Ict@innovation: Free your IT Business in Africa/1-Test

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Test Module 1[edit]

Question 1 : TCO refers to how much it costs to buy a software product

  1. True
  2. False

Question 2 : Money cannot be made with FLOSS

  1. True
  2. False

Question 3 : The FSF defines free software as software which gives the user freedom to

  1. distribute or share
  2. study
  3. modify
  4. All of the above

Question 4 : All of the following are examples of free software except …

  1. Firefox
  2. Qt
  3. MySql
  4. Adobe CS2

Question 5 : OSI stands for …

  1. Open Source Interconnectivity
  2. Ontario Swine Improvement
  3. Open System Initiative
  4. Open Source Initiative

Question 6 : FLOSS doesn't cost a thing

  1. True
  2. False

Question 7 : In a FLOSS business model, a large proportion of resources must go to marketing, publicity and distribution

  1. True
  2. False

Question 8 : Select the odd item

  1. Linux
  2. MySql
  3. Python

Question 9 : List 5 free software licenses you knowand for each license name 1 software that uses it.


Question 10 : FLOSS cannot be modified or distributed

  1. True
  2. False

Question 11 : List the 3 main categories of FLOSS licenses


Question 12 : In a POTS business model, a large proportion of resources must go to marketing, publicity, and distribution

  1. True
  2. False

Question 13 : FLOSS stands for...

  1. Free/Linux and Open Source Software
  2. Free/Libre and Open Source Software
  3. Free/Linux and Opened Source System
  4. Free and Open Source System

Question 14 : List 5 developing countries that implement FLOSS or have a FLOSS policy


Question 15 : Name 5 FLOSS related networks you know


Question 16 : All of the following are associated with the OSI except

  1. Richard Stallman
  2. Eric Raymond
  3. Bruce Perens
  4. Steve Jobs

Question 17 : FLOSS development began with the inception of the Linux Operating System

  1. True
  2. False

Question 18 : List 2 sites where one can obtain FLOSS resources for businesses in Africa


Question 19 : Network effects refer to the potential internet provides for communication and participation

  1. True
  2. False

Question 20 : Outline the process of releasing a software as FLOSS.


Question 21 : What is forking in FLOSS development?


Question 22 : Which of the following software development models is used by FLOSS?

  1. Bazaar model
  2. Cathedral model

Question 23 : FLOSS represents an opportunity for the empowerment of developing countries

  1. True
  2. False

Question 24 : FLOSS can help reduce vendor lock-in

  1. True
  2. False

Question 25 : FLOSS applications can be used on Windows

  1. True
  2. False

Question 26 : The software development industry is dominated by the POTS and COTS business model

  1. True
  2. False

Question 27 : List 5 developed countries that implement FLOSS or have a FLOSS policy


Question 28 : 1.FLOSS development process includes

(i).source code acquisition

(ii).source code modification

(iii).source code distribution

(iv).source code reacquisition


  1. (i) and (ii) only
  2. (ii) and (iii) only
  3. (i) , (ii) and (iii) only
  4. (i) , (ii) , (iii) and (iv) only

Question 29 : What is a horizontal services firm? Give an example


Question 30 : What are the differences between the licenses for proprietary software and free and open source software?


Question 31 : List 5 values that can be derived from FLOSS.


Question 32 : FLOSS is hostile to intellectual property

  1. True
  2. False

Question 33 : FLOSS is hardly used in a business context

  1. True
  2. False

Question 34 : Free Software and Linux are the same thing

  1. True
  2. False


Question 35 : Proprietary software and closed source software are the same thing

  1. True
  2. False

Question 36 : FSF Stands for …

  1. Free Source Foundation
  2. Free Software Foundation
  3. Free System Foundation

Question 37 : All of the following are examples of open source projects or communities except

  1. FreeBSD
  2. Apache
  3. Ubuntu
  4. IIS

Question 38 : What is a vertical services firm? Give an example


Question 39 : Who initiated the GNU project?

  1. Linus Torvalds
  2. Richard Stallman
  3. Steve Jobs

Question 40 : Which of the following is an example of a vertical services firm?

  1. Redhat Inc
  2. Apache
  3. Canonical Ltd

Question 41 : What is a software license?


