Na'vi/Na'vi–English dictionary/glottal series/Print version

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Na’vi–English[edit]

Confirmed Na’vi words and affixes are listed here in alphabetical order. Ä, ì, rr, ll, ng (= g), ts (= c), kx, px, tx are ordered as distinct letters from a, i, r, l, n, t, k, p, t. Frommer's preferred orthography, with g for ng and c for ts, is included in parentheses to allow electronic searches. Stress is indicated in IPA transcription: The stress mark ‹ ˈ › appears before the stressed syllable, and syllable breaks are marked with a dot. Prefixes and adpositions which cause lenition are marked with a plus sign, ay+, −ro+. Infix positions of verbs are marked in italics by •raised dots•. Many of these are assumed rather than attested. Stem-changing words (short plurals, verbal contractions, genitives) are included; many short plurals are assumed rather than attested.

Underlying /n/ is spelled 'm' before 'p' in compound words, as in txampay (txan-pay) "sea". However, before 'k' it is spelled 'n', as in zenke (zene-ke) "not need to", despite the fact that it is pronounced /ŋ/ and that this sound is spelled 'ng' before 'k' within a root such as pängkxo "chat".

The vocabulary can be greatly expanded through productive use of Na’vi's word-building affixes, but such forms have not been included here unless they are attested in print or email from Paul Frommer.

Abbreviations
attr. attributive forms
du. dual form
infix infix positions
tri. trial form
pl. plural forms
Parts of speech and classes of affix:
ADJ. adjective
ADP. adposition (functions as preposition and suffix)
ADV. adverb
AFF. affix (functions as prefix and suffix)
CONJ. conjunction
INF. infix
INTJ. interjection
MIM. mimesis
N. noun
N.PL. plural noun
PART. particle
PREP. preposition
PN. pronoun
PREF. prefix
SUFF. suffix
V. verb
V.DAT. dative verb (takes intransitive and dative arguments, like lu 'have')
V.DI. ditransitive verb (takes ergative, accusative, and dative arguments, like tìng 'give')
V.IN. intransitive verb (takes intransitive argument only, like lu 'be')
V.TR. transitive verb (takes ergative and accusative arguments, like tse'a 'see')


Glottal series[edit]

Following are Na’vi words starting with the glottal lenition series of consonants: (glottal stop) and the vowels A, Ä, E, I, Ì, O, U


[edit]

'ampi v.tr. /ˈʔam.pi/, infix '•amp•i [.]

touch
'ampirikx n. /ˈʔam.pi.ɾikʼ/ [FE] leaf pitcher plant (rikx move)

'ango ('ago) adj. /ˈʔa.ŋo/, attr. 'angoa N. a'ango [.]

soft (of a sound)

'angtsìk ('agcìk) n. /ˈʔaŋ.tsɪk/, pl. angtsìk [.]

Hammerhead Titanothere (a rhino-like animal)

'aw num. /ˈʔau̯/, attr. 'awa N. a'aw [.]

one
'awlie adv. /ʔau̯.ˈli.ɛ/ [.] once (in the past)
'awlo adv. /ˈʔau̯.lo/ [FE] once, one time (now or in the future) (alo a turn)
'awpo pn. /ˈʔau̯.po/, pl. awpo? [.] an individual
tì'awpo n. /tɪ.ˈʔau̯.po/ [.] individuality, self-centeredness, selfishness
'awsiteng ('awsiteg) adv. /ʔau̯.si.ˈtɛŋ/ [.] together
'awstengyem ('awstegyem) v.tr. /ʔau̯.stɛŋ.ˈjɛm/, infix 'awstengy••em [.] join (yem put)
'awve adj. /ˈʔau̯.vɛ/, attr. 'awvea N. a'awve [.] first
nì'awve adv. /nɪ.ˈʔau̯.vɛ/ [.] first
trr'awve n, adv. /tr̩.ˈʔau̯.vɛ/ [.] Sunday
ke'aw adj. /ke.ˈʔau̯/, attr. ke'awa N. ake'aw [FE] divided
kawpref. /ˈkau̯/ [.] no- (see kaw-)
nì'aw adv. /nɪ.ˈʔau̯/ [.] only
nì'awtu adv. /nɪ.ˈʔau̯.tu/ [.] alone ("as one person")
volaw num. /vo.ˈlau̯/, attr. volawa N. avolaw [.] nine (octal 11)

'awkx n. /ˈʔau̯kʼ/, pl. awkx [.]

