Pinyin/Journalism

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Journalism is a kind of subject that include researching, writing and reporting about news. In its broader sense include the editing and presentation of special topics. Journalism perform an important function in all kinds of communication media including: newspapers, televisions, radios and on-line new media, etc. A majority of media wish to strike first to gain the initiative. Under these pressure, media organisations always let news first undergo editing and proofing, to ensure its contents match the aspect of standard of accuracy, quality and fashion set out by the organization. A lot of media organizations claim they are the scrutineers of government organizations and government officials, to scrutinize the government responsibility towards its citizens and are proud of sticking to this tradition. At the same time, critics point out doubts towards whether media itself can be responsible to the mass public.

Xīnwénxué shì 1-zhǒng bāohán sōují, zhuànxiě bàodǎo xīnwén de xuékē. Zài guǎngyì shàng, tā yě bāohánle biānjí hé yǎnshì xīnwén zhuāntí de guòchéng. Xīnwénxué zài bàoyè, diànshì, diàntái yǐjí wǎngluò xīn méitǐ děng gèzhǒng chuánbō méijiè shàng dōu qǐzhe zhòngyào de zuòyòng. Duōshù de chuánméi jīgòu dōu xīwàng 'xiānfāzhìrén', zhēngxiān fābù zīxùn, ér chǔyú zhèzhǒng yālì xià, chuánméi jīgòu tōngcháng huì xiān duì xīnwén jìnxíng biānjí hé jiàoduì, yǐ shǐ qí nèiróng fúhé gāi jīgòu zài zhǔnquèxìng, sùzhì hé shìyàng děng fāngmiàn de biāozhǔn. Yǒu hěnduō chuánméi jīgòu dōu shēngchēng tāmen shì zhèngfǔ jīguān hé guānyuán de jiāncházhě, yóucǐ jiāndū zhèngfǔ duì rénmín fùzé, bìng wèi zhè chuántǒng gǎndào zìháo. Dàn tóngshí, pīpíngzhě zé duì chuánméi běnshēn néngfǒu xiàng dàzhòng fùzé ér tíchū zhìyí.