History of wireless telegraphy and broadcasting in Australia/Topical/Publications/Wireless Weekly/Issues/1922 08 18
Links to Issue PDFs[edit | edit source]
scan of Australasian Radio World - Vol. 01 No. 04 - August 1936 has been utilised to create the partial content for this page and can be downloaded at this link to further extend the content and enable further text correction of this issue: ARW 1936 08
In general, only content which is required for other articles in this Wikibook has been entered here and text corrected. The material has been extensively used, inter alia, for compilation of biographical articles, radio club articles and station articles.
P.01 - Front Page[edit | edit source]
THE WIRELESS WEEKLY
A Journal Devoted to the Interests of Wireless Enthusiasts both Amateur and Professional
Vol. 1 — No. 3; SYDNEY, AUGUST 18th, 1922. Price — Threepence.
Cover Photo: Sketch of Port Moresby Radio (New Guinea) V.I.A.
Advertisement: Wireless Electric Company, Beach Street, Coogee, N.S.W. We Specialise in Complete Radio Receiving Sets and all Parts. Write or Phone for Particulars. PHONE 368 & 369 RANDWICK.
P.02 - Editorial[edit | edit source]
A TALK WITH WIRELESS WEEKLY.
Were the restrictions placed by the authorities on amateur radio in Australia justified? There are very few amateurs who will tell you that they were, but a little calm reflection cannot but show that the authorities were right. From all appearances the restrictions are now about to be eased somewhat and the task of controlling the experimental work that is bound to result should be an easy one. That is because the Australian amateur has been disciplined and made to feel his position. America, they will tell you, is a paradise for the amateur. But is it? A well-informed man just back from the United States says that there is absolute pandemonium in the ether there, and any serious experimenting, in most places, has to be carried out at odd moments when there is a lull. Every kind of apparatus seems to be disturbing the ether in the evenings. The small boy with the spark coil is as numerous and energetic as the more advanced enthusiast with telephony and C.W. apparatus. In many cases the tuning is as broad as the Atlantic, and the operating can only be described as deplorable. It may be that the state of affairs has been brought about by the minority, but the fact remains that the authorities could have prevented the chaos. Why there have been occasions when important commercial stations suffered continued interference from the amateurs. Great Britain adopted the right policy and kept a tight rein on amateur activities, and now there has been a generous relaxation of restrictions there, and everybody seems satisfied. It is understood that the Australian Authorities will soon be relaxing the restrictions, and one can only hope that the experimenters will assist in maintaining some kind of order. It may be presumed that an amateur will have to pass a certain examination before being granted a transmitting license. The authorities should see that this is such that no irresponsible with but scanty knowledge can pass it. But here is a hint for the powers that be: don't penalise the little fellow with the crystal set, he can do no harm. Just charge him a nominal fee to cover the cost issuing him a license. It is up to every amateur to assist his Government, at the same time thanking his stars that we have avoided America's awful example.
Differences[edit | edit source]
DIFFERENCES. Do you know' that it is the dif- ference between currents flowing- through your crystal detector which determines how well or liow poorly the crystal operates. The operation of all crystal de- tectors is based on uni-direct- ional, or one-way conductivity. If the contact wire be touching an appropriate spot on the surface of the crystal, currents will pass in one direction far more easily than in the reverse direction. If the spot be not an appro- priate one, it may be found that the current flowing, may be as large or larger than before, but that it flows at about the same vali;e in either direction. There is very little difference, and there- fore very poor results. Thus the ‘crystal rectifies the current, by- allowing it to flow mainly in one direction.
Wireless in Persia[edit | edit source]
WIRELESS IN PERSIA.
Wireless has proved a great boon to Persia, a country which is greatly isolated on account of its geographical position, it being hemmed in by mountains and possessing so few good roads. Persian roads are mostly mere caravan tracks, and the means of communication with the outside world are scanty. The operator in the Marconi station put up a remarkable record recently by covering a distance of 6,249 miles (nautical), and getting a clear message to the "Mantua," which was just off Melbourne.
Electricity House Ad[edit | edit source]
ELECTRICITY HOUSE 387 GEORGE STREET (OP. STRAND). TEL- 2961 CITY FOR ALL RADIO SUPPLIES. We cater specially for the amateur. Expert advice given free. All aud any Gf ar made to'order. Large Stocks always on hand. Complete Outfits from £5. HONEYCOMB COILS, from 6s. 6d. CONDENSOR PLATES, from Is. Gd. dcz Knobs, Dials, Rheostats, Switch Arms, Eboniie and Bakelite Panels, Cabinets, etc. Absents SatisfactSon Guaranteed.
P.03[edit | edit source]
Miss F. V. Wallace[edit | edit source]
AMATEURS! Let us,show yoii'how to make your own set, and economise. We stock all Parts and will give you every assistance: Country and Interstate amateurs, take advantage of our Same Day Service. Miss F. V. WALLACE, Electricai Engineer, 18 Royal Arcade (opp. Q.V. Buildings), George Street, Sydney.
5430 Miles[edit | edit source]
5430 MILES. TAHITI'S GOOD WORK. Mr. E. M. Bain, Senior Wireless Officer of the steamer "Tahiti," reports that during the trip just completed, the installation, which has given consistently excellent results, broke all records for working with San Francisco Radio. The following list shows that the high efficiency of the installation was proved night after night, by the "Tahiti," sending radiograms back over thousands of miles to the Coastal Wireless Station at the port she had left a fortnight before:— 21st July — 3546 miles, 23rd July — 4200 miles, 24th July — 4519 Miles, 26th July — 4785 miles, 28th July — 5430 miles. The "Tahiti" carries a 1½ K.W. installation supplied by Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia) Limited, and the equipment includes valve receiving sets of the panel type recently designed and manufactured in the company’s works, Sydney. This type of receiver has been fitted in ships going to all parts of the world, and has given wonderful results in every direction.
