The Computer Revolution/Software/FORTRAN

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslator) was designed by scientists and is oriented toward manipulating formulas for scientific, mathematical, and engineering applications. FORTRAN is a very efficient language for these types of applications and is still used for high-performance computing tasks, such as forecasting the weather. A related programming language released by Sun Microsystems is Fortress. Which is similar to FORTRAN, Fortress is designed for high-performance computing and some believe it will eventually replace FORTRAN. One advantage of Fortress for today’s computers is that is takes advantage of multi-core processors and computers with multiple processors, automatically assigning pieces of a job to different cores or processors and trying to store data where it will be conveniently near the processor that will need it.