Miskito/Lesson 1

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search
Miskitu Aisas!

Miskito Language Course

Pronunciation Bandera regne Miskito.png 1 Nini Mary sa
> Next
Contents My name is Mary

Is[edit]

Study
What do they mean?
  • John is big.
  • Luis is small.
  • He is Pedro.
  • She is Susan.
  • She/He is young.
  • She/He is poor.
  • My name is Mary.
  • My child is small.
  • Jan tara sa.
  • Luis sirpi sa.
  • Witin Pedro sa.
  • Witin Susan sa.
  • Witin tiara sa.
  • Witin umpira sa
  • Nini Mary sa.
  • Tuktiki sirpi sa.
Practice
  1. Make a list of the words in these sentences and try to learn their meanings.
  2. Hide the meanings of the model sentences and try to remember what they mean.
  3. What do the following mean?
  • Witin sirpi sa.
  • Tuktiki tiara sa.
  • Nini Jan sa.
  • Pedro umpira sa.
Answers
  • She/He is small.
  • My child is young.
  • My name is John.
  • Pedro is poor.

The verb usually comes at the end of a Miskito sentence. The first verb form you will learn is sa is. The subject often comes first in the sentence.

  • Notice that Miskito grammar makes no gender distinctions. Both she and he are expressed by the same Miskito pronoun, witin.
  • Notice that nini and tuktiki both mean my... (something), and both end in -i.




This and that[edit]

Study
What do they mean?
  • This is John.
  • This is my child.
  • That is Lucia.
  • That is my mother.
  • Naha Jan sa.
  • Naha tuktiki sa.
  • Baha Lucia sa.
  • Baha yaptiki sa.
Practice

What do these sentences mean?

  • Naha sirpi sa.
  • Baha nini sa.
  • Naha yaptiki sa.
Answers
  • This is small.
  • That is my name.
  • This is my mother.

The demonstrative pronouns are naha this and baha that.







The[edit]

Study
What do they mean?
  • The woman is young.
  • The man is young too.
  • The book is big.
  • This book is small.
  • Mairin ba tiara sa.
  • Waitna ba sin tiara sa.
  • Buk ba tara sa.
  • Buk na sirpi sa.
Practice

What do these sentences mean?

  • Waitna ba umpira sa.
  • Mairin ba sin umpira sa.
  • Mairin na yaptiki sa.
Answers
  • The man is poor.
  • The woman is poor too.
  • This woman is my mother.

The general definite article ("the") is ba. The article follows the noun. There is another article na which denotes something near the speaker, and so is translated by "this".

  • Notice the parallellism between the demonstrative pronouns naha, baha and the articles na, ba!


A[edit]

Study
What do they mean?
  • Susan is a woman.
  • My mother is a woman too.
  • My father is a man.
  • This is a book.
  • This dog is an animal.
  • Susan mairin kum sa.
  • Yaptiki sin mairin kum sa.
  • Aisiki waitna kum sa.
  • Naha buk kum sa.
  • Yul na daiwan kum sa.
Practice

What do these sentences mean?

  • Pedro waitna kum sa.
  • Naha yul kum sa.
  • Baha daiwan kum sa.
Answers
  • Pedro is a man.
  • This is a dog.
  • That is an animal.

The indefinite definite article ("a" or "an") is kum. This article follows the noun too.

  • Kum is also the number "one".




Vocabulary and review[edit]

click word to goto section / click arrow to "show" meaning 
my father
det
the
pron
that
n
book
n
animal
det
a, an
n
woman
det
this
pron
this
my name
is
too, also
adj
small
adj
big
adj
young
my child
adj
poor
n
man
pron
she, he
my mother
n
dog


Say in Miskito
Review
My name is John.

Nini Jan sa.

My father is big.

Aisiki tara sa.

He is young.

Witin tiara sa.

My mother is young too.

Yaptiki sin tiara sa.

That is my child.

Baha tuktiki sa.

This is a book.

Naha buk kum sa.

The woman is my mother.

Mairin ba yaptiki sa.

The man is my father.

Waitna ba aisiki sa.

My father is a man.

Aisiki waitna kum sa.

This animal is a dog.

Daiwan na yul kum sa.


Pronunciation Flag of the Mosquito Monarchy.svg
> Next
Contents