NVQ candidate

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NVQ Job Knowledge Support For Level 2 forklift truck.[edit]

Support for level 3 is here

Warning do not copy and paste! Do not Copy word for word!! Your efforts will be rejected!! Put your own ideas and examples into it. Change what is being said into your understanding. This here is to provide you with some idea of what these questions are asking. They are not perfect examples but contain what is needed to help you understand the questions.[edit]

641 Conforming to General Health, Safety and Welfare in the Workplace

AC 1.4 State why and when health and safety control equipment, identified by the principles of protection, should be used relating to types, purpose and limitations of each type, the work situation, occupational use and the general work environment, in relation to: types,purpose and limitations of each type

the work situation occupational use and the general work environment.

Collective protective measures: Risk assessments COSHH assessments and such as target zero hazard reporting cards protect people by highlighting hazards and dealing with them before they cause an injury. Other forms of collective measures include designated walkways and kick boards on scaffolding. Target zero hazard reporting cards can assist in protecting the person reporting them as well as the other working men and women working in the same environment.    Designated walkways help protect the person walking down them as it removes them from routes the forklift may be driving along.  Kick boards on scaffolding protect the people working below as they will prevent any falling objects going of the side of the scaffold. Target zero hazard reporting cards will only protect people on site if they are responded to with the correct action, Designated walkways will only protect the people on site when they are used and there the site is well run and everyone is safety conscious, this is also the case with kicker boards.

Site induction Tool box talks Method statements Poster boards Signs mandatory prohibition and hazard warning. Designated walk ways no go areas Hand rails Hoarding and fencing. Fall protection nets and inflatable systems Purpose and limitations This is to get everyone doing the correct safe procedures. To identify and inform hazards that exists on site. To reduce injuries.Personally protects the person’s body from injury. Limitations: poor communication People not listening People not reading information People not following instructions.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) Steel toe boots Hi visibility jacket Hard hat Goggles Ear defenders Gloves Bust mask While working as brick layer to comply with the site regulations on safety and use all PPE and report any hazards to supervisor. When gaining access on any site inside the uk, you are by law supposed to wear all PPE supplied to you by your employer. For example your employer may supply you with a hi visibility jacket, this will make you more visible to moving traffic etc. Hi Viz jacket is mainly used to make you more visible to moving vehicles on site               Hard hat is used to protect your head from falling objects. Steel Toe Cap boots must be worn to protect your feet from anything sticking out of the ground as well as falling objects.  Hi viz will make you more visible to moving vehicles but if you are hit it will not save you.          Hard hat will take a certain degree of impact; however it will not save you from head or neck injuries from heavy object or falls. Steel toe cap boots will protect your toes and in some cases your sole, however it will not stop you the top part of your foot or the sides as you will only get the same protection as you would from normal boots.Purpose and limitations Protect feet To be seen Protect head Protect eyes Protect ears Protect hands To stop breathing in dust. People not using the PPE correctly can limit the PPEs effectiveness if an incident occurs. When on site and lifting cutting and laying bricks and blocks and fixing to timber frame and concrete structures. Mechanical cutting.


Respiratory protective equipment (RPE)

Dust mask SCBA self contained breathing apparatus.

RPE Should always be supplied and used when using a disk cutter, cleaning out plots scraping the floor and mixing mortar in confined space. RPE will only work when being used correctly and the correct type of mask is used and is fitted correctly, it will not stop every last bit of dust entering your lungs .          

Purpose and limitations

Power cut will fail systems that rely on electric power. Can still get injured falling onto fall protection systems. When participating in all work activities and movement on site within these zones

The Work situation To protect lungs breathing in dust. Life limitations to the kit. Beard makes it less effective. To protect breathing in toxic fumes and gases . Requires intensive training and careful maintenance. Used when cutting bricks and blocks with grinder. Working where there are harmful fumes and gases General site work Working in sewage or contaminated ground

Local exhaust ventilation (LEV) LEV is an engineering control system to reduce dust, mist, fume, vapour or gas in the workplace. It is something that sucks an airborne contaminant out of the workplace. To remove dust and toxic gasses out of the premises. Nosey. local exhaust ventilation (LEV) Levs will be used when working in a very dusty environment to minimise the dust in the room.  Levs will remove most of the dust but you should as well always use a dust mask as it does not take away all dust. Removed fumes or dust from local area. Used to extract diesel fumes from generator and extract dust from cutting areas. Remove toxic gases from confined areas. circumstances.

Limitations Forget to switch on break down run out of fuel.

AC 1.5 State how the health and safety control equipment relevant to the work should be used in accordance with the given instructions.

The safety control equipment I use on site must be used in accordance to the manufactures instructions and site regulations. The person using it must be trained to use it. We have training and advice given during induction and tool box talks. Should I be in doubt I ask my supervisor what PPE to use.

AC 1.6 State which types of health, safety and welfare legislation, notices and warning signs are relevant to the occupational area and associated equipment.

The health, safety and welfare regulations relevant to site is the construction regulations 2013. The warning signs and notices relevant to brickwork are the mandatory wear helmet goggles and safety boots. Some sites require high visibility garments signs. Others signs; Scaffold not in use, Laser lights, moving vehicles, crane in use. Hazard signs electric cable, Trips and falls hazards. Notices to visitors; to sign in main office before entry. Name of first aider. There are mandatory signs blue warning signs yellow and green signs for safe area or first aid. Some sites have a board that states change of circumstances and today's activities and weather forecast.


AC 1.7 State why health, safety and welfare legislation, notices and warning signs are relevant to the occupational area.

The signs keep the work force informed and visitors of the dangers that are on site. This is to reduce the injury to people that could happen. Welfare facilities are for the worker to have a clean area to store personal items. There is a place eat food and for the use of toilets and dry clothes. Signage should be around site showing you where the correct walkways are, signage directing you to toilets, signage for fire exits as well as directions to canteen speed limits and general health and safety and stating new hazards.

AC 1.8 State how to comply with control measures that have been identified by risk assessments and safe systems of work.

I comply with the control measures that have been identified by talking with my supervisor who explains them to me. The induction onto site informs us of the risk assessments and methods of work. I must follow these to work safely and not break the law. I need to read the risk assessments so I am aware of the safety control methods or PPE I must use. I have to read the risk assessment and method statement and sign that I understand them.

AC 2.2 List typical hazards associated with the work environment and occupational area in relation to: Resources, Substances, Asbestos, Equipment, Obstructions, Services, Work activities.

The typical hazards as a bricklayer for me are: Resources: materials heavy to lift, cuts to hands, scaffold unsafe, badly maintained equipment, dirty canteen. Work activities: not are using correct lifting technique. Untidy work place leads to trips and falls , When working at height I could fall from height and materials falling from height onto me. Bits going in eye when cutting with lump hammer and bolster. Substances: Dust from cement and lime also dust when grinding walls. Working in old building asbestos can be found which is toxic. Cement burns laying concrete. Equipment: Noise from grinder or electrical shock or being caught in rotary drum. Obstructions: Hazards when vehicle may be reversing across my path. Over reaching over obstructions can cause falls. Services: when excavating there could be gas or electric piping. When excavating there are electrical and gas services that are a hazards. Asbestos can In the long term give you cancer, paint thinners and other substances can make you feel high, in some cases cause cancer. Cutting brick with trowel an you cut your thumb Jointing up finished work an cut knuckle Cutting wall plate an cutting hand with saw obstructions could cause a safety hazard on site because they could be in the way of a fire escape, could fall over on you or could even fall over damaging people work. When storing materials. Dust from open bags, stacking materials too high and shelfs being overloaded could cause injury’s When working near water an sewage works you must be careful not to dig to deep as you could burst the pipes. Sewage is a bio hazard, electric and gas can cause explosions as well as electrocutions. You must be careful when loading out blocks you don’t over load the scaffolding as this can cause scaffolding to collapse an could resort in you falling from height , can also cause back issues and repetitive strain injuries.