Question 42 : Richard Stallman is best known for...

  1. beginning the Open Source Initiative
  2. developing the Linux Kernel
  3. founding the Free Software Foundation
  4. developing MySql

Question 43 : Mention 5 myths about making money with FLOSS and state facts that counter these myths


Question 44 : List 5 sites where one can obtain FLOSS resources


Question 45 : According to Eric Raymond, the Bazaar model produces …

  1. quicker bug fixes
  2. less efficient software
  3. does not make a difference

Question 46 : Freewares are examples of Free Software

  1. True
  2. False


Question 47 : FLOSS can be a useful strategy when competing with a well-established and widely adopted software product

  1. True
  2. False


Question 48 : What do you understand by dual licensing? Give one example.


Question 49 : All of the following are examples of open source software licenses except

  1. MIT License
  2. Berkeley Software Distribution License
  3. End User License Agreement
  4. Apache Software License

Question 50 : Who is Linus Torvalds?

  1. He began the Open Source Initiative
  2. Developed the linux Kernel
  3. He began the Free Software Foundation
  4. He developed MySql

FOSS/FLOSS TEST


1. Which statement describes FOSS/FLOSS?


❏ FOSS applications are not owned by anyone


❏ FOSS has the freedom to use, understand, modify and distribute software


❏ FOSS is anti-copyright


❏ FOSS is just a software or a software development method.


2. Copyright was invented to protect the rights of content creators; this concept, in contrast, was invented to protect the rights of users. What is it?


❏ It is the ownership of an intellectual property within the limits prescribed by a particular nation's or international law.


❏ It is the idea and the specific stipulation when distributing software that the user will be able to copy it freely, examine and modify the source code, and redistribute the software to others (free or priced) as long as the redistributed software is also passed along with the copyleft stipulation.


3. What is freeware?


❏ It is programming that is offered at no cost and the developed software (which may be in public domain) may also be copyrighted


❏ It is software that can be freely used, modified, and redistributed with only one restriction: any redistributed version of the software must be distributed with the original terms of free use, modification, and distribution


4. All free software is freeware and all freeware is free software.


❏ True


❏ False


5. Proprietary software is

❏ Low cost, Open standards that facilitate integration with other systems and it is easily customizable.

❏ Costly, and has closed standards that hinder further development.


6. FOSS/FLOSS is for


❏ Programmers/Geeks in their bedroom


❏ Everyone including multinationals


❏ Students studying computer science


7. Which statement is False


❏ The total cost of ownership of FOSS is greater than for corresponding closed source software


❏ For most commodity software people do not pay for support, they just pay a license and use it


9. Which benefit/limitation applies to Open standards?


❏ Inefficient use of existing resources


❏ Lack Flexibility


❏ Fewer options and thus less opportunities to optimise


❏ Lower and managable risk


10. There are sufficient Open-Source alternatives to proprietary software suites/applications


❏ True


❏ False


11. Which statement is false about Open source software


❏ License Must Not Be Specific to a Product


❏ License Must Not Restrict Other Software


❏ License Must Be Technology-Neutral


❏ License Must discriminate against some person or group of persons.


12. Who supports Open Source?


❏ Microsoft


❏ HP – Hewlett-Packard


❏ Universities


❏ Dell


❏ All of the above


13. Which Statement is false


❏ Open-source licences are legally valid


❏ Open-source licences are a waiver of rights


❏ Open-source licenced products can be sold by anyone


14. What is Network effects?


❏ The phenomenon that describes how Products in a network increase in value to users as the number of users decreases


❏ The phenomenon that describes how Products in a network increase in value to users as the number of users increases


❏ The phenomenon that describes how Products in a network decrease in value to users as the number of users increases


15. What is the most important advantage in the use of open source to users?


❏ Lower total cost of ownership


❏ Reduced dependence on software vendors


❏ Easier to customize


❏ Higher level of security


❏ Do not see a significant advantage


16. How do open-source models work?


❏ Rapid evolutionary process


❏ Closed model


17. Which statement is valid in the long term?


❏ Open Source may have a niche, but proprietary commercial products will continue to rule


❏ Customers will never trust something that is free


❏ Open Source may release value, but it doesn't create value


❏ Open Source development involves effort, so there has to be payment for that effort


18. There are various types of transactions between parties: win-win, win-lose, lose-lose (Lose-lose transactions should never occur under conditions of rational decision-making) and Win Neutral. Win-lose transactions occur when the winning party is stronger than the other and can force a transaction through. Win-neutral transactions can and do occur quite frequently. Everyday examples include someone asking for directions, or asking for change. Here, the person asking certainly gains something from the transaction, but the other party neither gains nor loses from it. Therefore, the transaction can still take place. All other transactions are willingly entered into by two parties and are win-win. Which transaction best represents Open Source Communities/Development?


