Oberon/S3.HTML.Mod

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(* ETH Oberon, Copyright 1990-2003 Computer Systems Institute, ETH Zurich, CH-8092 Zurich.
Refer to the license.txt file provided with this distribution. *)

MODULE HTML;	(** portable *) (* jm 26.8.94 *)

IMPORT
	Files, Objects, Texts, Oberon, Out;

CONST
(* possible values of the variable typ denoting the paragraph type *)
	para = 0;			(* Normal paragraph in xxx12.Scn.Fnt or xxx12i.Scn.Fnt *)
								(* Paragraphs are delimited by one or more empty lines *)
	title = 1;			 (* Title when first character is red *)
	heading = 2;	  (* Heading when in xxx12b.Scn.Fnt *)
	bullet = 3;		  (* Bullet when "*" is first character on a line *)
	line = 4;			 (* Horizontal ruler when "-" is first character on a line *)
	pre = 5;			 (* pre-formatted when in xxx10.Scn.Fnt *)

	tab = 09X;
	
	DocHeader = TRUE;	(* include document header comment *)
	BodyColor = TRUE;	(* set body color - HTML 4-specific *)

VAR
	out: Files.Rider;
	italic: BOOLEAN;
	sep: CHAR;

PROCEDURE S(s: ARRAY OF CHAR);
VAR i: INTEGER;
BEGIN
	i := 0;
	WHILE s[i] # 0X DO Files.Write(out, s[i]); INC(i) END
END S;

PROCEDURE C(ch: CHAR); BEGIN Files.Write(out, ch) END C;

PROCEDURE L; BEGIN Files.Write(out, sep); END L;

(* Check if font matches type.  type = digit { digit } ("." | "b" | "i"). *)
PROCEDURE MatchFont(font: ARRAY OF CHAR;  type: ARRAY OF CHAR): BOOLEAN;
VAR i, j: LONGINT;
BEGIN
	i := 0;
	WHILE (font[i] # 0X) & ((font[i] < "0") OR (font[i] > "9")) DO	(* skip name *)
		INC(i)
	END;
	j := 0;
	WHILE (font[i] # 0X) & (font[i] >= "0") & (font[i] <= "9") & (font[i] = type[j]) DO
		INC(i);  INC(j)
	END;
	RETURN (font[i] = type[j])
END MatchFont;

(* Delimit a paragraph: begins at lastnl and ends at end *)
PROCEDURE GetPara(T: Texts.Text; VAR R: Texts.Reader; VAR beg, end: LONGINT; VAR typ: SHORTINT);
VAR ch, firstch: CHAR; firstfnt: Objects.Library; firstcol: INTEGER; lastnl: LONGINT;
BEGIN
	beg := Texts.Pos(R); end := beg; lastnl := beg;
	
	(* skip empty lines *)
	Texts.Read(R, ch);
	WHILE ~R.eot & (ch <= " ") DO
		INC(beg);
		IF ch = 0DX THEN lastnl := beg END;
		Texts.Read(R, ch)
	END;
	
	IF ~R.eot THEN
		firstch := ch; firstfnt := R.lib; firstcol := R.col;
		LOOP
			WHILE ~R.eot & (ch # 0DX) DO Texts.Read(R, ch) END; (* read till first nl *)
			IF R.eot THEN EXIT END;
			IF ch = 0DX THEN
				end := Texts.Pos(R)-1;
				Texts.Read(R, ch);
				WHILE ~R.eot & (ch = " ") OR (ch = tab) DO Texts.Read(R, ch) END;
				IF ch = "*" THEN Texts.OpenReader(R, T, Texts.Pos(R)-1); EXIT END;
				IF ch = 0DX THEN EXIT END
			END
		END;
		IF firstcol = 1 THEN (* red *) typ := title
		ELSIF MatchFont(firstfnt.name, "12b") THEN typ := heading
		ELSIF MatchFont(firstfnt.name, "10.") THEN typ := pre; beg := lastnl;
		ELSIF firstch = "*" THEN typ := bullet
		ELSIF firstch = "-" THEN typ := line
		ELSE typ := para
		END
	END
END GetPara;

PROCEDURE WriteStretch(T: Texts.Text; beg, end: LONGINT);
VAR R: Texts.Reader; ch: CHAR; lastlib: Objects.Library;
BEGIN
	IF end > beg THEN 
		Texts.OpenReader(R, T, beg);
		Texts.Read(R, ch); lastlib := R.lib;
		WHILE beg < end DO
			IF R.lib # lastlib THEN
				IF MatchFont(R.lib.name, "12i") THEN
					IF ~italic THEN S("<i>"); italic := TRUE END
				ELSE
					IF italic THEN S("</i>"); italic := FALSE END
				END;
				lastlib := R.lib
			END;
			IF ch = "ü" THEN S("&uuml;")
			ELSIF ch = "Ü" THEN S("&Uuml;")
			ELSIF ch = "ù" THEN S("&ugrave;")
			ELSIF ch = "ä" THEN S("&auml;")
			ELSIF ch = "Ä" THEN S("&Auml;")
			ELSIF ch = "á" THEN S("&aacute;")
			ELSIF ch = "à" THEN S("&agrave;")
			ELSIF ch = "ë" THEN S("&euml;")
			ELSIF ch = "é" THEN S("&eacute;")
			ELSIF ch = "è" THEN S("&egrave;")
			ELSIF ch = "ö" THEN S("&ouml;")
			ELSIF ch = "Ö" THEN S("&Ouml;")
			ELSIF ch = "ò" THEN S("&ograve;")
			ELSIF ch = "ï" THEN S("&iuml;")
			ELSIF ch = "ì" THEN S("&igrave;")
			ELSIF ch = 0DX THEN C(" "); C(sep)
			ELSIF ch = tab THEN S("&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;")
			ELSIF (ch >= " ") OR (ch = "-") THEN
				C(ch)
			END;
			Texts.Read(R, ch);
			INC(beg)
		END
	END
END WriteStretch;