Tags: Ship Wireless Officer, E. M. Bain, AWA, SS Tahiti
Atmospherics[edit | edit source]
ATMOSPHERICS. Atmospheric disturbances are due to static discharges from clouds or moisture in the air through the aerials to earth, and are most troublesome in summer. As the particles of moisture in the atmosphere are moved about by currents of air, they pick up free charges of electricity. Under certain conditions a cloud may gather enough of these charges to produce a flash of lightning. A group of charged moisture particles passing the aerials cause a momentary current to flow by attracting opposite charges from the ground, and this passing current gives rise to the familiar crackling sound in the telephones.
Thoughts of a Child[edit | edit source]
THOUGHTS OF A CHILD. Oh little crystal set, you are to me, A living fairy thing—a power to bring, The world unto my side, that I may be, Apart, yet in the midst of one great entity. Though oft I pause, and nervous pulses fret, And breaths come thick and fast, —until at last, The oft-repeated call is answered, yet I love you, though you torture, little set. And when you whisper words and music mild, My heart will scarce contain, — the joy, the pain, The aching, longing wish to know the wild, Ungoverned exultation of a child.
Tiepin Receiver[edit | edit source]
(Start Graphic Caption) Inspired by reports of small sets — The receiver of the future (Tiepin Type) — Under the microscope. (End Graphic Caption)
Transmit Speed Reduced[edit | edit source]
The speed of transmitting the two daily weather messages sent out by the Air Ministry (Eng- land), has been reduced to enable wireless amateurs stationed in the remote rural localities to accur- ately copy them. These reports are proving of great benefit to farmers.
Unique Menu[edit | edit source]
UNIQUE MENU. Among the most cherished possessions of Mr. Phil. Renshaw, is a menu card of a farewell dinner tendered on November 20, 1911, by the Wireless Institute of New South Wales, to Messrs W. H. Hannan (sic, Hannam) and C. Scandell (sic, Sandell), prior to their departure with the wireless section to the South Pole and Macquarie Island. The card reads:
Menu. No Relays Allowed.
1. Hors D'Oeuvres (look out for 'pherics).
2. Croute au Caviare, Olive in transformer oil.
3. Macquarie Island Trout (caught with 1½inch guy rope).
4. Suva Soup (so far only got by two members).
5. Tournedo de Boeuf Richelieu (C.Q., I.M.I., R.U.)
6. De Forest Turkey (Really Roast Penguin).
7. High Potential Ham.
8. Shellaced Asparagus.
9. Converter Jellies Polar (Bamboo), Trifle and Cream.
10. 5 K.W. Cheese.
11. Singing Spark Cigarettes.
12. Electrolytic Wines — Helix, Hock, Condenser Claret Silicon Chablis, Battery Beer, Aerial Waters, Terminal Coffee — in Leyden Jars.
To balance capacities.
Members must not overcharge their jars, otherwise they will get out of tune.
Tags: Walter Phillip Renshaw, Walter Henry Hannam, Charles Albert Sandell, Australasian Antarctic Expedition, WIA NSW, MQI - Macquarie Island
P.04[edit | edit source]
Western Electric Ad[edit | edit source]
Note these Ear Pieces Thernickel-plated brass cases are i machined to give strength where needed and to reduce weight where possible. The We3tem Electric Wireless Head Set is rigid and hard-wearing without ! being overweight. The one-piece | Special Tungsten Steel Magrets insure permanence under severe conditions ; and note the Comfort- able adjustment arrangement. Ask us for details. WESTERN ELECTRIC CO. (AUST.) LIMITED 192 Csstlereagh Street Sydney Also at 262 Flinders Lane. Melbourne. Agents inall States and Now Zealand.
End-Turns[edit | edit source]
END-TURNS. CUT THEM OUT (By Static) End-turns in an inductance are those in the unused portion which play no useful part in the work- ing of a set. For example, supposing, you have a coil which can tune to 50.000 metres, and are using on- ly sufficient turns to tune to 600 metres, the remainder of the coil —between the 600 and the 5000 metre positions—would not be in use, and would constitute end turns. These unused turns are directly coupled to the circuit, and, by having currents induced in them by the signal current, absorb energy from the circuit. This energy, which should help to in- crease the signal strength, is wasted. In addition the induced currents oppose the signal im- pulses, tending to damp them out and to weaken them. In crystal reception these ef- fects are noticed in a reduced strength of signal, while in valve reception there is also a difficulty in making the valve oscillate ow- ing to the high damping.
CORRECT VALUES. Obviously the best way to over- come these undesirable effects is to have only the correct value of induction in the circuit, and this is the process adopted notably in the case of honeycomb and basket wound coils. Honeycomb coils are made in sizes from 25 to 1,500 turns covering a range of wave-lengths from 150 to 25,000 metres, each coil tuning over a small band of wave-lengths. They usually have a plug attachment to facilitate the changing of coils when it is de- sired to change the band of wave- lengths received. Tuning is by means of variable condensers. It is not always desirable or convenient to substitute coils, so some other method must be adopt- ed.
DEAD ENDING. The most usual is to dis-connect the end turns —a process known as dead-ending—by means of a dead-end switch. Where only one dead-ending point is needed, this may be merely a two point switch, but where it is necessary to dead- end successive valves of the in- ductance, a more complicated form, such as a fan-type switch or a plug and jack arrangement is necessary. This method of dead-ending largely minimises the trouble as losses are now inductive only. Isolating end turns by short circuiting the first few of them is sometimes adopted but this is of very doubtful value, while short circuiting the whole of the end- turns should never be done, as this causes large energy losses.
