Irish/English-Irish Cognates

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Cognates are words that are generally the same in both spelling and pronunciation between languages. Novices with a limited vocabulary can begin exploring a wider range of verbs and grammatical nuances within the Irish language by using words in which they know. Below is a simple list of Irish/English cognates.

English Irish
able ábalta
abnormal mi-normálta
bar barra
bolt bolta
brandy branda
bulb bulba
cable cábla
camp campa
can canna
card carta
clamp clampa
cord corda
coast costa
coat cota
crock croca
cross crosta
crust crusta
cube ciúb
drum druma
drug druga
dust dusta
force fórsa
form forma
gate geata
gross grósa
group grúpa
gun gunna
hall halla
hat hata
lamp lampa
muff mufa
mug muga
normal normálta
note nóta
pack paca
pearl péarla
pan panna
pin pionna
piece piosa
plug pluga
plum pluma
plate plata
pot pota
pump pumpa
plug pluga
prune prúna
raft rafta
ramp rampa
rasp raspa
robe roba
roll rolla
roast rósta
roll rolla
root ruta
rope rópa
rug ruga
rung runga
sample sampla
scroll scrolla
sloop slúpa
slug sluga
spoke spóca
spot spota
stall stalla
stamp stampa
strap strapa
stump stumpa
table tabla
tar tarra
theme téama
ton tonna
turnip tornapa
toast tósta
tug tuga
volt volta
vote vóta