User:Vuara/CHAPTER VI (MMY Gita)

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CHAPTER VI CHƯƠNG VI
  1. Đấng ThiêngLiêng nói: He who performs action that ought to be done, without depending on the fruit of action, he is a sanyasi and he is a yogi; not he who is without fire and without activity.
  2. That which they call Sanyasa, know it to be Yoga, O son of Pandu, for no one becomes a yogi who has not relinquished the incentive of desire.
  3. Action is said to be the means for the man of thought wishing to ascend to Yoga; for the man who has ascended to Yoga, and for him alone, calmness is said to be the means.
  4. Only when a man does not cling to the objects of the senses or to actions, only when he has relinquished all incentive of desire, is he said to have ascended to Yoga.
  5. Let a man raise his self by his Self, let him not debase his Self; he alone, indeed, is his own friend, he alone his own enemy.
  6. He who has conquered his self by his Self alone is himself his own friend; but the Self of him who has not conquered his self will behave with enmity like a foe.
  7. For him who has conquered his self, who is deep in peace, the transcendent Self is steadfast in heat and cold, in pleasure and pain, in honour and disgrace.
  8. That yogi is said to be united who is contented in knowledge and experience, unshakeable, master of the senses, who is balanced in experiencing earth, stone or gold.
  9. Distinguished is he who is of even intellect among well-wishers, friends and foes, among the indifferent and the impartial, among hatefuI persons and among kinsmen, among the saints as well as the sinful.
  10. Let the yogi always collect himself remaining in seclusion, alone, his mind and body subdued, expecting nothing, without possessions,
  11. In a clean place, having set his seat firm, neither very high nor very low, having placed sacred grass, deerskin and cloth one upon the other.
  12. Seated there on the seat, having made the mind one-pointed, with the activity of the senses and thought subdued, let him practise Yoga for self-purification.
  13. Steady, keeping body, head and neck upright and still, having directed his gaze to the front of his nose, without looking in any direction,
  14. With his being deep in peace, freed from fear, settled in the vow of chastity, with mind subdued and thought given over to Me, let him sit united realizing Me as the Transcendent.
  15. Ever thus collecting himself, the yogi of disciplined mind attains to peace, the supreme liberation that abides in Me.
  16. Yoga, indeed, is not for him who eats too much nor for him who does not eat at all, O Arjuna; it is not for him who is too much given to sleep nor yet for him who keeps awake.
  17. For him who is moderate in food and recreation, moderate of effort in actions, moderate in sleep and waking, for him is the Yoga which destroys sorrow.
  18. When his mind, completely settled, is established in the Self alone, when he is free from craving for any pleasure, then is he said to be united.
  19. A lamp which does not flicker in a windless pIace, to such is compared the yogi of subdued thought practising Union with the Self.
  20. That (state) in which thought, settled through the practice of Yoga, retires, in which, seeing the Self by the Self alone, he finds contentment in the Self;
  21. Knowing that which is infinite joy and which, lying beyond the senses, is gained by the intellect, and wherein established, truly he does not waver;
  22. Having gained which he counts no other gain as higher, established in which he is not moved even by great sorrow;
  23. Let that disunion of the union with sorrow be known by the name of Yoga (Union). This Yoga should be practised with firm resolve and heart undismayed.
  24. Abandoning without reserve all desires from which the incentive (to action) is born, controlling the village of the senses on every side by the mind alone.
  25. Let him gradually retire through the intellect possessed of patience; having established the mind in the Self, let him not think at all.
  26. Whatever makes the fickle and unsteady mind wander forth, from that withdrawn, let him bring it under the sway of the Self alone.# For supreme happiness comes to the yogi whose mind is deep in peace, in whom the spur to activity is stilled, who is without blemish and has become one with Brahman.
  27. Ever thus collecting himself, the yogi, freed from blemish, with ease attains contact with Brahman, which is infinite joy.
  28. He whose self is established in Yoga, whose vision everywhere is even, sees the Self in all beings, and all beings in the Self.
  29. He who sees Me everywhere, and sees everything in Me, I am not lost to him nor is he lost to Me.
  30. Established in Unity, he who worships Me abiding in all beings, in whatever way he lives, that yogi lives in Me.
  31. He who sees everything with an even vision by comparison with the Self, be it pleasure or pain, he is deemed the highest yogi, O Arjuna.