For Mission Work[edit | edit source]
FOR MISSION WORK Radio broadcasting as an aid to the dissemination of the Gospel is now being considered by mission- ary bodies, says a London journal. By means of a single transmitting station one missionary would be able to reach remote sections of his field frequently and give en- couragement to native converts. Prominent missionary workers arc watching the development of radio in the expectation that the time is not far off when it will be practical for their work in distant lands. A single wire aerial is just as good for reception as a multi-wire aerial, and does not bring in so much spark interference. It is hot a fact that the bigger the aerial the better the reception. The big- ger aerial is only useful for long wave signals. A long aerial can be used for short wave work, but it means that a large condenser will have to be put in series with it to cut its capacity down, and that is not so efficient.
One for Brazil[edit | edit source]
ONE FOR BRAZIL. There is to be an inter-national radio central at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which will be modelled up- on the plans of the big American radio station on Long sland. The station will be constructed by the International Radio Com- pany, and a sub-station is to be built at Para.
In the Arctic[edit | edit source]
IN THE ARCTIC. A radio station has been estab- lished on Jan Mayen Island, in the Arctic Ocean. It is operated by Norwegians and cummunicates with English, Norwegian and Swedish metero- logical stations. As the island is visited by sealing and whaling vessels, this communication should be of great value to them.
P.05 - Simple Receiving Set[edit | edit source]
MAKE YOUR OWN. A SIMPLE RECEIVING SET. It is not generally, recognised with what ease and simplicity a set may be made for the reception of wireless signals, and in this article is described one which, requiring very little construction- al ability, is quite effiicient in operation. The cost, too, is extremely low. The tuning apparatus is known as a single-slide tuner and is con- structed as follows: — Obtain a cylinder of wood or cardboard, 3 h inches in diameter and 6 inches long. Make sure that this is thoroughly dry, and Fig 1 give it several good -_ts of shell- ac varnish. If a tube is used, cut two circular pieces from \ inch wood to fit tightly in the ends of the tube, and fasten them there with glue, or by driving small tacks through the tube. The cylinder is now wound full with 22 or 24 guages enamelled wire, commencing and finishing about J an inch from the ends. At one end allow about 6 inches of wire over for connections. About 3 ozs. of -wire will be re- quired, and enamelled wire is preferred because of the ease with which the insulation may be removed 'where necessary, al- though silk or cotton covered wire is also suitable. This winding is well shellaced to keep it in position. Coil ends to support the coil and slider are now cut from inch wood, 4§ inches high and 4 inches wide. They are shellaced, and are screwed to the coil as shown in fig. 1 The construction of the slider presents most difficulty and as this is sold at a reasonable price—the slider and brass rod to carry it costing about 2/ it is usually better to purchase it. A strip of spring brass soldered to the base of a terminal and bent as shown in fig. 1 may be used, the size of the brass contact rod being de- termined by the hole in the ter- minal. Circular rod is not ad- vised owing to the difficulty in making the slider run truly. Two terminals are mounted on one of the coil ends as shown, one being connected to the rod carrying the slider, and the other to one end of the coil. The other end of the coil is free. The detector consists of a cry- stal contained in a cup or holder, with a wire or “catwhisker” mak- ing a light contact with it. The crystal holder is made from a piece of spring brass 17/8 inches long and l inch wide. Three 1/8 inch holes are drilled in it as shown in fig. 2, the centre one to allow the holder to be fas- Fig 2 tended to a base, the others to mit of a small bolt and nut being passed through to clamp the cry- stal. The brass is best at right angles along the lines A, (fig. 2), the wings being about 3/8 inch apart, and the bolt and nut is put in position as shown. “The '‘catwhisker” is a piece, of bare copper wire about 24 guage, and is bent as sho'wn in fig. 3, a small insulating handle of hard rubber being fastened at one end. It is moved through a telephone terminal as shown, and this permits the contact point to be moved over the face of the crystal at will, being clamped in any desired position by means of the set screw on the terminal. The holder and terminal are mounted about 3 inches apart on shellaced wood or, preferably, ebonite, and connections are brought from them to terminals mounted on this base. For cry- stals, iron pyrites or magnetite Fig 3 give best general results. These may be purchased from any dealer in wireless apparatus, a good piece costing about 1/6. The range of this set is largely determined by the phones used (Continued on page 6)
Homecrafts Ad[edit | edit source]
WIRELESS SPECIALTIES - GUARANTEED & SENT ANYWHERE. Get our Catalog, SO pages, 200 illustrations. Price 7d. postpaid. ROTARY SWITCH ARMS, with Ebonite knobs. 3s. each. Postage 3d. SWITCH POINTS. Price 4d. each, post paid. SLIDERS (for Tuning Coils), 2s. Postage lid. Wireless Hook-ups 88 page Book, 157 diagrams. Post paid Is. 3d. DETECTORS (Dust- proof). Illustrated. 255. BABY (Simple and Re- liable. ss. SILICON or GALENA CRYSTAL (tested). Is6d CRYSTAL CUP, with
- 3 screws. Is. 6d. Post-
age l?d. PHONE or GRID CONDENSER. 2s. _____ ELROY. 2IS SWANSTON STREET and it is strongly advised that the j best possible be used, as with i good phones better results may j be obtained, than on a more elab- j orate and expensive set with in- | ferior phones. These wound to a i resistance of 2,0 00 ohms, or over, J are suitable and may be bought j at prices varying from 35/- and upwards a pair. The set is connected as shown in fig. 4. One terminal of the tuner is connected to the aerial, the other to earth. One terminal of the detector also connects to one terminal of the tuner. The other detector terminal is connect- ed to one of the phone cords, while the remaining phone cord goes to the opposite terminal of the tuner. Tuning is controlled by moving the slider along the coil until loudest signals are heard. The detector is adjusted by moving the “catwhisker” over the face of the crystal until the most sensi- tive point is found, which is evi- denced by the strength of the sig- nals in the phones. This may be done in advance by placing a buz- zer near the coil and adjusting to the sound of the buzzer. The foregoing makes a very effective set for the beginner, and has the advantage that none of it need be discarded when some- thing elaborate is obtained. The single slide tuner is a useful piece of apparatus to the experimenter, as it can always be used as a load- ing coil to increase the wave- length of any other tuning coil, while a crystal detector is an es- sential article for experimental purposes. The circuit given is, with slight modifications, used in many of the American home sets, and is suitable for the reception of spark signals and telephony. ~ « - Fig 4
How They Travel[edit | edit source]
HOW THEY TRAVEL. The velocity of wireless tele- graph Signals is only slightly lower than the speed of light, which is about, 186,000 miles per second, or the equivalent of 7§ circlings of the earth per second. This was tested some years ago by an experiment carried on be- tween the Navy Station at Arling- ton, and Eiffel Tower, by means of carefully timed photographic records of signals sent across the Atlantic.