cliff

'awm n. /ˈʔau̯m/, pl. awm [.]

camp
tì'awm n. /tɪ.ˈʔau̯m/ [.] camping
tì'awm si v. /tɪ.ˈʔau̯m si/, infix tì'awm s••i [.] to camp

'ä'o n. /ˈʔæ.ʔo/, pl. ä'o [FE]

pitcher plant

'änsyem adj. /ʔæn.ˈsjɛm/, attr. 'änsyema N. a'änsyem [.]

whole, complete

'ärìp v.tr. /ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/, infix '•är•ìp [.]

move (cf. rikx)
kä'ärìp v.tr. /kæ.ˈæ.ɾɪp/ [.] push
za'ärìp v.tr. /za.ˈʔæ.ɾɪp/ [.] pull

'e'al adj. /ˈʔɛ.ʔal/, attr. 'e'ala N. a'e'al [.]

worst

'efu v. /ˈʔɛ.fu/, infix '•ef•u [.]

perceive, sense, feel
oe 'efu som /ˈo.ɛ.ˈʔɛ.fu.ˈsom/ [FE] I am hot
'efu nitram /ˈʔɛ.fu.nit.ˈɾam/ [FE] be happy"
'efu ohakx /ˈʔɛ.fu.o.ˈhakʼ/ [.] be hungry
tì'efu n. /tɪ.ˈʔɛ.fu/, pl. sì'efu [.] feeling
tì'efumì oeyä /tɪ.ˈʔɛ.fu.mɪ.ˈwɛ.jæ/ [.] in my opinion

'eko v. /ˈʔɛ.ko/, infix '•ek•o [.]

attack

'ekong ('ekog) n. /ˈʔɛ.koŋ/, pl. ekong [.]

beat
'ekong te'lanä /ˈʔɛ.koŋ tɛʔ.ˈla.næ/ the beat of the hearts

'el...

?
'ele'wll n. /ˈʔɛ.lɛʔ.wl̩/, pl. ele'wll [FE] thorny paw plant ('ewll plant)

'em v. /ˈʔɛm/, infix '••em [.]

cook

'engeng ('egeg) adj. /ˈʔɛŋ.ɛŋ/, attr. 'engenga N. a'engeng [.]

even, level
rey'eng n. /ɾɛi̯.ˈʔɛŋ/ [.] balance of life

'eoio adj. /ˈʔɛ.o.i.o/, attr. 'eoioa N. a'eoio [F]

ceremonious
nì'eoio adv. /nɪ.ˈʔɛ.o.i.o/ [F] ceremoniously

'eveng ('eveg) n. /ˈʔɛ.vɛŋ/, du. meveng, tri. pxeveng, pl. eveng, ayeveng [.]

a child
'evi n. /ˈʔɛ.vi/, du. mevi, tri. pxevi, pl. evi, ayevi [.] kid (affectionate form of 'eveng)
vi suff. /vi/ [FE] (suffix for the product/spawn of something larger)

'ewan adj. /ˈʔɛ.wan/, attr. 'ewana N. a'ewan [.]

young

'ewll n. /ˈʔɛ.wl̩/, pl. ewll [.]

plant
wll suff. /wl̩/ (suffix in various plant names)
prrwll n. /ˈpr̩.wl̩/, pl. frrwll? [.] moss

'eylan n. /ˈʔɛi̯.lan/, du. meylan, tri. pxeylan, pl. eylan, ayeylan [.]

friend
tì'eylan n. /tɪ.ˈʔɛi̯.lan/ [.] friendship

'eyng ('eyg) v. /ˈʔɛi̯ŋ/, infix '••eyng [.]

respond, to answer
nì'eyng (nì'eyg) adv. /nɪ.ˈʔɛi̯ŋ/ [.] in answer, in response
tì'eyng (tì'eyg) n. /tɪ.ˈʔɛi̯ŋ/, pl. sì'eyng [.] an answer, a response

'i'a v. /ˈʔiʔ.a/, infix '•i'•a [.]

end, conclude
tì'i'a n. /tɪ.ˈʔiʔ.a/, pl. sì'i'a [FE] (the) end
tì'i'avay krrä /tɪ.ˈʔiʔ.a.vai̯ ˈkr̩.æ/ [FE] forever, until the end of time

'ia v. /ˈʔi.a/, infix '•i•a [.]

become absorbed, lose oneself

'it n. /ˈʔit/, pl. it [.]