AC 2.3 List the current common safety risks.

For a bricklayer the most common are injured back, dust in lungs, noise, falling from height, object falling on me from height, crushed by plant


AC 2.4 List the current common health risks.

Asbestos, Vibration, back strain, dermatitis on skin

AC 2.5 State how changing circumstances within the workplace could cause hazards.

As the site progresses the hazards change. During excavation the possibility of falling in a trench. When constructed you can fall from height or something can fall on you. Working in confined rooms, when using adhesives or mastics can have a detrimental effect on your breathing. What I would do if there was a changed circumstance or incident in work place: I would report it to my supervisor

AC 2.6 State the methods used for reporting changed circumstances, hazards and incidents in the workplace.

If I have a changed situation on site that could be a hazard I inform my supervisor. We have tool box talks and the site agent informs us of the changed hazards on site as the job progresses.

AC 3.6 State the organisational policies and procedures for health, safety and welfare, in relation to: Dealing with accidents and emergencies associated with the work and environment, Methods of receiving or sourcing information, Reporting, Stopping work, Evacuation, Fire risks and safe exit procedures, Consultation and feedback.

Reporting: any emergency or accident I report to my supervisor or phone ambulance depending on the severity. Stopping work: should I consider there is a hazard I stop work and report the situation to my supervisor. Evacuation: follow the site tool box talks and evacuate as informed to do. Fire Risks: Report any risks to my supervisor. Safe Exit: When fire alarm goes off evacuate as instructed and report to assembly point. Consultation and feed back: we can report any hazards any time to supervisor and when we have tool box talks we can tell our concerns then as well. If see someone have a minor accident on site Make sure they are ok an advise them to go see the first aider if the accident was serious Ring 999, stay with them an send for a first aider. if you spot a fire on site Raise the alarms an make your way to the nearest fire assembly point.it is important to pass on information to the site manager so that future accidents can be avoided in the future, I would gain information on all of these during my site induction

AC 3.7 State the appropriate types of fire extinguishers relevant to the work.

CO2 for electrical fires, Water for wood and cloth. Foam for use on fuel fires.

AC 3.8 State how and when the different types of fire extinguishers are used in accordance with legislation and official guidance.

The correct extinguisher should be used on the fire type. A trained person should only use it. It should be used as the manufactures instructions. CO2 for electrical fires, Water for wood and cloth. Foam for use on fuel fires.

AC 4.2 State how personal behaviour demonstrates responsibility for general workplace health, safety and welfare, in relation to,

Recognising when to stop work in the face of serious and imminent danger to self and/or others, What I would do if there is a danger to myself or others is to Stop work, inform the others around me of the hazard immediately

Contributing to discussions and providing feedback, What I would do to contribute to discussion and feed back, I would take the opportunity to ask any questions that I did not understand about if there was a change in circumstances. In tool box talks you can discuss H&S. If I identify an hazard I need to inform my supervisor straight away.

Reporting changed circumstances and incidents in the workplace, I need to report any changed circumstances to my supervisor.

Complying with the environmental requirements of the workplace. Make sure all waste is recycled when able an all waste goes into correct waste bins/skips. Avoid noise from loud radios, keep dust down. report fuel spills and clean up.

AC 4.3 Give examples of how the behaviour and actions of individuals could affect others within the workplace.

By not reporting near misses a serious accident could occur. Not complying with Health and safe practice can cause and injury to oneself and others. Messing about, being intoxicated.

AC 5.2 Q State how security arrangements are implemented in relation to the workplace, the general public, site personnel and resources.

The site I am currently on we all have to sign in and sign out. There is hoarding all round site and there are security guards. This secures people from entering the site and stealing while also stops them being injured. Fences barricaded round the entire site, all site gates locked at night, security cameras always running an compounds locked up at night. expensive equipment and personal stuff can be kept In your van or inside the site managers office.


642 Conforming to Productive Working Practices in the Workplace


AC 1.2 Describe the different methods of communicating with: Line management, Colleagues, Customers:-

With management depending upon how detailed the information is or how important I would talk Face to face if urgent, written or email if detailed information is needed, telephone if not on site. Colleagues Face to face text for urgency or written if giving dimensions. Customers face to face if urgent, written or email if it is formal.

AC 1.3 Describe how to use different methods of communication to ensure that the work carried out is productive.

Face to face: more personal and it’s immediate and body language is seen. Written: excellent when complicated information or measurements are transferred. Text: Ok for casual message not important or urgent issues and information. Telephone: communicating at a distance. Written and Email: good for formal communication to use as evidence and good for detailed information.

AC 2.3 Describe how organisational procedures are applied to ensure work is planned and carried out productively, in relation to:

Using resources for own and other’s work requirements, Follow manufacturer's instruction and risk assessment and method statement. Discuss with supervisor how you will be working.

Allocating appropriate work to employees, On the site where I am, there is a programme of work this tells us when things should start and finish. From this we can order materials the site agent can recruit more operatives or plant if needed, as it identifies if the work is behind schedule.

Organising the work sequence, This can be established from the method statement and manufacturer's intructions on instalation with the specification and drawings. Also discuss with supervisor how you propose to work.

Reducing carbon emissions: Plant is switched off when not in use and car sharing is encouraged. One site had a mini bus to pick operatives up. Car share.


AC 2.4 Describe how to contribute to zero/low carbon work outcomes within the built environment.

Measure twice cut once, switch off plant when not in use, good maintenance of equipment, car share, work mini bus to pick up employees. Use off cuts. Use correct skip for waste. Reduce waste.

AC 3.2 Describe how to complete and maintain documentation in accordance with organisational procedures, in relation to: Job cards, Worksheets, Material/resource lists, Time sheets

Any documentation should be completed on the appropriate date you have been instructed and handed to supervisor on completion. It should you write on it, your writing should be clear and easily read. The paperwork should have the date, name and signature of the person it involves plus the supervisor signature and date of receipt to ensure what is written on the paper work is correct and true. It should contain address of site, It should be stored in office after use. Job cards or worksheets contain the information of work to be done. Materials resource list is a requisition form to order materials. Time sheet has the information of you what you have done in work during the week.


AC 3.3 Explain the reasons for ensuring documentation is completed clearly and within given timescales.

So that it meets company policies and the legal contractual obligations. This ensures that the company get payment for what has been done and the staff in return gets paid wages. It enables management to plan plant labour and materials and is a record of what has been used.


AC 4.3 Describe how to maintain good working relationships, in relation to: Individuals, Customer and operative, Operative and line management, Own and other occupations:-

Individuals:

Having good working relations creates motivation to do the work better communication and reduce accidents. Customer: Will make the customer feel good and possibly create more contracts for the company. Operative: Will create good team work and motivation to do the work better communication and reduce accidents. Line management: Will make better communication, shows employability skills and the potential to have more employment.


AC 4.4 Describe why it is important to work effectively with line management, colleagues and customers.

Working effectively with everyone produces good communication.

Good communication reduces accidents. Productivity increases.

AC 4.5 Describe how working relationships could have an effect on productive working.

A. good working relationships make a happy motivated team and people are more productive. Poor relations in the team make the job miserable and people are less productive.

