Spanish/Thesaurus of Spanish Cognates/Everyday Vocabulary/Conversational Forms

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Spanish (Romance)[edit]

Note 1: The Spanish words can be mainly categorized in three groups according to what is the stressed syllable: agudas, when the stressed syllable is the last one; llanas, when the stressed syllable is the penultimate (i.e. the last syllable but one); and esdrújulas, when the stressed syllable is the antepenultimate (i.e. the last syllable but two).

  • All the agudas words which end in vowel or in the consonants n or s, have a written accent on the stressed syllable (the last one).
  • All the llanas words which do NOT end in vowel nor in consonants n or s, have a written accent on the stressed syllable (the penultimate one).
  • And all the esdrújulas words have an written accent on the stressed syllable (the antepenultimate one).

Note 2: The s and th [θ] are not observed by all the Spanish speakers. In Latin America and some regions of Spain, people pronounce z and c before e and i (th pronunciation) as an s, this phenomenon is called seseo. On the other hand, when the s pronunciation is replaced for the th one, it is called ceceo.

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Remarks
Spanish castellano

español
/kasteˈʎano/
/kasteˈʝano/
/espaˈɲol/
let's go vámonos /'bamonos/
hello hola /ˈola/ listen
good morning buenos días /bwenosˈð̞iːas/ listen lit. good days
goodbye adiós /aˈð̞jos/ listen from a Dios to God
see you (later) hasta luego /ˈastaˈlweɰo/ listen lit. until (we see) later
please por favor /por faˈβ̞or/ listen lit. by favour
thank you gracias /ˈgraθjas/
/ˈgrasjas/
listen
you’re welcome
don’t mention it
de nada /deˈnað̞a/ listen lit. (it was) of nothing
sorry perdón /perˈð̞on/ listen lit. (I beg your) pardon
pardon me perdóneme /pɛɾˈð̞o.ne.me/
I’m sorry lo siento /loˈsjɛn.to/ listen lit. I feel (bad) for it
forgive me discúlpame
disculpe (formal)
/disˈkul.pa.me/
this one éste (masculine)
ésta (feminine)
/ˈeste/
/ˈesta/
listen
listen
that one ése (masculine)
ésa (feminine)
/ˈese/
/ˈesa/
that yonder aquél (masculine)
aquella (feminine)
/aˈkel/
/aˈkeʎa/
/aˈkeʝa/
how much? ¿cuánto? /ˈkwanto/
English inglés [iŋˈgles]
yes /ˈsi/
no no /ˈno/
I don’t understand no comprendo
no entiendo
/nokomˈprendo/
/noenˈtjendo/
I don’t know no sé /noˈse/
where is the bathroom? ¿Dónde está el baño? /dondesˈtaelˈβ̞aɲo/
bless you salud /saˈluð̞/ lit. health
Do you speak English? (direct polite) ¿Habla inglés? /ˈaβ̞laiŋˈgles/ (listen) polite question
What is your name? ¿Cómo se llama? polite question
hopefully, I hope (that) ojalá (que) /oxaˈla/