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Cookbook | Recipes | Ingredients | Vegetables
Endive (Cichorium endiva) is a leafy salad vegetable. It is often confused with common chicory (Cichorium intybus, of which radicchio is a variety). Endives can be consumed raw or cooked.
There are three main varieties of endive: Belgian endive, curly endive and escarole.
Belgian endive (also known as French endive and witloof) has a small head of cream-colored bitter leaves. It is grown in darkness to avoid the leaves turning green.
Curly endive or frisée (sometimes called chicory in the United States) has green rimmed curly outer leaves.
Escarole has broad, pale green leaves and is less bitter than the other varieties.