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Hi! It's the third lesson of Novoslovnica course. In this lesson you'll study Present Tenses.

Novoslovnica has two ones: Present Common Tense (analogue of Present Simple) and Present Concrete Tense (analogue of Present Continious).

The English speaker won't have difficulties with using them. We just say that Concrete Tense determines the action that depends on time. So, if you know that the logical truth of the sentence could depend on time when it takes place, use Present Concrete Tense. In particular, English case of Present Continious is a partial case of using Present Concrete Tense.

The second verb, which is very important in Slavic languages is the verb "to will" - (hteti). We should mention, that etymologically another verb "voliti" is closer to the English analogue, but "hteti" is used in similar to "to will" cases.

Present Common Tense:[edit]

Singular Dual Plural
1p Htem Htema Hteme
2p Hteš Hteta Htete
3p Hte Htat/Htęt Htut/Htųt

Present Concrete Tense:[edit]

Singular Dual Plural
1p Hoču/Hočųt Hočema Hočeme
2p Hočeš Hočeta Hočete
3p Hoče Hočat/Hočęt Hočut/Hočųt

As you see, we have written with alternatives the verbal forms 1pSg, 3pDu and 3pPl. This means that now we'are discussing about whether to use nasal vowels here or not. When the discussion is over, we will determine these forms.

Related links[edit]

The main page of the book