User:German Lessons/Level I/Geburtstag

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Lesson I.5: Geburtstag


Asking the Time[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Time — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Zeit
 
English German
What time is it? (How late is it?) Wie spät ist es?
What time is it? (How much clock is it?) Wie viel Uhr ist es?
Ef It is 10:15 Es ist zehn Uhr fünfzehn.
BoA It is 10:15 Viertel nach Zehn
BoA It is 10:45 Viertel vor Elf

In table above you might have seen the Ef and BoA, those stand for exact form and before or after. Specific times can be expressed in two ways: Exact form (e.g. "Four thirty-seven") or before or after form (e.g. "Twenty-three to five").

Exact form[edit]

This form is the same as English. For example,

  • Es ist zehn Uhr fünfzehn.
It is 10:15 a.m.
  • The new word Uhr means "o'clock", and is used in all exact times, it comes between the hour and the minute.
  • Also, German-speakers generally use the 24-hour clock when expressing time this way, therefore, 3:29 p.m. (15:29) is "fünfzehn Uhr neunundzwanzig."

Section Problems>>

Before or After the Hour[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg BoA — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg BoA
 
English German
After, Past nach
Till, to vor
quarter Viertel
half before Halb
  • Use the same form as in English. For example, 10:57 can be said as, "drei vor Elf(three minutes to eleven". Likewise, 4:10 would be "zehn nach Vier(ten minutes past four)."
  • Typically, use the smaller time interval with 'nach' or 'vor'. Don't say, "siebenundfünfzig nach Zehn."
  • You don't need a vor when using halb. Be careful! In German it´s not "half past", but rather "half to". For example, 11:30 can be said as, "Halb zwölf".
  • 5:15 can be said as "Viertel nach Fünf", 5:45 would be "Viertel vor Sechs".

Note: This is only used with informal time telling. You don't use 'Uhr'.

Section Problems>>

Saying When You Do Something[edit]

Wann spielst du Football? (Football means American Football. The much more popular soccer would be "Fußball", which lit. means Football)

To say you play a sport at a certain time in English, you would answer, "I play football at 3:30." This is all the same in German, with the translation of 'at' being um. That makes the above response "Ich spiele Football um halb Vier." or "Ich spiele Football um fünfzehn Uhr dreißig.".

Section Problems>>

Times of Day[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Times of Day — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Tageszeiten
 
English German
the day der Tag
today heute
tomorrow morgen
the day after tomorrow übermorgen
yesterday gestern
the day before yesterday vorgestern
(early) morning Morgen*
morning Vormittag
afternoon Nachmittag
evening Abend
night Nacht
  • In German, except the capitalization, the words for "morning" and "tomorrow" are the same: morgen. If you want to say tomorrow morning use morgen früh (meaning: early on the next day).
  • The words above can be combined into phrases like "gestern Abend".
  • To say "2 days before yesterday" use vorvorgestern (but 3 days before yesterday won't be vorvorvorgestern)

Section Problems>>

Days and Months[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Days — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Tage
 
English German
Monday Montag
Tuesday Dienstag
Wednesday Mittwoch
Thursday Donnerstag
Friday Freitag
Saturday Samstag
Sunday Sonntag
  • Instead of "Samstag" you can say "Sonnabend".
Vocabulary: English language.svg Months — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Monate
 
English German
January Januar
February Februar
March März
April April
May Mai
June Juni
July Juli
August August
September September
October Oktober
November November
December Dezember
  • To say "on Monday", say "am Montag" or whatever applies. To say "in January", say "im Januar" or whatever applies. This is the same for all of the days and months.
  • You can also combine the times of day from earlier with the days of the week. But they're both nouns. To do this, therefore, we must combine the two words into one, as in "Dienstagnacht" (Tuesday night).

Culture Note: The German week begins on Monday.

Section Problems>>

Dates[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Dates — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Daten
 
English German
first of (month) erster
second of (month) zweiter
third of (month) dritter
fourth of (month) vierter
seventh of (month) siebter
eighth of (month) achter
-th of [below 20] -ter
tenth of zehnter
twentieth of zwanzigster
thirty-first of einunddreißigster
-th of [20 to 31] -ster
on (the) am
  • The ordinal numbers from 2 to 19 take the endings t and from 20 upwards take the ending st
  • For example "on the 25th of December",
Simply say "am fünfundzwanzigsten Dezember."
In other cases you say "fünfundzwanzigster Dezember" or "der fünfundzwanzigste Dezember".
  • In Germany, dates are written out in the logical order Day . Month . Year, instead of the American Month/Day/Year.
German uses a dot instead of a slash. Do not use the slash in dates, as it is unusual and confusing because you cannot tell if "4/6" means 4th of June (4.6.) or 6th of April (6.4.)

Section Problems>>

Birthdays[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Birthdays — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Geburtstage
 
English German
Birthday Geburtstag
Happy Birthday Alles Gute zum Geburtstag!
Best wishes on your birthday! Herzlichen Glückwunsch zum Geburtstag!
Here is your present! Hier ist dein Geschenk!
Thank you! Dankeschön!
That's a nice party! Das ist eine tolle Party!
  • To say, "My birthday is on November 13th", say, "Ich habe am dreizehnten November Geburtstag."

