction = 'barrel')) then
          Drunk := True;
      end;
    end;
  end;

  if(Drunk) then
    Writeln('You drunk from the ', Instruction)
  else if (Found) then
    Writeln('You can''t drink from the ', Instruction)
  else
    Writeln('You couldn''t find the ', Instruction,' to drink from');
end;

Java:

Python:

# add this in the PlayGame() subroutine
    elif Command == "drink":
        drinkFromBarrel(Characters, Items, Instruction)

# Only thing that can be drank from
def drinkFromBarrel(Characters, Items, ItemToDrink):
    canDrink = checkIfCanDrink(Characters, Items)
    if canDrink:
        # We should be dead now
        print("You drank cholera infested water you fool!")
    else:
        print("Cannot drink " + ItemToDrink)

# now to check if it is possible to drink
def checkIfCanDrink(Characters, Items):
    playerIsInSameRoom = False
    playerHasFlask = False
    # firstly check to see if the user has a flask in the inventory
    for item in Items:
        if item.Location == INVENTORY and "container" in item.Status:
            playerHasFlask = True
    # The barrel is only in location 8, cannot be moved at all
    if Characters[0].CurrentLocation == 8:
        playerIsInSameRoom = True
    # both have to be true to drink
    return playerIsInSameRoom and playerHasFlask
# Made by the Greenhead Gang

Python [with 'Fill <item>' command]:

# The second Drink subroutine.
# Use this only if my Fill subroutine has been implemented
# Written by maxmontygom

# New subroutine
def Drink(Characters, Items, Places, ItemToDrink):
  if ItemToDrink == "barrel":
    if Characters[0].CurrentLocation == 8:
      print("You drank from the barrel")
    else:
      print("You aren't near a barrel to drink from from.")
  else:
    PlayerHasItem = False
    for Item in Items:
      if Item.Name == ItemToDrink and "of water" in Item.Name and Item.Location == INVENTORY:
        print("You drank from the", ItemToDrink)
        Item.Name = ItemToDrink.replace(" of water", "")
        PlayerHasItem = True
    if PlayerHasItem == False:
      print("You cannot drink from", ItemToDrink)
  return Items

# New addition to PlayGame()
    elif Command == "drink":
      Drink(Characters, Items, Places, Instruction)

VB.NET:

Add 'Fill <item>' Command[edit]

Allows you to fill the flask with water.

Only possible to fill empty containers, you have to have the item and be in the cellar to fill it.

C#:

//first alter the ChangeStatusOfItem subroutine slightly
private static void ChangeStatusOfItem(List<Item> items, int indexOfItem, string newStatus)
{
    Item thisItem = items[indexOfItem];
    //change this line to add the new status of the item after you fill it
    thisItem.Status = thisItem.Status + "," + newStatus;
    items[indexOfItem] = thisItem;
}

private static void FillItem(List<Item> items, string itemToFill, int currentLocation)
{
    int indexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(itemToFill, -1, items);
    if (indexOfItem != -1)
    {
        if (items[indexOfItem].Location == Inventory)
        {
            if (items[indexOfItem].Status.Contains("container"))
            {
                if (!items[indexOfItem].Status.Contains("filled"))
                {
                    if (currentLocation == 8)
                    {
                        ChangeStatusOfItem(items, indexOfItem, "filled");
                        Console.WriteLine("Your {0} is now filled.", itemToFill);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("You can't find anything to fill the {0} with.", itemToFill);
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("That container is already filled.");
                }
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("You can't fill the {0}.", itemToFill);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("You don't have {0} to fill.", itemToFill);
        }
    }
    else
    {
        Console.WriteLine("You can't find {0} to fill.", itemToFill);
    }
}

//add a new case to the PlayGame subroutine
case "fill":
    FillItem(items, instruction, characters[0].CurrentLocation);
break;

//Kacper Wojdyla

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Python:

# If using this subroutine, use the Drink subroutine I created in the section above.
# It adds functionality to filled items
# Made by maxmontygom

# New subroutine
def FillVessel(Characters, Items, Places, Vessel):
  PlayerHasItem = False
  PlayerIsInSameRoom = False
  PlayerHasContainer = False
  for Item in Items:
    if Item.Name == Vessel:
      PlayerHasItem = True
      if Item.Location == INVENTORY and "container" in Item.Status:
        PlayerHasContainer = True
    if Characters[0].CurrentLocation == 8:
      PlayerIsInSameRoom = True
  if PlayerHasContainer and PlayerIsInSameRoom:
    if "of water" in Vessel:
      print(Vessel, "already full.")
    else:
      print("You have filled the", Vessel)
      for Count in range(len(Items)):
        if Items[Count].Name == Vessel:
          Items[Count].Name += " of water"
  else:
    if PlayerHasItem == False:
      print("You do not have this item")
    elif PlayerHasContainer == False:
      print(Vessel, "cannot hold water")
    elif PlayerIsInSameRoom == False:
      print("You cannot fill the", Vessel, "in here.")
  return Items

# New addition to PlayGame()
    elif Command == "fill":
      FillVessel(Characters, Items, Places, Instruction)

VB.NET:

If you are in the cellar you must be carrying a torch to see items[edit]

C#:

/*The following function contains a boolean statement determining if they are in the basement without a torch. If this is the case, it returns true. If this is not the case (either they are in there with the torch or they are in another room), it returns false;*/

private static bool basementValidation(int currentLocation, List<Item> items)
        {
            return currentLocation == 8 && items[GetIndexOfItem("torch", 2020, items)].Location != Inventory ? true : false;
        }

/*For the purpose of this specific task, it needs only to be called in the 'DisplayContentsOfContainerItem(List<Item> items, int containerID)' procedure, however it can also be put in the 'DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(List<Item> items, int currentLocation)' procedure, in the event any items are placed on the floor in there. it's put in by placing a validating if statement around the original contents of the procedure;*/

if (basementValidation(currentLocation, items) == false)
            {
            //... original content goes here ...
            }
else
            {
                 Console.WriteLine("It is too dark to see any items");
            }