The Goal[edit | edit source]
THE GOAL. “It would be fitting at this juncture to remind my listeners that Australia, in common with most of the enlightened portions of the world, possesses a very large body of tireless wireless ex- perimenters. Scientists all what- ever their daily avocation, they ' possess the quali- ties which lead them to tangible, while yet in their mind’s eye they see their goal. “Yes, the research being carried on, largely unheeded, in the quiet seclusion of thousands of private laboratories, variously equipped, would astonish the world were it generally known to-day.” Por- tion of an address by Mr. Phil. Renshaw, hon. sec. of the Wire- less Institute, given by radio- phone, recently, from the premises of Amalgamated Wireless Ltd., Clarence Street, Sydney.
Trees & Aerials[edit | edit source]
TREES & AERIALS. “You may be interested to know the way I solved my trouble from trees whipping in the wind and breaking my wire,” writes a radio enthusiast to a London con- temporary. “On the end of each earial beginning at the insulator I attached about fifty feet of clothes line and ran same through a, pulley on each tree and down to a heavy weight. This allows the tree to whip in the wind and the rope and the weight keeps the antenna tight at all times and I have no more broken wires.”
P.07[edit | edit source]
Rodman & Kelaher Ad[edit | edit source]
TELEPHONE: CITY NO. 802. RODMAN & KELAHER, Med seal Srsstry 107 a Eiilzabeth Street, Sydraey, lONIC MEDICATION OUTFITS. HOT AIR MACHINES. MEDICAL BATTERIES. ACCUMULATORS. X-RAY APPARATUS. SPARK COILS. ELECTRIC STERILIZERS. MAGNETOS. Beautiful Illumination with PARIAN WARE HUMPHREYS’ LIMITED, 465 George Street, Sydney. Telephone: City 3849. When one end of your aerial is connected to a tree, the strain in a high wind can be greatly re- duced by inserting a spring about 1 inch by 6 inches in both the ropes, before going through the pulleys. THE BEACON: A Radio Story. The rain pattered noisily down on the galvanised iron roof, as Jim Darrow sat gazing gloomily into a fire of crackling logs that hissed and spluttered, as stray rain drops found their way down the wide chimney. Jim was a big strongly-built fellow, who, ordinarly was not troubled with fancies. But to- night he shivered and looked fur- tively around the bare little hut as a gust of wind made the struc- ture creak and strain. He stooped to replace a log that had fallen on the hearth, and as he straightened up, some un- seen force made him turn his head till his eyes became focus- sed on the uncurtained window. Jim had never before realised the loneliness of his lot, and he could not repress a violent start when a face set with wild, almost despairing, eyes appeared against the window pane. Jim did not hesitate, but step- ped quickly forward and with hand on the latch, and shoulder braced against the door, shouted; ■“who’s there!”
- + ★
A hoarse voice gave an unin- telligible reply, and Jim threw back the door to admit the rain sodden figure that stumbled over the threshold. But for the as- itance of a strong arm the
- iranger would have fallen for-
ward. After being assisted to a chair in front of the fire the stranger sat dazed for a few moments, while Jim clumsily wiped the dripping hair with a towel, and tried to remove some of the drenched garments. Suddenly the new arrival started up, and, pointing to an old wireless set and practice key, which were Jim’s only hobby in this desolate place; he excitedly demanded to know if it worked. Jim modestly replied that he occasionally heard strings of dots and dashes which were too fast for him to read. The stranger, who now appear- ed to have almost completely re- covered, adjusted the phones on his head, and while he and Jim searched for the elusive point on the crystal, he told Jim of his plight. ★ ★ ★ He was the wireless operator from a lonely Coast Station about four miles distant, and the fierce gale had blown down his aerials and completely wrecked the stat- ion. He had just been able to crawl from under the debris as the ruins started to smoulder and then burst into flames, caused, probably, by the overturning of an emergency oil lamp, which had been on his table. The worst of it was that he had just received a message from a small coastal vessel in great dan- ger, off his station. The wireless operator had rushed blindly through the night hoping to reach the nearest town- ship, about six miles away, and had been on the verge of collapse when he saw the reflection of Jim’s fire on the window panes. But what was that! He reach- ed for Jim’s pencil and paper, and Jim read over his shoulder the- message that was slowly written out: “We are now making good headway, your warning beacon saved us from the rocks.” The two men silently gripped hands, and Jim felt that many of his lonely hours would now be filled with wonderful dreams, and that he had found a life-long friend.
P.08 - What They Do[edit | edit source]
WHAT THEY DO. Another Aspect. (By C. H. T. SQUIRE). Here is an aspect, of radio ex- perimenting that seems to have escaped most of those interested. What do experimenters do with the fruits of their labours? A man of considerable exper- ience in the science told the writer that some of the apparatus, made and used by amateurs', was little short of wonderful. They would, he said, get signals on gear that would send many ex- perts crazy.
