European Union Law/Direct Effect

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Direct effect is the idea that EC law is effective immediately and without further administrative action in each of the member States.

Treaty Articles[edit]

Van Gend en Loos




  • Van Duyn v. Home Office [1974]
  • Ministerio Pubblico v. Ratti [1979]
  • Marshal v. Southampton Area Health Authority
  • Foster v. British Gas
  • Paola Faccini Dori v. Recreb Srl

Reaction of National Courts[edit]

UK Courts[edit]

  • Felixstowe [1976]
  • Litster v. Forth Dry Dock
  • Factortame (No. 2)

German Courts[edit]