Messier Index/Contents

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List of Objects[edit]

     Star cluster      Nebula      Galaxy      Other

Messier number NGC Number Common name Picture Object type Distance (kly) Constellation Apparent magnitude
M1 NGC 1952 Crab Nebula Crab Nebula.jpg Supernova remnant 6.3 Taurus 9.0
M2 NGC 7089   Messier 2 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Globular cluster 36 Aquarius 7.5
M3 NGC 5272   M3LRGB 891x674.jpg Globular cluster 31 Canes Venatici 7.0
M4 NGC 6121   Messier 4 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Globular cluster 7 Scorpius 7.5
M5 NGC 5904   Messier 5 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Globular cluster 23 Serpens 7.0
M6 NGC 6405 Butterfly Cluster M6a.jpg Open cluster 2 Scorpius 4.5
M7 NGC 6475 Ptolemy Cluster Open-cluster-Messier-7.jpeg Open cluster 1 Scorpius 3.5
M8 NGC 6523 Lagoon Nebula LagoonHunterWilson.jpg Cluster with nebula 6.5 Sagittarius 5.0
M9 NGC 6333   Messier object 009.jpg Globular cluster 26 Ophiuchus 9.0
M10 NGC 6254   Messier 10 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Globular cluster 13 Ophiuchus 7.5
M11 NGC 6705 Wild Duck Cluster Messier11.jpg Open cluster 6 Scutum 7.0
M12 NGC 6218   M12 Hubble.jpg Globular cluster 18 Ophiuchus 8.0
M13 NGC 6205 Great Globular Cluster in Hercules Messier 13 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Globular cluster 22 Hercules 5.8
M14 NGC 6402   Messier object 014.jpg Globular cluster 27 Ophiuchus 9.5
M15 NGC 7078 Cúmulo de Pegaso Messier 15 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Globular cluster 33 Pegasus 7.5
M16 NGC 6611 Eagle Nebula Stellar spire eagle nebula.jpg Cluster with H II region 7 Serpens 6.5
M17 NGC 6618 Omega Nebula Messier 17.jpg Cluster with H II region 5 Sagittarius 7.0
M18 NGC 6613   Messier18.jpg Open cluster 6 Sagittarius 8.0
M19 NGC 6273   Messier object 019.jpg Globular cluster 27 Ophiuchus 8.5
M20 NGC 6514 Trifid Nebula Trifid.nebula.arp.750pix.jpg Cluster with H II region 2.2 Sagittarius 5.0
M21 NGC 6531   Messier object 021.jpg Open cluster 3 Sagittarius 7.0
M22 NGC 6656 Sagittarius Cluster Messier object 022.jpg Globular cluster 10 Sagittarius 6.5
M23 NGC 6494   Messier object 023.jpg Open cluster 4.5 Sagittarius 6.0
M24 NGC 6603 Sagittarius Star Cloud Messier 024 2MASS.jpg Milky Way star cloud 10 Sagittarius 11.5
M25 IC 4725   Messier object 025.jpg Open cluster 2 Sagittarius 4.9
M26 NGC 6694   Messier object 026.jpg Open cluster 5 Scutum 9.5
M27 NGC 6853 Dumbbell Nebula Messier27.jpg Planetary nebula 1.25 Vulpecula 7.5
M28 NGC 6626   Messier28.jpg Globular cluster 18 Sagittarius 8.5
M29 NGC 6913   Messier object 029.jpg Open cluster 7.2 Cygnus 9.0
M30 NGC 7099   Messier object 030.jpg Globular cluster 25 Capricornus 8.5
M31 NGC 224 Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda galaxy.jpg Spiral galaxy 2,500 Andromeda 3.5
M32 NGC 221   M32.jpg Dwarf elliptical galaxy 2,900 Andromeda 10.0
