Hebrew Roots/The original foundation/Resurrect Dead
Resurrection means a 'raising up', or 'rising up' from the Greek word ANASTASIS. In the verb form it means 'to cause to stand or rise up; to raise from sleep or from the dead'. The word 'rapture' is a term found in scripture and is a doctrine of hope, for believers to comfort one another! (1 Thessalonians 4:18) Rapture comes from the Koine Greek text which uses the verb form ἁρπαγησόμεθα [harpagēsometha], which means "we shall be caught up", "taken away", with the connotation that this is a sudden event which is found in 1 Thessalonians 4:16-18.
THE BASIS OF SALVATION
The resurrection of the dead is one of the most basic of doctrines; and we accept it as fact that Jesus Christ, the Messiah not only suffered and died for the sins of the world, but that He subsequently rose from the grave by the power of Almighty God - His Father.
"Christ died for our sins .. .. and that He was buried and rose again on the third day .. .. He was seen of Peter, then by the twelve. After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once," 1 Corinthians 15: 3-7
It is the foundation of our faith, for, "If Jesus Christ is not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty. .. ..you are still in your sins!" (1 Corinthians 15:14 and 17b) The basis of the 'good news' and our salvation rests in His resurrection. For the reality of the resurrection means that the Lord Jesus Christ not only rose from the dead, but that He is alive today!
Jesus Christ's resurrection is also God the Father's infallible guarantee that all who genuinely believe in His Son will likewise rise from their graves and live forever! (John 3:16)
This is the Gospel - the good news of salvation, not only salvation from the power of sin, but also from all its consequences, the ultimate outworking being death not only in its spiritual form, but also from the ultimate state of physical death.
RESURRECTION FROM DEATH
Death is not a state of non-existence, nor is it annihilation, but in its scriptural sense it is a separation from the Source of Life - God the Father. Our present existence is actually a state of death. See Luke 16:19-31; Isaiah 14:9-11; 1 Peter 3:18-20 Death affects man in three levels. 1. Spiritually 2. Physically 3. Eternally - 'separation from God'
1. Spiritual Death This is the separation of the soul of man from God through sin. Adam as a living soul died spiritually in the literal day that he sinned. He became severed from the life that is in God. "the soul who sins will die" (Ezekiel 18:20)
"The wages of sin is death" (Romans 6:23) - death (separation from the true and living God) is the repayment you receive from being your own 'god'.
"To be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace" (Romans 8: 6). 'Carnal' as used here is 'fleshly' - i.e. thinking according to the flesh, or allowing the flesh to dominate your life. That brings death (James 1:12-15). So although physically alive, you can be spiritually 'dead'. 1 Timothy 5: 6; Revelation 3: 1
2. Physical Death Physical death is the separation of the soul and spirit from the body. Man was not meant to die, Adam died physically 930 years after he sinned, which was in the typical 'day' that the Lord predicted (2 Peter 3:8). See Romans 5:12,14,21 and Hebrews 9:27
Our bodies were formed to regenerate - the cells renew themselves and medical science cannot determine why man dies. It is the principle of sin outworking in our bodies, in death as a process - "dying you shall die". Weakness, sickness and disease.
3. Eternal Death This is the judgment determined on all those who reject the atonement for sin purchased by the Saviour. It is called in scripture, the 'second death' which is effected through the 'lake of fire'. Revelation 20:11-15 Of this all the prophets warned "to flee from the wrath to come" where He will "burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire" (Matthew 3: 7, 12) This is the 'worm' that never dies and the fire that is not quenched - Isaiah 66:24; Mark 9:43-48
Those who overcome the 'flesh' are assured that they will not be hurt by the 'second death'. Revelation 2:11; 20:6
But, “…the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death." Revelation 21:8
Jesus Christ, the second man, the substitute Adam tasted death in every form for man. As the 'last Adam', He overcame death on our behalf. He tasted death spiritually in His separation from the Father, physically by being put to death in the flesh, and when He went into Sheol/Hades, He experienced eternal death on our behalf. (Hebrews 2:9; 1 Corinthians 15:45-47)
Because of His sinlessness, death could not hold him in its clutches, when the sentence was completed that He took on our behalf, the Spirit of God raised Him from the grave triumphant over all the powers of darkness that had sought to hold Him in their grip. Read Psalm 22: 6-8,14-18 of the Saviour's suffering.
He arose the Victor, triumphant over death and now He imparts His victorious life to us.
THE PROCESS OF RESURRECTION
Through Jesus Christ, man is made alive, 'raised up' to spiritual life and immortality through the gospel (2 Timothy 1:9-10). He died to redeem us spiritually, physically and eternally and to deliver us from he who has the power of death, that is, Satan. "That through death (Jesus Christ's), He might destroy him that has the power of death, that is, the devil" Hebrews 2:14,15
1. Spiritual Resurrection From being in a state of death, man is 'raised up' to live in the spiritual realms. This is the process of being 'born again' or 'born from above' - spiritually regenerated (John 3: 3-5). This is a resurrection.