AC 4.6 Describe how to apply principles of equality and diversity when communicating and working with others.

I speak to people respectfully and treat them as I would like to be spoken to and treated, that is in a courteous and professional way. Do not disrespect their culture or creed. Everyone should have the same opportunities and be treated the same without discrimination.





643 Moving, Handling and Storing Resources in the Workplace


AC 1.3 Describe the different types of technical, product and regulatory information, their source and how they are interpreted. Technical information: Can be the manufactures information, the drawings and specifications of the work undertaken.

The drawings, specifications and COSHH assessments are in the site office. Manufacturer’s information is on the packaging of the material. If it is plant on hire, the information is attached to it or as a booklet. The technical information tells you how to use, handle and install, maintain and store the product correctly and safely. COSHH assessments identify hazards when using the product materials that should be followed to prevent injury.


AC 1.4 State the organisational procedures developed to report and rectify inappropriate information and unsuitable resources and how they are implemented.

I would inform my supervisor should I think that I have the wrong information or resources. He will then explain to site agent. I would stop work until I have been give confirmation on what to do next.


AC 1.5 Describe how to obtain information relating to using and storing lifting aids and equipment.

The information of storing and using lifting aids is within the manufacturer’s instructions. Some are attached to the equipment. If not they can be found in office. We have also been told how to use them in tool box talks and health and safety training.

AC 2.1 Describe their responsibilities under current legislation and official guidance whilst working: In the workplace, in confined spaces, below ground level, at height, with tools and equipment, with materials and substances, with movement/storage of materials.

While being anywhere in the work place and employed I must take reasonable care for your own health and safety and of others who may be affected by your work such as other workers or members of the public Comply with instructions or control measures such as the wearing of personal protective equipment. Co-operate with your employer on health and safety and training requirements. Correctly use and report any defects on work equipment provided by your employer, this could be machinery, tools or personal protective equipment Do not interfere with or misuse anything provided for your health, safety or welfare. When working in confined spaced I make sure it is well ventilated and I have a plan in case of emergency to get out. I inform others I am working with before I go in where I am. Below ground level I use the access equipment to get down. I make sure the trench sides are propped and secure before entering. Do not throw materials into the trench or stack materials on the sides to cause collapse. When working at height I would ensure that the access equipment is secure nothing missing like hand rails. Use harness if required by method statement. Do not drop things down. I would use tool and equipment materials and substances as the manufacturer recommends and the COSHH and risk assessments state how they to be used. Moving and storing materials I would use the kinetic lifting techniques or lifting equipment to mover the materials and store them as the manufacturer states.

AC 2.2 Describe the organisational security procedures for tools, equipment and personal belongings in relation to: Site: Workplace, Company, Operative.

The security of tools on larger sites are kept in lock up box or security store. When on smaller jobs the kit is locked in the van over night. My personal belongings are my own responsibility. Lifting equipment is stored in the secure container over night. Some sites you have to sign out tools and sign back in at the end of the day.


AC 2.3 Explain what the accident reporting procedures are and who is responsible for making the reports.

If I observe an accident or near miss I report it to my supervisor. He will report it to the site agent or safety officer. This is then recorded into the book. A description of what happened is written in and the time and date.


AC 2.4 State the appropriate types of fire extinguishers relevant to the work.

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 3 / 641 AC 3.7 CO2 for electrical fires, Water for wood and cloth. Foam for use on fuel fires.


AC 2.5 State how and when the different types of fire extinguishers are used in accordance with legislation and official guidance.

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 3 / 641 AC 3.8 OR

The correct extinguisher should be used on the fire type. A trained person should only use it. It should be used as the manufactures instructions. CO2 for electrical fires, Water for wood and cloth. Foam for use on fuel fires.


AC 3.4 State why and when health and safety control equipment, identified by the principles of protection, should be used relating to types, purpose and limitations of each type, the work situation, occupational use and the general work environment, in relation to.

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 3 / 641 AC1.4 641 OR

Collective protective measures: Risk assessments COSHH assessments Site induction Tool box talks Method statements Poster boards Signs mandatory prohibition and hazard warning. Designated walk ways no go areas Hand rails Hoarding and fencing. Fall protection nets and inflatable systems

Purpose and limitations This is to get everyone doing the correct safe procedures. To identify and inform hazards that exists on site. To reduce injuries.Personally protects the person’s body from injury. Limitations: poor communication People not listening People not reading information People not following instructions.

Personal protective equipment (PPE): Steel toe boots Hi visibility jacket Hard hat Goggles Ear defenders Gloves Bust mask While working as brick layer to comply with the site regulations on safety and use all PPE and report any hazards to supervisor. I would follow signs and posters.

Purpose and limitations Protect feet To be seen Protect head Protect eyes Protect ears Protect hands To stop breathing in dust. People not using the PPE correctly can limit the PPEs effectiveness if an incident occurs. When on site and lifting cutting and laying bricks and blocks and fixing to timber frame and concrete structures. Mechanical cutting.


Respiratory protective equipment (RPE) Dust mask SCBA self contained breathing apparatus.

Purpose and limitations

Power cut will fail systems that rely on electric power. Can still get injured falling onto fall protection systems. When participating in all work activities and movement on site within these zones

The Work situation To protect lungs breathing in dust. Life limitations to the kit. Beard makes it less effective. To protect breathing in toxic fumes and gases . Requires intensive training and careful maintenance. Used when cutting bricks and blocks with grinder. Working where there are harmful fumes and gases General site work Working in sewage or contaminated ground Local exhaust ventilation (LEV) LEV is an engineering control system to reduce dust, mist, fume, vapour or gas in the workplace. It is something that sucks an airborne contaminant out of the workplace. To remove dust and toxic gasses out of the premises. Nosey. Forget to switch on. Removed fumes or dust from local area. Used to extract diesel fumes from generator and extract dust from cutting areas. Remove toxic gases from confined areas.

AC 3.5 Describe how the health and safety control equipment relevant to the work should be used in accordance with the given instructions.

If you answered this before Criteria has been met in 3/ 641 AC1.5 OR

The safety control equipment I use on site must be used in accordance to the manufactures instructions and site regulations. The person using it must be trained to use it. We have training and advice given during induction and tool box talks. Should I be in doubt I ask my supervisor what to PPE to use.

AC 3.6 State how emergencies should be responded to in accordance with organisational authorisation and personal skills when involved with: Fires, Spillages, and Injuries, Other task-related hazards:-

If fire breaks out : Assemble at fire point. Call fire brigade. Only attempt to put it out if it is possible to do so. You have a spillage :Isolate the area no one to enter. Report to supervisor Cover with absorbent material. Ventilate the area. Remove and discard appropriately to the manufacturer’s instructions. If toxic leave to specialist trained persons to clean up. Someone is injured: Call ambulance if serious enough. Provide first aid and take to hospital. Report incident and complete accident report. Spotting a hazards: Report hazards to supervisor. Correct hazards if you can if competent. Prevent others from being affected by hazard.