/*Unfortunately I was unable to make it so that the torch had to be on for you to see, the trouble being I couldn't get the code to recognise if the torch status contained "off". If someone has a version that can do this, then by all means add it on. :-)*/

//JKW, Aquinas College

Delphi/Pascal:

//replace the start of PlayGame with this
  procedure PlayGame(Characters: TCharacterArray; Items: TItemArray; Places: TPlaceArray);
  var
    StopGame: boolean;
    Instruction: string;
    Command: string;
    Moved: boolean;
    ResultOfOpenClose: integer;
    HasTorch: Boolean;
    Counter: Integer;
  begin
    StopGame := false;
    Moved := true;
    while not StopGame do
      begin
        if Moved then
          begin
            writeln;
            writeln;

            HasTorch := False;
            for Counter := 0 to length(Items)-1 do
            begin
              if((Items[Counter].Name = 'torch') and (Items[Counter].Location = Inventory)) then
                HasTorch := True;
            end;

            if((Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation-1].ID <> 8) or (HasTorch)) then
            begin
              writeln(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description);
              DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            end
            else
              Writeln('It is too dark to see anything. Try getting a torch first');
            Moved := false;
          end;

//replace Examine with this
procedure Examine(Items: TItemArray; Characters: TCharacterArray; ItemToExamine: string;
                    CurrentLocation: integer);
  var
    Count: integer;
    IndexOfItem: integer;
    HasTorch : Boolean;
  begin
    HasTorch := False;
    for Count := 0 to length(Items)-1 do
    begin
      if((Items[Count].Name = 'torch') and (Items[Count].Location = Inventory)) then
      HasTorch := True;
    end;

    if((Characters[0].CurrentLocation = 8) and not(HasTorch)) then
      Writeln('It is too dark to examine that')
    else
    begin

      if ItemToExamine = 'inventory' then
        DisplayInventory(Items)
      else
        begin
          IndexOfItem := GetIndexOfItem(ItemToExamine, -1, Items);
          if IndexOfItem <> -1 then
            begin
              if (Items[IndexOfItem].Location =
                Inventory) or (Items[IndexOfItem].Location = CurrentLocation) then
                begin
                  writeln(Items[IndexOfItem].Description);
                  if pos('door', Items[IndexOfItem].Name) <> 0 then
                    DisplayDoorStatus(Items[IndexOfItem].Status);
                  if pos('container', Items[IndexOfItem].Status) <> 0 then
                    DisplayContentsOfContainerItem(Items, Items[IndexOfItem].ID);
                  Exit
                end;
            end;
          Count := 0;
          while Count < length(Characters) do
            begin
              if (Characters[Count].Name = ItemToExamine) and (Characters[Count].CurrentLocation =
                CurrentLocation) then
                begin
                  writeln(Characters[Count].Description);
                  exit;
                end;
              inc(Count);
            end;
          writeln('You cannot find ' + ItemToExamine + ' to look at.');
        end
    end;
  end;

Java:

Python:

def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places):
  StopGame = False
  Moved = True
  while not StopGame:
    if Moved:
      print()
      print()
      hasTorch = False
      for item in Items:
          if item.Location == INVENTORY and item.Name == "torch":
              hasTorch = True
      if Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description.find("cellar") != -1 and not hasTorch:
        print("You cannot see anything in the dark, maybe a torch would help...")
      else:
        print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
        DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      Moved = False
    Instruction = GetInstruction()
    Command, Instruction = ExtractCommand(Instruction)
    if Command == "get":
      StopGame, Items = GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "use":
      StopGame, Items = UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)
    elif Command == "go":
      Characters[0], Moved = Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])
    elif Command == "read":
      ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "examine":
      Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "open":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
    elif Command == "close":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(False, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, False)
    elif Command == "move":
      MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "say":
      Say(Instruction)
    elif Command == "playdice":
      Items = PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
    elif Command == "quit":
      Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
      StopGame = True
    else:
      print("Sorry, you don't know how to " + Command + ".")
  input()

VB.NET:

'All the additions I used to hide items in the cellar
'Created by Joshua, Riddlesdown Collegiate
    Sub Examine(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal ItemToExamine As String, ByVal CurrentLocation As Integer)
        Dim Count As Integer = 0
        If ItemToExamine = "inventory" Then
            DisplayInventory(Items)
        Else
            Dim IndexOfItem As Integer = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToExamine, -1, Items)
            If IndexOfItem <> -1 Then
                If Items(IndexOfItem).Name = ItemToExamine And (Items(IndexOfItem).Location = Inventory Or Items(IndexOfItem).Location = CurrentLocation) Then
                    Console.WriteLine(Items(IndexOfItem).Description)
                    If Items(IndexOfItem).Name.Contains("door") Then
                        DisplayDoorStatus(Items(IndexOfItem).Status)
                    End If
                    'This section needs to be added so containers are obscured in the cellar
                    If Items(IndexOfItem).Status.Contains("container") Then
                        If Characters(0).currentlocation = 8 Then
                            If CheckForTorch(Items) = True Then
                                DisplayContentsOfContainerItem(Items, Items(IndexOfItem).ID)
                            Else
                                Console.WriteLine("It is too dark to see anything.")
                            End If
                        Else
                            DisplayContentsOfContainerItem(Items, Items(IndexOfItem).ID)
                        End If
                        '
                    End If
                    Exit Sub
                End If
            End If
            While Count < Characters.Count
                If Characters(Count).Name = ItemToExamine And Characters(Count).CurrentLocation = CurrentLocation Then
                    Console.WriteLine(Characters(Count).Description)
                    Exit Sub
                End If
                Count += 1
            End While
            Console.WriteLine("You cannot find " & ItemToExamine & " to look at.")
        End If
    End Sub

