Wampanoag/Of Adnouns

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AN Adnoun is a part of Speech that attendeth upon a Noun, and signifieth the qualification thereof.

The Adnoun is capable of both the Animate and Inanimate forms: and it agreeth with his leading Noun, in form, number, and person.

For example: Rev. 4.4 there is Neesneechagkodtash nabo yau appuongash (Twenty-four Thrones). And Neesneechagkodtog yauog Eldersog (Twenty-four Elders). Here be two nouns of the two several forms, Animate and Inanimate; and the same Adnoun is made to agree with them both.

The Inanimate form of Adnouns end some in |i|, and some in |e|.

The Animate form in |es|, or |esu|: and those are turned into Verbs by taking the affix:

|Wompi|, {White}. |Wompiyeuash|. |M∞i|, {Black}. |M∞eseuash|. |Menuhki|, {Strong}. |Menuhkiyeuash|. |N∞chumwi|, {Weak}. |N∞chumwiyeuash|.

The same words in the Animate form:

|Wompesu|. |Wompesuog|. |M∞esu|. |M∞esuog|. |Menuhkesu|. |Menuhkesuog|. |N∞chumwesu|. |N∞chumwesuog|.

Put the affix to these, and they are Verbs.

| [p.14] NUMERALS belong unto Adnouns, and in them there is something remarkable.

From the number 5 and upward, they adde a worde suppletive, which signifieth nothing, but receiveth the Grammatical variation of the Declension, according to the things numbered, Animate or Inanimate. The Additional is (|tohsú|) or (|tahshé|), which is varied (|tohsúog|, |tohsúash|, or |tohshinash|.)

For Example:

1. |Nequt|. 2. |Neese|. 3 |Nish|. 4 |Yau|. 5 |Napanna tahshe| { |tohsuog|.

                   { |tohsuash|.

6 |Nequtta tahshe|. 7 |Nesausuk tahshe|. 8 |Shwosuk tahshe|. 9 |Paskoogun tahshe|. 10 |Piuk|. |Piukqussuog|, |Piukqussuash|.

Then from 10 to 20 they adde afore the Numeral (|nab| or |nabo|) and then it is not needful to adde the following additional, though sometimes they do it.

<261>

As for Example:

11 |Nabo nequt|. 12 |Nabo neese|. 13 |Nabo nish|. 14 |Nabo yau|. 15 |Nabo napanna|. 16 |Nabo nequtta|. 17 |Nabo nesausuk|. 18 |Nabo shwosuk|. 19 |Nabo paskoogun|. 20 |Neesneechag| { |kodtash|.

                { |kodtog|.

Then upwards they adde to |Neesneechag|, the single Numbers to 30, &c.

30 |Nishwinchag|. |kodtog|, |kodtash|. 40 |Nauunchag|, |kodtog|, |kodtash|. 50 |Napannatahshinchag| |kodtog|, |kodtash|. 60 |Nequtta tahshinchag| |kodtog|, |kodtash|. 70 |Nesausuk tahshinchag| |kodtog|, |kodtash|. 80 |Shwosuk tahshinchag| |kodtog|, |kodtash|. | [p.15] 90 |Paskoogun tahshinchag| |kodtog|, |kodtash|, 100 |Nequt pasuk k∞og|. |k∞ash|.

1000 |Nequt muttannonganog| { |kodtog|, } or { |kussuog|.

                           { |kodtash|. }    { |kussuash|.

The Adnoun is frequently compounded with the Noun and then usually they are contracted: as

|Womposketomp|, {A white man}. |M∞sketomp|, {A black man}. |Menuhkoshketomp|, {A strong man}. |Menuhkekont|, {A strong leg}. |Qunuhtug|, of |qunni|, {long}. |Mehtug|, {Wood} or {Tree}. And this word is used for {a Pike}.

When the Noun becometh a Verb, then the Adnoun becometh an Adverb.

There is no form of comparison that I can yet finde, but degrees are expressed by a word signifying more: as |Anue menuhkesu|, {More strong}: And |Nano| {More and more}. |M∞cheke|, {Much}. |Peesik| or |Peasik|, {Small}.

E. Mayhew: Adnouns are declined like the noun substantive that it relates to.