a bit, a small amount
'itan n. /ˈʔi.tan/, pl. itan [.] son
'ite n. /ˈʔi.tɛ/, pl. ite [.] daughter
kaw'it adv. /kau̯.ˈʔit/ [.] not a bit, not at all
nì'it adv. /nɪ.ˈʔit/ [.] (do) a little, a bit

'ì'awn v. /ʔɪ.ˈʔau̯n/, infix '•ì'•awn [.]

remain, stay

'ìheyu n. /ʔɪ.ˈhɛ.ju/, pl. ìheyu [.]

spiral
ìheyu sìreyä /ɪ.hɛ.ju sɪ.ɾɛ.jæ/ the spiral of lives

'ìnglìsì ('ìglìsì) n. /ˈʔɪŋ.lɪ.sɪ/ [.]

the English language
nì'ìnglìsì (nì'ìglìsì) adv. /nɪ.ˈʔɪŋ.lɪ.sɪ/ in English

'ok n. /ˈʔok/, pl. ok [.]

remembrance, memory

'ong ('og) v.in. /ˈʔoŋ/, infix '••ong [.]

unfold, blossom

'opin n. /ˈʔo.pin/, pl. opin [.]

color

'ora n. /ˈʔo.ɾa/, pl. ora [.]

lake

'Rrta n. /ˈʔr̩.ta/ [.]

Earth
Trr 'Rrtayä n. /tr̩.ˈʔr̩.ta.jæ/ [FE]

'u n. /ˈʔu/, pl. ayu [., FE]

thing (abstract or concrete)
'uo pn. /ˈʔu.o/ [.] something
'upe, peu pn. /ˈʔu.pɛ, pɛ.ˈu/ [.] what (thing)
fra'u pn. /ˈfɾa.ʔu/ [.] everything
ke'u pn. /ˈkɛ.ʔu/ [.] nothing, none
ke'u adv. /ˈkɛ.ʔu/ [.] none at all, not at all

'ul /ˈʔul/

?
nì'ul adv. /nɪ.ˈʔul/ [.] more
nulkrr adv. /nul.ˈkr̩/ [.] longer (time) (krr time)
nulnew v. /nul.ˈnɛu̯/, infix nuln••ew [.] rather, prefer (new to want)

'upxare n. /ʔu.ˈpʼa.ɾɛ/, pl. upxare [.]

message

A[edit]

a conj. /a/ [.]

which, that, who (relativizer and subordinator)
aaff. /a/ [.] (links adjectives to nouns)
alìm adv. /a.ˈlɪm/ [.] far away, at a distance (irregular from lìm be far)
asim adv. /a.ˈsim/ [.] nearby, at close range (irregular sim be near)

Akwey n. /ak.ˈwɛi̯/ [FE]

(male name)

alaksi adj. /a.ˈlak.sɪ/, attr. alaksia N. alaksi [.]

ready

alìm adv. /a.ˈlɪm/ [.] far away, at a distance (lìm be far)

'Ì'awn alìm! /ʔɪ.ˈʔau̯.na.ˈlɪm/ [FE] "Stay back!"

alminf. /al.m/

compound past.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

alo n. /a.ˈlo/ [.]

turn, instance, number of times
alo oeyä /a.ˈlo ˈwɛ.jæ/ my turn
fralo adv. /ˈfɾa.lo/ each time, every time
'awlo adv. /ˈʔau̯.lo/ [.] once
alo a'aw (nì'aw) /a.ˈlo.a.ˈʔau̯.nɪ.ˈʔau̯/ [FE] (just) one time
melo adv. /ˈmɛ.lo/ [.] twice
pxelo adv. /ˈpʼɛ.lo/ [FE] thrice
alo apxey /a.ˈlo.a.ˈpʼɛi̯/ [FE] three times
alo atsìng, tsìnga alo /a.ˈlo.a.ˈtsɪŋ, ˈtsɪ.ŋa.ˈlo/ [FE] four times
alo amrr, mrra alo /a.ˈlo.a.ˈmr, ˈmr̩.a.ˈlo/ [FE] five times

alunta conj. /a.ˈlun.ta/ [FE] because (lun reason; cf. talun(a))

alyinf. /al.j/

compound fut.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

aminf. /a.m/

past infix (in medial TAM position)

Amhul n. /am.ˈhul/ [FE]