HOME MADE. Many of the more skilled ex- perimenters had splendid appara- tus made mostly by themselves. In a lot of cases the gear was a deal more compact than that used in commercial work, and at the same time equally, or more efficient in working. Of course such sets would not stand the knocking about that is required of the commercial apparatus. During their research work amateurs often drop across im- provements, and find ways of sim- plifying existing gear, but the most remarkable thing is that one seldom bears about these facts.
AFTER PERFECTION. The amateur is a curious per- son. He will work far into the night on his set and succeed in getting it to a high state of effi- ciency. He then tells a few of his fellow enthusiasts of his success, and probably pulls the set to pieces, with the object of setting out afresh on the wearying search for perfection. Now what is wanted is a live body of technical experts to in- vestigate these improvements and inventions, and, if they are an> good, see that the person who originated them gets the benefit of his work. The amateur, by the way, should keep careful record of anything he. does. It might be worth his while.
Squealing[edit | edit source]
SQUEALING. A VALVE TROUBLE.
When the regenerative effect is too strong, it is sometimes notic- ed in an oscillating receiver that “squeals,” “rattles” or “clicks.” are heard in the telephone re- ceiver. This only occurs when a grid condenser is used, and is caused by the periodic starting and stop- ping of the oscillation. When the oscillation starts, the grid acquires a negative charge, and as the grid grows more nega- tive, the regenerative effect is weakened, and the oscillation fin- ally dies out. The grid and the grid condenser, then discharge through the grid leak, and when the po- tential of the grid rises suffi- ciently to restore the regenerative effect of the valve, the oscillation builds up again. When this action occurs slowly and repeatedly a click in the tele- phone receiver is heard. When the occurrence is more rapid, the click becomes a rattle;; if more rapid Still, a- musical pitch is reached and the familiar squeal is heard; and finally the oscilla- tions may occur so frequently as to cause an effect above-the limit of audibility. High capacity value in the grid condenser and resistance in the grid leak, slow down these os- cillations. To overcome these disturbing effects, the regeneration should be reduced, as by loosening the ticL- for coupling. When this leaves the circuit in too critical a state, the resistance of the grid leak should be reduced to establish stability. In operating a radio-telephone receiver with an oscillation de- tector valve, a 'Whistling note will be heard, if the local oscilla- tion is somewhat out of tune with the received oscillation, is spite °f the voice modulation of the trans- mitter. If the tuning is gradu- ally varied from one side of syn- chronism to the other, a very high note will at first appear; this will fall in pitch until it suddenly dis- appears and the music or speech can be heard in its place. The whistling note then _re- pl2c.es the music and it riser, again to a high pitch, until the limit of audibility is passed. . the sudden appearance and disap pearance of the music or speech correspond to the pulling m anc dropping out of synchronism ot the local oscillation with the re- ceiving oscillation.
[edit | edit source]
Get it by Wireless: THE RADIO MAGNAVQX Breaks the restraints and restrictions which confine the use and enjoyment of Radio to the technical expert and the man wearing the Head Set. The Radio iMlagraavoss s The Re-ps’oducer with the SVlovabSc Coil gives volume without distortion. With THE RADIO MAGNAVOX, wireless entertainment in . the homo can be made a source of pleasure and the centre of attraction for any family or social gathering. No Mead Sets are Necessary. Inquiries invited on any Radio prob- lem or special apparatus. Call, write, or phone, MAGNAVOX AUSTRALASIA, 17 THE BANKING HOUSE,, 228 PITT STPEE'iVSYDNEY. Phono City 3710.
Anglo-American Book Shop[edit | edit source]
Anglo-American Book Shop. WILLI Ams AND SON (late Hallarns). Q.V. BUILDINGS, 459 GEORGE STREET, SY DM EY. All the Latest Wifeless Books sir Magazines in stock, posted anywii
Cheap Insulator[edit | edit source]
A cheap and fairly efficient in- sulator for a receiving aerial may be made from a large wooden spool or reel. First bake the spool in an oven, to drive off ail moisture, and then soak m melt- ed paraffin. Bake again, and fin- ally give a good coat of shellac. Two such spools in series, quite, a good, insulation.
P.09 - Star Radio Batteries Ad[edit | edit source]
STAR RADIO BATTERIES The most important part of a Radio Set is the Battery, and SPECIAL STAR BATTERIES are being Manufactured for this purpose. Our New Service Station at 43-45 Wentworth Avenue is equipped with a New and Up-to-Date Plant for Charging and Repairing all Batteries, and a number of Special Service Batteries are always in Stock (fully charged), for the convenience of clients. A Nominal Charge is made for the use of a Service Battery during the time the repair or re-charging is being completed. Full Particulars and Prices on application. STAR BATTERIES LIMITED Storage Battery Manufacturers. Head Office and Service Station: 43-45 Wentworth Avenue, Sydney. No Radio Set is Complete or Up-to-Date without a Star Radio Battery.
The Busy Pen[edit | edit source]
THE BUSY PEN. “Wimmera,” Alfred St., N. Sydney, Aug. 12th, 1922. The Editor Wireless Weekly Sydney. Dear Sir, I would be obliged if ydu would give publication to tha fol- lowing statement. At the meeting held by the dele- gates from the various Wireless Clubs of N.S.W. at the Wireless Institute s Rooms on Friday last, reference was made to the fact that delegates from my Club were absent. In answer to that reference, my Club wish me to make the follow- ing facts known: The reason for our non-attend- ance at the meeting was that no invitation was tendered to our Club* to send delegates, yet the Illawarra Club was represented, and they have only been in exis- tence about a fortnight, accord- ing to reports. In our opinion the Institute was not justified in making such a statement about our absence, and if there is any reason, or reasons why we as a Club should not have been invited to the meeting, which I believe, was supposed to have represented the Clubs of the State, we would like to hear of them, as we do not know of any ourselves.” Yours faithfully, M. RICH, Hon. Sec., N. Sydney Radio Clu’
Inter-valve Coupling[edit | edit source]
The i-npedence of an inter- valve coupling should at least equal the impedence of the tube itself.