Sub PlayGame(ByVal Characters As ArrayList, ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal Places As ArrayList)
        Dim StopGame As Boolean = False
        Dim Instruction, Command As String
        Dim Moved As Boolean = True
        Dim ResultOfOpenClose As Integer
        Randomize()
        While Not StopGame
            If Moved Then
                Console.WriteLine()
                Console.WriteLine()
                Console.WriteLine(Places(Characters(0).CurrentLocation - 1).Description)
                'This section isnt really necessary but it will hide loose items in the cellar 
                'If any Then are dropped there for example
                If Characters(0).currentlocation = 8 Then
                        If CheckForTorch(Items) = True Then
                            DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                        Else
                            Console.WriteLine("It is too dark to see anything.")
                        End If
                    Else
                        DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                    End If
                    Moved = False
                End If
                Instruction = GetInstruction()
            Command = ExtractCommand(Instruction)
            Select Case Command
                Case "get"
                    GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation, StopGame)
                Case "use"
                    UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation, StopGame, Places)
                Case "go"
                    Moved = Go(Characters(0), Instruction, Places(Characters(0).CurrentLocation - 1))
                Case "read"
                    ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                Case "examine"
                    Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                Case "open"
                    ResultOfOpenClose = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                    DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
                Case "close"
                    ResultOfOpenClose = OpenClose(False, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                    DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, False)
                Case "move"
                    MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
                Case "say"
                    Say(Instruction)
                Case "playdice"
                    PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
                Case "quit"
                    Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
                    StopGame = True
                Case Else
                    Console.WriteLine("Sorry, you don't know how to " & Command & ".")
            End Select
        End While
        Console.ReadLine()
    End Sub

    Function CheckForTorch(ByVal Items As ArrayList)
        For Each thing In Items
            If thing.location = Inventory And thing.name.contains("torch") Then
                Return True
            End If
        Next
        Return False
    End Function

If dice game is lost, allow last words[edit]

If user says certain thing for their last words they win instantly. Difficulty = Insane

Python:

#Sulaiman Maqsud HGS

def PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, OtherCharacterName):
  PlayerScore = 0
  OtherCharacterScore = 0
  DiceGamePossible, IndexOfPlayerDie, IndexOfOtherCharacter, IndexOfOtherCharacterDie = CheckIfDiceGamePossible(Items, Characters, OtherCharacterName)
  if not DiceGamePossible:
    print("You can't play a dice game.")
  else:
    Position = GetPositionOfCommand(Items[IndexOfPlayerDie].Commands, "use")
    ResultForCommand = GetResultForCommand(Items[IndexOfPlayerDie].Results, Position)
    PlayerScore = RollDie(ResultForCommand[5], ResultForCommand[7])
    print("You rolled a " + str(PlayerScore) + ".")
    Position = GetPositionOfCommand(Items[IndexOfOtherCharacterDie].Commands, "use")
    ResultForCommand = GetResultForCommand(Items[IndexOfOtherCharacterDie].Results, Position)
    OtherCharacterScore = RollDie(ResultForCommand[5], ResultForCommand[7])
    print("They rolled a " + str(OtherCharacterScore) + ".")
    if PlayerScore > OtherCharacterScore:
      print("You win!")
      Items = TakeItemFromOtherCharacter(Items, Characters[IndexOfOtherCharacter].ID)
    elif PlayerScore < OtherCharacterScore:
      print("You lose!")
      pip = input("Hi")
      if pip == "Hello":
        print("Bye")
        exit()
      Items = TakeRandomItemFromPlayer(Items, Characters[IndexOfOtherCharacter].ID)
    else:
      print("Draw!")
  return Items

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

C#:

VB.NET:

 'made by LUCAS BUTLER, HUSNAIN KHAWAJA, ROSHAN JHANGIANI, EUAN HUGHES, JUSTIN MENDON, NATHANIEL MACLEAN, LUKE CARUANA, JOSHUA FERRIMAN AND LASTLY MATTHEW HARMAN - JAMES HULATT HAS NO PARTICIPATION.  from Riddlesdown Collegiate, CR81EX 
'in the TakeRandomItemFromPlayer sub 
     
        If ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Count < 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("The guard takes pity on you and doesnt take anything")

        Else
                Dim rno As Integer = GetRandomNumber(0, ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("They have taken your " & Items(ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory(rno)).Name & ".")
            ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, ListofIndicesOfItemsInInventory(rno), OtherCharacterID)
            Console.WriteLine("What are your last words?")
            Dim lastWords As String = Console.ReadLine
            If lastWords = "Difficulty=Easy" Then
                Console.WriteLine("You win the game")
                Console.ReadLine()
                End

            End If
        End If

Container items can be used, Items can be added and removed from containers[edit]

Modify the program such that containers, such as the barrel and the jar, can have items placed inside them. EDIT: THE PYTHON CODE FOR THIS DOES NOT WORK! SOMEONE PLEASE FIX.

For example, use barrel would trigger the program to prompt for an item to be put into the barrel.

