Tanchangya/Cases

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Case[edit]

  • Case (bibhawtti) Singular (ekbawsawn) Plural(bahubawsawn)


Nominative Case[edit]

  • Nominative- (nangawtbibhawtti) (base form)
  • Eg. The boy goes to school.
  • Pawa ba Iskulawt jai. The word Pawa ba is the nominative case.


Accusative Case[edit]

  • Accusative Base form
  • Eg. The boy goes to school.
  • Pawa ba Iskulawt jai. The word "iskul" is the accusative case.


Instrumental Case[edit]

  • Instrumental (karawn-bibhawtti) singular-Loi Plural-Darai


  • Eg. The boy goes to school by bus.
  • Pawa ba Iskulawt jai bus gari loi. The word "loi" of the word "bus gari loi"is the instrumental case.



Dative Case[edit]

  • Dative(sawmprawdan-bibhawtti) singular-Paagi Plural-Te
  • Eg. The boy sells vegetable for school fees.
  • Pawa ba Saksawbji/Larapara besete iskulaw te nga pagi. The word "pagi" of the word "iskulaw te-nga pagi"is the dative case.


Ablative Case[edit]

  • Ablative (Awprawdan-bibhawtti) singular-Tun Plural-Tun


  • Eg. The boy goes in the vilage to get rid of from his parent scold.
  • Pawa ba aramawt gi ye re Ma bab pani galdenatun sai bat pagi. The word "tun" of the word "galdenatun"is the ablative case.


Genitive Case[edit]

  • Genitive (girawtti bibhawtti) singular-Awr/ya (1st person) Ar, the rest Plural-Ar, the rest


  • Eg. The boy is the son of rich man.
  • Pawa ulaw re Majawnya pawa. The word "ya" of the word "Majawnya"is the genitive case.


Locative Case[edit]

  • Locative (jagabibhawtti) singular-Awt Plural-e


  • Eg. The boy lives in Yangon.
  • Pawa Rengunawt/Yangunawt tai re. The word "awt" of the word "Rengunawt"is the locative case.


Vocative Case[edit]

  • Vocative singular-O/ oi Plural-O
  • Eg. Hello, what is your name?
  • Oi taw na ngan ki nang? The word "oi" is the vocative case.