Lightning Service[edit | edit source]
LIGHTNING SERVICE What is known as “Lightning Wireless service’’ was inaugura- ted recently between Berlin and Hamburg. The dispatches are to take pre- cedence at a tenfold rate over all other wireless traffic, and the per- sonnel has orders to speed up the lightning service. The first message was filed in the main telegraph office at Ber- lin at 9 o’clock in the morning, transmitted at 9.03, receipt ack- nowledged at 0.05, and telephoned to addressee at 9.10.
New York Electrical Contractors[edit | edit source]
When the New York State As- sociation of Electrical Contractors and Dealers held its annual ban- quet, the after-dinner speeches consisted of a half-hour of musi- cal entertainment by the radio- phone.
P.10 - Music in the Air[edit | edit source]
Concert Programme[edit | edit source]
MUSIC IN THE AIR - CONCERT PROGRAMME. For next Sunday, August 20th, the following Pathe records will be played for Mr. Maclurcan’s concert, starting at 7.30 p.m.: Fox-Trot: "Ilo." Hawaiian Guitar: "My Land of Memory." Soprano: "Madam Butterfly," Claudia Muzio. Piano: "Fifth Mazurka in A" (Godard). Xylophone: "Snowdrops." 8 p.m. Code Practice in C.W. and Buzzer. Fox-Trot: "Canadian Capers." Tenor: "La Boheme," Constantino. Hawaiian Guitar: "Hawaiian Nights" Waltz. Cello: "Romance Sans Paroles," Joseph Hoffman. God Save the King!
Tags: 2CM - Charles Dansie Maclurcan
Another Low Power Record[edit | edit source]
Another Low Power Record. MR. MACLURCAN AGAIN. In reading some cf the latest American Wireless Magazines, one is struck with the interest taken in the tremendous distances covered by amateur low power transmitting stations. As viewed from the point of view of two years ago, today's achievements are impossible, yet once again the impossible has been accomplished by the rapid advance of science. Mr. Charles Maclurcan, of Strathfield has been breaking records with his low power transmitter for some time past, but his latest achievement is so very remarkable that, it makes us wonder if the day is so very far off when we can transmit our thoughts one to another at will. A few weeks ago Mr. Maclurcan conducted some experiments with Mr. Tuson, the operator on the s.s. Ulimaroa, while this boat was proceeding from Sydney to Auckland. The power used by Mr. Maclurcan was 8.75 watts, and he was heard and read by Mr. Tuson at the wharf at Auckland. Further, we have just learnt that his speech was heard by a New Zealand station; This result in itself places Mr. Maclurcan amongst the very front rank of the army of wireless enthusiasts in the world, but his latest record makes even the New Zealand tests ancient history. By courtesy of the Amalgamated Wireless (Aust.) Ltd., Mr. Maclurcan has been conducting a test with Mr. Dixon, wireless operator on the s.s. Montoro. During this week Mr. Dixon wired Mr. Maclurcan that he was leaving Thursday Island for Darwin, and to send as per arrangement. Accordingly, Mr. Maclurcan did so, and has just received a wire stating that the C.W. signals were heard at Darwin, a distance approximately of 2,100 miles. Mr. Dixon was using a single expanse B valve with the ship's standard equipment. The message was unreadable on account of severe static disturbances, but was sufficiently strong to enable Mr. Dixon to be assured that he heard Mr. Maclurcan, and could have read him had the atmospheric conditions been more normal. It should be borne in mind that this distance of 2,100 miles is wholly overland, which fact makes the result all the more satisfactory. If instead of using a single valve, amplification was employed, there is little doubt that anyone with a wireless receiving station could be reasonably assured of hearing Mr. Maclurcan almost any time he is sending. The power used at the transmitting end was only 8.25 watts. To the wireless man this speaks volumes, but to the uninitiated it might be pointed out that a single 16 candle power electric light uses 20 watts, they can draw their own conclusions. This article would not be complete if due credit was not given to Mr. Dixon for the thorough knowledge he must have of his receiver and the diligent zeal he has displayed in making possible this record.
Tags: 2CM - Charles Dansie Maclurcan, Ship Wireless Officer, A. L. Dixon, AWA
Wave Meter[edit | edit source]
WAVE METER This is a diagram of a wave meter, which may be used to time both the transmitter and receiver. The condenser used is either a Mesco No. 294, or Murdock No. 36 6. The Key and Buzzer are procurable at niost radio shops. A wave meter is an essential in- strument in every amateur station and will save the experimenter a lot of searching to pick up the wave length required. When transmitting licenses are granted in self-protection, the experiment- er will have to instal a wave meter; get busy now, the time is drawing near when you will need it.
N.S.W. Bookstal Co[edit | edit source]
WIRELESS BOOKS. Consolidated Radio Call Book, 10s. Design Data for Radio-Trans- mitters and Receivers (by Sleeper), 4s 6d. Wireless Marconi Military Pace Stations. Technical Description, 2s. Handbook for Wireless Operators (Licensed H.M. Postmaster-Gene- ral), 2s. 6d. _ Wireless Telegraphy and Tele- phony. Fully illustrated, 2s. The Maintenance of Wireless Telegraph Apparatus ("Harris), 3s 9d. N.S.W. Bookstal Company, Ltd., 476 George Street.
Electrical Utilities Supply Coy[edit | edit source]
RADIO SETS and Parts to make them Send for Price Lists. ELECTRICAL UTILITIES SUPPLY COY- -605 GEORGE STREET, SYDNEY.