AC 4.2 Describe the characteristics, quality, uses, sustainability, limitations and defects associated with the occupational resources in relation to: Lifting and handling aids, Container, Fixing, holding and securing systems:-

Characteristics Quality Uses Sustainability Limitations Defects

characteristics uses Limitations Defects sustainability
Lifting and handling aids Metal, wheelbarrows, shovels, brick grabs Brick lifters

Bucketsn Fork lift Slings Trolley All to meet BS requirements

Carry bricks, block and mortar To move materials horizontally and vertically Brick grabs can only carry 6 bricks per grab and wheel barrows can only carry a weight which is comfortable to lift by user. All have Safe working load or capacity Rusts punctures leaksContinual use will wear them out and they will not be safe or function as designed Can be recycledWell maintained will prolong their life spanKeep maintained to manufacturer’s instructions
Containers Large container Metal

small containers to store screws and other small objects secure and tidy

Storage of tools materials and equipment Capacity of container and accessibility Large container should have secure locking. Delivery of large container may be problem if lorry can get to site. Rust, wholes, cracks and wooden flooring root and leak Doors on containers wear out. Can be recycled. Can be used over and over again
Fixing, holding and securing systems Shelving, cupboards straps boxes Wall tiesJ oist Hangers, Holding Down Straps & Metal Fittings

Insulation retainers Screws Stainless steel or non ferrous metal . Plastic bands on brick pallets. Slings on lorry.

Storage

Wall ties fix inner and outer skin in walls. Retainers hold insulation in place. Screws fix doors windows.Secure bricks in bundle.

Secure bricks onto lorry

The limitations to securing systems such as boxes shelving and cupboards are the sizes strength and capacity compared to the requirements

Must only be used for what they are designed to do.

Cracks weak brackets insufficient fixings

Can snap if not lifted straight.

Can be recycled using designated skips.

Any defects do not use.

AC 4.3 Describe how the resources should be handled and how any problems associated with the resources are reported.

Resources should be handled to the manufacturer’s instructions. I use the correct manual lifting techniques. Any problems report to my supervisor immediately.

AC 4.4 Explain why the organisational procedures have been developed and how they are used for the selection of required resources.

Organisational procedures are in place for the selection of materials to ensure that there is control over the materials to prevent theft, over ordering or under ordering, ensuring there are appropriate quantity available on site for use. Resources should be used after taking information from cosh reports, risk assessment, and method statements and put safety precautions into place. Mistreated. Resources should be handled using information that you have received from risk assessments and method statements when moving loads you should assess the weight to see if it is comfortable for you to lift yourself if not you should get help bring the low down whenever possible you should get the forklift to deliver materials close to where you’re working to save manual handling. Resources should be handled in compliance with health and safety requirements and the risk and method statements, cosh reports and common sense

AC 4.5 Describe any potential hazards associated with the resources and methods of work.

Falls from height Exposure to electricity. Overhead and underground cables Proximity to flammable or combustible materials Climbing steps and working platforms Risk of vehicle overturning Risk of eye injury from flying particles and dust. Cancer risk from Exposure to asbestos Slips trips and falls due to untidy work area Manual handling activities Using various types of machinery and tools. Moulds, fungi and bacteria. Dermatitis Cuts and abrasions Struck my machinery Loss of fingers/limbs Risk of pain or injury from performing repetitive tasks.

AC 5.4 Describe how to protect work from damage and the purpose of protection in relation to general workplace activities, other occupations and adverse weather conditions.

We protect bricks and blocks and keep them dry before use. On completion of wall we protect it from rain if face work by covering with sheet and pulling the scaffold board back to stop slashing onto face. The same applies to frost we cover the work over to prevent frost damage. We put scaffold boards or tape to prevent other occupations damaging fresh work when walking by. In high winds we stop work as big block walls get blown over or go out of shape. Always put wood barriers on floor to take load and to stop any damp coming up through, never stack too high as you risk materials falling over potentially hurting someone or even damaging the materials then finish off by always cover using plastic sheeting to stop getting wet.

AC 5.5 Explain why the disposal of waste should be carried safely in accordance with: Environmental responsibilities: Organisational procedures, Manufacturers’ information, Statutory regulations, Official guidance:-

Disposal of waste should be carried out in the correct legal way to prevent contamination of the environment and with the possibility of it being reused or re cycled. How I would comply to environmental requirements: I would comply with the company policies and tool box talk instructions to dispose of waste and reduce dust and other pollutants. Switch off lights and equipment when not in use. Do not play radio loud or fly tip.

AC 6.2 State the purpose of the work programme and explain why deadlines should be kept in relation to: Progress charts, timetables and estimated times, Organisational procedures for reporting circumstances which will affect the work programme.

The purpose of a progress chart is to show start and completion times of operations. These are contractual obligation and if they are not meet there can be financial penalties to the building contractor. The programme can identify problems or progress. It enables planning of materials plant and personnel and helps plan for remedial actions to get back onto schedule. Should there be a situation with resources that may cause delays to the work then we are to report to my supervisor immediately.

AC 7.3 Describe how to apply safe work practices, follow procedures, report problems and establish the authority needed to rectify them when moving, handling and/or storing occupational resources.

I apply safe working practices and follow procedures from what Health and safety I have been given, Questions and answers from tool box talks and reading the manufacturer’s information of how to handle move and store resources. Should there be a problem I report it to my supervisor and wait for to be given authority to correct and rectify the situation to my supervisor’s instructions. Before storing or Manuel handling any equipment you need to be looking at the route you will be taking so that you can spot any potential hazards and make sure your using all correct PPE such as gloves, boots and hi viz and also assess the load to make sure it’s a safe weight to lift and use cosh reports to make sure materials are not hazards. Check risk assessments and method statements.

AC 7.4 Describe the needs of other occupations when moving, handling and/or storing resources.

I will need to communicate with other occupations when transferring resources to another place. This will prevent as little interference with the work they are doing and they will be aware of the hazards could occur from me moving the resources.You need to let people know when and where you will be storing goods so that people know where to find them when they are needed and you do not put them in front of materials that will be needed sooner than the ones you are storing, as this could hold people up.


40 Erecting Masonry Structures in the Workplace

AC 1.3 Describe the organisational procedures developed to report and rectify inappropriate information and unsuitable resources and how they are implemented. If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 1.4 OR

I would inform my supervisor should I think that I have the wrong information or resources. He will then explain to site agent. I would stop work until I have been give confirmation on what to do next.

1.4 Describe different types of information, their source and how they are interpreted in relation to:

Drawings Drawings: This shows what is to be built. It will have elevations to all sides of the construction. It will have sections of the building. It may have detailed drawings for some aspects. It will have sizes of rooms and heights and hatching will show what materials to be used. Found it site office.

specifications, This is a written description of the quality of materials and details of fixing and dimensions of all aspects of the construction work to be used with drawings when building.. Found it site office.

risk assessments, A systematic process of identifying the potential risks that may be involved in a building activity. When doing an activity reference to the risk assessment will assist in preventing accident. Found it site office.

method statements, A method statement helps manage the work and ensures that the necessary precautions have been communicated to those involved. Method statements help reduce hazards by careful planning of an operation. Found it site office.

schedules, Schedules are used for listing repetitive items in a construction project, such as doors windows and their ironmongery, manholes, finishing to rooms, etc. The word is also used wrongly in construction in place of a work programme, it is Found it site office or on drawings.

manufacturers' information and regulations governing buildings. A Manufacturer’s information can be found on the product itself and explains how the item should be handled put into place and fixed or used.

Regulations governing buildings come from local authority building department at local council offices. These are incorporated into the drawings and specifications and these are approved by the building department.

AC 2.1 Describe their responsibilities regarding potential accidents and health hazards, whilst working: in the workplace, below ground level, at height, with tools and equipment, with materials and substances movement/storage of materials manual handling and mechanical lifting

Where ever I am working on site I take reasonable care for your own health and safety and of others who may be affected by your work such as other workers or members of the public. Report any defect that you think may endanger the health and safety of yourself, other persons or members of the public. Report any accident or near miss to my supervisor.