  32. Arjuna said: This Yoga described by Thee as characterized by evenness, O Madhusudana, I do not see its steady endurance, because of wavering.
  33. For wavering is the mind, O Krishna, turbulent, powerful and unyielding; I consider it as difficult to control as the wind.
  34. The Blessed Lord said: No doubt, O mighty-armed, the mind is hard to control, it is wavering, but by practice and non-attachment it is held, O son of Kunti.
  35. For an undisciplined man, Yoga is hard to achieve, so I consider; but it can be gained through proper means by the man of endeavour who is disciplined.
  36. Arjuna said: What goal does he reach, O Krishna, who is not perfected in Yoga, being endowed with faith, yet lacking effort, his mind strayed from Yoga?
  37. Deluded on the path to Brahman, O mighty-armed, without foothold and fallen from both, does he not perish like a broken cloud?
  38. Thou art able to dispel this doubt of mine completely, O Krishna. Truly, there is none save Thee who can dispel this doubt.
  39. The Blessed Lord said: O Partha, there is no destruction for him in this world or hereafter; for none who acts uprightly, My son, goes the way of misfortune.
  40. Having attained the worlds of the righteous and dwelt there for countless years, he that strayed from Yoga is born in the house of the pure and illustrious.
  41. Or he is born in an actual family of yogis endowed with wisdom, though such a birth as this on earth is more difficult to attain.
  42. There he regains that level of Union reached by the intellect in his former body, and by virtue of this, O joy of the Kurus, he strives yet more for perfection.
  43. By that former practice itself he is irresistibly borne on. Even the aspirant to Yoga passes beyond the Veda.
  44. But the yogi who strives with zeal, purified of all sin and perfected through many births, thereupon reaches the transcendent goal.
  45. A yogi is superior to the austere; he is deemed superior even to men of knowledge. A yogi is superior to men of action. Therefore be a yogi, O Arjuna.
  46. And of all yogis, I hold him most fully united who worships Me with faith, his inmost Self absorbed in Me.
  1. Đấng ThiêngLiêng nói: He who performs action that ought to be done, without depending on the fruit of action, he is a sanyasi and he is a yogi; not he who is without fire and without activity.
  2. That which they call Sanyasa, know it to be Yoga, O son of Pandu, for no one becomes a yogi who has not relinquished the incentive of desire.
  3. Action is said to be the means for the man of thought wishing to ascend to Yoga; for the man who has ascended to Yoga, and for him alone, calmness is said to be the means.
  4. Only when a man does not cling to the objects of the senses or to actions, only when he has relinquished all incentive of desire, is he said to have ascended to Yoga.
  5. Let a man raise his self by his Self, let him not debase his Self; he alone, indeed, is his own friend, he alone his own enemy.
  6. He who has conquered his self by his Self alone is himself his own friend; but the Self of him who has not conquered his self will behave with enmity like a foe.
  7. For him who has conquered his self, who is deep in peace, the transcendent Self is steadfast in heat and cold, in pleasure and pain, in honour and disgrace.
  8. That yogi is said to be united who is contented in knowledge and experience, unshakeable, master of the senses, who is balanced in experiencing earth, stone or gold.
  9. Distinguished is he who is of even intellect among well-wishers, friends and foes, among the indifferent and the impartial, among hatefuI persons and among kinsmen, among the saints as well as the sinful.
  10. Let the yogi always collect himself remaining in seclusion, alone, his mind and body subdued, expecting nothing, without possessions,
  11. In a clean place, having set his seat firm, neither very high nor very low, having placed sacred grass, deerskin and cloth one upon the other.
  12. Seated there on the seat, having made the mind one-pointed, with the activity of the senses and thought subdued, let him practise Yoga for self-purification.
  13. Steady, keeping body, head and neck upright and still, having directed his gaze to the front of his nose, without looking in any direction,
  14. With his being deep in peace, freed from fear, settled in the vow of chastity, with mind subdued and thought given over to Me, let him sit united realizing Me as the Transcendent.
  15. Ever thus collecting himself, the yogi of disciplined mind attains to peace, the supreme liberation that abides in Me.
  16. Yoga, indeed, is not for him who eats too much nor for him who does not eat at all, O Arjuna; it is not for him who is too much given to sleep nor yet for him who keeps awake.