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

//Add a section to 'useItem' that checks if the item being used is a container
void useItem(ArrayList<Item> items, String itemToUse, int currentLocation, ArrayList<Place> places) {
    ...
    if (indexOfItem != -1) {
        if((items.get(indexOfItem).location == INVENTORY ||items.get(indexOfItem).location == currentLocation) && items.get(indexOfItem).status.contains("container"))
        {
            fillItem(items, items.get(indexOfItem));
            return;
        }
    ...
}

//New method for filling and emptying containers
void fillItem(ArrayList<Item> items, Item container)
    {
        say("Would you like to fill (f) or empty (e) the " + container.name + "?");
        String response = Console.readLine().toLowerCase();
        if(response.equals("f"))
        {
            say("What item would you like to put inside of the " + container.name +"?");
            String itemToMove = Console.readLine().toLowerCase();
            int indexOfItemToMove = getIndexOfItem(itemToMove, -1, items);
            
            //Checks that the user has the item they want to move into the container
            //And that they are not trying to put the container inside of itself
            if(items.get(indexOfItemToMove).location == INVENTORY && !itemToMove.equals(container.name))
            {
                //Changes the location of the selected item from the inventory
                //to the position defined by the ID of the container.
                changeLocationOfItem(items, indexOfItemToMove, container.id);
                say("The " + itemToMove + " has been placed in the " + container.name);
            }
            else if(itemToMove.equals(container.name))
            {
                say("You can't put an item inside itself");
            }
            else
            {
                say("You dont have that item");
            }
        }
        else if(response.equals("e"))
        {
            say("What item would you like to remove from the " + container.name +"?");
            String itemToRemove = Console.readLine().toLowerCase();
            int indexOfItemToRemove = getIndexOfItem(itemToRemove, -1, items);

            //Checks if the selected item is inside the container
            if(items.get(indexOfItemToRemove).location == container.id)
            {
                //Changes the location of the selected item from the
                //container to the players inventory.
                changeLocationOfItem(items, indexOfItemToRemove, INVENTORY);
                say("The " + itemToRemove + " has been placed in your inventory");
            }
            else
            {
                say("That item is not in the container");
            }
        }
        else
        {
            say("You can't do that");
        }
    }

Python:

def GetItem(Items, ItemToGet, CurrentLocation):
  SubCommand = ""
  SubCommandParameter = ""
  CanGet = True
  IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToGet, -1, Items)
  if IndexOfItem == -1: #if item is not valid
    print("You can't find " + ItemToGet + ".")
    CanGet = False
  elif Items[IndexOfItem].Location == INVENTORY:#if item is in inventory
    print("You have already got that!")
    CanGet = False
  elif Items[IndexOfItem].Location == CurrentLocation and "container" in Items[IndexOfItem].Status: #ADDED TO TAKE FROM CONTAINER ==STM==
    ItemToTake = input("Enter the item you wish to remove from the container")
    ItemToTakeIndex = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToTake, -1, Items)
    if Items[ItemToTakeIndex].Location == Items[IndexOfItem].ID:
      Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, ItemToTakeIndex, INVENTORY)
      print ("The item has been placed in your inventory")
      return False,Items
    if Items[ItemToTakeIndex].Location != Items[IndexOfItem].ID:
      print ("This Item is not inside this container")
      return False,Items
      
  elif not "get" in Items[IndexOfItem].Commands:#if an item cannot be picked up
    print("You can't get " + ItemToGet + ".")
    CanGet = False
  elif Items[IndexOfItem].Location >= MINIMUM_ID_FOR_ITEM and Items[GetIndexOfItem("", Items[IndexOfItem].Location, Items)].Location != CurrentLocation:#if item is not in current location
    print("You can't find " + ItemToGet + ".")
    CanGet = False
  elif Items[IndexOfItem].Location < MINIMUM_ID_FOR_ITEM and Items[IndexOfItem].Location != CurrentLocation:
    print("You can't find " + ItemToGet + ".")
    CanGet = False
  if CanGet:#gets item
    Position = GetPositionOfCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Commands, "get")
    ResultForCommand = GetResultForCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Results, Position)
    SubCommand, SubCommandParameter = ExtractResultForCommand(SubCommand, SubCommandParameter, ResultForCommand)
    if SubCommand == "say":
      Say(SubCommandParameter)
    elif SubCommand == "win":#if item is grabbed is flag then the game is won
      Say("You have won the game")
      return True, Items
    if "gettable" in Items[IndexOfItem].Status:
      Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, INVENTORY)
      print("You have got that now.")
  return False, Items

def UseItem(Items, ItemToUse, CurrentLocation, Places): #uses item in the given area
  StopGame = False
  SubCommand = ""
  SubCommandParameter = ""
  IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToUse, -1, Items)
  if IndexOfItem != -1: #ensures index is valid
    if Items[IndexOfItem].Location == INVENTORY or (Items[IndexOfItem].Location == CurrentLocation and "usable" in Items[IndexOfItem].Status):#ensures item is in inventory or the room and is useable 
      Position = GetPositionOfCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Commands, "use")
      ResultForCommand = GetResultForCommand(Items[IndexOfItem].Results, Position)#gets what the command did
      SubCommand, SubCommandParameter = ExtractResultForCommand(SubCommand, SubCommandParameter, ResultForCommand)
      if SubCommand == "say": #prints the say
        Say(SubCommandParameter)
      elif SubCommand == "lockunlock":#door commands
        IndexOfItemToLockUnlock = GetIndexOfItem("", int(SubCommandParameter), Items)
        IndexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock = GetIndexOfItem("", int(SubCommandParameter) + ID_DIFFERENCE_FOR_OBJECT_IN_TWO_LOCATIONS, Items)
        Items = ChangeStatusOfDoor(Items, CurrentLocation, IndexOfItemToLockUnlock, IndexOfOtherSideItemToLockUnlock)
      elif SubCommand == "roll":#rolls the dice during playdice
        Say("You have rolled a " + str(RollDie(ResultForCommand[5], ResultForCommand[7])))
      return StopGame, Items
    if Items[IndexOfItem].Location == CurrentLocation and "container" in Items[IndexOfItem].Status: #USED TO ADD AN ITEM INTO A CONTAINER ==STM==
      #print ("Container Found")
      StoredItem = input("Enter the item you want to store in the container ")
      StoredItem = GetIndexOfItem(StoredItem,-1,Items)
      if Items[StoredItem].Location == INVENTORY:
        Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, StoredItem, Items[IndexOfItem].ID)
        print ("You have stored the item in the container!")
      return StopGame, Items
      
  print("You can't use that!")#for if an item cannot be used
  return StopGame, Items

