Neo-Quenya/Old-Elvish influences

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

We have met the prefix `C5\ an- for the superlative. We also said that this prefix can change under the influence of the beginning consonant of the adjective. But in all these cases the changes are in the prefix `C5\ an- itself, the original adjective is not influenced.

With the Old-Elvish influences however we are getting the original forms of the adjectives back in the superlative. Most of these forms are analoguous to the changes in the perfect tense.

Adjectives in mb/nd/ng[edit]

Let’s first look at adjectives that started with the combinations w\ mb-, 2\ nd- and s\ ng- in Old-Elvish:

  • w\ mb-:
t#61E marta "fated" → `Cw#61E ambarta
t$7ÎE merya "festive" → `Cw$7ÎE amberya
  • 2\ nd-:
5&j°# nulla "obscure" → `C2&j°# andulla
5~Mt$5Ì# númenya "western" → `C2~Mt$5Ì# andúmenya
  • s\ ng-:
g~Nj# \ 5~Nj# nóla "learned" → `Cs~Nj# angóla
b#jaD nwalca "cruel" → `Cx#jaD angwalca

Adjectives in d[edit]

Also an j\ l- that has evolved from d- has such influences:

jlD7E laira "shady" → `C2lD7E andaira
j~C7E lára "flat" → `C2~C7E andára
j~Nt$`C lómëa "gloomy" → `C2~Nt$`C andómëa
j~N7E lóra "dark" → `C2~N7E andóra
j&t5# lumna "oppressive" → `C2&t5# andumna

Adjectives in b/w[edit]

A large number of adjectives that begin in y\ v- in Neo-Quenya, had a b- in Old-Elvish. Here we find that `C5 an + y v gives rise to the original `Cw\ amb-:

yE5ÌE vanya "beautiful" → `Cw#5Ì# ambanya
yEjlD5# valaina "divine" → `Cw#jlD5# ambalaina
yEj´# valya "powerful" → `Cw#j´# ambalya
yE5%t# vanima "fair" → `Cw#5%t# ambanima
yE65# varna "safe" → `Cw#65# ambarna
yE65$ varnë "brown" → `Cw$65$ ambarnë
yR6aD verca "wild" → `Cw$6aD amberca
yR7ÎE verya "bold" → `Cw$7ÎE amberya
yY7Tt# vorima "continual" → `Cw^7Tt# amborima
yY7Y5nE voronwa "enduring" → `Cw^7Y5nE amboronwa

In some the v- evolved from w-:

y~C7E vára "dirty" → `C5n~C7E anwára
yR`C vëa "manly" → `C5nR`C anwëa
y~V7E véra "personal" → `C5n~V7E anwéra
yT2$ vindë "blue-grey" → `C5nT2$ anwindë

The adjective wenya "green, fresh" has evolved from gwen, so it has following superlative:

nR5Ì# wenya "green, fresh" → `Cx$5Ì# angwenya



>> Neo-Quenya >> Adjectives >> Old-Elvish influences