Working below ground level there’s a danger that I could be buried or crushed, an should always have someone working from above ground who is able to raise alarm if anything was to happen an must have ladders ready for use.

At height when working on a scaffold you must be aware on falling over the edge, to lesser these risks there should be hand rails all around at the correct  height of 950mm so prevent

you falling over edge, there should also be toe boards so broken bricks etc. can’t fall off.

When used equipment you can bang your hands on things for example cutting bricks with hammer and bolster you could slip the bolster an catch your hand, or broken bits of bricks could end up in your eyes. You can help prevent this by simply wearing the correct PPE such as Gloves, Goggles

Materals when using materials such as blocks you could hurt your back or your hands wet blocks can take the skin of your fingers so you should wear gloves

substances such as brick acid will burn your skin so you should wear gloves, cement can cause irritation to the skin and eyes, to prevent this giggles an gloves may be needed, get all information from COSH reports

movement/storage of materials the movement of materials can cause problems if you are using a wheelbarrow or manual handling as this can put strain on your back and your legs you should not overload wheelbarrows and if you are manual handling you should only lift comfortable loads

Manual Handling can be very dangerous when not carried out correctly, should always follow risk assessment as you do not want any trip hazards popping up when ur carrying heavy objects.

Mechanical Lifting should only be used by a trained operative otherwise if not could end up killing someone

in the workplace you must wear the correct PPE at all times when on site and follow site signage information

AC 2.2 Describe the organisational security procedures for tools, equipment and personal belongings in relation to: Site: Workplace, Company, Operative:- If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 2.2 OR

The security of tools on larger sites are kept in lock up box or security store. When on smaller jobs the kit is locked in the van overnight. My personal belongings are my own responsibility. . Lifting equipment is stored in the secure container overnight. Some sites you have to sign out tools and sign back in at the end of the day.

2.3 Explain what the accident reporting procedures are and who is responsible for making the reports.

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 2.3 OR

If I observe an accident I report it to my supervisor. He will report it to the site agent or safety officer. This is then recorded into the book. A description of what happened is written in and the time and date.


AC 3.3 State why and when health and safety control equipment, identified by the principles of protection, should be used relating to types, purpose and limitations of each type, the work situation, occupational use and the general work environment, in relation to:-

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 641 AC 1.4 OR

Collective protective measures: Risk assessments COSHH assessments and such as target zero hazard reporting cards protect people by highlighting hazards and dealing with them before they cause an injury. Other forms of collective measures include designated walkways and kick boards on scaffolding. Target zero hazard reporting cards protect the person reporting them as well as the other working men and women working in the same environment.    Designated walkways help protect the person walking down them as it removes them from routes the forklift may be driving along.  Kick boards on scaffolding protect the people working below as they will prevent any falling objects going of the side of the scaffold. Target zero hazard reporting cards will only protect people on site if they are responded to with the correct action, Designated walkways will only protect the people on site when they are used and there the site is well run and everyone is safety conscious, this is also the case with kicker boards.

Site induction Tool box talks Method statements Poster boards Signs mandatory prohibition and hazard warning. Designated walk ways no go areas Hand rails Hoarding and fencing. Fall protection nets and inflatable systems Purpose and limitations This is to get everyone doing the correct safe procedures. To identify and inform hazards that exists on site. To reduce injuries.Personally protects the person’s body from injury. Limitations: poor communication People not listening People not reading information People not following instructions.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) Steel toe boots Hi visibility jacket Hard hat Goggles Ear defenders Gloves Bust mask While working as brick layer to comply with the site regulations on safety and use all PPE and report any hazards to supervisor. When gaining access on any site inside the uk, you are by law supposed to wear all PPE supplied to you by your employer. For example your employer may supply you with a hi visibility jacket, this will make you more visible to moving traffic etc. Hi Viz jacket is mainly used to make you more visible to moving vehicles on site               Hard Hate is used to protect your head from falling objects. Steel Toe Cap boots must be worn to protect your feet from anything sticking out of the ground as well as falling objects.  Hi viz will make you more visible to moving vehicles but if you are hit it will not save you.          Hard hat will take a certain degree of impact; however it will not save you from head or neck injuries from heavy object or falls. Steel toe cap boots will protect your toes and in some cases your sole, however it will not stop you the top part of your foot or the sides as you will only get the same protection as you would from normal boots.Purpose and limitations Protect feet To be seen Protect head Protect eyes Protect ears Protect hands To stop breathing in dust. People not using the PPE correctly can limit the PPEs effectiveness if an incident occurs. When on site and lifting cutting and laying bricks and blocks and fixing to timber frame and concrete structures. Mechanical cutting.


Respiratory protective equipment (RPE)

Dust mask SCBA self contained breathing apparatus.

RPE Should always be supplied and used when using a disk cutter, cleaning out plots scraping the floor and mixing mortar in confined space. RPE will only work when being used correctly and the correct type of mask is used and is fitted correctly, it will not stop every last bit of dust entering your lungs .          

Purpose and limitations

Power cut will fail systems that rely on electric power. Can still get injured falling onto fall protection systems. When participating in all work activities and movement on site within these zones

The Work situation To protect lungs breathing in dust. Life limitations to the kit. Beard makes it less effective. To protect breathing in toxic fumes and gases . Requires intensive training and careful maintenance. Used when cutting bricks and blocks with grinder. Working where there are harmful fumes and gases General site work Working in sewage or contaminated ground

Local exhaust ventilation (LEV) LEV is an engineering control system to reduce dust, mist, fume, vapour or gas in the workplace. It is something that sucks an airborne contaminant out of the workplace. To remove dust and toxic gasses out of the premises. Nosey. local exhaust ventilation (LEV) Levs will be used when working in a very dusty environment to minimise the dust in the room.  Levs will remove most of the dust but you should as well always use a dust mask as it does not take away all dust. Removed fumes or dust from local area. Used to extract diesel fumes from generator and extract dust from cutting areas. Remove toxic gases from confined areas. circumstances.

Limitations Forget to switch on break down run out of fuel.

3.4 State how the health and safety control equipment relevant to the work should be used in accordance with the given instructions. If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 641 AC 1.5 OR

The safety control equipment I use on site must be used in accordance to the manufactures instructions and site regulations. The person using it must be trained to use it. We have training and advice given during induction and tool box talks. Should I be in doubt I ask my supervisor what to PPE to use.


3.5 State how emergencies should be responded to in accordance with organisational authorisation and personal skills when involved with: Fires, Spillages, and Injuries, Other task-related hazards:- If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 3.6 OR

fire breaks out : Assemble at fire point. Call fire brigade. Only attempt to put it out if it is possible to do so. You have a spillage :Isolate the area no one to enter. Report to supervisor Cover with absorbent material. Ventilate the area. Remove and discard appropriately to the manufacturer’s instructions. If toxic leave to specialist trained persons to clean up. Someone is injured: Call ambulance if serious enough. Provide first aid and take to hospital. Report incident and complete accident report. Spotting a hazards : Report hazards to supervisor. Correct hazards if you can if competent. Prevent others from being affected by hazard


4.2 Describe the characteristics, quality, uses, sustainability, limitations and defects associated with the resources in relation to: – bricks, blocks, mortars, frames, insulation, damp-proof barriers, lintels, fixings, ties– hand and/or powered tools and equipment.