(female name)

ampirikx n.pl. /ˈam.pi.ɾikʼ/

Short plural of 'ampirikx. leaf pitcher plant

anìheyu n. /a.nɪ.ˈhɛ.ju/ [FE]

fibonacci plant ('ìheyu spiral)

angtsìk (agcìk) n.pl. /aŋ.tsɪk/

Short plural of 'angtsìk. Hammerhead

apxa adj. /a.ˈpʼa/, attr. apxa N. apxa [.]

large
apxangrr (apxagrr) n. /a.ˈpʼa. ŋr̩/ [FE] delta tree (ngrr root)
tsawlapxangrr (cawlapxagrr) n. /ˈtsau̯.la.pʼa.ŋr̩/, pl. sawlapxangrr [FE] unidelta tree (tsawl tall)

arminf. /aɾ.m/

compound past.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

aryinf. /aɾ.j/

compound fut.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

asim adv. /a.ˈsim/ [.] nearby, at close range (sim be near)

asyinf. /a.sj/

compound fut.intent infix (in medial TAM position)

atan n. /a.ˈtan/ [.]

light (source of illumination)

Ateyo n. /a.ˈtɛ.jo/ [FE]

(male name)
Ateyitan n. /?/ "son of Ateyo" [to confirm]

atoki n.

?
atokirina' n. /a.to.ki.ˈɾi.naʔ/ [.] seeds of the great tree (rina' "seed")

atxkxe n. /atʼ.ˈkʼɛ/ [.]

land

ats› (ac) inf. /a.ts/

evid infix (affect; added to final syllable)

au n. /ˈa.u/ [.]

drum (made of skin)

au! intj. /a.ˈu/ [.]

no, it can't be! (expresses consternation)

aungia n. /a.ˈu.ŋi.a/ [.]

sign, omen

awaiei n. /a.wa.i.ˈɛ.i/ [FE]

banshee of paradise plant

aweykta conj. /a.ˈwɛi̯k.ta/ [FE] because (oeyk cause; cf. taweyk(a))

awkx n.pl. /ˈau̯kʼ/

Short plural of 'awkx. cliff

awm n.pl. /ˈau̯m/

Short plural of 'awm. camps

awninf. /au̯.n/

pass infix (in initial valency position)

awnga (awga) pn. /au̯.ˈŋa/ [FE]

we (including you); alt. for ayoeng
dat awngaru, awngar pn. /au̯.ˈŋa.ɾu, au̯.ˈŋaɾ/ [FE]
gen awngeyä pn. /au̯.ˈŋɛ.jæ/ [FE]

ayinf. /a.j/

fut infix (in medial TAM position)

ay+ pref. /ai̯/ [FM]

(plural prefix) (causes lenition)
ayfo pn. /ai̯.ˈfo, ˈai̯.fo/ [.] they (= fo)
aylaru pn. /ai̯.ˈla.ɾu/ [.] to the others
aynga (ayga) pn. /ai̯.ˈŋa/ [.] you all
ayoe pn. /ai̯.ˈo.ɛ/ [.] we (exclusive)
ayoeng (ayoeg) pn. /ai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [.] we (inclusive)
nìayoeng (nìayoeg) pn. /nai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [.] like us (inclusive)

Ä[edit]

ä suff. /æ/

Form of gen −yä. after a consonant and the vowels i, u, o.

ä'o n.pl. /ˈæ.ʔo/

Short plural of 'ä'o. pitcher plant

äie n. /æ.ˈi.ɛ/ [.]

a vision

Änsìt n. /ˈæn.sɪt/ [FE]

(male name)

äng› (äg) inf. /æ.ŋ/

pej infix (affect; added to final syllable)

äoadp. /ˈæ.o/ [.]

below

äpinf. /æ.p/

refl infix (in initial valency position)

ätxäle n. /æ.ˈtʼæ.lɛ/ [.]

a request
ätxäle si v. /æ.ˈtʼæ.lɛ.si/, infix ätxäle s••i to (make a) request

E[edit]

ean adj. /ˈɛ.an/, attr. eana N. aean [.]

blue, green
nìean adv. /nɪ.ˈɛ.an/ in blue
eanean n. /ˈɛ.an.ˈɛ.an/ [FE] cheadle plant

eiinf. /ɛ.i./

approb infix (affect; added to final syllable)

ekong n.pl. /ˈɛ.koŋ/

Short plural of 'ekong. beat

ekxan n. /ɛ.ˈkʼan/ [.]