#AW :)

Make Torch A Container[edit]

Make the torch a container and create batteries. The torch can only be turned on 'used' when it is powered. It is only powered when the batteries are in there. SM HGS, Difficulty: Berserk

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

VB.NET:

Python:

#in useItem()
if ItemToUse == "torch":
        if "powered" in Items[IndexOfItem].Status:
          Items[IndexOfItem].Status = Items[IndexOfItem].Status.replace("off","on")
        else:
          print("The torch is not powered. Please insert batteries")
          return StopGame, Items
      
      if SubCommand == "power":
        for items in Items:
          if (items.Name == "torch") and (("powered" in items.Status) == False) and (items.Location == INVENTORY or items.Location == CurrentLocation):
            items.Status += ",powered"
            Items[IndexOfItem].Location = items.ID
            print("Batteries inserted to the torch")
            return StopGame, Items
#in playGame()
     
   #sets the torch as a container and removes powered from it's statuses so it is initially unpowered.
    for item in Items:
      if item.ID == 2020:
        item.Status = "gettable,off,lightable,small,container"

    #creates batteries item    
    TempItem = Item()
    TempItem.ID = 2028
    TempItem.Description = "A collection of batteries"
    TempItem.Status = "gettable,small,usable"
    TempItem.Location = 1
    TempItem.Name = "batteries"
    TempItem.Commands = "get,use"
    TempItem.Results = ";power"
    Items.append(TempItem)

Create 'teleport item' command[edit]

Create a function to teleport any item to your location, even if it is another characters inventory SM HGS, Difficulty: Raging Terror

C#:

//Add to PlayGame()
case "teleportitem":
                        teleportitem(items, instruction, characters[0].CurrentLocation);
                        break;
//Add Function teleportitem()
private static void teleportitem(List<Item> items, string itemToTeleport, int currentLocation)
        {
            int position = currentLocation, indexOfItem;
            indexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(itemToTeleport, -1, items);
            if (indexOfItem == -1)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("cannot find " + itemToTeleport+ " to teleport");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine(itemToTeleport +" teleported to your location");
                position = GetPositionOfCommand(items[indexOfItem].Commands, "teleportitem");
                ChangeLocationOfItem(items, indexOfItem, currentLocation);
            }
        }

Delphi/Pascal:

Python:

def TeleportItem(Items, ItemToTeleport, CurrentLocation):
  IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToTeleport, -1, Items)
  if IndexOfItem == -1:
    print("Cannot find {} in the game.".format(ItemToTeleport))
  else:
    ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, CurrentLocation)
    print("Successfully teleported {} to your location.".format(ItemToTeleport))

def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places):
  StopGame = False
  Moved = True
  while not StopGame:
    if Moved:
      print()
      print()
      print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
      DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      Moved = False
    Instruction = GetInstruction()
    Command, Instruction = ExtractCommand(Instruction)
    if Command == "get":
      StopGame, Items = GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "use":
      StopGame, Items = UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)
    elif Command == "go":
      Characters[0], Moved = Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])
    elif Command == "read":
      ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "examine":
      Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "open":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
    elif Command == "close":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(False, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, False)
    elif Command == "move":
      MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "say":
      Say(Instruction)
    elif Command == "playdice":
      Items = PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
    elif Command == "teleportitem":
      TeleportItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "quit":
      Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
      StopGame = True
    else:
      print("Sorry, you don't know how to " + Command + ".")
  input()

VB. NET:

'PlayGame sub
Case "tpitem"
                    tpItem(Items, Instruction, Characters(0).CurrentLocation)
'New subroutine
'made by Hus K.add my discord Cloud#0025
Sub tpItem(ByVal items As ArrayList, ByVal itemTp As String, ByVal currentLocation As Integer)
        Dim position As String = currentLocation, indexOfItem
        indexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(itemTp, -1, items)
        If indexOfItem = -1 Then

            Console.WriteLine(itemTp + " can't be found")

        Else

            Console.WriteLine(itemTp + " was teleported to you")
            position = GetPositionOfCommand(items(indexOfItem).Commands, "tpitem")
            ChangeLocationOfItem(items, indexOfItem, currentLocation)
        End If
    End Sub

Create a 'move counter' and 'command history list'[edit]

SM HGS, Difficulty: Nightmare

Python:

Create a function to count the number of moves the user has made and display a history of those commands when requested.<syntaxhighlight lang="python3">
// global variables
moveCount = 0
commands = []

def GetInstruction():
	global moveCount
	global commands
	print(os.linesep)
	Instruction = input("> ").lower()
	commands.append(Instruction)
	moveCount +=1
	print("You have made", moveCount, "moves")
	return Instruction

// add to play game function	
elif Command == "history":
			print(commands)

Delphi/Pascal:

procedure History(CommandHistory: Array of String);
Var
  Counter: Integer;
begin
  Writeln('Command history:');
  for Counter := 0 to length(CommandHistory)-1 do
  begin
    Writeln(CommandHistory[Counter]);
  end;
end;

  procedure PlayGame(Characters: TCharacterArray; Items: TItemArray; Places: TPlaceArray);
  var
    StopGame: boolean;
    Instruction: string;
    Command: string;
    Moved: boolean;
    ResultOfOpenClose: integer;
    CommandCounter: integer;
    CommandHistory: Array of String;
    ValidCommand: boolean;
  begin
    StopGame := false;
    Moved := true;