Characteristics Quality uses Limitations defects Sustainability
Bricks Clay concrete sand/lime

215 x 100 X 65 frog holed solid face common specials. Varies in density and crushing strength and absorption

Clay bricks to BS 3921:1985

Concrete bricks BS 6073-1:1981

Building walls (housing . garden walls) Building walls to be rendered or faced Cannot be laid when Too hot or too cold too wet. Cracks, colour, strength Miss shaped or not to BS sizes Chipped face brick Can be reused if build in lime mortar. Used as hardcore
Blocks Rectangle Concrete

440 X 15 X 100

Concrete blocks to BS 6073 Parts 1 and 2 Building walls, housing and footings Cannot be laid if Too hot, too cold and too wet. Difficult to lay when wet. Cracks, strength and durability Blocks can be crushed and reused as aggregate. Exposed block starts to have frost attack.
Frames Timber or PVC frames to BS EN 14220:2006 Used to hold glass in position, to allow light in and ventilate Timber frames need treatment regularly by painting Rotten, cracked. PVC usually square timber can be out of shape. Frames should be made from sustainable wood. PVC can be recycled
mortar Sand cement lime mortar

Sand Cement and plasticiser

Mortar made on site must be mixed by machine, which must be cleaned before use to avoid contamination and must be cleaned out before changing mixes, and at the end of every working period. All materials must be measured accurately by volume or weight, and not shovels. Powdered plasticizer must be dissolved in part of the mixing water before use. Mortar should be used within 2 hours of the mixing of the cement and water, and any mortar not then used must be discarded and not re-tempered. This period of time may require reducing due to temperature and weather conditions.

Mortar shall consist of one of the following types of mix. The mixes to be used will be shown on the relevant drawings. CEMENT:LIME: MASONRY CEMENT: CEMENT:SAND SAND PLASTICIZER i) 1:0 to ¼:3 - - ii) 1:½:4 to 4½ 1:2½ to 3½ 1:3 to 4 iii) 1:1:5 to 6 1:4 to 5 1:5 to 6 iv) 1:2:8 to 9 1:5½ to 6½ 1:7 to 8 Where sulphate resisting cements are used, the mortar designations shall be prefixed 'S'. Ready mixed lime: sand for mortar is to be 1: 1: 5/6 range and shall be comply with the requirements of BS 4721. Class i) Mortar to be used below dpc Class iii) Mortar to be used above dpc

Used to build houses, building, walls Various strengths from using different ratios of mix of Sand to cement for different jobs Cannot be used if Too hot, too cold, too wet Contaminated sand or the mortar could be weak. Correct ratio for the job it has to do or will fail. Colour may vary due to poor mix ratios. Frost attack or sulphate attack. Mortar can be crushed and used to make agregate. Only lime mortar can be reused.
Insulation Yellow rolls of fiberglass. Made in standard slabs to fit behind blockwork in cavity. Can have different insulation values depending on the material it is made from. to BS 5618:1985

Code of practice for thermal insulation of cavity walls (with masonry or concrete inner and outer leaves) by filling with urea-formaldehyde (UF) foam systems

rock wool , BS EN 13162, ISO 14001: 2004. Standards,

Insulating inside walls and loft space No limitations, the thicker the insulation the more heat in will keep in the building Once it gets really wet cannot be used.have to be constructed accurately to avoid cold spots.Poorly positioned insulation looses heat This is often made from recycled materials.No sustainability on reuse but reduces carbon footprint of house it is built in.
Damp proof barriers Are made from plastic. Various qualities Plastic, lead, bitumen polythene. to BS 6515:1984 Stop damp from rising Prevent rising damp in walls and floors Any water that goes over damp course will still enter buiilding Has no use if the damp is punctured an water an damp will still be able to pass through.Will not resist water pressure. Poor brickwork practice will bridge water barrier in cavity.If punctured will leave in damp Usually made from recycled materials. Cannot be used again should last the life of the building
Lintels Metal and reinforced concrete. comes in various sizes in length and widths to suit wall thickness the span and the load it has to take to BS EN 845-2: 2013 To hold the weight above window and door openings. Can only go over a certain span without support They could be bent, cracked or rusty. Large concrete lintels to heavy to position by manual handling. Metal ones move during construction has to be propped up. Should not be used if it has defects They can be recycled
fixings Joist Hangers and firfyx

( made of metal )Wall ties Insulation retainers Screws Stainless steel or non ferrous metal

Joist Hangers, Holding Down Straps & Metal Fittings Galvanised hot rolled strip used to provide stability between sections of walls, or between blockwork and the frame of a building, shall be in accordance with the requirements of EN2 (H.S.4B.) of BS 1449 : Part 1. Joist hangers, wall and roof anchors, etc, shall be constructed from mild steel grade 43A, or its equivalent, i.e. EN2 (H.S.4B.) of BS 1449 : Part 1 for hot rolled strip. Joist hangers, and similar fabrication shall be galvanised after manufacture, with a minimum costing weight of 610 grm/m² to BS 729. All other fittings shall be galvanised to the above standard, or sheradized to BS 4921 Class 2 (minimum local thickness 15 microns). All such angles are to be formed from grade 18/8 austenitic stainless steel plate or sheet. All bolts, sockets and shims used to fix such angles to the structure shall also be grade 18/8 austenitic stainless steel. Hold joists into position n to build the junctions.Wall ties fix inner and outer skin in walls. Retainers hold insulation in place. Screws fix doors windows. Limitations of joint hangers and firfyx are they are not so strong as the brick and block work that they are attached to.Must be fixed to specification Defects are they could be bent, flattened or even rusty. Must only be used for what they are designed to do. Work has to be accurate to accommodate design no flexibility. No defects if used correctly They can be recycled.Very little or no waste
Ties Made from stainless or galvanised steal All wall ties for cavity walls shall be in accordance with BS 1243. Metal ties for cavity wall construction shall be grade 18/8 austenitic stainless steel double triangle type or similar approved. The double triangle type of tie with the appropriate retaining washer shall be used for the support of cavity wall insulation, or similar approved. Ties and anchors between brickwork and concrete shall be stainless steel butterfly type cast into concrete as work proceeds, at specified spacing to suit brick / Block coursing. Ties and anchors between blockwork and concrete shall be 40mm x 5mm galvanised hoop iron, fixed into concrete as work proceeds at specified spacing to suit block coursing.  To add strength to the wall, and to stop damp transfering across cavity They are limited by the strengh of the mortar that are holding them in Rusty and bent They can be recycled
Hand tools or powered tools and equipment. Trowel level line and pins, lump hammer bolster, disc cutter 110v. Good quality tools with good maintenance should last a good tim The Provision of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER) require all work equipment to be fit for its intended purpose, to be maintained and inspected to ensure it remains in a safe condition, to have relevant clear and visible safety markings, such as a CE mark and British Standard markings.  Help carry out jobs when laying levelling and cutting materials. Used to erect brick and block walls. Only as good as the workmen using them Rusted bent split inaccurate. Of no effective use in other occupations other than brickwork. Poor maintenance can be expensive. Metal can be recycled when the stools are no longer usable. Good quality tools with good maintenance should last a good time.Eventually all the tools will wear out and need discarding

4.3 Describe how the resources should be handled and how any problems associated with the resources are reported.

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.3 Resources should be handled to the manufacturer’s instructions. I use the correct manual lifting techniques. Any problems report to my supervisor immediately.Resources should be used after taking information from cosh reports, risk assessment, and method statements and put safety precautions into place. Mistreat

AC 4.4 Explain why the organisational procedures have been developed and how they are used for the selection of required resources. If you answered this before Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.4

Organisational procedures are in place for the selection of materials to ensure that there is control over the materials to prevent theft, over ordering or under ordering, ensuring there are appropriate quantity available on site for use.

