Neo-Quenya/Respective

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Usage[edit]

This case is sometimes called the mystery-case because so little is known of it.

We only have a few examples by Tolkien himself, so different authors have used it in different ways. But as Helge Fauskanger notes: 'as these authors didn’t get nightly visits from Tolkien, we can regard these uses as acceptable'.

Most authors use it as a nephew of the locative case:

  • to replace the proposition "by" when it used to describe a place:
i coa i taures "the house by the forest"
This means "the house next to the forest", a locative has a slightly different meaning:
i coa i tauressë "the house in the forest"
  • to replace the proposition "at" when it used to describe a place:
i calta i rambas "the picture at the wall"
This means "the picture hanging on the wall", a locative again has a slightly different meaning:
i calta i rambassë "the picture on (top of) the wall"

Formation[edit]

The formation is however well known, because Tolkien explained in a letter to Mr. Plotz: the respective can be formed by changing the final –n of the dative into an –s:

ciryas "by a ship" (dative: ciryan)
ciryais "by ships" (dative: ciryain)
ciryalis "by some ships" (dative: ciryalin)

The u-duals are formed in the same way:

aldus "by a pair of trees" (dative: aldun)

The t-duals however have a special ending –tes:

ciryates "by a pair of ships"



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