Pinyin/Alan Turing

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Alan Turing

Alan Turing (23 June 1912 - 7 June 1954), an English mathematician, a logician, and is regarded as the father of computer science.

Alan Turing (1912-06-23 - 1954-06-07), Yīngguó shùxuéjiā, logic xuéjiā, shìwéi diànnǎo kēxué zhī fù.



Turing was a student of King's College of Cambrige University from 1931.

1931 nián Turing jìnrù Cambridge Dàxué de King's Xuéyuàn.


After graduated, he studied in Princeton University in the United States for PhD degree.

bìyè hòu dào Měiguó Princeton Dàxué gōngdú bóshì xuéwèi.


He went back to Cambridge University in the WWII, then helped the military to decode Germany's famous secret code system of Enigma, which helped the Allied Forces to get victory in the WWII.

Èrzhàn bàofā hòu huídào Cambridge, hòulái xiézhù jūnfāng pòjiě Déguó de zhùmíng mìmǎ xìtǒng Enigma, bāngzhù Méngjūn qǔdé Èrzhàn de shènglì.



Turing has great contribution for the development of human intelligence.

Turing duìyú réngōng zhìnéng de fāzhǎn yǒu hěn dà gòngxiàn.


such as his dissertation, <<Can a Machine Think?>>, which showed a test method (During Test) for deciding whether a machine has human intelligence.

lìrú tā de lùnwén, <<Jīqì Huì Sīkǎo ma?>>, tíchū yī zhǒng yòngyú pàndìng jīqì shìfǒu jùyǒu zhìnéng de shìyàn fāngfǎ (Turing Shìyàn).


There are competition for During Test yearly until now.

zhìjīn měi nián dōu yǒu During Shìyàn de bǐsài.



In addition, Turing showed the famous model of During Machine, which built the base for the logic process method of modern computer.

Cǐwài, Turing tíchū zhùmíng de Turing-jī móxíng, wèi xiàndài diànnǎo de logic gōngzuò fāngshì diàndìng le jīchǔ.



Turing contracted serious hay fever. He is also a famous homosexual.

Turing huànyǒu yánzhòng de huāfěnzhèng, yě shì zhùmíng de tóngxìngliàn.