Sidux/Useable applications/Wine

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Wine (Wine is not an emulator) is an environment which works on Unix-like systems (Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD)
and can run applications designed for Windows OS.
I can't say that Wine suits for virtualization applications chapter and it's not an emulator too.
But I put Wine to the chapter because it makes similar job than virtual machines.


Wine installation - stable version[edit]

1. It's available in Debian repositories:
apt-get install wine
2. To check Wine settings go to: Menu-> System-> Wine Configuration.
Wine1en.png


Wine2en.png


Wine installation - development version[edit]

You can try non-stable version if you want.
1. First add new repository address:
deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt sid main
to file:
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/debian.list 
2. Receive public key:
wget -O - http://www.lamaresh.net/apt/key.gpg | apt-key add -
3. And install application:
apt-get update
apt-get install wine


DLL libraries, fonts and other components installation[edit]

To run Windows OS softwares under Wine you need to get some libraries I installed using one of tools:

Winetricks[edit]

"Winetricks" script is available on: http://www.kegel.com/wine/winetricks
1. To download it right click on the link and choose: "Save it as..."
2. If you don't know what you should install using winetricks, run it in Terminal to open its GUI:
sh winetricks
and choose packages you need.
3. Second way to install basic libraries is typing command:
sh winetricks allfonts riched20 richtx32 gecko autohotkey dcom98 d3dx9 mfc40 wsh56 msi2
Wine3en.png
4. Full list available libraries, fonts and applications is here: http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks

PlayOnLinux[edit]

Good choice to install "Windows" applications with "Wine" is using "PlayOnLinux".
1. Installation from repositories:
apt-get install playonlinux
2. Run it from Menu-> Applications-> Games-> PlayOnLinux.
Wine13en.png
3. Click on "Install" to open applications list.
Wine14en.png
4. The application is very easy to use, just mark a program to be installed and "Apply" to do so.
Wine15en.png

Others - not supported[edit]

  1. Winetools
  2. Wine-doors


Windows applications installation[edit]

Now you can install Windows applications.
Just remember that Wine is only an environment simulates Windows OS so you can't run any application.
There is a list below of applications compatible with Wine.


Wine repositories applications[edit]

Open sources vesion of some applications can be installed using "winetricks", for example:
"7-zip" archivizer, "divx" and "xvid" codecs, "flash" plugin, "IE6" or "IE7" web browsers
having command in Terminal, for example:
sh winetricks ie7 


"exe" applications[edit]

If you downloaded an "exe" software you can install it in two ways:
1. In Thunar file manager mark the package and choose from mouse menu: Run with "Wine".
2. Or in Terminal (never as root) with the command:
wine application_name.exe
3. The installation runs in the same way as under Windows but applications are installed in folder:
/home/user_name/.wine/drive_c/Program Files
4. To run an application:
a. Menu-> Other-> Application name
b. Open Thunar file manager and go to folder as above and right click on it: Run with "Wine"
c. Or in Terminal:
wine /home/user_name/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/Application Folder/application.exe
5. If you want to uninstall an application, use Wine uninstaller:
Menu-> System-> Wine Uninstaller then mark the application and click on: Uninstall.
Wine12en.png


"msi" applications[edit]

"msi" applications needs "msi2" package I installed before using "winetricks".
1. To install "msi" application:
msiexec /i application_name.msi
2. To run the application do the same like for "exe" applications.
3. To uninstall it:
msiexec /x application_name.msi
4. A list of "msiexec" script commands is here: http://wiki.winehq.org/msiexec


Test[edit]

To be not treated as a writer only I did a few testing installations.
Not all of theme has been finished successfull but it doesn't mean you can't make it better.
1. Internet Explorer 7, installations:
sh winetricks ie7
a. The application has been installed well but it works without navigations panels. 4.png
2. Internet Explorer 6.
a. I was not happy with IE7, I removed it and tried to install IE6:
sh winetricks ie6
Wine6.png


Wine7.png


Wine8.png
b. Installator downloaded packages so I egreed with the licence but IE6 did not want to run.
3. Next I tried to install "IE6" using "IEs4Linux" script downloaded from: www.tatanka.com
a. Next extract it and run "ies4linux" script
Wine13.png
b. It'll download and install "IE6" itself
Wine14.png
c. The effect is the same as last time - negative.
3. Winamp - has been installed and works very well.
Wine10en.png


Wine17.png


I want to say that very clear -  I installed random applications.
Installation problems on my computer don't mean that it'll be the same on yours.
The best way to find out is checking it yourself.


Links[edit]

  1. Wine home page: http://www.winehq.org/
  2. Wine on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wine_%28software%29
  3. Wine Wiki page: http://wiki.winehq.org/
  4. WineTools page: http://www.von-thadden.de/Joachim/WineTools/
  5. Wine-doors page: http://wddb.wine-doors.org/
  6. Winetricks page: http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks
  7. Applications list compatible with Wine: http://appdb.winehq.org/
  8. IEs4Linux page: http://www.tatanka.com.br/ies4linux/page/Main_Page