AC 4.5 Describe any potential hazards associated with the resources and methods of work. If you answered this before this Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.5

Falls from height Exposure to electricity. Overhead and underground cables Proximity to flammable or combustible materials Climbing steps and working platforms Risk of vehicle overturning Risk of eye injury from flying particles and dust. Cancer risk from Exposure to asbestos Slips trips and falls due to untidy work area Manual handling activities Using various types of machinery and tools. Moulds, fungi and bacteria. Dermatitis Cuts and abrasions Struck my machinery Loss of fingers/limbs Risk of pain or injury from performing repetitive tasks. When using blocks you could drop them on your feet, could also hurt your back by ether lifting incorrectly or by trying to lift to much mortar could flick in your eye mortar could also irritate your skin and cause dermatitis


AC 4.6 Describe how to calculate quantity, length, area and wastage associated with the method/procedure to erect masonry structures/erect masonry cladding.

Blocks: there are 10 per square meter. Measure the area height and length to get square area. Then multiply by 10 to get the number of blocks. Estimate 5% waste. Every 100 blocks I calculate I add 5 for waste. Bricks: there are 60 brick per square meter of half brick wall. Length X height = Square area. Multiply square area by 60 that will give you the amount of bricks. Add 5% waste for every 100 bricks add anot

AC 5.4 Describe how to protect work from damage and the purpose of protection in relation to general workplace activities, other occupations and adverse weather conditions. If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 5.4

We protect bricks and blocks and keep them dry before use. On completion of wall we protect it from rain if facework by covering with sheet and pulling the scaffold board back to stop slashing onto face. The same applies to frost we cover the work over to prevent frost damage. We put scaffold boards or tape to prevent other occupations damaging fresh work when walking by. In high winds we stop work as big block walls get blown over or go out of shape.


5.5 Explain why the disposal of waste should be carried safely in accordance with: Environmental responsibilities: Organisational procedures, Manufacturers’ information, Statutory regulations, Official guidance:-

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 5.5 OR Disposal of waste should be carried out in the correct legal way to prevent contamination of the environment and with the possibility of it being reused or re cycled. Follow company policies and use the correct skips for waste materials.

AC 6.2 State the purpose of the work programme and explain why deadlines should be kept in relation to: Progress charts, timetables and estimated times, Organisational procedures for reporting circumstances which will affect the work programme.

If you answered this before This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 6.2 OR The purpose of a progress chart is to show start and completion times of operations. These are contractual obligation and if they are not meet there can be financial penalties to the building contractor. The programme can identify problems or progress. It enables planning of materials plant and personnel and helps plan for remedial actions to get back onto schedule. Should there be a situation with resources that may cause delays to the work then we are to report to my supervisor immediately.

7.5 Describe how to apply safe and healthy work practices, follow procedures, report problems and establish the authority needed to rectify them, to:

– erect cavity walling and solid walling using brick and block and local materials– erect walling of the local style – lay blocks (traditional and thin joint) – determine brick and block bonds– form joint finishes – form openings for doors and windows– prop and support structures– complete and remove temporary works – position insulation materials– position damp-proof barriers, cavity trays and weep holes– position wall ties – mix mortar– use hand tools, power tools and equipment– work with plant and machinery– work at height- use access equipment.

From the training I have been given I would follow the instructions and procedures that I received on Tools box talks and Health and safety courses. I will adhere to risk assessments any COSHH and method statements and take particular to the ones relevant to my occupation and directly affect me. I would wear additional PPE that is required of me in general work practice and any specific ones when undertaking a hazardous activity like using grinding wheel I use ear defenders and googles. Should there be any hazards I identify I will immediately stop work report to my supervisor. I will wait for my supervisor to confirm that I have authority to continue working before I carry on with my work. Any power equipment, machinery or materials I would use and maintain them as recommended by the manufacturer’s instructions. Where structures are propoed up I would need permission to work in the area and keep checking things are stable and safe while working. When working at height When working at height I would ensure that the access equipment is secure nothing missing like hand rails. Use harness if required by method statement. Do not drop things down. When using access equipment, I would ensure three points of contact on the equipment. I would maintain tools to the manufacturer’s instructions and only use them for their intended use. Plant I walk around not to cross its path and make sure the driver can see me.

A- Erect cavity walling and solid walling using brick and block and local materials.

When erecting cavity walls I will keep my area clean and tidy an wear gloves and correct PPE

B- Erect walling of the local style. . When erecting cavity walls I will keep my area clean and tidy an wear gloves and correct PPE I will wear goggles when dressing stone to protect my eyes from flying splinters

C- Lay blocks (Traditional and thin joint) when laying blocks you should lift using the correct manual lifting methods and where manual handling gloves

D- Determine brick and block bonds. You should lay brick and blocks dry until you gain the correct bond using the correct lifting methods.

E- Form joint finishes. When jointing you should wear gloves to prevent yourself from grazing hands

F- Form openings for doors and windows. When cutting out windows and doors make sure you are wearing goggles and mask and make sure that the work above has been propped up using acro props

G- Prop and support structures . when propping up work make sure you have sufficient support using acros and make sure that they are plumb

H- Complete and remove temporary works. When removing temp work such as acros make sure the work above is stable

I- Position insulation materials. When positioning materials such as fibre glass make sure you are wearing a mask and keep your skin covered.

J- Position damp-proof barriers, cavity trays and weep holes. When cutting dpc make sure you use a sharp nice and wear protective gloves

K- Position wall tiles. Position wall ties at the correct distances as required by the specification if you need to use a drill check  the condition of the drill and use goggles and gloves

L- Mix mortar. Make sure you wear goggles and face mask to help prevent you breathing in any harmful dust.

M- Use hand tools, power tools and equipment. When using hand tools make sure your using the relevant ppe listed in the risk assessment

N- Work with plant and machinery. Make sure your using a hi viz so you can be seen at all times.

O- Work at height. Make sure that hand rails and toes boards are all fitted.

P- Use access equipment when using ladders make sure they are at the right angle an someone’s always footing the ladder.

AC 7.6 Describe the needs of other occupations and how to effectively communicate within a team when erecting masonry structures

Other occupation may require working within my area. I need to communicate politely and professionally with them to ensure good communication. Good communication and getting along with each other motivates people to be more productive and prevents accidents.

7.7 Describe how to maintain the tools and equipment used when erecting masonry structures

Bricklaying Kit should be clean of any mortar or mud at the end of each day and wiped dry before storing. Any mechanical kit should be maintained to the manufacturer’s instructions. At the end of every work day I will wash down all tools I have used that day using a bucket of water and a brush, then use a wire wool brush to clean of trowel, once finished cleaning there are then placed away into my tool box


41 Setting Out Masonry Structures in the Workplace

1.3 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 1.4

1.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 40 AC 1.4

2.1 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 40 AC 2.1

2.2 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 2.2

2.3 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 2.3

3.3 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 40 AC 3.3

3.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 641 AC 1.5

3.5 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 3.6


4.2 Describe the characteristics, quality, uses, sustainability, limitations and defects associated with the resources in relation to: – levels, lines, profiles, tape measures, pegs, squares and fixings - hand tools and setting out equipment.

Characteristics uses Limitations defects Sustainability
Levels Dumpy, lazer, spirit and water

Spirit levels various sizes depends on preference and the task. Should be of excellent quality and accurate.

