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The condition, osteopenia, is identified by low bone mineral density and can lead to osteoporosis as one ages. Bone mineral density peaks before the age of 30,[1] after which it slowly decreases. Osteopenia is diagnosed by a DXA (Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) scan which measures bone mineral density. This provides a T Score, which is the measurement used to assist in determining whether or not an individual has osteopenia or osteoporosis.

type tpype Referance 2

[2] . Baxter-Jones, A, Faulkner, R, Forwood, M, Mirwald, R and Bailey, D, Bone mineral accrual from 8 to 30 years of age: An estimation of peak bone mass, Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 2011, Volume 26, Issue 8 pp 1729-1739