    CommandCounter:= 0;
    SetLength(CommandHistory,0);

    while not StopGame do
      begin
        ValidCommand := True;

        if Moved then
          begin
            writeln;
            writeln;
            writeln(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description);
            DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            Moved := false;
          end;
        Instruction := GetInstruction;
        Command := ExtractCommand(Instruction);
        if Command = 'get' then
          GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, StopGame)
        else if Command = 'use' then
          UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, StopGame, Places)
        else if Command = 'go' then
          Moved := Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])
        else if Command = 'read' then
          ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
        else if Command = 'examine' then
          Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
        else if Command = 'open' then
          begin
            ResultOfOpenClose := OpenClose(true, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, true);
          end
        else if Command = 'close' then
          begin
            ResultOfOpenClose := OpenClose(false, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation);
            DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, false);
          end
        else if Command = 'move' then
          MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
        else if Command = 'say' then
          Say(Instruction)
        else if Command = 'playdice' then
          PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
        else if Command = 'history' then
          History(CommandHistory)
        else if Command = 'quit' then
          begin
            Say('You decide to give up, try again another time');
            ValidCommand := False;
            StopGame := true;
          end
        else
          begin
            writeln('Sorry, you don''t know how to ', Command, '.');
            ValidCommand := False;
          end;

          if(ValidCommand) then
          begin
            CommandCounter := CommandCounter +1;
            SetLength(CommandHistory,CommandCounter);

            CommandHistory[CommandCounter-1] := Command;
          end;
      end;
    readln;
  end;

VB.NET:

'made by Hus K  & Lucas from Riddlesdown Kenley
' code might be a bit suspect but tried my best
'global variables
    Dim Moves As Integer
    Dim commandhistory As New List(Of String)
' function GetInstruction() edited
      Function GetInstruction() As String
        Dim Instruction As String
        Console.Write(Environment.NewLine & "> ")
        Instruction = Console.ReadLine.ToLower
        Moves = Moves + 1
        commandhistory.Add(Instruction)





        Console.WriteLine("You have made: " & Moves & " moves")
        Return Instruction


    End Function
'add to PlayGame
Case "history"
                    Console.WriteLine("history of instructions you have used:")
                    For i = 0 To commandhistory.Count - 1
                        Console.WriteLine(commandhistory.Item(i))
                    Next

Search/display the current directory for available games (to make the beginning less confusing for first time user[edit]

Searches and displays available games. Useful for making the beginning of the game obvious.. SM HGS Difficulty: Legendary

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Python:

import os

def listGameFiles():
  # Get the directory the program is being run from
  cwd = os.getcwd()

  # Loop over all files in the directory and print if they are a .gme file
  for file in os.listdir(cwd):
    if file.endswith(".gme"):
      print(file)

  print("\n")

def Main():
  Items = []
  Characters = []
  Places = []
  print("Games Available: ")
  listGameFiles()
  Filename = input("Enter filename> ") + ".gme"
  print()
  GameLoaded, Characters, Items, Places = LoadGame(Filename, Characters, Items, Places)
  if GameLoaded:
    PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places)
  else:
    print("Unable to load game.")
    input()

VB.NET:

Add at the top of the Sub Main subroutine:
Console.WriteLine("Type the name of the game that you wish to play.")
        ListExistingGames()

Add new subroutine ListExistingGames():
The subroutine searches for the files that end with the extension "gme".
***ASSUMES THAT THE GME FILES ARE SAVED INTO THE BIN/DEBUG (DEFAULT) FOLDER***
It the uses split to take the text to the left of the full stop.

Sub ListExistingGames()
        ' make a reference to a directory
        Dim di As New IO.DirectoryInfo(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory())
        Dim diar1 As IO.FileInfo() = di.GetFiles()
        Dim dra As IO.FileInfo
        Dim draT As String

        'list the names of all files in the specified directory
        For Each dra In diar1
            If dra.Extension = ".gme" Then
                draT = dra.ToString
                draT = draT.Split(".")(0)
                Console.WriteLine(draT)
            End If
        Next
    End Sub

If user inputs invalid command 5 times the game tells the user and ends the game.[edit]

SM HGS, Difficulty: Very Easy

C#:

// Done at top of PlayGame()
int noOfIncorrectCommands = 0;

// This is inside of the switch statement
    default:
        Console.WriteLine("Sorry, you don't know how to " + Command + ".");
        noOfIncorrectCommands++;
        break;
}
if (noOfIncorrectCommands >= 5)
{
    Console.WriteLine("You have entered 5 incorrect commands and will now die");
    stopGame = true;
}

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Python:

#SM Maqsud HGS

def PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places):
  fails = 0
  StopGame = False
  Moved = True
  while not StopGame:
    if Moved:
      print()
      print()
      print(Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1].Description)
      DisplayGettableItemsInLocation(Items, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      Moved = False
    Instruction = GetInstruction()
    Command, Instruction = ExtractCommand(Instruction)
    if Command == "get":
      StopGame, Items = GetItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "use":
      StopGame, Items = UseItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation, Places)
    elif Command == "go":
      Characters[0], Moved = Go(Characters[0], Instruction, Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1])
    elif Command == "read":
      ReadItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "examine":
      Examine(Items, Characters, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "open":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(True, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, True)
    elif Command == "close":
      ResultOfOpenClose, Items, Places = OpenClose(False, Items, Places, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
      DisplayOpenCloseMessage(ResultOfOpenClose, False)
    elif Command == "move":
      MoveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters[0].CurrentLocation)
    elif Command == "say":
      Say(Instruction)
    elif Command == "playdice":
      Items = PlayDiceGame(Characters, Items, Instruction)
    elif Command == "quit":
      Say("You decide to give up, try again another time.")
      StopGame = True
    else:
      print("Sorry, you don't know how to " + Command + ".")
      fails += 1
      if fails > 4:
        print()
        print("You need to learn the instructions!")
        input("> ")
        sys.exit()
        #Used sys so window doesnt close
  input()

VB.NET:

