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Computational linguistics is interdisciplinary field dealing with the statistical and logical modeling of natural language from a computational perspective. This modeling is not limited to any particular field of linguistics.
There are two major purposes of computational linguistics:
- To help linguists study natural languages more easily
- To make it possible for ordinary people to use natural language when using a computer
Computational linguists often use large bodies of digitized text or speech called corpora as a basis for teaching computer programs the proper use of a language, or to compare the use of a language in one context to it's use in another context. This is also called corpus linguistics.
Some of the practical uses of computational linguistics include:
- Speech recognition
- Speech production
- Machine translation
- Improvements to data mining, including search engine design.
See also: ELIZA.
See Also: Wikipedia:computational linguistics