Introduction to Sociology/Sociology of Sports
Gender and Sports
Recent research suggests that there are no differences in sports-related concussions between men and women. Some had suggested that the increased participation of women in a variety of sports may be of concern because it was believed women suffered more serious effects from sports-related concussions. However, that does not appear to be the case as the effects of concussions were largely the same for men and women.
Long Term Effects of Professional Athleticism
Retired NFL players use prescription painkillers at substantially higher rates than does the general public in the U.S.; 7% of retired NFL players vs less than 2% in the general public. This is largely due to long-term pain resulting from injuries during their time as professional athletes. Abuse of prescription narcotics is particularly high among offensive linemen.
- Zuckerman SL, Solomon GS, Forbes JA, Haase RF, Sills AK, Lovell MR. Response to Acute Concussive Injury in Soccer Players: Is Gender a Modifying Factor? Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics
- Cottler, Linda B. et al. n.d. “Injury, pain, and prescription opioid use among former National Football League (NFL) players.” Drug and Alcohol Dependence In Press, Corrected Proof. (Accessed January 29, 2011).