Chinese (Classical Mandarin)

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This tutorial is for High Mandarin spoken as lingua franca of Ming and T’sing as well as in traditonal Chinese theatry in modern days whose pronunciation is regulated by 洪武正韻 and 音韻闡微.

Transliteration and pronunciation[edit]

Glossary[edit]

Colloquial form[edit]

Adjectives ending in tĭ(底/的)[edit]

    • 白 bĕᵏ "to be white".
    • 白底/白的 bĕᵏ tĭ "white(adj.)".
    • 白底花/白的花 bĕᵏ tĭ hwā "white flower(s)".

Particle 得[edit]

  1. Used to before a verb, may be translated to get to.
    • 不得來 pŭᵗ tĕᵏ lȃi "cannot come".
  1. Used immediately after a verb to indicate capability.

    • 做得飯 tzú tĕᵏ fván "able to cook (lit. to make meal)".

    • 來不得 lȃi pŭᵗ tĕᵏ "not able to come".

  1. Used immediately after verb to lead certain adverbs.
    • 行得快 hhȋng tĕᵏ khwái "walks fast".

Particle 把[edit]

Particle 可[edit]

  1. Meaning to be allowed to.
    • 只可動口不可動手 chï̀ khò dúng' khòw, pŭᵗ khò dúng' shiòw "the subject may be discussed, but it is not proper to fight about it (lit. only allowed to move the mouth, not allowed move the hands)".

Vocalization of Classical Chinese and Medieval Chinese text[edit]

楓橋夜泊[edit]

月落烏啼霜滿天

江楓漁火對愁眠

姑蘇城外寒山寺

夜半鐘聲到客船

(ng)yuĕᵗ lŏᵏ ’ū thȋ shwāng mwòn thiēn

kiāng fūng (ng)yȗ hwò túi čhhȏw miȇn

kū sū čhhȋng (ng)wái hhȃn shān szé

ié pwón chyūng shīng táw khĕᵏ chhyuȇn