PROCEDURE WritePara(T: Texts.Text; beg, end: LONGINT);
VAR R: Texts.Reader; ch: CHAR; col: INTEGER;
	pos, lstart: LONGINT; anchor: ARRAY 512 OF CHAR; apos: INTEGER;
BEGIN col := -1; pos := beg; anchor := "";
	Texts.OpenReader(R, T, beg);
	Texts.Read(R, ch); 
	WHILE pos < end DO
		IF (R.col = 3) & (col # 3) THEN (* start link *)
			WriteStretch(T, beg, pos); beg := pos
		END;
		col := R.col;
		 
		IF (col = 3) & (ch = "{") THEN (* reading an anchor *)
			lstart := pos;
			INC(pos); Texts.Read(R, ch);
			apos := 0;
			WHILE ~R.eot & (apos < LEN(anchor)) & (ch # "}") DO
				anchor[apos] := ch; INC(apos);
				INC(pos);
				Texts.Read(R, ch)
			END;
			anchor[apos] := 0X;
			S("<a href="); C(22X); S(anchor); C(22X); C(">");
			WriteStretch(T, beg, lstart); beg := pos+1;
			S("</a>")
		ELSE INC(pos); Texts.Read(R, ch)
		END
	END;
	WriteStretch(T, beg, end)
END WritePara;

PROCEDURE GetPrefix(T: Texts.Text; VAR beg, end: LONGINT; VAR s: ARRAY OF CHAR);
VAR R: Texts.Reader; old: LONGINT; ch: CHAR; i: INTEGER;
BEGIN
	old := beg; i := 0;
	Texts.OpenReader(R, T, beg);
	Texts.Read(R, ch);
	WHILE ~R.eot & (ch # ":") & (beg < end) DO
		IF (ch > " ") & (i < LEN(s) - 1) THEN s[i] := ch; INC(i) END;
		INC(beg);
		Texts.Read(R, ch)
	END;
	IF ch = ":" THEN s[i] := 0X; INC(beg)
	ELSE s[0] := 0X; beg := old
	END
END GetPrefix;

PROCEDURE ConvertText(T: Texts.Text; start: LONGINT; VAR filename: ARRAY OF CHAR);
VAR R: Texts.Reader; beg, end, nbeg, nend: LONGINT; typ, ntyp: SHORTINT; body: BOOLEAN;

	PROCEDURE StartBody;
	BEGIN
		S("</head>"); L;
		IF BodyColor THEN
			S("<body BGCOLOR="); C(22X); S("#FFFFFF"); C(22X); S(">"); L
		ELSE
			S("<body>"); L
		END;
		body := TRUE
	END StartBody;
	
BEGIN
	italic := FALSE; body := FALSE;
	Texts.OpenReader(R, T, start);
	GetPara(T, R, beg, end, typ);
	IF DocHeader THEN
		S("<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "); C(22X); S("-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"); C(22X); S(">"); L
	END;
	S("<html>"); L;
	S("<head>"); L;
	S("<title>");
	IF typ = title THEN
		GetPrefix(T, beg, end, filename); (* Skip that file name, discarding it *)
		WritePara(T, beg, end);
		beg := end	(* title paragraph already written *)
	ELSE
		S("Untitled")
	END;
	S("</title>"); L;
	S('<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">'); L;
	WHILE ~R.eot DO
		IF ~body & (typ # title) THEN StartBody END; (* first non-title paragraph starts body *)
		GetPara(T, R, nbeg, nend, ntyp);
		IF body & (ntyp = title) THEN ntyp := para END; (* treat a title paragraph in body like normal *)
		IF typ = bullet THEN S("<li>"); INC(beg)
		ELSIF typ = heading THEN S("<h2>")
		ELSE (* skip *)
		END;
		IF typ = line THEN S("<hr>") (* Horizontal Ruler *)
		(*ELSIF typ = title THEN*) (* skip *)
		ELSE
			WritePara(T, beg, end); (* write previous *)
			IF typ = pre THEN C(0DX) END
		END;
		IF typ = heading THEN S("</h2>") END;
		IF beg # end THEN L END;
		
		(* List *)
		IF (ntyp = bullet) & (typ # bullet) THEN (* open list *)
			S("<ul>"); L
		ELSIF (ntyp # bullet) & (typ = bullet) THEN (* close list *)
			S("</ul>"); L
		END;
		
