100% developed


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The original Xbox console with an S type controller attached.


The Duke controller


Development of the original Xbox was started in February 1998 as the DirectX box by a four person team at Microsoft.[1][2][3]

Prototype Xbox controllers included a screen.[4]

Microsoft acquired Bungie in 2000 for $30 million dollars, including projects in development such as Oni and Halo.[5][1]

Isao Okawa, the chairman of Sega, petitioned Bill Gates to add Dreamcast compatibility to the Xbox as Sega prepared to leave the hardware business.[6]

The dashboard used public domain sounds from the Apollo 11 mission as background noise.[7][8]

A budget of $500 million dollars was set up to promote the Xbox.[9]


The Microsoft Xbox was released on November 15th, 2001 at a cost of $299.[10][11] Over a million Xbox consoles sold in the first three weeks on the market in North America, though the system struggled in Japan and Europe.[1]

Xbox Live was launched in November of 2002.[12]


The Xbox was discontinued in 2009, having sold 24 million consoles.[2]

The Kodi Media Player was originally created as the unofficial Xbox Media Center (XBMC) for the Xbox in 2004.[13][14]



A Pentium-III CPU from an original Xbox.

The original Xbox uses a modified Intel Pentium III CPU clocked at 733 megahertz.[15][16]

An Xbox NVIDIA GeForce 3 derived GPU clocked at 250 megahertz is integrated into the northbridge.[15][16]

The Xbox has 64 mebibytes of shared RAM.[15][16]

The Xbox was capable of 20 gigaflops.[17]


The internal IDE hard drive of the original Xbox held 8GB of data.[18][15] The Xbox also had an IDE DVD drive.[15]

Xbox Controllers connect over USB 1.1 with a unique physical connector.[15]

The Xbox has a 100 megabit ethernet port.[15]

Notable Games[edit]


The 2001 Launch Team Edition Console, signed by Bill Gate



Xbox display at Minho Campus Party 2004.




Duke controller[edit]

S controller[edit]





External Resources[edit]


  1. a b c Gurwin, Gabe. "The history of the Xbox". https://www.digitaltrends.com/gaming/the-history-of-the-xbox/. Retrieved 14 November 2020. 
  2. a b "The Story Behind the Xbox" (in en). https://www.pcmag.com/news/the-story-behind-the-xbox. Retrieved 14 November 2020. 
  3. "GameSpy.com - Article". 21 June 2006. https://web.archive.org/web/20060621151644/http://archive.gamespy.com/articles/january04/xboxtimeline/index2.shtml. 
  4. "Original Xbox Controller Prototypes Look Like Dreamcast Tears" (in en-us). Kotaku. https://kotaku.com/original-xbox-controller-prototypes-look-like-dreamcast-1782784916. Retrieved 27 October 2020. 
  5. Ho, Jennifer. "Microsoft acquires Bungie" (in en). ZDNet. https://www.zdnet.com/article/microsoft-acquires-bungie/. Retrieved 25 October 2020. 
  6. "Xbox Almost Played Dreamcast Games The Escapist" (in en). https://v1.escapistmagazine.com/news/view/97494-Xbox-Almost-Played-Dreamcast-Games. Retrieved 15 November 2020. 
  7. "Fun Fact" (in en). https://twitter.com/majornelson/status/490926865477951489. Retrieved 25 October 2020. 
  8. "Fun Fact" (in en). https://twitter.com/majornelson/status/490926923132850177. Retrieved 25 October 2020. 
  9. "The Future of Console Gaming". http://www.gamezero.com/team-0/articles/features/future_gaming_2000/part_4_page_2.html. Retrieved 21 November 2020. 
  10. "Microsoft launches Xbox - Nov. 15, 2001". money.cnn.com. https://money.cnn.com/2001/11/15/technology/xbox/. Retrieved 28 October 2020. 
  11. "Video game:Microsoft Xbox Beyond Good and Evil - Microsoft" (in en). https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/video-game-microsoft-xbox-beyond-good-and-evil-microsoft/WwGo2J3wZ34clw. Retrieved 15 November 2020. 
  12. "Video game:Xbox Shrek - Microsoft" (in en). https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/video-game-xbox-shrek-microsoft/QwHaRy-I19TJGA?hl=en. Retrieved 15 November 2020. 
  13. "A short history of Kodi" (in en). 24 March 2016. https://ting.com/blog/a-short-history-of-kodi/. Retrieved 14 November 2020. 
  14. "How the Original XBOX started a Media Player revolution - The Story of KODI". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_AXjqus1r40. Retrieved 14 November 2020. 
  15. a b c d e f g "Xbox Architecture A Practical Analysis" (in en). 26 June 2020. https://www.copetti.org/projects/consoles/xbox/. Retrieved 8 November 2020. 
  16. a b c "Xbox System Info". http://www.vgmuseum.com/systems/xbox/. Retrieved 17 November 2020. 
  17. "Console GPU Power Compared: Ranking Systems By FLOPS". https://www.gamespot.com/gallery/console-gpu-power-compared-ranking-systems-by-flop/2900-1334/#16. Retrieved 4 November 2020. 
  18. "A Brief and Abbreviated History of Gaming Storage – Techbytes". https://blogs.umass.edu/Techbytes/2014/02/10/history-of-gaming-storage/. Retrieved 18 October 2020.