P.11 - Round the Clubs[edit | edit source]
Round the Clubs. Reports of club meetings and activities will be found under this heading . The Secretaries of the various bodies are invited to send along such reports for pub- lication. Brevity will be appreci- ated. Manuscript should reach the Editor, Box 378, G.P.0., Syd- ney, not later than Tuesday in each week for insertion in the following Friday’s issue. At the second meeting of the Illawarra Radio Club, at the Carl- ton School of Arts, a number of new members were enlisted. The main item of business was a dis- cussion on the proposed Club Rules, as drafted by the Com- mittee, and these, subject to some slight amendments, were passed and adopted by the members. A feature of the evening was an ad- dress by Mr. R. C. Marsden (of the M.R.C.) who touched on many matters of importance and inter- est to amateurs, particularly as to the probable outcome of the pres- ent negotiations with the Govern- ment. He also stressed the need for a united association of radio bodies for the control of amateur wireless. The speaker concluded by replying to various questions put by the members, and was ac- corded a vote of thanks for his in- teresting address. The main matters of business in connection with the formation of this club having been disposed of, it is proposed at future meet- ings to introduce something of a more practical nature, and to this end the Technical Committee are arranging for lectures and demon- strations. Members may also avail themselves of buzzer prac- tice from 7.30 to 8 p.m. on meet- ing nights.
P.11 - Reaches N.Z.[edit | edit source]
REACHES N.Z. - AMATEUR’S TRIUMPH.
Full details have now come to hand regarding the test recently carried out with New Zealand by Mr. Charles Maclurcan of Strath- field, Sydney. Commencing on the night of July Ist, and for the six nights following, Mr. Maclurcan trans- mitted speech and telegraph from Strathfield, using a plate input power varying from 8.1 watts to 8.7 watts. N.Z. GETS IT. Although considered by most radio enthusiasts to be impossible, the C. W. signals were picked up in New Zealand in good readable strength, using but one valve for reception. The operator on the S.S. Ulimaroa also received the signals whilst in Auckland Har- bour. On July 4th at a distance of 1,100 miles he reported as fol- lows: — C.W. received strength 4. Tonic Train received strength 3. Speech audible at times. A single Expanse “B” valve was used for reception. On July 5, whilst in port at Auckland he received the C.W. slightly louder than the previous night. LAND STATION REPORT. The New Zealand land station reported as follows: July 5. 11.30. p.m. received C.W. Strength 5. July 6. 11.40 received C.W. Strength 5/6. 11.50 p.m. received C.W. message to Ulimaroa. July 7. 11.33 to 58 p.m. re- ceived C.W. Strength 6. Tonic Train strength 5, speech strength 2. A single valve reaction circuit was used for reception. From all accounts Mr. Maclur- can achieved a world’s record fol- low power transmission by this feat. His expert knowledge ana hard and exacting work have been combined in making the Strath- field station the finest amateur one in Australasia. He is to be heartily congratu- lated in the fine work.
P.11 - O'Sullivan's Electric Shop Ad[edit | edit source]
rr V “Yours for Everything Electrical,” For tbe Home, Factory, Works, Shops, or Ships. We aim to SeBB only the Best. Prices are made to Suit all Purses. ELECTRIC IRONS, TOASTERS, FANS, from 305., 475. 6d., 90s. Try a Course of my Cheap 50 C.P. Lamps, only 1 3. 13/6 Doz. All Guaranteed and Tested.
P.12 - Station Calls[edit | edit source]
STATION CALLS. SHIPS STATION, GREAT BRITAIN.
Aba G.D.S.W., Abadesa Z.A.Z., Abaric Y.J.C., Abbassieh Z.T.H., Aberdonian Z.K.S., Aberlour E.Z.R., Abinsi M.V.P., Absia 0.F.A., Acajutha Z.H.G., Acardo G.F.P.8., Acasta 8.Q.0., Accring- ton G.D.M.J., Achatina G.F.P.D., Achilles G.D.8.C., Actor 8.0. J., Adna 8.P.Y., Addington X.F.K., Admiral Cochrane Y.Q.X., Admir- al Codrington 8.0. K., Adra Y.H.L. Admiral Hamilton G.B.Q.N. Adriatic Admiral Hastings G.C. D.R., Aeneas M.F.U., Afghan- istan L.U.T., Agadir G.C.Q.K., Agamemnon ZJK; Agapenor ZJP; Agnes Duncan Z.V.W., Aguila E.J.F., Aidan M.F.M., Ainsdale X. Airedale 0.F.T., Ajax G.U.Z., Akabo M.Z.E., Akenside G.8.W.C., Akera 0.E.5., Alatrium L.U.0., Alavcno Y.H.N., Alban G.W.W., Albania G.D.V.L., Albanian Z. 0.1., Alberta Y.J.T., Albany E.X.0., Albion G.D.Q.R., Albionstar G.C.8.D., Albistan Y. Albuera L.T.M., Alcincus Z. Alconda Y.S.L., Aldworth Z.P.F., Aleppo Z.V.U., Alert Z.U.E., Alesia Z.Q.Q., Alexandra Y.Z.H., Alexandrian Z.G.M., Alfred Calvert 8.T.U., Algeria G.8.P.T., Algerian