		(* Pre-formatted text *)
		IF (ntyp = pre) & (typ # pre) THEN (* start pre-formatted text *)
			IF ~body THEN StartBody END;
			S("<pre>")
		ELSIF (ntyp # pre) & (typ = pre) THEN
			S("</pre>"); L
		END;
		
		(* Separate 2 consecutive "normal" paragraphs with a paragraph break, except two preformatteds *)
		IF (ntyp = para) & (typ = para) THEN S("<p>"); L END;
		
		end := nend; beg := nbeg; typ := ntyp
	END;
	IF ~body & (typ # title) THEN StartBody END;
	WritePara(T, beg, end); (* write previous *)
	IF (typ = bullet) THEN (* close list *)
		S("</ul>"); L
	END;
	IF (typ = pre) THEN
		S("</pre>"); L
	END;
	S("</body>"); L;
	S("</html>"); L
END ConvertText;

(** Show a preview of the HTML text in a text viewer - Processes ONLY one text! *) 
PROCEDURE Show*;
VAR S: Texts.Scanner; T, t: Texts.Text; time, beg, end: LONGINT;
	filename: ARRAY 64 OF CHAR; f: Files.File;
BEGIN
	sep := 0DX;
	beg := 0;		(* Process from the beginning of the text. Modified if "@" used *)
	Texts.OpenScanner(S, Oberon.Par.text, Oberon.Par.pos);
	Texts.Scan(S); T := NIL;
	IF (S.class = Texts.Char) & (S.c = "*") THEN
		T := Oberon.MarkedText()
	ELSIF (S.class = Texts.Char) & (S.c = "^") THEN
		Oberon.GetSelection(T, beg, end, time);
		IF time >= 0 THEN
			Texts.OpenScanner(S, T, beg);
			Texts.Scan(S);
			IF (S.class = Texts.Name) THEN
				NEW(T); Texts.Open(T, S.s);
				IF T.len = 0 THEN T := NIL END
			END
		ELSE T := NIL
		END
	ELSIF (S.class = Texts.Char) & (S.c = "@") THEN
		Oberon.GetSelection(T, beg, end, time);
		IF time < 0 THEN T := NIL END
	END;
	IF T # NIL THEN
		f := Files.New("Temp.HTML.tmp");
		Files.Set(out, f, 0);
		ConvertText(T, beg, filename);
		Files.Register(f);
		NEW(t); Texts.Open(t, "Temp.HTML.tmp");
		Oberon.OpenText(filename, t, 400, 200)
	END
END Show;

PROCEDURE Compile*;
	VAR S: Texts.Scanner; T: Texts.Text; filename: ARRAY 64 OF CHAR; f: Files.File; beg, end, time: LONGINT;

	PROCEDURE CompileT();
		VAR R: Texts.Reader; beg, end: LONGINT; typ: SHORTINT;
				res, i: INTEGER; bak: ARRAY 64 OF CHAR;
	BEGIN
		IF T.len > 0 THEN
		(* Get the file name from the source text, at the beginning i.e. pos 0 *)
			Texts.OpenReader(R, T, 0);
			GetPara(T, R, beg, end, typ);
			IF typ = title THEN
				GetPrefix(T, beg, end, filename)
			END;
		(* *)
			IF filename # "" THEN
				Out.String(filename);
			(* Rename the file 'fileName.Bak' *)
				i := 0;
				WHILE filename[i] # 0X DO bak[i] := filename[i]; INC(i) END;
				bak[i] := "."; bak[i+1] := "B"; bak[i+2] := "a"; bak[i+3] := "k"; bak[i+4] := 0X;
				Files.Rename(filename, bak, res);
			(* *)
				f := Files.New(filename);
				Files.Set(out, f, 0);
				ConvertText(T, 0, filename);
				Files.Register(f);
				Out.Int(Files.Length(f), 10);
			ELSE Out.String("no destination file name in text")
			END
		END;
		Out.Ln
	END CompileT;
	
BEGIN
	sep := 0AX;
	Out.String("HTML.Compile"); Out.Ln;
	Texts.OpenScanner(S, Oberon.Par.text, Oberon.Par.pos);
	Texts.Scan(S);
	IF (S.class = Texts.Char) & (S.c = "*") THEN
		T := Oberon.MarkedText();
		IF T # NIL THEN
			CompileT()
		END
	ELSE
		end := MAX(LONGINT) - 100;
		IF (S.class = Texts.Char) & (S.c = "^") THEN
			Oberon.GetSelection(T, beg, end, time);
			IF time >= 0 THEN Texts.OpenScanner(S, T, beg); Texts.Scan(S) END
		END;
		WHILE (S.class = Texts.Name) & (Texts.Pos(S) < end + S.len + 1) DO
			Out.String(S.s); Out.String(" => ");
			NEW(T); Texts.Open(T, S.s);
			CompileT();
			Texts.Scan(S)
		END
	END
END Compile;

END HTML.

System.Free HTML ~

HTML.Compile ^	HTML.Compile *

HTML.Show ^		HTML.Show *		HTML.Show @