Hebrew Roots/Trinity/Holy Spirit
THE HOLY SPIRIT In Hebrew, the original inspired language of the Tanach (Old Testament), the word 'Ruach' can be construed as a person. It is a person. He is invisible and like wind, because He can be felt or experienced, but not seen. He is the breath of God which disperses His life-force, His energy and His intentions/mind. He is Yahweh's Spirit which is is omnipresent, but also can be directed in specific ways for specific purposes. He is not The Father (First Person of the Trinity), or The Son (Second Person of the Trinity) (which remain incorporeal in a sense and outside of our physical dimension) that manifests itself in the world, or which comes to dwell in the hearts and lives of His people; rather He is the Holy Spirit, the Third Person of the Triune God. He is God's Spirit.
His spirit can be said to be the emanation of His life-force - i.e. breath
Definition of spirit/ruach: “The basic meaning of ruach is both ‘wind’ or ‘breath,’ but neither is understood as essence; rather it is the power encountered in the breath and the wind, whose whence and whither remains mysterious… 2. ruach as a designation for the wind is necessarily something found in motion with the power to set other things in motion…The divine designation also apparently has an intensifying function in a few passages: ruach elohim (Gen 1:2) and ruach yhwh (Isa 59:19)” (Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament, “Ruach”).
This lexicon also states that ruach (Strongs 7307) implies a power that is within the breath and wind, which is connected to the Name Yahweh. The Holy Spirit is the power emanating from Yahweh, the Heavenly Father. It is Yahweh’s power that puts all things into motion. It is Yahweh’s power through His ruach that breathes life into His creation and makes things live.
The Greek word for Spirit is pneuma (Strongs 4151), which has a similar meaning to the word ruach. “Pneuma; to breathe, blow, primarily denotes the wind. Breath; the spirit which, like the wind, is invisible, immaterial, and powerful” (The Complete Word Study New Testament, “Pneuma”).
The word for “spirit” (rucha, ruach) in Aramaic and Hebrew, is feminine whereas in Greek (pneuma), it is neuter in gender. In some occasions in the Greek text, masculine verb endings and pronouns are used with the neuter gender word “Spirit" when speaking about the holy Spirit, and sometimes it is without the definite article - i.e. just “holy Spirit”.
Although in the Aramaic text rucha is feminine, it also uses masculine grammatical forms with the word. This conveys the male/female attributes of Yahweh carried in His ‘breath’ which of itself is neuter in gender. Being often addressed as “it" and “the", also confirms that it is not another “Person" in a trinity of ‘gods’. The term, “holy Spirit" is a descriptive title and not a name. It is a description given for a specific manifestation of the Father’s Spirit Being. The absence of a personal name indicates that the holy Spirit is not a Person in and of itself, nor is it ever addressed as a third “Person”.
Very significant also that the Holy Spirit is never worshipped. “And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, be unto Him that sits upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.” Revelation 5:13
Neither is there any evidence in the scriptures that the Father or the Son communicate with the Holy Spirit. Paul never addressed the Holy Spirit in any of his greetings in his letters, as he does to the Father and the Son. There is no instance either of anyone praying to or fellowshipping with the Holy Spirit.
“That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you also, that you also may have fellowship with us: yes, and our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.” 1 John 1:3
However, there is a fellowship "of" the Holy Spirit.
"The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit, be with you all." 2 Corinthians 13:14
THE ORIGIN OF THE HOLY SPIRIT
The term in the Hebrew that is translated as 'Holy Spirit' is 'Ha Ruach Ha Kodesh.' There is a specific intention in the terminology “Holy Spirit” as compared to the reference to His Spirit without the definition of “holy”. The Spirit or ‘ruach’ by itself, is the breath of Yahweh which carries His life-force, but not necessarily the Presence of His Person.
When the term “holy Spirit” is used, it denotes the special emanation of the Spirit of God which originates from His throne into our physical world to convey His personal Presence and power. It is dispensed from Him so that He might achieve His purposes in fellowshipping with man, making His will known and performing His mighty acts in miracles, healings and various other interventions in the normal occurrence of events in the world. The holy Spirit is not a separate being, but an emanation, a power that proceeds from (goes out from, or exits) the Father, and is poured out upon His people (Isaiah 32:15, 44:3; Acts 2:17).
“But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me. John 15:26
“But the Helper, the holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My Name, he will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.” John 14:26
The holy Spirit originates from the Father and is sent by both the Father and the Son. “Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the holy Spirit, He (Yeshua) poured out this which you now see and hear ..” Acts 2:33
The holy Spirit was with the believers before the resurrection, but not in them. He was able to send the holy Spirit after His ascension. which would take His place with and in them. “And I will pray the Father, and He shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it sees him not, neither knows him: but you know him; for he dwells with you, and shall be in you. I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.” John 14:16-18. Note that the disciples already knew the holy Spirit and that He dwelt with them, but they were to receive the Spirit within them after Yeshua’s resurrection (John 20:20-22) and later, on the day of Pentecost, they were immersed/baptised in the holy Spirit as(Acts 2).
Previously, the holy Spirit had only moved upon men from without. (2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:21) The difference was in the Spirit being with them in what they did beforehand, and afterward being in them, empowering them from within. All of this indicating that there are differences of operation by the holy Spirit “differences of ministries, but the same Lord and diversities of activities but the same God” 1 Corinthians 12:5-6
The Holy Spirit takes the Son’s place in ministry on earth when Christ ascends in glory to heaven “If I do not go away the Helper will not come to you, but if I depart, I will send him to you.” John 16:7
“I will not leave you orphans, I will come to you." John 14:18
”But the Helper, the holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My Name, He will teach you all things ..” John 14:26
“ .... for He will take of mine and declare it unto you. All things that the Father has are mine. Therefore I said that he will take of mine and declare it to you" John16:15
“the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us" Romans 8:26,27
“For it is not you that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaks in you.” Matthew 10:20.
“as a many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.” Romans 8:14
THE HOLY SPIRIT FROM THE FATHER - IN YESHUA - GIVEN TO THE BELIEVERS
Yeshua was conceived of the Holy Spirit. Matthew 1:20
As the Eternal Son, before the foundation of the world, He was brought forth from the Father. As the Son of Man, he was conceived by the holy Spirit which emanated from the Father into this physical realm to impregnate Mirium with His seed. His ‘seed’ was the genetic identity of His Son. He was anointed by the holy Spirit for His ministry at His baptism, and perfected the prototype in Himself for those who would follow Him of a new race, a second “man”.
“This is He (Yeshua) who baptises with the holy Spirit.” John 1:33
Baptism is immersion - i.e. a complete immersion in the Spirit. “But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.” Romans 8:9.
It is the Spirit of the Father which was in Yeshua that is now in the believers. “And because ye are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.” Galatians 4:6.
“the Spirit of God dwells in you” 1 Corinthians 3:16; Romans 8:9
The holy Spirit is the presence of the Father which was also in the Son; (John 14:19-23; John 17:21,23; 1 John 1:3).
“Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.” 1 Corinthians 12:4.
“For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.” 1 Corinthians 12:13.