 'made by LUCAS BUTLER, HUSNAIN KHAWAJA, ROSHAN JHANGIANI, EUAN HUGHES, JUSTIN MENDON, LUKE CARUANA, JOSHUA FERRIMAN AND LASTLY MATTHEW HARMAN - JAMES HULATT HAS NO PARTICIPATION.  from Riddlesdown Collegiate, CR81EX 
  'implement counter at top of PlayGame Sub
        Dim invalidCommandCount As Integer
'at the end of the Select Case command:
Case Else
                    Console.WriteLine("Sorry, you don't know how to " & Command & ".")
                    invalidCommandCount = invalidCommandCount + 1
                    If invalidCommandCount = 5 Then
                        Console.WriteLine("You have entered an invalid command 5 times")
                        Console.WriteLine("Game Over")
                        Main()
                    End If
 'I decided to just call the main subroutine, but could alternatively just exit the entire program

If the user loses the dice game they can choose what item to give up rather than a random item[edit]

SM HGS, Difficulty: Medium

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Python:

#SM Maqsud

def TakeRandomItemFromPlayer(Items, OtherCharacterID):
  ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory = []
  ListOfNamesOfItemsInInventory = []
  Count = 0
  while Count < len(Items):
    if Items[Count].Location == INVENTORY:
      ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory.append(Count)
      ListOfNamesOfItemsInInventory.append((str(Items[Count].Name)).upper())
    Count += 1
  rno = GetRandomNumber(0, len(ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory) - 1)
  print(ListOfNamesOfItemsInInventory)
  print()
  choice = ((input("Input the name of the item you want: ")).upper())
  print()
  while choice not in ListOfNamesOfItemsInInventory:
    print("Not available")
    choice = ((input("Input the name of the item you want: ")).upper())
    print()
  print("They have taken your " + choice + ".")
  Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, ListOfIndicesOfItemsInInventory[ListOfNamesOfItemsInInventory.index(choice)], OtherCharacterID)
  return Items

VB.NET:

Type 'debugchar' to display the details of all characters in the game[edit]

Displays the ID, name, description and current location of each character in a list. Based off of a ZigZag education question. Useful if trying to add new characters into the game. SM HGS, Difficulty: Merciless

C#:

Delphi/Pascal:

Java:

Python:

# Written by maxmontygom

# New subroutines
def DisplayCharacters(Characters):
  space = ' '
  print()
  print("ID" + (3 * space) + "NAME" + (8 * space) + "DESCRIPTION" + (53 * space) + "CURRENTLOCATION")
  for Count in range (len(Characters)):
    Id = Characters[Count].ID
    Name = Characters[Count].Name
    Description = Characters[Count].Description
    CurrentLocation = FindLocation(Characters[Count].CurrentLocation)
    IdLen = (5 - len(str(Id))) * space
    NameLen = (12 - len(Name)) * space
    DescLen = (64 - len(Description)) * space
    TempCharacter = [Id, IdLen, Name, NameLen, Description, DescLen, CurrentLocation]
    print(*TempCharacter, sep='')

def FindLocation(CurrentLocation):
  LocationDict = {
    1:"Starting Location",
    2:"Store Cupboard",
    3:"Bedroom",
    4:"Corridor",
    5:"Guardroom",
    6:"Gold Jail Cell",
    7:"Silver Jail Cell",
    8:"Cellar"
  }
  CurrentLocation = LocationDict[CurrentLocation]
  return CurrentLocation

# New addition to PlayGame()
    elif Command == "debugchar":
      DisplayCharacters(Characters)

# Hope it all works!
#Doesn't fucking work???? #Hey, watch your language, bud!
# Yeah it does mate can you copy and paste right

VB.NET:

# add to playgame
Case "debugchar"
  displaycharectars(Characters)

# create a new procedure
 Sub displaycharectars(characters As ArrayList)
        Dim header As String

        header = header & "id   "
        header = header & "name        "
        header = header & "description".PadRight(64)
        header = header & "currentlocation"
        Console.WriteLine(header)
        For Each c In characters
            Dim line As String = " "
            line = line & CType(c.id, String).PadRight(5)
            line = line & c.name.padright(12)

            line = line & c.description.padright(64)
            line = line & c.currentlocation
            Console.WriteLine(line)
        Next

Adding a give procedure[edit]

This procedure allows the player to give one of their items to the guard Question: Why would you want to give anything to the guard. This serves no purpose if nothing happens after.

Python:

#added to the Playgame function
elif Command == "give":
    Items = GiveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters)

#new function
def GiveItem(Items, Instruction, Characters):
  OtherCharacterID = Characters[1].ID
  IndexOfItem = GetIndexOfItem(Instruction, -1, Items)
  if Characters[0].CurrentLocation == Characters[1].CurrentLocation:
    if Items[IndexOfItem].Location == INVENTORY:
      Items = ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItem, OtherCharacterID)
      print("You gave the guard", Items[IndexOfItem].Name)
  return Items

Convert the binary flag files to text files[edit]


Python:

#Ants


import json
def serialise(obj):
  return obj.__dict__

def ConvertGmeToText(Filename, Characters, Items, Places):
  GameLoaded, Characters, Items, Places = LoadGame(Filename, Characters, Items, Places)
  if not GameLoaded:
    print('Cant find game to load')
    return
  GameFile = {
    'Characters': Characters,
    'Items': Items,
    'Places': Places
  }
  f = open(Filename+ '.txt', 'w')
  #could also save to .json for better syntax highlighting - Spaceman George
  f.write(json.dumps(GameFile, default=serialise, indent=4, sort_keys=True))
  f.close()

def Main():
  Items = []
  Characters = []
  Places = []
  Filename = input("Enter filename to text> ") + ".gme"
  ConvertGmeToText(Filename, Characters, Items, Places)
  Filename = input("Enter filename> ") + ".gme"
  print()
  GameLoaded, Characters, Items, Places = LoadGame(Filename, Characters, Items, Places)
  if GameLoaded:
    PlayGame(Characters, Items, Places)
  else:
    print("Unable to load game.")
    input()