  17. For him who is moderate in food and recreation, moderate of effort in actions, moderate in sleep and waking, for him is the Yoga which destroys sorrow.
  18. When his mind, completely settled, is established in the Self alone, when he is free from craving for any pleasure, then is he said to be united.
  19. A lamp which does not flicker in a windless pIace, to such is compared the yogi of subdued thought practising Union with the Self.
  20. That (state) in which thought, settled through the practice of Yoga, retires, in which, seeing the Self by the Self alone, he finds contentment in the Self;
  21. Knowing that which is infinite joy and which, lying beyond the senses, is gained by the intellect, and wherein established, truly he does not waver;
  22. Having gained which he counts no other gain as higher, established in which he is not moved even by great sorrow;
  23. Let that disunion of the union with sorrow be known by the name of Yoga (Union). This Yoga should be practised with firm resolve and heart undismayed.
  24. Abandoning without reserve all desires from which the incentive (to action) is born, controlling the village of the senses on every side by the mind alone.
  25. Let him gradually retire through the intellect possessed of patience; having established the mind in the Self, let him not think at all.
  26. Whatever makes the fickle and unsteady mind wander forth, from that withdrawn, let him bring it under the sway of the Self alone.
  27. Đểcho hạnhphúc tốithượng đến với người yogi whose mind is deep in peace, in whom the spur to activity is stilled, who is without blemish and has become one with Brahman.
  28. Ever thus collecting himself, người yogi, freed from blemish, with ease attains contact with Brahman, which is infinite joy.
  29. Người mà tựbánthân cốđịnh tại Yoga, người mà thịkiến bìnhthản ở khắpmọinơi, thấy ChínhBảnSinh trong tấtcả chúngsinh, và tấtcả chúngsinh trong ChínhBảnSinh.
  30. Người mà thấy Ta ở khắpmọinơi, và thấy khắpmọivật trong Ta, người không mất Ta mà Ta cũng không mất người.
  31. Cốđịnh tại Đoànnhấttrí, người mà thờphượng Ta ở trong tấtcả chúngsinh, in whatever way he lives, that yogi lives in Me.
  32. Người mà thấy khắpmọivật with an even vision by comparison with the Self, be it pleasure or pain, he is deemed the highest yogi, O Arjuna.
  33. Arjuna nói: This Yoga described by Thee as characterized by evenness, O Madhusudana, I do not see its steady endurance, because of wavering.
  34. For wavering is the mind, O Krishna, turbulent, powerful and unyielding; I consider it as difficult to control as the wind.
  35. Đấng ThiêngLiêng nói: No doubt, O mighty-armed, the mind is hard to control, it is wavering, but by practice and non-attachment it is held, O son of Kunti.
  36. For an undisciplined man, Yoga is hard to achieve, so I consider; but it can be gained through proper means by the man of endeavour who is disciplined.
  37. Arjuna nói: What goal does he reach, O Krishna, who is not perfected in Yoga, being endowed with faith, yet lacking effort, his mind strayed from Yoga?
  38. Deluded on the path to Brahman, O mighty-armed, without foothold and fallen from both, does he not perish like a broken cloud?
  39. Thou art able to dispel this doubt of mine completely, O Krishna. Truly, there is none save Thee who can dispel this doubt.
  40. Đấng ThiêngLiêng nói: O Partha, there is no destruction for him in this world or hereafter; for none who acts uprightly, My son, goes the way of misfortune.
  41. Having attained the worlds of the righteous and dwelt there for countless years, he that strayed from Yoga is born in the house of the pure and illustrious.
  42. Or he is born in an actual family of yogis endowed with wisdom, though such a birth as this on earth is more difficult to attain.
  43. There he regains that level of Union reached by the intellect in his former body, and by virtue of this, O joy of the Kurus, he strives yet more for perfection.
  44. By that former practice itself he is irresistibly borne on. Even the aspirant to Yoga passes beyond the Veda.
  45. But the yogi who strives with zeal, purified of all sin and perfected through many births, thereupon reaches the transcendent goal.
  46. A yogi is superior to the austere; he is deemed superior even to men of knowledge. A yogi is superior to men of action. Therefore be a yogi, O Arjuna.
  47. And of all yogis, I hold him most fully united who worships Me with faith, his inmost Self absorbed in Me.