NOTE: THIS IS PASTED ONLY FOR FORMATTING PURPOSES, IT HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH OUR TOPIC
Cycling is a healthy, convenient, and sustainable transportation alternative, but since the introduction of motorized vehicles, it has declined significantly across the globe. However, cycling is still wildly popular in the Netherlands compared to the rest of the world, but not by accident.
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The Netherlands has relatively low car ownership compared to countries of similar wealth.
Geography and Density
The Netherlands is among the flattest countries in the world, which certainly makes bicycling less physically strenuous.
Bicycling in inclement weather is not very common in most countries.
The Netherlands has the lowest cycling fatality rate in the world.
Bicycling in the Netherlands clearly shows how technology cannot succeed on its merits alone.
- Ebert, A. (2004). Cycling towards the Nation:The Use of the Bicycle in Germany and the Netherlands, 1880-1940. European Review Of History, 11(3), 347-364.
- Schwanen, T., Dijst, M., & Dieleman, F. M. (2004). Policies for Urban Form and their Impact on Travel: The Netherlands Experience. Urban Studies (Routledge), 41(3), 579-603.
- Hembrow, D. and Wagenbuur, M. Transformation in the Centre of Hoogeveen. Retrieved from http://hembrow.blogspot.com/2010/09/transformation-in-centre-of-hoogeveen.html
- Documentary: How the Dutch got their cycling paths. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=XuBdf9jYj7o
- Pucher, J. and Buehler, R. Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from The Netherlands, Denmark and Germany. Retrieved from http://www.vtpi.org/irresistible.pdf
- Pucher, J. & Buehler, R. (2007). Cycling for everyone: Lessons from Europe, 1-27.
- Pucher, J. & Dijkstra, L. (2003). Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: Lessons from the Netherlands and Germany. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 9, 1509-1516.
- Engbers, L. & Hendriksen, I. (2010). Characteristics of a population of commuter cyclists in the Netherlands: perceived barriers and facilitators in the personal, social, and physical environment. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 7, 88-93.
- E.E.M.M. van Kempen, RIVM, & National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. (2010). Exchanging car trips by cycling in the Netherlands, 1-71.
- What is UGC? Criteria from http://www.oecd.org/internet/interneteconomy/38393115.pdf
- Compare and contrast with Crowdsourcing, Mass Collaboration
- Types of UGC: citizen journalism, wikis, etc
- Notable examples: Wikipedia, Doritos commercials
- Question we want to address: How is it becoming more pervasive in our society?
Who embraces/fights user generated content?
- Arduino is constantly modified and reprinted for application specific tasks: Ardupilot, Trackuino, etc
- These product lines are someone’s need becoming a community product; someone’s little project that became a hit.
- Services like BatchPCB will make personal development incredibly easy, and anyone can make the next Ardupilot.
- Proprietary designs (guitar pedals) can be reverse engineered and reprinted for personal use or for counterfeiting.
- Enabling small-run production that would have cost thousands in the past.
- There is an app that will scan a key and 3D print a copy
- 3D print proprietary stuff (PirateBay, Bond)
How User generated content enhances the experience of people in its realm