Mandarin Chinese/Two/你好

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Vocab[edit]

Chinese English Pinyin
You
Good Hǎo
快乐 Happy Kuàilè
Very Hěn
I, me
He, him
She, her
No, not
To be Shì
老师 Teacher Lǎoshī
Cat Māo
Also
To have Yǒu
没有 To not have Měiyǒu
朋友 Friend Pěngyóu
's De

Grammar[edit]

  • Sentences are Subject-Verb-Object
我有朋友。- I have friends.
她是猫。- She is a cat.
  • "To Be" Sentences are (A Noun)-是-(Another Noun)
  • To say "Something is _______" you use 很 instead of 是
老师很快乐。- A teacher is happy.
  • Negative sentences are formed by placing 不 before the verb or adjective
    • This is different for "To Have"
我没有朋友。
她不是猫。
老师不快乐。

Questions are formed in several ways, the first that shall be presented in this wikibook is the A不A pattern

  • Subject-Verb-Negative form of Verb-Object
你好不好? - How are you?
你有没有朋友? - Do you have friends?
她是不是猫? - Is she a cat?
老师快乐不快乐? - Is the teacher happy?
  • FInally, 的 after a noun or pronoun will make it possessive

Dialogue[edit]

Chinese[edit]

东尼: 你好!
艾美: 你好!
东尼: 你有没有猫?
艾美: 没有。于老师有猫。
东尼: 我也有猫。她是我的朋友。

Pinyin[edit]

Dōngní: Nǐhǎo!
Àiměi: Nǐhǎo!
Dōngní: Nǐ yǒu měiyǒu māo?
Àiměi: Měiyǒu. Yúlǎoshī yǒu māo.
Dōngní: Wǒ yě yǒu māo. Tā shì wǒde pěngyóu.

English[edit]

Tony: Hello!
Amy: Hello!
Tony: Do you have a cat?
Amy: No. Teacher Yu has a cat.
Tony: I also have a cat. She is my friend.