US History/Presidents

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Presidents of the United States[edit]

Although Washington was a member of the Whig Party before the Revolution, after the war he was not a member of any party, though he tended to lean toward Federalist positions. Since the formation of the Democratic-Republican party and the Federalist Party, there has always been at least one viable political party. Today the United States has a two party system. There have been many third party movements, such as Ralph Nader, and Theodore Roosevelt, but these attempts to create a three-party system have, thus far, failed.

# President Years in Office Political Party Notes
1 George Washington 1789-1797 Unaffiliated British officer in the French and Indian War, American general, war hero in Revolution against the British. Robert E. Lee is a distant relative. The only President to have been elected without a political party. Reluctant to become president. Set many precedents in office.
2 John Adams 1797-1801 Federalist
3 Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 Democratic-Republican
4 James Madison 1809-1817 Democratic-Republican
5 James Monroe 1817-1825 Democratic-Republican
6 John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Democratic-Republican Son of former President John Adams
7 Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 Democrat
8 Martin Van Buren 1837-1841 Democrat
9 William Henry Harrison 1841 Whig Died in Office
10 John Tyler 1841-1845 Democrat Succeeded President Harrison
11 James Knox Polk 1845-1849 Democrat
12 Zachary Taylor 1849-1850 Whig Died in Office
13 Millard Fillmore 1850-1853 Whig Succeeded President Taylor
14 Franklin Pierce 1853-1857 Democrat
15 James Buchanan 1857-1861 Democrat
16 Abraham Lincoln 1861-1865 Republican Assassinated
17 Andrew Johnson 1865-1869 Democrat Succeeded President Lincoln, Impeached by House, acquitted by one vote in the Senate
18 Hyram Ulysses Grant 1869-1877 Republican
19 Rutherford Birchard Hayes 1877-1881 Republican
20 James Abram Garfield 1881 Republican Assassinated
21 Chester Alan Arthur 1881-1885 Republican Succeeded President Garfield
22 (Stephen) Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 Democrat Also served as the 24th President
23 Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893 Republican Grandson of former President William Henry Harrison
24 (Stephen) Grover Cleveland 1893-1897 Democrat Also served as the 22nd President
25 William McKinley 1897-1901 Republican Assassinated
26 Theodore Roosevelt 1901-1909 Republican Succeeded President McKinley. Roosevelt was fought in the battle of San Juan hill, Esperanto speaker, on the staff of National Geographic while President
27 William Howard Taft 1909-1913 Republican
28 (Thomas) Woodrow Wilson 1913-1921 Democrat
29 Warren Gamaliel Harding 1921-1923 Republican Died in office
30 (John) Calvin Coolidge, Jr. 1923-1929 Republican Succeeded President Harding
31 Herbert Clark Hoover 1929-1933 Republican
32 Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1933-1945 Democrat Only president to serve more than two terms (he served four); Died in office
33 Harry S Truman 1945-1953 Democrat Succeeded President Roosevelt
34 Dwight David Eisenhower 1953-1961 Republican
35 John Fitzgerald Kennedy 1961-1963 Democrat Assassinated
36 Lyndon Baines Johnson 1963-1969 Democrat Succeeded President Kennedy
37 Richard Milhous Nixon 1969-1974 Republican Resigned over Watergate, author of No More Vietnams and The Real War
38 Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. 1974-1977 Republican Succeeded President Nixon
39 James Earl Carter, Jr. 1977-1981 Democrat
40 Ronald Wilson Reagan 1981-1989 Republican
41 George Herbert Walker Bush 1989-1993 Republican
42 William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton 1993-2001 Democrat Impeached by House, acquitted by Senate
43 George Walker Bush 2001-2009 Republican Son of former President George Herbert Walker Bush
44 Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. 2009-present Democrat First African-American president.

Vice Presidents of the United States[edit]

# Vice President Years in Office Political Party Notes
1 John Adams 1789-1797 Federalist Second President
2 Thomas Jefferson 1797-1801 Democratic-Republican Founder of the Democratic-Republican Party
3 Aaron Burr 1801-1805 Democratic-Republican Shot Alexander Hamiltion in a duel. Bribed electors to vote for him, and ended up tied with Jefferson. Scandal resulted in the 12th Amendment.
4 George Clinton 1805-1812 Democratic-Republican Died in office.
5 Elbridge Gerry 1813-1814 Democratic-Republican Died in office.
6 Daniel D. Tompkins 1817-1825 Democratic-Republican an entrepreneur, jurist, Congressman and Governor of New York
7 John Caldwell Calhoun 1825-1832 Democratic-Republican Resigned
8 Martin Van Buren 1833-1837 Democrat
9 Richard Mentor Johnson 1837-1841 Democrat
10 John Tyler 1841 Whig Succeeded President Harrison
11 George Mifflin Dallas 1845-1849 Democrat
12 Millard Fillmore 1849-1850 Whig Succeeded President Taylor
13 William Rufus DeVane King 1853 Democrat Died in Office, strong believer in "Manifest Destiny."
14 John Cabell Breckinridge 1857-1861 Democrat
15 Hannibal Hamlin 1861-1865 Republican
16 Andrew Johnson 1865 Democrat Succeeded President Lincoln
17 Schuyler Colfax 1869-1873 Republican President Ulysses S. Grant and Vice President Colfax, both 46 at time of entering offices, were the youngest presidential team until election of Bill Clinton and Al Gore in 1992.
18 Henry Wilson 1873-1875 Republican Died in Office
19 William Almon Wheeler 1877-1881 Republican
20 Chester Alan Arthur 1881 Republican Succeeded President Garfield
21 Thomas Andrews Hendricks 1885 Democrat Died in office
22 Levi Parsons Morton 1889-1893 Republican
23 Adlai Ewing Stevenson 1893-1897 Democrat
24 Garret Augustus Hobart 1897-1899 Republican Died in office
25 Theodore Roosevelt 1901 Republican Succeeded President McKinley
26 Charles Warren Fairbanks 1905-1909 Republican
27 James Schoolcraft Sherman 1909-1912 Republican Died in office
28 Thomas Riley Marshall 1913-1921 Democrat
29 John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. 1921-1923 Republican Succeeded President Harding
30 Charles Gates Dawes 1925-1929 Republican
31 Charles Curtis 1929-1933 Republican
32 John Nance Garner 1933-1941 Democrat
33 Henry Agard Wallace 1941-1945 Democrat
34 Harry S Truman 1945 Democrat Succeeded President Roosevelt
35 Alben William Barkley 1949-1953 Democrat
36 Richard Milhous Nixon 1953-1961 Republican
37 Lyndon Baines Johnson 1961-1963 Democrat Succeeded President Kennedy
38 Hubert Horatio Humphrey 1965-1969 Democrat
39 Spiro Theodore Agnew 1969-1973 Republican Resigned
40 Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. 1973-1974 Republican Succeeded President Nixon
41 Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller 1974-1977 Republican
42 Walter Frederick Mondale 1977-1981 Democrat
43 George Herbert Walker Bush 1981-1989 Republican
44 James Danforth "Dan" Quayle III 1989-1993 Republican
45 Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. 1993-2001 Democrat Nobel Prize winner for film "An Inconvenient Truth", ran unsuccessfully against Bush in 2000
46 Richard Bruce Cheney 2001-2009 Republican
47 Joseph Biden 2009-present Democrat Senator for the state of Delaware for 36 years


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