Add a 'look' command[edit]

Incorporate an additional command 'look', which could be used instead of 'go' in order to preview a location, assuming 'go' wouldn't have been blocked by a closed door (ZIGZAG Ex. QUESTION)

Java:

//Very similar to the 'go' function.
void look(ArrayList<Place> places, String direction, Place currentPlace) {
        boolean looked = true;
        switch (direction)
        {
            case "north":
            if (currentPlace.north == 0) {
                looked = false;
            } else {
                //The first seven charaters of a place description are "You are". This substring
                //swaps those characters for "If you went DIRECTION, you would be" so that the
                //output makes sense.
                say("If you went north, you would be" + places.get(currentPlace.north-1).description.substring(7));
            }
            break;
            case "east":
            if (currentPlace.east == 0) {
                looked = false;
            } else {
                say(places.get(currentPlace.east-1).description);
            }
            break;
            case "south":
            if (currentPlace.south == 0) {
                looked = false;
            } else {
                say(places.get(currentPlace.south-1).description);
            }
            break;
            case "west":
            if (currentPlace.west == 0) {
                looked = false;
            } else {
                say(places.get(currentPlace.west-1).description);
            }
            break;
            case "up":
            if (currentPlace.up == 0) {
                looked = false;
            } else {
                say(places.get(currentPlace.up-1).description);
            }
            break;
            case "down":
            if (currentPlace.down == 0) {
                looked = false;
            } else {
                say(places.get(currentPlace.down-1).description);
            }
            break;
            default:
            looked = false;
        }
        if (!looked) {
            Console.writeLine("You are not able to look in that direction.");
        }
    }

//Also need to add the look command to the playGame function

Python:

#WHY DID I TAKE A LEVEL COMPUTING?

def Look(Places, Characters, Direction):
  CurrentPlace = Places[Characters[0].CurrentLocation - 1]
  if Direction == "north":
    if CurrentPlace.North == 0:
      print("You can't see anything")
    else:
      print(Places[CurrentPlace.North - 1].Description[11::].capitalize())
  elif Direction == "east":
    if CurrentPlace.East == 0:
      print("You can't see anything")
    else:
      print(Places[CurrentPlace.East - 1].Description[11::].capitalize())
  elif Direction == "south":
    if CurrentPlace.South == 0:
      print("You can't see anything")
    else:
      print(Places[CurrentPlace.South - 1].Description[11::].capitalize())
  elif Direction == "west":
    if CurrentPlace.West == 0:
      print("You can't see anything")
    else:
      print(Places[CurrentPlace.West - 1].Description[11::].capitalize())
  elif Direction == "up":
    if CurrentPlace.Up == 0:
      print("You can't see anything")
    else:
      print(Places[CurrentPlace.Up - 1].Description[11::].capitalize())
  elif Direction == "down":
    if CurrentPlace.Down == 0:
      print("You can't see anything")
    else:
      print(Places[CurrentPlace.Down - 1].Description[11::].capitalize())
  else:
    print("You can't look there")
    return

#TO PLAYGAME

    elif Command == "look":
      Look(Places, Characters, Instruction)

VB.NET:

    Sub Look(ByRef You As Character, ByVal Direction As String,
                ByVal CurrentPlace As Place, ByVal Places As ArrayList)
        Select Case Direction
            Case "north"
                If CurrentPlace.North = 0 Then
                    Console.WriteLine("You can't see anything...")
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(Places(CurrentPlace.North).Description)
                End If
            Case "east"
                If CurrentPlace.East = 0 Then
                    Console.WriteLine("You can't see anything...")
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(Places(CurrentPlace.East).Description)
                End If
            Case "south"
                If CurrentPlace.South = 0 Then
                    Console.WriteLine("You can't see anything...")
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(Places(CurrentPlace.South).Description)
                End If
            Case "west"
                If CurrentPlace.West = 0 Then
                    Console.WriteLine("You can't see anything...")
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(Places(CurrentPlace.West).Description)
                End If
            Case "up"
                If CurrentPlace.Up = 0 Then
                    Console.WriteLine("You can't see anything...")
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(Places(CurrentPlace.Up).Description)
                End If
            Case "down"
                If CurrentPlace.Down = 0 Then
                    Console.WriteLine("You can't see anything...")
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine(Places(CurrentPlace.Down).Description)
                End If
            Case Else
                Console.WriteLine("There's nothing there...")
        End Select
    End Sub
'At Sub PlayGame()
                Case "look"
                    Look(Characters(0), Instruction, Places(Characters(0).CurrentLocation - 1), Places)

Add a 'put' feature[edit]

This means items can be placed in containers, currently items can only be taken from containers. (ADD THIS TO THE CONTAINER QUESTION)

VB.NET:

 Sub put(ByVal Items As ArrayList, ByVal ItemToPut As String, ByVal CurrentLocation As Integer)
        Dim IndexOfItems As Integer
        Dim Container As String
        Dim ContainerID As Integer
        IndexOfItems = GetIndexOfItem(ItemToPut, -1, Items)
        If IndexOfItems = -1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("You can't find this item")
        End If
        If Items(IndexOfItems).location = Inventory Then
            Console.WriteLine("You can put your " & ItemToPut & " in these containers: ")
            For Each thing In Items
                If thing.status.contains("container") And thing.location = CurrentLocation Then
                    Console.WriteLine(thing.name)
                End If
            Next
            Console.WriteLine("Which container would you like to put your item in?")
            Try
                Container = Console.ReadLine()
            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine("Must be an actual contianer.")
            End Try
            Try
                ContainerID = Items(GetIndexOfItem(Container, -1, Items)).ID
                ChangeLocationOfItem(Items, IndexOfItems, ContainerID)
            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine("You can't put this here")
            End Try
            Console.WriteLine("You have put the " & ItemToPut & " in the " & Container)
        End If
    End Sub