Prince G.C.M.Y., Algorta Y.F.Y., Alice Marie G.D.W.X., Alicia X.F.8., Alness G.D.T.J., Alipore G.8.C.8., Almagro G.C.K.J., Almanzora Y.Z.K., Almeria G.8.F.P., Alpine Range Y.G.H., Alster, G.8.D.L., Aliena G.D.F.K., Alston Y.K.H., Alvardo G.C.K.L., Amalthus G.F.P.C., . Amarapoora G.8.K.P., Amarna Y.R.D., Amasis Y.M.T., Amatonga Z.P.U., Ambassador G.X.S., Amber G.C.Q.M. Amberton Z.V.E., American Transport Z.D.P., Ampullaria G.F.P.J., Amsterdam G.P.F., Ana- mba Z.A.V., Anatina 8.P.W., An- chises M.F.W., Anchoria Y.D.E., Anchorton G.D.W.L., Ancobra Y. Ancula E.L.L., Andalu- sian X.1.C., Andalasier G.D.P.F., Andes M.R.Q., Andorinha Andree E.N.N., Anne G.C.S.X., Angelsea 8.C.R., Anglia G.C.M.K., Anglier Y.A.G., Anglo-Chilean Z. Anglo-Egyptian Y.U.M., Anglo-Mexican Y.Y.C., Anglo-Sax- on G.U.8., Angora G.C.Q.R., An- halt G.D.Y. Anomia 8.Q.M., Anslem M.D.K., Ansgir G.D.K.F., Anselma de Lar- E.J'.R., Answald G.8.Y.Z., Antigone E.U.A., Antillian Antilo- chus 'G.T.C., Antinoe G.D.M.R., Antinous Z.C.N., An-tiope G.M.X., Antrim G.P.N., Aras Y.Z.P., Ant- werp G.D.F.V. Antwerpen G.8.M.P., Apollo G.X.C., Appala- chee G.C.Q.S., Appam G.D.J., Ap- plebranch G.C.N.D., Appleleaf Z.V.1., Apsley E.U.Q., Arabic G.C.R.M., Apsleyhall 8.C.Z., Aqui- tania M.S.U., Arabian X.1.Y., Ara- bier E.0.L., Aral Z.V.F., Arabi- stan Z.M.A., Arachne Y.A.Y., Ara- fura G.8.F.V., Aragaz Z.Z.R., Ara- guaya M.8.G., Arana G.C.K.F. Arakaka Q.U.A., Arankola G.C.Q.T., Arawa M.W.E., Arbonne G.D.R.T., Archangel Z.C.P., Aron- da M.A.Z., Archimedes Y.Q.C., Architect Z.H.H., Arta G.D.F.J., Ardena GDPN; Ardenya GDQY; Ascot MKL; Ardeolo GCJ; Ardgowan X.Y.M., Asian M.K.L., ATdmore G.F.C.W., Ar- dovor G.8.X.R., Ardoyne Y.N.D., Argalia X.L.H., Ariosto X.J.8., Argonauta Y.A.A., Argyllshire G.T.J., Ariadne Alexandra E.U.A., Ariand Y.F.G., Ariadne Irene E.U.S., Arlanza G.C.Q.V., Arma- dale Castle M.Q.G., Armagh 8.M.Z., Arncliffe G.X.X., Arracan G.W.0., Arranmead Y.1.D., Arte- misia G.8.D.C., Arundel Castle G.C.Z.L. Arundel M.D.Z., Arvonia G.R.G., Assaye M. 0.0., Arzila G.C.Q.W., Ascanius M.F.V., Ashanti E.S.K., Ashtabula G.K.C., Ashwin Z.Q.X., Athenic Z.U.L.; Ashworth G:d.P.M., Asiatic G.U.X., Assiout E.R.L., Assyria G.8.J.P., Assyrian G.C.V.K., Astraea M.0.X., Astra- khan Y.8.G., Astronomer L.U.Y., Asturian E.M.G., Asturias M. 8.8., Astyailax Z.K.F., Athenia G.F.D.M. Asuncion de Larrinaga E.M.8., Athenic M.W.N., Atholl E.V.Y., Atlanten X.M.R., Atlantic City G.D.R.N., Atlantic Y.L.J., Atreus Z.K.G., Atta G.8.K.W., Atua G.D.Z.R., August Halenke E.X.N., August Wilke G.8.Z.K., Auldmuir X.E.L., Aungban Y.F.1., Austria G.8.M.T., Australia Y.S.N. Australier X.J.U., Australind G.Q.W., Austrian E.M.H., Author Y.J.N., Ave Maria G.D.F.X., Avie- more G.D.R.Q., Avon M. 8.0., Avonmede E.P.W., Avontoun G.F.C.8., Aylesbury M.R.J., Ayle- stone Z.J.X., Aymeric G.8.J.V., Ayshire G.Q.A., Azeus G.D.S.P.
Sale & Exchange[edit | edit source]
SALE & EXCHANGE Three Lines (approximately 15 Words), may be inserted in this Column for 9d. Extra Lines or part thereof, at 6d, per line. FOR SALE.—One Pair Wireless ’Phones, 20U0 ohms. Guaranteed. Good order. English make, brice: 35/-. E«. 13ALLOW, Faulkner Street, Armidale, a a a
What do you want to know?[edit | edit source]
What do you want to know? Every reasonable specific query in the field of general wireless ad- dressed to the Information Depart- ment will receive a prompt reply. While lengthy replies cannot be given to complicated questions in- volving extensive research or com- putations, this department aims to be of maximum service in supply- ing information as to what books or other sources may contain answers to these questions. A stamped addressed envelope must accompany each question, but the writer’s name will not be pub- lished if he so requests. Address the Information Editor, “Wireless Weekly,” Box 378, G.P.0., Sydney.
[edit | edit source]
"THE MAGNAVOX." Elsewhere in this issue ap- pears an advertisement announce- ing the advent of the Radio Mag- navox into Australia. The Radio MAGNA VOX is the one loud- speaker which will reproduce sounds and signals in any volume, without distortion and without in- jury to the apparatus. This is accomplished by means of a move- able coil (pat.), an exclusive Mag- navox feature, attached to the diaphram and placed in a strong magnetic field so that the coil moves with the change in current caused by incoming signals, faith- fully reproducing the slightest im- pulse and responding to the slight- est variation.
P.12 - Publication Notes[edit | edit source]
Published by W. J. Maclardy, "Truro," Powell Street, Neutral Bay, at the Offices of W. M. Maclardy, 249 Castlereagh Street, Sydney.