Manga Study Guide: Barefoot Gen/Line
Lines used in Manga
Lines are a common use in comics. They are often used to emphasize situations or add
extra information to the scene. Most commonly they are used to express action, motion,
mood, power or depression.
Action lines are usually parallel straight, diagonal or curved lines. Action lines have two
main categories, one being focus lines and the other speed lines.
Focus lines are used to create focus towards a certain object/person by using thus focus
lines via outward projections. (image)
Speed lines are a combination of a lot of lines going in the same direction, usually parallel
straight lines. It is used to indicate velocity, or speed, in the scene whilst directing where
the character(s) is moving towards. (image)
These lines are often curved, spiky or even shown like smoke to indicate the atmosphere
or the current mood of a character or an object. They are often around –or emitted from - a
character or object making it seem like steam is coming off them. (image)
Lines to show depression are mainly vertical straight lines. These indicate the character's feeling towards the situation.