obstruction, barrier, baricade

ele'wll n.pl. /ˈɛ.lɛʔ.wl̩/

Short plural of 'ele'wll. thorny paw plant

eltu n. /ˈɛl.tu/ [.]

a brain
eltu si v. /ˈɛl.tu si/, infix eltu s••i [.] pay attention, quit goofing off
eltungawng n. /ˈɛl.tu.ŋau̯ŋ/ [.] brainworm (hallucinogenic)
eltu lefngap n. /ɛl.tu.lɛ.ˈfŋap/ [.] computer

emza'u v. /ɛm.ˈza.ʔu/, infix emz•a'•u [.]

to pass (a test for initiation) (= em "over" + za'u "come")

Entu n. /ˈɛn.tu/ [FE]

(male name)

eoadp. /ˈɛ.o/ [.]

in front of

erinf. /ɛ.ɾ/

ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

etrìp adj. /ˈɛt.ɾɪp/, attr. etrìpa N. aetrìp [.]

auspicious, favourable

eveng (eveg) n.pl. /ˈɛ.vɛŋ/

Short plural of 'eveng. child
evi n.pl. /ˈɛ.vi/ Short plural of 'evi. kid

ewll n.pl. /ˈɛ.wl̩/

Short plural of 'ewll. plant

eyawr adj. /ɛi̯.ˈau̯ɾ/, attr. eyawra N. aeyawr [.]

right, correct [check syll]
keyawr adj. /kɛ.ˈjau̯ɾ/, attr. keyawra N. akeyawr [.] wrong, incorrect [syll differs]
tìyawr n. /tɪ.ˈjau̯ɾ/ [.] correctness, being correct
ngaru tìyawr [.] you're right

eyaye n. /ɛ.ˈja.jɛ/ [FE]

warbonnet fern

eykinf. /ɛi̯.k/

caus infix (in initial valency position)

eyk v. /ˈɛi̯k/, infix ••eyk [.]

lead
eyktan n. /ˈɛi̯k.tan/ [.] leader

eylan n.pl. /ˈɛi̯.lan/

Short plural of 'eylan. friend

Eytukan n. /ˈɛi̯.tu.kan/ [FE]

(male name)

Eywa n. /ˈɛi̯.wa/ [.]

Pandoran "World spirit" and Na’vi deity, equivalent to Gaea
Eywa ngahu /ˈɛi̯.wa ˈŋa.hu/ [.] good-bye (lit. "Eywa (be) with you")
Eywa'eveng (Eywa'eveg) n. /ˌɛi̯.wa.ˈʔɛ.vɛŋ/ [.] Pandora (the Na'vi world)

I[edit]

i'en n. /ˈi.ʔɛn/ [.]

stringed instrument

Iknimaya n. /ˈik.ni.ˈma.ja/ [.]

Hallelujah Mountains (Thundering rocks, Stairway to Heaven (floating mountains))

ikran n. /ˈik.ɾan/ [.]

Mountain Banshee (a pterosaur-like animal)

ilvinf. /il.v/

compound pfv.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

imvinf. /im.v/

compound past.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

ioadp. /ˈi.o/ [.]

above

ioang (ioag) n. /i.ˈo.aŋ/ [.]

animal, beast
hì'ang n. /ˈhɪ.ʔaŋ/ [.] bug (hì'i little)
payoang (payoag) n. /pai̯.ˈo.aŋ/, pl. fayoang [.] fish (pay water)
talioang (talioag) n. /ˈtal.i.o.aŋ/, pl. salioang [.] sturmbeest
yayo n. /ˈja.jo/ [.] bird (ya air)

irayo part. /i.ˈɾa.jo/ [.]

thank you
ireiyo part. /i.ˈɾɛ.i.jo/ (Jake's pronunciation in the film) thank you
irayo si v. /i.ˈɾa.jo si/, infix irayo s••i [FE] thank
oe ngaru seiyi irayo /ˈo.ɛ ˈŋa.ɾu sɛ.i.ˈji i.ˈɾa.jo/ I thank you

irvinf. /iɾ.v/

compound ipfv.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

it suff. /it/

acc case suffix, reduced to −t after a vowel. Also invariable −ti.

it n.pl. /ˈit/

Short plural of 'it. bit
itan n.pl. /ˈi.tan/ Short plural of 'itan. son
ite n.pl. /ˈi.tɛ/ Short plural of 'ite. daughter

ivinf. /i.v/

sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

iyevinf. /i.jɛ.v/

compound fut.sjv infix (in medial TAM position)