From being dead in trespasses and sins, man is made alive together with Jesus Christ, and He has "raised us up together, and made us sit together in the heavenly places (spiritual realms) in Jesus Christ." (Ephesians 2: 1,5-6 & Colossians 2:12-13)
"For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we shall also be in the likeness of His resurrection." Romans 6: 5
"But if the Spirit who raised up Christ from the dead dwell in you, He who raised up Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit who dwells in you." Romans 8:11 Health and healing are also the outworking of His Spirit in us. See also 2 Corinthians 4:10,11
Man is a tri-partite being, spirit soul and body (1 Thessalonians 5:23). There is a process of resurrection that needs to take place in our souls, as well as our spirit and then finally with our bodies. The redemptive work for our soul was completed at Calvary, but we need to appropriate that work into our life.
We have been chosen to salvation through sanctification (holiness) by the Spirit and belief in the truth. (2 Thessalonians 2:13)
We are to work out our own salvation with fear and trembling (Philippians 2:12), "Receiving (ensuring) the end of your faith, the salvation of your souls." 1 Peter 1: 9
As Paul prayed, that "Your whole spirit, soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ." 1 Thessalonians 5:23
2. Physical Resurrection The promise of the resurrection of our physical bodies is the glorious hope of the gospel.
The scriptures declare that the resurrection of the believers body will be like unto Christ's glorious body after His resurrection, --- "Who will transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to His glorious body, according to the working whereby He is able even to subdue all things unto Himself." Philippians 3:21
"we shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass that saying that is written, 'Death is swallowed up in victory'" 1 Cor.15:52-4
Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom, we must be changed. We shall no longer have flesh and blood bodies, but as His was when He arose, a flesh and bone body. 1 Corinthians 15:47-49 & Luke 24:39
In that flesh and bone body, Jesus Christ ate and drank and conducted himself in life for those 40 days, but was obviously not bound by the laws of the physical realm. He was a spirit-man in a 'glorious body' incorruptible physical body.
"As we have borne the image of the earthy, so we shall also bear the image of the heavenly (or spiritual) " 1 Corinthians 15:49
This was the same hope of the Old covenant saints -
"Your dead shall live; together with my dead body they shall arise." Isaiah 26:19
"In my flesh I shall see God" Job 19:26
"I will ransom them from the power of the grave. I will redeem them from death." Hosea 13:14
"I will see Your face in righteousness, I shall be satisfied when I awake in your likeness" Psalm 17:15 (David)
The Rapture and the Day of the Lord
"There will be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and the unjust" Acts 24:15
"The hour is coming, in which all that are in the graves shall hear His voice, and shall come forth, they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life, and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of judgment." John 5:28,29
Second Resurrection This is a resurrection to judgment. Sometimes called the Great White Throne judgment. The books are opened and all who are raised in this resurrection are judged according to their works. Revelation 20:12,13
The book of Life is also opened and whoever is not found written in this book is cast into the Lake of Fire. Revelation 20:15 Death and the place of the dead, Sheol/Hades are cast into the Lake of Fire. Death is abolished and the grave emptied.
Jesus Christ gave many parables regarding unfaithfulness and its rewards. Faithful and wise stewards of our Masters goods will receive dominion to rule and reign with Him (i.e. the first resurrection), but the unwise shall receive their portion with the unbelievers, which means they will be raised in the second resurrection to judgment. Luke 12:35-50
"The Lord knows how to keep the unrighteous under punishment for the day of judgment." 2 Peter 2: 9
The unprofitable servant who knew His master's will and didn't do it, is cast into outer darkness where there will be weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth. Matthew 25:30; 8:11,12
"Therefore, brethren, be even more diligent to make your call and election sure, for if you do these things you will never stumble; for so an entrance will be supplied to you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our King and Savior Christ Jesus." 2 Peter 1:2-11
SUMMARY 1. Jesus Christ was raised to life by the power of God the Father. (Acts 4:10, Romans 6:4)
2. He was subsequently seen by over 500 witnesses. (Acts 2:32, 1 Corinthains 15:6)
3. The Bible clearly teaches the resurrection of the dead as a foundational teaching . (1 Corinthians 15:20-23)
4. There are two general resurrections: The first, the Rapture, will take place at the return of Jesus Christ. (1 Thessalonians 4:16-17, John 5:29)
The second, the Resurrection to Judgment, will occur a thousand years after the first resurrection. (Revelation 20: 5-6)
5. Resurrected believers who rise at the Rapture will come forth with glorified and immortal bodies, similar to the body Jesus Christ possessed when He rose from the grave. (1 Corinthians 15:42-44, 1 John 3:2)
6. They will then receive their awards and eternal inheritance. (Luke 14:14; Matthew 16:27)
7. The unbeliever and the unfaithful will rise in the Resurrection of Judgement at the end of the millennium. (Rev. 20:12-14)
8. All those who seek to live forever should accept and act upon the words of the Saviour who said: "I am the Resurrection, and the Life: He that believes in Me, though he may die, yet shall he live." John 11:25
"Therefore, beloved, looking forward to these things, be diligent to be found by Him in peace, without spot and blameless;" 2 Peter 3:14