Modern Greek/Lesson 6b

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Numbers and Time[edit]

Numbers[edit]

The Greek words from 1 to 10 are presented along with English words derived from them:

ένα unary
δύο duet
τρία trio
τέσσερα tesseract
πέντε pentagon
έξι hexagon
επτά heptathlon
οκτώ octopus
εννέα ennead
δέκα decathlon

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_2e.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

The Greek word for one also serves as the indefinite article and changes case like this:

ένας one, masculine subject
έναν one, masculine object
μία or μια one, feminine subject
μία or μια one, feminine object
ένα one, neuter subject
ένα one, neuter object

(The genitive forms are covered in lesson 3.)

Example:

Ενας σκύλος δαγκώνει έναν άνθρωπο. A dog bites a man.

Time[edit]

Η ώρα είναι οκτώ. The time is eight o'clock.
Είναι οκτώ. It's eight o'clock.
Είναι οκτώ και δέκα. It's ten past eight.

Because ώρα is feminine, the feminine forms of the numbers are used for time:

Είναι τέσσερις. It's four o'clock.

Vocabulary:

παρά (short of) in expressions of time, "to"
και (and) in expressions of time, "past"
ακριβώς (exactly) in expressions of time, "sharp"
μισή half (feminine form, used with the feminine ώρα)
τέταρτο quarter

Examples:

Είναι οκτώ παρά δέκα. It's ten to eight.
Είναι οκτώ ακριβώς. It's eight o'clock sharp.
Είναι οκτώ και μισή. It's half past eight.
Είναι οκτώ και τέταρτο. It's quarter past eight.

Vocabulary relating to time[edit]

το πρωί the morning
το μεσημέρι the noon
το απόγευμα the afternoon
το βράδυ the evening
η νύχτα the night
το ρολόι the clock (~Spanish "reloj")
νωρίς early
αργά late

Usage of noon, afternoon etc.[edit]

Be careful, the words may have the same literal meaning, but they do not correspond to the same time! Morning is between 5am to 12pm. Noon for Greeks is approximately between 12pm to 4pm. The afternoon is approximately between 4 to 8pm. The evening is from 8pm to 12am and the night comes afterwards. However in actual speech "night" is rarely used when specifying the time. Usually both "evening" and "morning" are used for times between 1am and 2am. Afterwards it is always "morning". Although, if asked, people will refer to the time between 3am and 5am as "night", when specifying the time they will refer to it as "morning".

Γιατί με ξυπνάς στις τρεις το πρωί; Why are you waking me up at three o'clock in the morning?
Μείναμε στο εστιατόριο μέχρι τις δύο to βράδυ. We stayed at the restaurant until two o'clock in the evening.