Ì[edit]

ìheyu n.pl. /ɪ.hɛ.ju/

Short plural of 'ìheyu. spiral

ìl suff. /ɪl/

erg case suffix, reduced to −l after a vowel

ìlä+ adp. /ˈɪ.læ, ɪ.ˈlæ/ [.]

along, via, following
kxamläadp. /ˈkʼam.læ/ [.] through (via the kxam middle)

ìley! intj. /ɪ.ˈlɛi̯/ [.]

alala! (battle cry)

ìlminf. /ɪl.m/

compound rec.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

ìlyinf. /ɪl.j/

compound imm.pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

ìminf. /ɪ.m/

rec past infix (in medial TAM position)

ìmìyinf. /ɪ.mɪ.j/

compound rec.imm infix (in medial TAM position)

ìri suff. /ɪ.ɾi/

top case suffix, reduced to −ri after a vowel

ìrminf. /ɪɾ.m/

compound rec.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

ìryinf. /ɪɾ.j/

compound imm.ipfv infix (in medial TAM position)

Ìstaw n. /ɪ.ˈstau̯/ [FE]

(male name)

ìsyinf. /ɪ.sj/

compound imm.intent infix (in medial TAM position)

ìyinf. /ɪ.j/

imm future infix (in medial TAM position)

ìyevinf. /ɪ.jɛ.v/

Alternate of iyev.

O[edit]

o suff. /o/

(indefinite suffix)
lu ketuwongo nì’aw [FE] "it's just some alien"
ayupxareo [FE] "some messages"
'uo pn. /ˈʔu.o/ [.] something
tuteo pn. /ˈtu.tɛ.o/ [.] somebody
tsengo (cego) adv. /ˈtsɛ.ŋo/ [.] somewhere
trro adv. /ˈtr̩.o/ [FE] one day, some day
? oeyk n. /o.ˈɛi̯k/ [.] cause

oe pn. /ˈo.ɛ/, du. moe, tri. pxoe, pl. ayoe [.,FE] /ˈmo.ɛ, ˈpʼo.ɛ, ai̯.ˈo.ɛ/ [stress trial? syll. pl?]

I, we (but not you)
erg oel pn. /ˈwɛl/, du. moel, tri. pxoel, pl. ayoel /ˈmo.ɛl, ˈpʼo.ɛl, ai̯.ˈwɛl/
acc oeti pn. /ˈwɛ.ti/, du. moeti, tri. pxoeti, pl. ayoeti /ˈmo.ɛ.ti, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ti, ai̯.ˈwɛ.ti/
gen oeyä pn. /ˈwɛ.jæ/, du. moeyä, tri. pxoeyä, pl. ayoeyä /ˈmo.ɛ.jæ, ˈpʼo.ɛ.jæ, ai̯.ˈwɛ.jæ/
dat1 oeru pn. /ˈwɛ.ɾu/, du. moeru, tri. pxoeru, pl. ayoeru /ˈmo.ɛ.ɾu, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ɾu, ai̯.ˈwɛ.ɾu/
dat2 oer pn. /ˈwɛɾ/, du. moer, tri. pxoer, pl. ayoer /ˈmo.ɛɾ, ˈpʼo.ɛɾ, ai̯.ˈwɛɾ/
top oeri pn. /ˈwɛ.ɾi/, du. moeri, tri. pxoeri, pl. ayoeri /ˈmo.ɛ.ɾi, ˈpʼo.ɛ.ɾi, ai̯.ˈwɛ.ɾi/
oehu pn. /ˈwɛ.hu/? with me
oeng (oeg) pn. /ˈwɛŋ/, tri. pxoeng, pl. ayoeng [.,FE] /ˈpʼo.ɛŋ, ai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [stress trial?]
we two (you and I), all of us
erg oengal pn. /wɛ.ŋal/ [stress?]
acc1 oengat pn. /wɛ.ŋat/ [stress?]
acc2 oengati pn. /wɛ.ŋa.ti/ [stress?]
gen oengeyä pn. /wɛ.ŋɛ.jæ/ [confirm form]
nìayoeng (nìayoeg) adv. /nai̯.ˈwɛŋ/ [.] like us
awnga (awga) pn. /au̯.ˈŋa/ [FE] we (you and us: alt. for ayoeng)
ohe pn. /ˈo.hɛ/, du. mohe, tri. pxohe, pl. ayohe [.,FE] /ˈmo.hɛ, ˈpʼo.hɛ, ai̯.ˈo.hɛ/
I (deferential or ceremonial form)
ohe ngengasì (ohe gegasì) pn. /ˈo.hɛ ŋɛ.ˈŋa.sɪ/ [FE] we two (inclusive & formal)
gen ohengeyä (ohegeyä) /o.hɛ.ŋɛ.jæ/ our (inclusive dual & formal) [stress?]

