THE FATHER AND THE SON
“Hear, O Israel: YHWH our God, YHWH is one! (Deuteronomy 6:4)
which Yeshua repeated ....
“the first of all the commandments is: Hear, O Israel, YHWH our God, YHWH is one .” “And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he.” (Mark 12:29, 32) Yeshua’s own confession was that God was one Person.
“But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by (through) whom are all things, and we by him.” (1 Corinthians 8:6)
There are two Persons mentioned in the scriptures as being divine but the Spirit of God, or the Ruach (breath) of Yahweh, is not a person (nor the "ghost" of one). Yahweh "breathed" life into the adamah (red earth), the elements of the earth from which He formed Adam, to make a living being. It is no strange thing for Him to breath life into Miriam (Mary) and "bring forth" His Messiah (anointed one).
In His incarnation as the Son of Man, Yeshua was born of the holy Spirit, which is the Spirit of the Father. If the holy Spirit was another ”Person” of the godhead, as taught in the trinity doctrine, then the holy Spirit would have been the father of Yeshua. But He, Yeshua, is the Son of God, begotten of the Father. He is the eternal “Word” made flesh (John 1:1-2). He existed as the only begotten Son of the Father in His eternal state before creation. He was the beginning of God’s creation, the “first-born of all creation” (Col.1:15)
”And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.” (John 1:14). In His incarnation, He was born of the Father’s Spirit. In His eternal state, He was brought forth from the Father, or begotten of Him. The holy Spirit is not ‘begotten’ of the Father.
“YHWH possessed Me in the beginning of His way, before His works of old. I was set up from everlasting . . .When He appointed the foundations of the earth: then I was by Him, as one brought up with Him: and I was daily His delight, rejoicing always before Him.’ Proverbs 8:22-30.
As the only begotten Son of God, Yeshua is “ the image of the invisible God.” (Col.1:15)... He is “ the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of His being.” (Hebrews 1:3) In Scriptural language this means that He is the perfect representative of Yahweh. But Yeshua is not Yahweh. He clearly said many times that He did not come in His own name, but in His Father’s name.
Because the Son is the perfect image and the exact representation of the Father, who comes in the Father’s Name (Yahweh), He is in several places identified with Yahweh, and is also called God, both in the old and new covenant scriptures. But this principle of representation, which is very powerful in the scriptures, is quite different from the Trinity doctrine which makes Yeshua part of a Godhead together with, and co-equal with, the Father and the holy Spirit.
THE ONENESS OF THE FATHER AND THE SON
Yeshua said, “. . .he that has seen me has seen the Father. . .” (John 14:9), ... and that, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30); ... but does it mean that they are the one Person? If He is not the Father and is not equal to the Father, then what did He mean by these statements?
John says that, “No man has seen God, at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him” (John 1:18). In other words, He has made Him known (declare - unfold His teaching [Vine]). When He said, “He that has seen me has seen the Father;” (John 14:9) He also went on to say,“Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father in me? The words that I speak to you, I do not speak on My own authority but the Father who dwells in Me does the works.” (John 14:10)
So it is not that they actually saw the Father when looking at Him, but that through His oneness with the Father that the nature and personality of the Father was revealed in what He did and said. As He said, “I and the Father are one” (John 10:30); But He also prayed that we would have the same oneness with the Father and Himself: “Holy Father keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are one." ..... “that they may be as one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You, that they also may be one in Us“ (John 17:11, 21) ... and, “I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one” (John 17:23) “Whosoever shall confess that Yeshua is the Son of God, God dwells in him, and he in God.” 1 John 4:15. Yeshua was in perfect unity with the Father and He prayed for us to come into that perfect oneness with Him.
In His John 17 prayer, Yeshua was speaking of returning to the glory which He had with the Father before the world was. So He was not speaking of a relationship which is conditioned by His humanity. That is to say, the oneness He was talking about was not related to His humanity. It was the type of oneness, or unity which He had with the Father in the eternal realm. Therefore,it is not that He is one and the same as the Father in His eternal state. Just as the Trinity is in error, so is the Triunity of God.
The Son and the Father are so one in spirit that they operate as one, yet they are two Persons. The Father masterminded salvation and the Son executed it. So, really the Father can say that He is the Creator although He did not exclusively do the work of creation. Just as He can say that He is the Saviour of all mankind, even though He did not Himself do the work of salvation in dying for mankind.
“For God so loved the world, that He gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” John 3:16
“In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.” ..1 John 4:9.
THE MINISTRY OF YESHUA
“And this is life eternal that they might know You, the only true God, and Yeshua the Messiah whom You have sent.” John 17:3. Eternal life is through a relationship with both the Father and the Son and the whole purpose of Yeshua‘s life and ministry is to act as a mediator and reconcile us to the Father and not to retain His position as the focus of our attention and relationship with the Godhead. After all, the time will come when He will relinquish that position and authority, so that “God may be all in all.” (1 Corinthians 15:28)
Yeshua said, “All things have been delivered to me by my Father, (in this present age) ... and no one knows the Father except the Son, and the one to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.” Matt.11:27 It is the ministry of the Son, as an elder brother, to bring the Father’s spiritual children to maturity so that they may enter into a relationship of mature manhood with the Father Himself.
Yeshua is described in the Bible as the mediator between God and men: “For there is one God and one Mediator between man and God, the man Yeshua the Messiah.” 1 Timothy 2:5
He is the way to the Father: “I am the Way, the Truth and the Life, no man comes unto the Father, but by Me." John 14:6
He is also our advocate before Him: “And if anyone sins, we have an Advocate with the Father, Yeshua the Messiah, the righteous” 1 John 2:1
He is our High Priest who ministers before God on our behalf: ”We have such a high priest, who is seated at the right hand of the Majesty on High" Hebrews 8:1-2
“He is the head of a new race: “The second Man is the Lord from heaven ... ... ... as is the Heavenly (spiritual) Man, so also are those who are heavenly (spiritual). And as we have borne the image of the man of dust (Adam), we shall also bear the image of the heavenly (spiritual) Man.” 1 Corinthians 15:48-49
When Yeshua has subjected all things unto Himself which are of the fallen nature and the resultant effects of Adam‘s sin, then He Himself will become subject to the Father, so that the Father, the Almighty God, will become the object of all creation's worship. (1 Corinthians 15:25-28; Revelation 7:9-12)
Yeshua constantly throughout His life on earth deferred worship to the Father and constantly stressed in various ways, "my Father is greater than I. . .” (John 14:28). See also Matthew 19:16-17
There are two thrones in Heaven, the one being that of the Son on the right hand of the Father (Hebrews 1:13). There is not a third throne for a third member of the ‘godhead’. “But to the Son He says: Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; .... Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions.” Hebrews 1:8 Yeshua, although divine as of One brought forth from the Father of His substance, is not God Himself.
“And we believe and are sure that You are that Christ, the Son of the living God.” John 6: 69.