Here am dreizehnten November, am 13. November, am dreizehnten elften and am 13. 11. represent the same date.

Note the order; it translates back literally as "I have on the 13th of November birthday."

Section Problems>>

Seasons[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Seasons — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Jahreszeiten
 
(missing file: File:German Vocabulary - Seasons.ogg, how to upload audio)
English German
Spring Frühling
Summer Sommer
Autumn Herbst
Winter Winter
in (the) im

To say "in Summer", say "im Sommer". For example,

  • Im Sommer spiele ich Baseball.
I play baseball in summer.

The time always goes before the verb and the subject. (time, verb, and subject)

Section Problems>>

Periods of Time[edit]

If you want to express a certain period of time, but it doesn't have a specific name, like Nachmittag, you can do it like this:

Vocabulary: English language.svg Seasons — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Jahreszeiten
 
(missing file: File:German Vocabulary - Seasons.ogg, how to upload audio)
German Time
von Starting Time
bis Ending Time
  • This is the same as from ... till ... in English.
  • This can also apply with dates. For example, "Wir haben Schule (school) von Montag bis Freitag".
  • Exceptions
Wir haben frei vom fünfundzwanzigsten Dezember bis zum zweiten Januar.

Section Problems>>

How often?[edit]

Wie oft?, there are many ways to answer this question. Two are "once, twice, or three times in a ..." or "always, often, or never."

A Number or Times[edit]

To say, "once a month", or "four times a week", add "mal" to the end of the number and use the examples below.

Vocabulary: English language.svg Daily — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Täglich
 
(missing file: File:German Vocabulary - Daily.ogg, how to upload audio)
English German
Day am Tag
Week in der Woche
Month im Monat
Year im Jahr
Weekend am Wochenende
Morning morgens
Evening abends
Afternoon nachmittags
Night nachts oder in der Nacht

For example

  • Wir kegeln zweimal in der Woche.
We bowl twice a week.

Section Problems>>

Common Adverbs[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Sometimes — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Manchmal
 
(missing file: File:German Vocabulary - Sometimes.ogg, how to upload audio)
English German
always immer
most of the time meistens
often oft
sometimes manchmal
seldom selten
never nie
only nur
  • To apply these words, put them in the sentence, after the verb and subject, but before the sport/activity.
  • You can also use 'nur' to say things like, Sie spielt nur manchmal Tennis.
  • Note that if this is translated word-for-word, it becomes, She plays only sometimes tennis. That's just the way German is.

Section Problems>>

Time-Related Words[edit]

Vocabulary: English language.svg Sometimes — Flag of Germany and Austria.svg Manchmal
 
(missing file: File:German Vocabulary - Sometimes.ogg, how to upload audio)
English German
Time die Zeit
Free time die Freizeit
  • To say you have time, ignore the 'die'.
  • To say when, insert other phrases you have learned this lesson. For example, Ich habe am Samstagabend Zeit.
Note that the word order is the same as that of birthdays. You can use Freizeit in the same way.

Section Problems>>

What's On the Test[edit]

To go straight to the lesson test, go here.

The test will have four parts to it: Grammar (79 points), Translating (95 points), Reading Comprehension (20 points), Vocabulary (20 points), and Previous Topics (10 points) in that order. The Grammar section will test your ability to know the verbs from this lesson and it's various visions, to know articles - the genders of them and the correct usage of them, and correct word order.

The Translating section is worth the most points, and it too has three sections. You must know the translations for sentences and phrases going from English to German, and be able to take a German dialogue and translate it back into English. Also you must know the translation from Numbers to German.

The third section, Reading Comprehension, is Comprehension Questions you must know how to read the conversion and after reading you will be asked question on the previous conversion.

The fourth section is a vocabulary section. You get 20 English words on the left and 20 German words on the right, and be asked to match them. To study for that, check out the 401 flashcards related to this lesson at FlashcardExchange.com Part I and FlashcardExchange.com Part II.

The last section, Previous Topics, is a quick review on Lesson 1 to get ready for this section, just look at some past notes or go to Lesson 1 and study. That is the whole test. Take it!


(edit template) 50%.svg Level I Lessons (discussion)

100%.svg I.0 Introduction

Section I.A: 100%.svg I.1 Wie heißt du? (1. Teil)100%.svg I.2 Wie heißt du? (2. Teil)100%.svg I.3 Bitte buchstabieren Sie100%.svg Review Section I.A

Section I.B: 50%.svg I.4 Freizeit50%.svg I.5 Geburtstag50%.svg I.6 Essen25%.svg Review Section I.B

Section I.C: 50%.svg I.7 Kleidung50%.svg I.8 Familie und Nationalität25%.svg I.9 Schule25%.svg Review Section I.C

Section I.D: 25%.svg I.10 Das Fest25%.svg I.11 Privileg und Verantwortung25%.svg I.12 Wetter00%.svg Review Section I.D

Section I.E: 00%.svg I.13 Zu Hause essen00%.svg I.14 Filme00%.svg I.15 Das Haus00%.svg Review Section I.E