❏ Win-Win


❏ Win-Loose


❏ Loose-Loose


❏ Win-Neutral


19. What is the main motivation of the developers/programmers of open source software?


❏ Economic Gain


❏ To solve a problem they are facing - to "scratch their personal itch"


20. In economics, we have two concepts, -- competing products and substitutes. Competing products are other brands in the same category. Substitutes are products in another category that perform much the same function. It's more difficult to switch to a substitute than to a competing product, but it can be done when there are compelling reasons. Therefore, in light of open source vs. proprietary/ commercial software, open source is a


❏ Competitor


❏ Substitute


21. It is possible to make money off Open Source


❏ True


❏ False


21. Who is termed "father of the GNU Project"


❏ Andrew S. Tanenbaum


❏ Richard Stallman


❏ Linus Torvalds


❏ Bill Gates


22. The first version of Linux was released in?


❏ 1990


❏ 1991


❏ 1992


❏ 1993


23. Open source software development


❏ Increaces the research and development expense of the publicly traded companies that make use of it


❏ Reduces the research and development expense of the publicly traded companies that make use of it


24. Which among these software applications is not "free" open source


❏ Java Enterprise Edition (JEE)


❏ MySQL database


❏ Ruby, PHP, Python and Perl


❏ Redhat Enterprise Linux


25. Which method is least suitable for Open source software development


❏ Agile method Extreme Programming


❏ Internet-Speed Development model


❏ The Waterfall model


26. Which is not a suitable method to keep track(record) of the status of various issues in the development of open source software


❏ A bug tracker


❏ A simple text file


27. Who solves bugs/errors in open source software


❏ Users


❏ Developers

❏ Both


28. Bugs, security flaws, and other errors appear in even the most trusted (proprietary) programs.


❏ True


❏ False

29. Which list does not contain proprietary software


❏ Thunderbird,MathWorks MATLAB, Moodle


❏ Adobe Illustrator, Audacity, Media Wiki


❏ eXe, Blackboard, AutoCAD


❏ Archimedes, qBitorrent, Apache


30. The most expensive buyin of an open source software company to date (2009) by a large corporation such as Nokia/Oracle/Apple/Redhat is worth


❏ $5 billion


❏ $350 million


❏ $1 billion


❏ $153 million


31. There is no open source community in Africa with most developers in Africa geared towards the problems facing the African context


❏ True


❏ False


32. Most Universities in Africa use open source software


❏ True


❏ False


33. Most Government institutions in Africa use open source software


❏ True


❏ False


34. GPL compatible free software license is


❏ A permissive non-copyleft free software license


❏ A free software license, and a copyleft license


❏ A free software license, and a copyright license

35. Microsoft doesn't make free software.


❏ True


❏ False


36. Nokia smart phones now run on open source operating system


❏ True


❏ False


37. Which among the following is a Linux User Group?


❏ Egyptian GNU/Linux User Group


❏ Gauteng Linux Users' Group


❏ Linux Professional Association of Kenya


❏ The Informal Linux Group


❏ All of the above


38. Free and open-source software are not "a useful and significant tool for the developing countries", and do not have the potential to help democratization and finding solutions to the most pressing problems faced by the populations of developing countries


❏ True


❏ False


39. FLOSS has a complementary and reciprocal relationship to education. One needs an educated section of the population to fulfill the full potential of FLOSS, and at the same time FLOSS helps, enhances and complements education by providing tools to promote education


❏ True


❏ False


40. "despite being extremely cost-effective and of competitive quality, FLOSS still is kept out because companies with enough cash can buy off decision-makers"

❏ True


❏ False


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