oeyk n. /o.ˈɛi̯k/ [.]

cause (eyk to lead)
oeyktìng (oeyktìg) v. /o.ˈɛi̯k.tɪŋ/, infix oeykt••ìng [.] explain, say why
tìoeyktìng (tìoeyktìg) n. /tɪ.o.ˈɛi̯k.tɪŋ, tɪ.ˈwɛi̯k.tɪŋ/, pl. sìoeyktìg [FE] explanation
taweyka, taweyk conj. /ta.ˈwɛi̯.ka, ta.ˈwɛi̯k/ [.] because (English clause order)
aweykta conj. /a.ˈwɛi̯k.ta/ [FE] because (opposite clause order)

ohakx adj. /o.ˈhakʼ/, attr. ohakxa N. aohakx [.]

hungry
tìohakx n. /tɪ.o.ˈhakʼ/ [.] hunger
'efu ohakx /ˈʔɛ.fu.o.ˈhakʼ/ [.] be hungry

oìsss! intj. /o.ˈɪsː/ [.]

(hiss, snarl; expresses anger)

ok n.pl. /ˈok/

Short plural of 'ok. memory

olinf. /o.l/

pfv infix (in medial TAM position)

olo' n. /o.ˈloʔ/ [.]

clan
olo'eyktan n. /o.lo.ˈʔɛi̯k.tan/ [.] clan leader

Omatikaya n. /o.ma.ti.ˈka.ja/ [F]

the Blue Flute Clan
gen Omatikayaä /o.ma.ti.ˈka.ja.æ/ [FE] (irregular)

omum v. /ˈo.mum/, infix •om•um [.]

know
nìawnomum adv. /nɪ.au̯.ˈno.mum/ [.] as is known

ontu n. /ˈon.tu/ [.]

nose

opin n.pl. /ˈo.pin/

Short plural of 'opin. color

ora n.pl. /ˈo.ɾa/

Short plural of 'ora. lake

Otranyu n. /ot.ˈɾan.ju/ [FE]

(clan name)

U[edit]

ukxo adj. /u.ˈkʼo/, attr. ukxoa N. aukxo [.]

dry

ulte conj. /ˈul.tɛ/ [.]

and (joins clauses)

ultxa n. /ul.ˈtʼa/ [.]

meeting
ultxa si v. /ul.ˈtʼa.si/, infix ultxa s••i [FE] meet, have a meeting (use hu for 'with')
ultxarun v. /ul.ˈtʼa.ɾun/, infix ultxar••un [FE] encounter, meet (by chance; run find)

unil n. /ˈu.nil/ [.]

dream
uniltaron n. /ˈu.nil.ˈta.ɾon/ [.] Dream Hunt (initiation ceremony)
uniltìrantokx n. /ˈu.nil.tɪ.ˈɾan.tokʼ/ [.] an avatar (dreamwalker body) (tìran to walk, tokx body)
uniltìranyu n. /ˈu.nil.tɪ.ˈɾan.ju/ [.] dreamwalker

uoadp. /ˈu.o/ [.]

behind

upxare n.pl. /u.ˈpʼa.ɾɛ/

Short plural of 'upxare. message

ur suff. /uɾ/

dat case suffix, from *−uru; reduced to −ru (and frequently shortened to −r) after a vowel

usinf. /u.s/

actv infix (in initial valency position)

utral n. /ˈut.ɾal/ [.]

tree
ut suff. /ut/ [SG] (suffix in various tree names)
Utral Aymokriyä n. /ˈut.ɾal ai̯.ˈmok.ɾi.jæ/ [.] Tree of Voices (mokri voice)
Vitrautral n. /vit.ˈɾa.ut.ɾal/ [.] the Tree of Souls

uvan n. /u.ˈvan/ [.]

a game
uvan si v. /u.ˈvan.si/, infix uvan s••i [.] play a game

uyinf. /u.j/

form infix (affect; added to final syllable)