Modern Greek/Appendix I

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

Summary of Declensions and Conjugations[edit]

Masculine nouns[edit]

Group 1[edit]

Σκύλος, dog, is a masculine noun. Note the different forms of the definite article.


Case Singular Plural
Nominative ο σκύλος the dog οι σκύλοι the dogs
Genitive του σκύλου of the dog των σκύλων of the dogs
Accusative το(ν) σκύλο the dog τους σκύλους the dogs
Vocative σκύλε! dog! σκύλοι! dogs!

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_2a.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

Feminine nouns[edit]

Group 1[edit]

The noun Η ώρα (the hour, the time) is shown below:

Case Singular Plural
Nominative η ώρα the hour οι ώρες the hours
Genitive της ώρας of the hour των ωρών of the hours
Accusative την ώρα the hour τις ώρες the hours
Vocative ώρα! hour! ώρες! hours!

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_2c.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

Neuter nouns[edit]

Group 1[edit]

Το παιδί (the child)

Case Singular Plural
Nominative το παιδί the child τα παιδιά the children
Genitive του παιδιού of the child των παιδιών of the children
Accusative το παιδί the child τα παιδιά the children
Vocative παιδί! child! παιδιά! children!

Verbs[edit]

First Conjugation[edit]

γράφω γράφουμε
γράφεις γράφετε
γράφει γράφουν

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1i.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

The verbs έχω, to have, and είμαι, to be[edit]

Two important verbs are έχω, to have, and είμαι, to be. The first-conjugation verb έχω is regular in the present tense, so it has the same endings as γράφω.

έχω έχουμε
έχεις έχετε
έχει έχουν

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1j.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

To be in English is expressed in the active voice, but the Greek είμαι is passive, and doesn't have an active form. The ending -μαι is a typical, regular ending for passive verbs.

είμαι είμαστε
είσαι είστε
είναι είναι

Audio recording: About this sound Modern_greek_1k.ogg This recording was made by a non-native speaker of Greek. We would be grateful to any native speaker who could redo it.

Pronouns[edit]

Pronouns have cases, number and gender just as regular nouns do. To make the tables appear simpler, the pronouns have been separated into persons.

First Person
Singular Plural
Nominative εγώ I εμείς we
Genitive μου mine μας ours
Accusative με me μας us


Second Person
Singular Plural
Nominative εσύ you εσείς you
Genitive σου yours σας yours
Accusative σε you σας you


Third Person
Singular Plural
Gender M F N M F N
N αυτός αυτή αυτό he, she, it αυτοί αυτές αυτά they
G του της του his, her, its τους τους τους their
A τον την το him, her, it τους τους τα they

Links[edit]

A page with more on pronouns