Neo-Quenya/Numerals

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The first 11 numerals are:

  1. minë
  2. atta
  3. neldë
  4. canta
  5. lempë
  6. enquë
  7. otso
  8. tolto
  9. nertë
  10. quëa
  11. minquë

As the elves originally used the duodecimal (base-12) number system, they had need for 12 different digits. This is the reason that the symbols for 10 and 11 are included in this table.

There are two words for the number 12:

12   rasta/yunquë

The word rasta means something like "a dozen", yunquë is used for counting.

The numbers 13 to 19 are made with the suffix –cëa after the first syllable of the number words for 3 to 9:

13   nelcëa
14   cancëa
15   lencëa
16   encëa
17   occëa
18   tolcëa
19   nercëa

The multiples of 10, thus 20 to 90, are constructed with the suffix –cainen:

20   yucainen
30   nelcainen
40   cancainen
50   lemincainen
60   eneccainen
70   otsocainen
80   tolcainen
90   nercainen
100   tuxa

To make a number that is not a multiple of 10, we first write the units and then afterwards the multiple of 10 (to speakers of German or Dutch, this is very common):

54   canta lemincainen

The numbers between 100 and 200 can be made in the same fashion:

140   cancainen tuxa
172   atta otsocainen tuxa

Just as for 12, the numbers 110 and 120 can be written in two different ways:

110   cainen tuxa/minquecainen
120   yucainen tuxa/yunquecainen

To write the numbers 200 to 900 we use the same prefixes as the multiples of 10, but this time with the suffix –tuxa:

200   yutuxa
300   neltuxa
400   cantuxa

etc.

We also know the number words:

1000   húmë
1 million   mindóra

Numbers are said to follow the noun, except sometimes er. Before atta "2", the noun is "singular" or actually uninflected.

Eldar nelde    "three Eldar"
Elen atta   "two stars" (lit. "two star")

Ordinals[edit]

The first three ordinals are irregular:

first:   minya
second:   tatya
third:   nelya

From four until nine we remove the last vowel of the cardinal number and add –ëa:

four:   canta → fourth:   cantëa
five:   lempë → fifth:   lempëa
six:   enquë → sixth:   enquëa
seven:   otso → seventh:   otsëa
eight:   tolto → eighth:   toltëa
nine:   nertë → ninth:   nertëa

Ten is again irregular:

ten:   cainen → tenth:   quainëa

But eleven and twelve also follow the normal rule:

eleven:   minquë → eleventh:   minquëa
twelve:   yunquë → twelfth:   yunquëa

For "half" we have the word perya.

Quotientials[edit]

There also exists quotientals that are used when something has happened a certain number of times. They are used as adverbs:

eru   once
   twice
nel   thrice (or three times)
can   four times

The higher numbers are formed with the suffix –llumë:

lemillumë   five times
enquellumë   six times
cëallumë   ten times
tuxallumë   one hundred times



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