Japanese/Vocabulary/Phrases and Idioms

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< Japanese‎ | Vocabulary
Jump to: navigation, search

... が好きです[edit]

... ga suki desu

Expresses that a thing or person is liked. The subject, marked by が, is liked by the person marked with the topic marker は (if mentioned).

Examples[edit]

彼はリンゴとバナナが好きです
kare wa ringo to banana ga suki desu.
He likes apples and bananas.
英語を勉強するのがとても好きだよ!
eigo o benkyo suru no ga totemo suki da yo!
I really like studying English!

... なければならない[edit]

... nakereba naranai

The construction "(verb stem)なければならない", -nakereba naranai is used to express an obligation: something that has to be done.

(Literally, the -なければ -nakereba conjunction is the negative conditional form, "if not (this action)"; ならない naranai is "to not become", the plain negative of なる naru. The literal implication is that if the action is not done, nothing else can proceed.)

Examples[edit]

今日は銀行にいかなければならない。
kyô wa ginko ni ikanakereba naranai.
I have to go to the bank today.
おじいさんがすぐに帰らなければ、私はマクドナルドに行きます。
Ojii-san ga suguni kaeranakereba watashi wa makudonarudo ni ikimasu.
If Grandpa doesn't return soon, I'm going to McDonald's.

Since ならない naranai is the plain-form negative of the verb なる naru (to become), in a more formal or polite situation one would use the polite negative form なりません narimasen instead.

下手の横好き(へたのよこずき)[edit]

heta no yoko-zuki

An idiom meaning that you are "unskilled but enthusiastic" or "crazy about it, but not very good at it". Used about a hobby or skilled activity.

Example[edit]

山田: 田中さんは英語がお上手ですね。
Yamada:Tanaka-san wa eigo ga ojouzu desune.
Yamada: Mr Tanaka, you speak English well.
田中: いいえ、下手の横好きなんですよ。
Tanaka: iie, heta no yoko-zuki nandesuyo.
Tanaka: Oh no, I like it, but I'm not very good at it