For setting out levels across site, To level and plumb brickwork and blockwork Accuracy over distances depending on type of level used, bricklayers level should only be used for short distances. Maintain clean and use as manufacture instructions will last long if of good quality to start.Requires practice to read and use for accuracy. Bending, bubble splitting or inaccurate. Should not be used if it has defect Metal can be reused if recycled. long life if looked after
Lines Cotton or nylon string.Hi vis line can easily be seen Set out footings and walls.Indicates where the walls are to go when setting out. Can begin to sag over long distances.Must be able to take tension when being pulled without breaking.Wind can blow line and distort accuracy. Can be trip hazard. Snapping, tangling and nots. Knots impede accuracy and frayed lines can break though bad maintenance. Well maintained will last longer
Profiles Wooden boards attached to stakes Setting out shape of building. For setting out corners and straight internal walls. Hold the lines for setting out walls from which the bricklayer plumbs down. Can get easily broken and only used to set out low level work.Difficult to knock into rocky soil.Made of timber must be durable for the duration of setting out. Can warp, snap or be hit over. Excavator tendency to knock out of shape. Can split when knocking nails in or knocking into hard soil Can be recycled. Can be reused.
Tape Measures Metal or cotton. Various sizes 2m to 30m retractable or wind up. Variety of qualities are available on the market To measure distances when setting out. The length of the tape. Can split when knocking nails in or knocking into hard soil. Can snap, rust and bend.Accuracy over larger distances should be checked thoroughly. Metal tapes expand in strong sun. Plastic has tendency to stretch over long distance. Well maintained will last some time.
Pegs wooden stakes. Timber 2x2 inch with point Used to set levels around site. Used with profiles. Used for transferring levels. If the ground is frozen or rocky pegs cant not be used Snaping, rotting. Made of timber must be durable for the duration of setting out.Difficult to knock into rocky soil if wood. Easily knocked out by machines or vandalism. Wood should be used from a sustainable forest. Can be reused.
Squares metal or wood. To square the setting out of 90 degrees Setting out right angles Must be accurate. Maintain clean and use as manufacture instructions will last long if of good quality to start. May not be read accurately. Check with 3:4:5. Ok on small buildings not accurate over large areas. Inaccurate, bent. Should not be used if it has defect. Can be recycled
Fixings Screws and nails, steel Used to make profiles Can only be used once because they rust and are damaged when removing them Rusty nails and damaged heads on screws Can be recycled
hand tools and setting out equipment. Metal, string and wood,Sledge hammer, Laser level and tripod. Staff . Two 30m tapes To complete setting out of brick and block work. To knock in pegs. To measure lengths and widths and check 3:4:5 for square. Badly maintained tools and the skill and accuracy of the person using them. Must be accurate good quality Inaccurate levels, knotted string and damaged pegs and loose heads on hammers.

laser level need training to use and set out accurate.

Not accurate on large areas.If tapes have defects do not use as inaccurate. If sledge has defects do not use as it is hazard.

All materials are recyclable if put into the correct designated skips. Maintain clean and use as manufacture instructions will last long if of good quality to start.

4.3 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.3

4.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.4

4.5 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.5

4.6 Describe how to calculate distances, length, levels and diagonals, quantity and area associated with the method/procedure to set out masonry structures.

A. The distances and lengths are given on the drawings. For a rectangular building: Establish frontage line and the width of building at the front put in pegs and nail and string a line. From the corners of these pegs using 3:4:5 set out sides of building position line on pegs, Position these further than the length of building out of the way.. Measure back from front of building to get the back of the building put pegs in there on the side lines. You now have 4 pegs with nails in where building is going to go Check diagonals for square; if not square adjust pegs so diagonals are the same. OR calculated using Pythagoras theorem A2=B2xC2 To know area multiply Length by width = area squared. To know volume multiply Length by width by depth= Volume cubed.

5.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 5.4

5.5 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 5.5

6.2 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 6.2

7.5 This assessment criteria has been met in 40 AC 7.5

7.6 This assessment criteria has been met in 40 AC 7.6

7.7 This assessment criteria has been met in 40 AC 7.7



42 Erecting Masonry Cladding in the workplace

1.3 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 1.4

1.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 40 AC 1.4

2.1 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 40 AC 2.1

2.2 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 2.2

2.3 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 2.3

3.3 This assessment criteria has been met in 641 AC 1.4

3.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 641 AC 1.5

3.5 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 3.6

4.2 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 40 AC 4.2

4.3 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.3

4.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.4

4.5 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 4.5

4.6 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 40 AC4.6 and 8 AC 4.6

5.4 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 5.4

5.5 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 5.5

6.2 This Assessment Criteria has been met in 643 AC 6.2

7.5 This Assessment criteria has been met in 40 AC 7.5

7.6 This Assessment criteria has been met in 40 AC 7.6

7.7 This Assessment criteria has been met in 40 AC 7.7

QCF50v2     Repairing and Maintaining Masonry Structures in the Workplace

4.2 Describe the characteristics, quality, uses, sustainability, limitations and defects associated with the resources in relation to: - bricks, blocks, natural stones, mortars, sand, lime, additives, frames, insulation, damp-proof barriers, lintels, fixings and ties,

hand and/or powered tools and equipment

Characteristics uses Limitations defects Sustainability
Bricks Rectangle clay

215 x 100 X 65

Building walls (housing . gardens) Cannot be laid when Too hot or too cold too wet. Cracks, colour, strength Face of bricks starts to detreat after 60 years
Blocks Rectangle Concrete

440 X 15 X 100

Building walls, housing and footings Cannot be laid if Too hot, too cold and too wet Cracks, strength and durability Blocks can be crushed and reused as aggregate
natural stones, Natural stone various different sizes and colours Used for walling and decorative panels Cannot be laid if Too hot, too cold and too wet Can have cracks and natural defects such as voids Natural stone is unsustainable as it is taken from quarries
Frames timber Used to hold glass in position Timber frames need treatment regularly by painting Rotten, cracked Frames should be made from sustainable wood
mortar Sands and cement Used to build houses, building, walls Cannot be used if Too hot, too cold, too wet Contaminated sand or the mortar could be dead Mortar can be crushed and used to make agregate
Sand Two main types of sand are pits and Holme sand Used to make mortar Should not be used below freezing Can be contaminated by soil and leaves Unsustainable as it is dredged from the sea or taken from pits
Lime lime is crushed limestone used to make mortar Lime is used as a plasticiser in mortars Lime takes longer to go off and cement mortars Bags could have got wet Lime is unsustainable because it is taken from quarries
Additives plasticiser liquid used to make mortar more usable too much plasticiser can weaken mortar splits in bottle water down out of date plasticisers are often biodegradable
Insulation Yellow rolls of fiberglass Insulating inside walls and loft space No limitations, the thicker the insulation the more heat in will keep in the building Once it gets really wet cannot be used. This is often made from recycled materials
Damp proof barriers Are made from plastic Stop damp from rising Any water that goes over damp course will still enter buiilding Has no use if the damp is punctured an water an damp will still be able to pass threw. Usually made from recycled materials
Lintels Made from steal To hold the weight above window and door openings. Can only go over a certain span without support They could be bent, cracked or rusty It can be recycled
fixings Joist Hangers and firfyx

( made of metal )

Hold joists into position n to build the junctions. Limitations of joint hangers and firfyx are they are not so strong as the brick and block work that they are attached to Defects are they could be bent, flattened or even rusty They can be recycled
Ties Made from stainless or galvanised steal To add strength to the wall, and to stop damp transferring across cavity They are limited by the strength of the mortar that are holding them in Rusty and bent They can be recycled
Hand tools or powered tools and equipment. Made from metal with plastic handles Help carry out jobs when laying levelling and cutting materials Only as good as the workmen using them Rusted bent split inaccurate Metal can be recycled when the stools are no longer usable