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  1. What six purposes of the federal government are set forth in the Preamble to the Constitution?
    • establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity,
  2. Where are alllegislative powers under the Constitution vested?
    • in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
  3. What are the qualification of a Representative in Congress?
    • the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature; Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen
  4. Who decides how many Representatives there are and when is it decided?
    • determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. It is decided within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct.
  5. What is the term of office for a Representative?
    • 2 years
  6. How are vacancies in the House ot Representatives filled?
    • the US president (the Executive Authority) issues "Writs of Election" to fill the Vacancies
  7. Who chooses the Speaker of the House and íts other officers?
    • The House of Representatives
  8. What house of Congress has the sole power 01 impeachment?
    • The House of Representatives
  9. To how many Senators is each state entitled?
    • two
  10. Who now elects United States Senators?
    • State has elections for its general population (individuals at least 18) to elect the two senators.
  11. What is the term of office for a Senator?
    • six years
  12. What are the qualifications tor a Senator?
    • Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen
  13. Who is the President of the Senate?
    • vice president of the united states
  14. When does the President of the Senate vote?
    • when the senate is equally divided
  15. Who has the sole power to try all impeachments?
    • Senate. when the president is tried, the Chief justice will preside
  16. What punishment does the Constitution provide for a federal officer who has been removed from office by impeachment?
    • disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: Also, the convicted party is liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.
  17. Who determines the time. place, and manner of holding elections for Senators and Representatives?
    • each State by the Legislature thereof. but the Congress may at any time alter such Regulations, except concerning the places of choosing senators.
  18. When does Congress assemble and how frequently?
    • at least once in every Year. The Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December (altered by amendment XX)
  19. What responsibilities does Section 5 of Article I place on Congress?
    • Judge of elections, returns, and qualifications of its members. (majority shall constitute a quorum to do business), punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, keep a Journal of its Proceedings
  20. When may the President call a special session of Congress?
    • The president may call a special session of Congress when Congress has adjourned.
  21. What are the "privileges and immunities" of a member of Congress?
    • Compensation for their Services, privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, not be questioned outside the house about a speech or debate.
  22. What does the Constitution say about a member of Congress holding another public office?
    • "no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office"
  23. In which house of Congress must revenue bilis originate?
    • the House of Representatives
  24. What four things may the President do with bill passed by Congress?
    • sign it, veto it, return it with his Objections to the House, ignore it
  25. How may Congress "get around" a Presidential veto?
    • 2/3 of the house approve it
  26. List all of the powers which the Constitution vests in Congress.
    • Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
    • To borrow Money on the credit of the United States;
    • To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;
    • To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;
    • To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;
    • To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;
    • To establish Post Offices and post Roads;
    • To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;
    • To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;
    • To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offences against the Law of Nations;
    • To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
    • To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
    • To provide and maintain a Navy;
    • To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;
    • To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;
    • To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
    • To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, byCession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;--And
    • To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
  27. What does "general welfare" mean?
    • Many people disagree over the definition of general welfare. It means what is best for the American people.
  28. Who has complete power over money?
    • congress appropriates funds and has the power to raise taxes, the president is charged with the responsibility of spending the money.
  29. What are Congress' war powers?
    • Section 8: Clauses 11-16 define these powers
  30. What is the "implied power" clause of the Constitution?
    • Congress has the implied power to do what is necessary to carry out its duties. Article 1 says congress has the power “to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution”
  31. What does the Constitution say about slavery?
    • It doesn't say anything about slavery expressly. They made slaves 3/5ths of a person for representation.
  32. What things is Congress prohibited from doing under Section 9 of Article I?
    • The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
    • The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.
    • No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
    • No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken. (See Note 7)
    • No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.
    • No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
    • No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.
    • No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.
  33. list the limitation on state governments provided by Section 1 of Article 1.
    • No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility
    • No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
    • No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any Duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.
  34. What is the basic structure of the electoral college ?
    • number of electors for each state equal to the number of senators and representatives that the state sends to congress. No congressmen can serve as an elector. Electors vote on seperate ballots for president and vice president (one must not be an inhabitant of the state).
  35. if there is no valid electoral college election, who elects the President ?
    • House of Representatives
  36. if there is no valid electoral college election. who elects the Vice-President ?
    • the Senate
  37. Where is the executive power under the Constitution vested?
    • Article II Section 2
  38. What is the term of office of the President?
    • four years
  39. What are the qualification for President?
    • natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution
  40. Who succeeds the President in case of death, resignation or disability?
    • vice president
  41. What are the powers and duties of the President?
    • The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.
    • He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
    • The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
    • He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.
  42. List the President's war powers.
    • Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States
    • Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties,
  43. How may the President, Vice President and civil officers of the United States be removed from office?
    • on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
  44. Where does the Constitution vest the "judicial power"?
    • Article III
  45. What is the term of office for federal judges?
    • as long as they behave
  46. How do federal judges get their offices?
    • Appointment
  47. What powers over the federal courts does the Constitution give to Congress?
    • Power to create the lower courts, power approve or dissaprove the nominations that the president submits for the judges
  48. Who creates the courts inferior to the Supreme Court?
    • Congress
  49. What does the Constitution say about tríal by jury?
    • The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury;
  50. What is Treason against the United States?
    • Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort.
  51. How may a person be convicted of treason?
    • If someone levys war against the US or helps its enemies and two witnesses testify to the same act or the individual confesses.
  52. Who declares the punishment for treason?
    • The Congress shall have Power to declare the Punishment of Treason
  53. What does the term "Full Faith and Credit" mean?
    • Each state has to recognize the validity of the laws and judgments of other states.
  54. To what are citizens of each state entitled?
    • The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.
  55. What is extradition and how does it work?
    • A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
  56. How may new states be admitted to the Union?
    • New States may be admitted by the Congress
  57. Who can dispose of property of the United States?
    • The Congress
  58. Who oversees the territories of the United States?
    • The Congress
  59. What is a "Republican Form of Government" and to whom is it guaranteed?
    • Republic. A commonwealth; the form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all the citizens. In another sense, it signifies the state, independently of its form of government.
    • "every State in this Union"
  60. Under what circumstances does the Constitution permit the use of federal troops within a state?
    • to protect each state against Invasion; on Application of the Legislature; or by the president (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.
  61. How may the Constitution be amended?
    • on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments
    • It is made valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of the Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof
  62. What are the two limitations placed on the "amending process"?
    • no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article
    • no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.
  63. What does the "Supremacy Clause" say?
    • The laws enacted by congress take precedence over the laws enacted by states.
  64. When was the Constitution written and when was it ratified?
    • The Constitution was adopted by a convention of the States on September 17, 1787. Ratification was completed on June 21, 1788.