Irish/Lesson One

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search


Lesson 1 — Cad is ainm duit?

Dialogue[edit]

Seán: Dia dhuit! Is mise Seán. Cad is ainm duit?
Siobhán: Dia's Muire dhuit. Is mise Siobhán. Conas a litrítear Seán?
Seán: Litrítear S-e-a-fada-n. Conas atá tú?
Siobhán: Go maith, agus tusa?
Seán: Iontach, go raibh maith agat.
Siobhán: Go maith! Slán leat, a Sheáin
Seán: Go dtí amárach.

Hello![edit]

Béarla Gaeilge
Hello Dia duit (deea ditch)
Good morning Lá breá duit!/ Maidin mhaith!
Good night! Oíche mhaith!
See you tomorrow!/ Until tomorrow Go dtí amárach!
Goodbye Slán
Notes
  • Dia duit means literally God be with you, the correct response is Dia is Muire Duit (God and Mary be with you). The plural is Dia daoibh and Dia is Muire daoibh.
Examples
  • Dia daoibh, a rang.
    Good morning, class!
  • Conas atá sibh inniu?
    How are you (plural) today?
  • Slán go fóill!
    Bye, see you soon!

What's your name?[edit]

Asking someone's name in Irish is different from English, the direct translation would be something like 'What name is on you?' 'Cad is ainm duit?' The reply would be (Person's name) is ainm dom, e.g. Seán is ainm dom

'Duit' is the compound form of 'do' (to) and 'tú' (you). The full table is below. You'll notice these are the same forms used in the greeting Dia dhuit/dhaoibh.

Béarla Gaeilge
to me dom
to you duit
to him
to her di
to us dúinn
to you (plural) daoibh
to them dóibh


Examples
  • Cad is ainm duit? [Cahd is ahn-m ditch]
    What's your name
  • Peadar agus Robárd is ainm dóibh.
    Their names are Peter and Robert.
  • Cad is ainm dó
    What's his name?
  • Cad is ainm dóibh?
    What's their name?

How are you?[edit]

Béarla Gaeilge
How are you? Conas atá tú? [cun-nus uh-tah too]
An bhfuil tú go maith?
Great! Iontach
Very well An mhaith
Well Go maith [Go mah]
Bad Go dona [Go do-nuh]
Really bad Uafásach
And you? Agus tú féin?
Thank you Go raibh maith agat
Note

Go raibh maith agat literally translates as May good be upon you.

Examples
  • Robárd: Dia dhuit, a Róisín. Conas atá tú?
    Hello, Roisín. How are you?
  • Roisín: Go hiontach, go raibh maith agat. Agus tusa, a Robáird?
    Very well, thanks. And you, Robert?
  • Robárd: Go maith freisin. Slán leat!
    I'm good too. See you later!
Notes
  • When talking to someone directly, an 'a' is put before the name and the name is changed to the vocative case. This will be dealt with in a later lesson.
  • When two vowels come together, a 'h' is usually put before the second vowel. In this example, a 'h' was put between 'go' and 'iontach'

How do you spell that?[edit]

Béarla Gaeilge
How is it spelled? Conas a litrítear é?
It is spelled... Litrítear...
B as in Baile Átha Cliath (Dublin) B mar Baile Átha Cliath
Examples
  • Robárd: Dia duit. Robárd is ainm dom. Cad is ainm duit?
    Good day. My name is Robert. What's your name?
  • Brian: Dia is Muire duit. Brian is ainm dom. Conas a litrítear Robárd?
    Hello. My name is Brian. How do you spell Robert?
  • Robárd: Litrítear é mar seo, R (mar Rothar); O (mar Oráiste); B (mar Baile Átha Cliath); A fada (mar Árainn); R (mar Rothar); D (mar Duine).
    It's spelt R (as in Rothar(Bike)); O (as in Oráiste(Orange)); B (as in Baile Átha Cliath(Dublin)); A fada (as in Árainn(Aran, islands off the west coast of Ireland)); R (as in Rothar); D (as in Duine(person)).
  • Brian: go raibh míle maith agat. Slán, a Robáird!
    Thanks alot. Goodbye, Robert.
Irish only has one accent mark, resembling the French acute accent, called the síneadh fada (long mark) or simply fada.

Summary[edit]

In this lesson, you have learned

  • How to greet people (Dia dhuit; Conas atá tú; Slán).
  • How to introduce yourself (Roisín is ainm dom).
  • How to introduce others (Robárd is ainm dó).
  • How to say how you are (Go hiontach; go dona; go maith).
  • How to spell your name (Litrítear P-E-T-E-R).
  • How to ask others about any of the above (Cad is ainm duit?; An bhfuil tú go maith; Conas a litrítear é?).
Irish Lessons

123456

Irish now has one diacritic, the sineadh fada. There was a second in use in Old Irish - the sí buailte or ponc séimhithe, which is a dot on top of consonants. For example, this diacritic, when represented as a dot on top of the letter b converts the b sound to a v sound. The sí buailte was replaced in Modern Irish with the use of a h immediately after the affected character, thusly the b with the dot on top is now written as bh, etc. The buailte was pronounced bool-che.