18–20 cm (7–8 in) Breeding male
Orange -yellow head and nape Black back, face, throat, and upper breast Downward curved bill Black wings have two white bars Black tail
Olive-grey upperparts Yellow-green underparts
Juvenile: similar to female; male may show black on throat Distribution
Breeds from central California, Nevada, central Arizona, southern New Mexico, and southern Texas southward through Mexico to Belize. Some of the Mexican breeders seems to have bred already in the same summer in the US before migrating to Mexico for their second round of nesting.