M33 NGC 598 Triangulum Galaxy M33.jpg Spiral galaxy 2,590 Triangulum 7.0
M34 NGC 1039   M34 2mass atlas.jpg Open cluster 1.4 Perseus 6.0
M35 NGC 2168   M35atlas.jpg Open cluster 2.8 Gemini 5.5
M36 NGC 1960   M29a.jpg Open cluster 4.1 Auriga 6.5
M37 NGC 2099   M37a.jpg Open cluster 4.6 Auriga 6.0
M38 NGC 1912   Messier object 038.jpg Open cluster 4.2 Auriga 7.0
M39 NGC 7092   Messier object 039.jpg Open cluster 0.8 Cygnus 5.5
M40   Winnecke 4 Messier object 40.jpg Double star]WNC4   Ursa Major 9.0
M41 NGC 2287   Messier 041 2MASS.jpg Open cluster 2.4 Canis Major 5.0
M42 NGC 1976 Orion Nebula Orion Nebula - Hubble 2006 mosaic 18000.jpg H II region 1.6 Orion 5.0
M43 NGC 1982 De Mairan's Nebula Messier object 043.jpg H II region
(part of the Orion Nebula)
1.6 Orion 7.0
M44 NGC 2632 Beehive Cluster Messier 044 2MASS.jpg Open cluster 0.5 Cancer 4.0
M45   Pleiades 60px Open cluster 0.4 Taurus 1.4
M46 NGC 2437   M46a.jpg Open cluster 5.4 Puppis 6.5
M47 NGC 2422   M47a.jpg Open cluster 1.6 Puppis 4.5
M48 NGC 2548   M48a.jpg Open cluster 1.5 Hydra 5.5
M49 NGC 4472   M49a.jpg Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 10.0
M50 NGC 2323   M50a.jpg Open cluster 3 Monoceros 7.0
M51 NGC 5194, NGC 5195 Whirlpool Galaxy Whirlpool (M51).jpg Spiral galaxy 37,000 Canes Venatici 8.0
M52 NGC 7654   M52atlas.jpg Open cluster 7 Cassiopeia 8.0
M53 NGC 5024   Globular Cluster M53.jpg Globular cluster 56 Coma Berenices 8.5
M54 NGC 6715   Messier54.jpg Globular cluster 83 Sagittarius 8.5
M55 NGC 6809   Messier55.jpg Globular cluster 17 Sagittarius 7.0
M56 NGC 6779   M56-LRGB.jpg Globular cluster 32 Lyra 9.5
M57 NGC 6720 Ring Nebula Ring Nebula.jpg Planetary nebula 2.3 Lyra 9.5
M58 NGC 4579   M58s.jpg Barred spiral galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M59 NGC 4621   Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.5
M60 NGC 4649   Messier object 060.jpg Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 10.5
M61 NGC 4303   Spiral galaxy 60,000 Virgo 10.5
M62 NGC 6266   Messier object 062.jpg Globular cluster 22 Ophiuchus 8.0
M63 NGC 5055 Sunflower Galaxy M63.jpg Spiral galaxy 37,000 Canes Venatici 8.5
M64 NGC 4826 Black Eye Galaxy Blackeyegalaxy.jpg Spiral galaxy 12,000 Coma Berenices 9.0
M65 NGC 3623   M65.jpg Barred spiral galaxy 35,000 Leo 10.5
M66 NGC 3627   Sig05-016.jpg Barred spiral galaxy 35,000 Leo 10.0
M67 NGC 2682   Messier object 067.jpg Open cluster 2.25 Cancer 7.5
M68 NGC 4590   Messier object 068.jpg Globular cluster 32 Hydra 9.0
M69 NGC 6637   Messier object 069.jpg Globular cluster 25 Sagittarius 9.0
M70 NGC 6681   Messier70.jpg Globular cluster 28 Sagittarius 9.0
M71 NGC 6838   Messier71.jpg Globular cluster 12 Sagitta 8.5
M72 NGC 6981   Messier72.jpg Globular cluster 53 Aquarius 10.0
M73 NGC 6994   Messier 073 2MASS.jpg Asterism   Aquarius 9.0
M74 NGC 628   Messier 74 by HST.jpg Spiral galaxy 35,000 Pisces 10.5
M75 NGC 6864   Messier75.jpg Globular cluster 58 Sagittarius 9.5
