100% developed


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The city of Ghent in Belgium. Many CDI consoles were made in Belgium.[1]


The CD-i was launched in 1991.[2] The platform was not marketed well early on, though a 1991 partnership with Nintendo gave Phillips the right to produce several games based on existing Nintendo game series.[3]

From the 25th of October in 1995 to sometime around 2000 the CD-i could access an online service known as CD-Online.[3][4]


Phillips stoped active development of the CD-i in 1996 and the system was discontinued in 1998 with between 570,000 and one million CD-i consoles sold worldwide.[2][3][5]



The CD-i was powered by a Motorola 68000 processor clocked at 15.5 megahertz.[6][7]

The CD-i has one megabyte of RAM.[7] A digital video add on cartridge added an additional 1.5 megabytes of RAM, as well as allowing the CD-i to decode MPEG-1 video.[3] Finally the CD-i has eight kilobytes of persistent storage based on RAM powered by a lithium battery, which is prone to failure from age.[3]

At the time of release, the CD-i was seen as a low performance system with a design that was relatively easy to develop for.[6]


The CD-i could read CD-ROM Green Book disks at 170 kilobits per second.[3]

The CD-i runs a custom version of Microware OS9, a real time operating system called CD-RTOS.[6][8] The CD-i supported the CD-Online service, which required use of an adapter cable, software disk, and 14.4K dial up modem.[4]

Notable games[edit]




CDi 220[edit]

Other Variants[edit]


Remote Control[edit]


  1. "Philips CD-i 490 - Game Console - Computing History". https://www.computinghistory.org.uk/det/54685/Philips-CD-i-490/. 
  2. a b Damien, McFerran (March 9th, 2017). "6 games console flops that gave gaming a bad name" (in en). TechRadar. https://www.techradar.com/news/6-games-console-flops-that-gave-gaming-a-bad-name. Retrieved 25 October 2020. 
  3. a b c d e f Life, Nintendo (23 July 2018). "Hardware Classics: Uncovering The Tragic Tale Of The Philips CD-i". https://www.nintendolife.com/news/2018/07/hardware_classics_uncovering_the_tragic_tale_of_the_philips_cd-i. Retrieved 17 November 2020. 
  4. a b "Philips CD-Online - The Service Time Forgot (guest article by RetroDetect about the timeline of CD-i's Internet Kit and the CD-Online service)" (in en). https://cdii.blogspot.com/2020/02/philips-cd-online-service-time-forgot.html. Retrieved 17 November 2020. 
  5. "The 10 Worst-Selling Consoles of All Time (page 2 of 2) Feature on GamePro.com". 3 November 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20071103220829/http://www.gamepro.com/gamepro/domestic/games/features/111823.shtml. Retrieved 17 November 2020. 
  6. a b c "Philips CD-i Retro Gamer". https://www.retrogamer.net/profiles/hardware/philips-cd-i/. Retrieved 17 November 2020. 
  7. a b "Video Game Console Library CDi". https://www.videogameconsolelibrary.com/pg90-cdi.htm#page=specs. Retrieved 18 November 2020. 
  8. "First Steps in OS-9 on Philips CDI605T". 21 July 2019. https://retrostuff.org/2019/07/21/first-steps-in-os-9-on-philips-cdi605t/. Retrieved 17 November 2020.