Pinyin/People's Republic of China

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The People's Republic of China (PRC, also called China for short) is situated in the east of Asia. It was established on October 1, 1949. It has more than 1.3 billion people, which is the largest population in the world. It covers an area of 9.6 million square kilometers.

Zhonghuar Rernmirn Gohngherguor (PRC, yee jiaancheng Zhongguor) weihyur Yahzhou dongbuh, 1949 niarn 10 yueh 1 rih chernglih, rernkoou chaoguoh 13 yih, shihjieh 'shang rernkoou zuih duo de guorjia, miahnji 960 wahn pirngfang qianmii.



Beijing is the capital city, and Shanghai is the city with biggest population.

shooudu shih Beeijing, rernkoou zuih duo de cherngshih shih Shahnghaai.


The United Kingdom returned Hong Kong to China in 1997 and Portugal returned Macau in 1999. These two cities are highly autonomous. The central government is responsible for defense and foreign affairs but not the daily operation for 50 years.

Yingguor 1997 niarn guihuarn Xianggaang geei Zhongguor err Portugal 1999 niarn guihuarn Aohmern. liaang 'ge cherngshih gaoduh zihzhih. Zhongyang zhehngfuu fuhzer guorfarng her waihjiao err bu guaan rihcharng gongzuoh, 50 niarn bu biahn.


PRC claims that Taiwan is one of its provinces. However, PRC does not actually control Taiwan which has independent political system and its official name is the Republic of China.

PRC shengcheng Tairwan shih ta de yi 'ge sheeng keeshih bu shirjih kohngzhih Tairwan. Tairwan yoou durlih de zhengzhih xihtoong, guanfang mirngcheng shi Zhonghuar Mirnguor.



History[edit]

In the late period of Qing Dynasty, the government was corrupted and foreign countries invaded China. The people were very poor and revolution erupted. The revolution led by the Guomindang overthrew Qing Dynasty and founded the Republic of China in 1912.

Qingchaor mohniarn, zhehngfuu fuubaih, waihguor ruhqin. rernmirn pirnkuhn yiinfa germihng. 1912 niarn Guormirndaang liingdaao de germihng tuifan Qingchaor jiahnlih Zhonghuar Mirnguor.


Because of the corruption of the government and the Japanese invasion, the revolution led by the Chinese Communist Party finally overthrew the government of the Republic of China in the Chinese Mainland, and found the People's Republic of China in 1949. The government of the Republic of China fled to Taiwan and continues its political power until now.

youryur zhengfuu fuubaih jiashahng Rihbeen ruhqin, jierguoo Zhongguor Gohngchaandaang liingdaao de germihng tuifan Zhongguor Dahlu de Zhonghuar Mirnguor zhehngfuu, 1949 niarn jiahnlih Zhonghuar Rernmirn Gohngherguor. Zhonghuar Mirnguor zhehngfuu taor quh Tairwan, zhengquarn chirxuh zhihjin.



Geography[edit]

The People's Republic of China is the third-largest country in the world by land area after Russia and Canada.

Zhonghuar Rernmirn Gohngherguor zaih Russia her Canada zhihouh shih shihjieh luhdih miahnji dih-3 dah guorjia.


China borders 14 nations. It borders Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar in Southeast Asia; India, Bhutan, Nepal and Pakistan in South Asia; Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan in Central Asia; Russia and Mongolia in Inner Asia; and the Russia and North Korea in Northeast Asia.

Zhongguor yuu 14 'ge guorjia jieraang. zaih Dongnarnyah yuu Yuehnarn, Laos, her Myanmar jieraang; Narnyah yuu India, Bhutan, Napal her Pakistan; Zhongyah yuu Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan her Kazakhstan; Yahzhou Neihluh yuu Russia her Mongolia; Dongbeeiyah yuu Russia her Chaorxian.



China has two major rivers, the Huang He River and the Chang Jiang River. There is also the Taklamakan Desert and the Gobi Desert.

Zhongguor 2 tiaor zhuuyaoh herliur shih Charng Jiang her Huarng Her. 2 dah shamoh shih Taklamakan Shamoh her Gobi Shamoh.



The world's highest point, Mt. Qomolangma (8848m), is on the border. The country's lowest point, and the world's fourth-lowest, is the dried lake bed of Ayding Lake, 154m below sea level.

bianjihng yoou shihjieh zuih gao de Qomolangma Feng (8848m). ganher de Ayding Hur dii shih Zhongguor zuih di de difang, shihjieh dih-4 di, haaibar yiixiah 154m.