M76 NGC 650, NGC 651 Little Dumbbell Nebula M76-RL5-DDmin-Gamma-LRGB 883x628.jpg Planetary nebula 3.4 Perseus 12.0
M77 NGC 1068   Spiral galaxy 60,000 Cetus 10.5
M78 NGC 2068   Diffuse nebula 1.6 Orion 8.0
M79 NGC 1904   M79a.jpg Globular cluster 40 Lepus 8.5
M80 NGC 6093   A Swarm of Ancient Stars - GPN-2000-000930.jpg Globular cluster 27 Scorpius 8.5
M81 NGC 3031 Bode's Galaxy Sig07-009.jpg Spiral galaxy 11,000 Ursa Major 8.5
M82 NGC 3034 Cigar Galaxy Messier82.jpg Barred spiral galaxy (?) 11,000 Ursa Major 9.5
M83 NGC 5236 Southern Pinwheel Galaxy M83g.jpg Barred spiral galaxy 10,000 Hydra 8.5
M84 NGC 4374   60px Lenticular galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M85 NGC 4382   Messier 85 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Lenticular galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 10.5
M86 NGC 4406   Messier 86 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Lenticular galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M87 NGC 4486   M87 jet.jpg Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M88 NGC 4501   Messier object 088.jpg Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 11.0
M89 NGC 4552   Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.5
M90 NGC 4569   Messier object 090.jpg Spiral galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M91 NGC 4548   Messier91.jpg Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 11.5
M92 NGC 6341   Globular Cluster M92.JPG Globular cluster 26 Hercules 7.5
M93 NGC 2447   Messier object 093.jpg Open cluster 4.5 Puppis 6.5
M94 NGC 4736   Messier object 094.jpg Spiral galaxy 14,500 Canes Venatici 9.5
M95 NGC 3351   Messier95 spitzer.jpg Spiral galaxy 38,000 Leo 11.0
M96 NGC 3368   Messier object 096.jpg Spiral galaxy 38,000 Leo 10.5
M97 NGC 3587 Owl Nebula M97 FTN.jpg Planetary nebula 2.6 Ursa Major 12.0
M98 NGC 4192   M-98.jpg Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 11.0
M99 NGC 4254   M99.jpg Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 10.5
M100 NGC 4321   Spiral Galaxy M100.jpg Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 10.5
M101 NGC 5457 Pinwheel Galaxy M101 hires STScI-PRC2006-10a.jpg Spiral galaxy 24,000 Ursa Major 8.5
M102 (Not conclusively identified)          
M103 NGC 581   Messier object 103.jpg Open cluster 8 Cassiopeia 7.0
M104 NGC 4594 Sombrero Galaxy M104 ngc4594 sombrero galaxy hi-res.jpg Spiral galaxy 50,000 Virgo 9.5
M105 NGC 3379   Messier object 105.jpg Elliptical galaxy 38,000 Leo 11.0
M106 NGC 4258   Messier 106 by Spitzer.jpg Spiral galaxy 25,000 Canes Venatici 9.5
M107 NGC 6171   Messier object 107.jpg Globular cluster 20 Ophiuchus 10.0
M108 NGC 3556   M108a.gif Spiral galaxy 45,000 Ursa Major 11.0
M109 NGC 3992   Messier object 109.jpg Spiral galaxy 55,000 Ursa Major 11.0
M110 NGC 205   Dwarf elliptical galaxy 2,200 Andromeda 10.0
Messier number NGC Number Common name Picture Object type Distance (kly) Constellation Apparent magnitude